Koopa Troopa

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Not to be confused with Shellcreeper, Koopa (species), or Koopa Troop.
"Small Koopa" redirects here. For information about the micro version of this enemy, see Small Koopa Troopa. For the character from Mario Party 4, see Koopa Troopa (Mario Party 4).
Koopa Troopa
Artwork of Koopa Troopa from Super Mario Party
Artwork of a Koopa Troopa from Super Mario Party
First appearance Super Mario Bros. (1985)
Latest appearance Super Mario Bros. Wonder (2023)
Variant of Koopa
Variants
Ankoopa
Beach Koopa
Big Koopa Troopa
Blue Electrokoopa
Bodyslam Koopa
Bombshell Koopa
Climbing Koopa
Dark Koopa
Dark Koopa (Super Paper Mario)
Dark Nokonoko
Digi-Koopa
Dry Bones
Glad Red Koopa
Gold Koopa
Koopa Paratroopa
Koopa Striker
Koopa Troopa 6-Stack
Koopatrol
Koopeleon
KP Koopa
Mad Green Koopa
Mural Koopa
Paper Koopa Troopa
Paper Macho Koopa Troopa
Red Electrokoopa
Robo Koopa
Rolla Koopa
Shady Koopa
Small Koopa Troopa
Snooza Koopa
Space Troopa
State Troopa
Stormtroopa
Super Troopa
Terrapin
Troopea
Uminoko
Wereturtle
Relatives
Shellcreeper
Comparable
Wild Wendell
Notable members
Captain Koopa Troopa
Egyptian Koopa
Holly Koopa
Hookbill the Koopa
Jagger
Johnson
Jr. Troopa
Kent C. Koopa
Kolorado
Kolorado's father
Kolorado's wife
Koopa Bros.
Koopa Koot
Koopa Krag
Koopa Master
Koopa Shepherdess
Koopa the Quick
Koopa Troopa (Mario Party 4)
Kooper
Koopie Koo
Koopley
Koopook
Koops
Koover
Kroop
Kung Fu Koopa
Kuzzle
Kylie Koopa
Master Duff
Master Lob
Master Stinger
Mecha Nokonoko
Mega Koopa
Parakarry
Private Koopa
Roving Racers
Shisai
“This shell was made to order. That's why it fits me so well. I mean, how cool do I look?”
Koopa Troopa, Paper Mario

Koopa Troopas (commonly shortened to Koopas or sometimes Troopas) are anthropomorphic, turtle-like creatures with removable shells that come in many different colors, with red and green Koopa Troopas being the most common; green Koopa Troopas usually walk back and forth without any concerns for pits or other obstacles, and red Koopa Troopas usually walk back and forth without falling off of their platforms. Koopa Troopas are usually displayed as foot soldiers of the Koopa Troop, under the direct leadership of Bowser. Since Super Mario 64, however, not all Koopa Troopas work for Bowser (or any other villain), some of whom even act as allies to Mario during his adventures, and have appeared as playable characters in various spin-off games starting with Super Mario Kart. They are notable for the many uses of their shells in the Super Mario franchise.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Koopa Troopa

Since debuting in Super Mario Bros., Koopa Troopas have been one of the most commonly returning enemy species, like with Goombas. Koopa Troopas appear in nearly every game of the Super Mario series. However, several spinoff games feature friendly Koopa Troopas, such as the Paper Mario series and Mario & Luigi series, though some of them still appear as enemies. A Koopa Troopa sometimes appears as a playable character, such as in a few games of the Mario Kart series.

Concept and creation[edit]

Shellcreeper
Artwork of a Shellcreeper
The Super Mario Brothers Legend. In addition to the rough depiction of Bowser and his forces, the first panel in particular shows an early Mushroom King figure along with Princess Toadstool, an unknown woman, and the mushroom guards appear to be human; next page.
Early artwork of Koopa Troopas in How to win at Super Mario Bros.

An enemy that first appeared in Mario Bros., the Shellcreeper, was the "ancestor" of the Koopa Troopa.[1] When creating Super Mario Bros., a few changes were made to the enemies, including the ability to jump on them in order to damage them.

The Koopa Troopa's Japanese name,「ノコノコ」(Nokonoko), is a Japanese term meaning "to walk unconcernedly", describing the green-shelled Koopa Troopas' behavior. The English name comes from Bowser's Japanese name,「クッパ」(Kuppa), which is itself derived from the Korean dish of the same name,[2] while "Troopa" is a corruption of the word "trooper", seemingly to keep the reference to forward marching from the Japanese name intact.

It is worth noting that the Koopa Troopas' ability to remove their shells is not true to any type of turtle, although popular culture often overlooks this fact.

Physical appearance and traits[edit]

Koopa Troopa's Mario Party 10 artwork
A Koopa Troopa walking with two legs

Koopa Troopas are tortoise-like creatures with removable shells. In general, they have basic appearances compared to other Koopa species. They have elliptical beady eyes, large beak-like noses, short limbs, and large heads. Their hands have four pointed/triangular-shaped digits (excluding artwork from Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island and its remake, and the Paper Mario series where in-game their fingers are not) and have three pointed toes on their flat-soled feet, which, unlike other Koopa species, have no pads at all. In earlier games, Koopa Troopas were quadrupedal (walking on four legs), had flatter noses, and detailed leg joints. Starting from Super Mario World onwards, they now stand on two legs, have more rounded noses, and wear shoes with beige soles that often match the color of the shells they wear (in the Super Mario Galaxy series, however, they revert back to walking on four legs, having four toes on their back legs and being barefooted). Having beaks, Koopa Troopas have no teeth compared to other species, but may be drawn with them for expression purposes (although their conceptual ancestor, Shellcreepers, have them).

Koopa Troopas generally have yellow scales, but in earlier games had orange. Some Koopa Troopas can have olive green, peach and even cyan scales. In Super Mario Strikers, the color of their scales change depending on with team they were on: salmon for Mario's, chalky yellow for Luigi's, peach for Waluigi's, and orange for Daisy's. In Super Mario Party, Red Koopa Troopas' scales have an orange tint from the playable Koopa Troopa.

Stamp artwork of a Koopa Troopa cleaning their shell from Super Nintendo World
A Koopa Troopa washing its shell.

A Koopa Troopa's shell consists of a carapace with colored, hexagon-shaped scutes in a pattern on the top, with smaller, triangular ones at the edges, with dark flesh underneath that appear as "grooves"; a beige colored plaston with several "ribs" on its surface and six holes on it where the Koopa Troopa's head, arms, legs, and tail emerge from; all joined by a white bridge that follows along the perimeter of the shell and rises at the spots where the Koopa Troopa's head and tail are. The most common color for a Koopa Troopa's shell is green, with red being the second. However, there have also been less common colors such as blue, yellow, light-blue, light-green, dark-green, orange, purple, black, and, on rare occasions, gold. Despite having large heads, Koopa Troopas can pull them into their shells with little effort. In Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition, Mario Kart 8, and Mario Kart Tour, a Koopa Troopa can withdraw into its shell and pop back out in mid-air. Underneath their shells, they wear white undershirts (in Super Mario 64 and its remake Super Mario 64 DS, they also wear pink or blue shorts, respectively) and have round bodies.

From Super Mario 64 onwards, Koopa Troopas have been given voices created electronically, starting with whooping sounds (which were also shared with Goombas, Grand Goombas and the Big Bob-omb, with varying speeds, until the sounds were exclusive to Koopa Troopas in later games), then other noises such as wheezing, clucking, and gurgling. In Mario Kart 8, they were also given high-pitched whistling sounds whenever performing an antigravity trick or placing first.

Koopa Captain in The Super Mario Bros. Movie
A Koopa Troopa wearing an eyepatch in The Super Mario Bros. Movie

In Illumination's The Super Mario Bros. Movie, Koopa Troopas are slimmer than before, have teeth,[3] have perfectly round heads elevated above their brown eyes, wear socks and usually have helmets. They are also shown to be wearing accessories, to distinguish from each other; for example, one Koopa Troopa wears spiked shoulder pads and an eyepatch, and another wears a Spiny Shell as its shell and helmet. In addition, unlike their previous appearances, they wield various weapons such as spears and hammers.

Green Koopa Troopas are specifically given an association with water in games such as Mario Power Tennis and Puzzles and Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition, since their Offensive and Defensive Power Shots in the former game involve water, and in the latter game their attribute is Water. In Puzzles and Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition, Red Koopa Troopas have fire as their attribute, while Yellow Koopa Troopas have light.

Color variations[edit]

The following is all of the known colors of Koopa Troopas and their first appearances:

Image Body color Shell color First appearance
Sprite of Green Koopa Troopa's team image, from Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition. Yellow Green Super Mario Bros.
Sprite of Red Koopa Troopa's team image, from Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition. Yellow Red Super Mario Bros.
BlueKoopaParatroopaMSS.png Yellow Blue Super Mario World
Sprite of Yellow Koopa Troopa's team image, from Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition. Yellow Yellow Super Mario World
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Luigi's team, from  Super Mario Strikers Yellow Dark green Super Mario Strikers
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Mario's team, from Super Mario Strikers Orange Red Super Mario Strikers
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Peach's team, from Super Mario Strikers Pink Light-blue Super Mario Strikers
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Yoshi's team, from Super Mario Strikers Yellow Dark blue Super Mario Strikers
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Donkey Kong's team, from Super Mario Strikers Yellow Light-green Super Mario Strikers
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Daisy's team, from Super Mario Strikers Yellow Orange Super Mario Strikers
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Waluigi's team, from Super Mario Strikers Yellow Purple Super Mario Strikers
Screenshot of a Rolla Koopa from Super Mario Bros. Wonder Yellow Magenta Super Mario Bros. Wonder

Profiles and statistics[edit]

Main article: List of Koopa Troopa profiles and statistics

Super Smash Bros. Melee[edit]

Koopa Troopa
  • Number: 194
  • Name: Koopa Troopa
  • Game:
Super Mario Bros.
10/85
  • Description: Common soldiers in Bowser's army, Koopa Troopas can retreat into their shells. Unbelievable as it may seem, they're clearly unaware of being kicked and sent sliding when in this position. There are many Koopa types, each with a different shell color and unique traits. They all wear T-shirts and shorts under their shells.

Mario Kart Wii[edit]

Koopa Troopa's complete vehicle roster
  • Size: Small
  • Actual Bonuses
    • Handling: +3
    • Mini-Turbo: +6
  • Site Bio:
    • Flag of USA.png "Koopa Troopa may be light, but he's rollin' heavy when you put him behind the wheel of this machine."
    • Flag of Europe.png "A racer with the heart of a champion, Koopa Troopa suffers the ultimate irony every time a shell hits him."

Gallery[edit]

For this subject's image gallery, see Gallery:Koopa Troopa.

Additional names[edit]

Internal names[edit]

Game File Name Meaning

Super Mario Galaxy
Super Mario Galaxy 2
ObjectData/NokonokoLand.arc NokonokoLand Land Koopa Troopa
Super Mario Galaxy
Super Mario Galaxy 2
StageData/ObjNameTable.arc/ObjNameTable.tbl
SystemData/ObjNameTable.arc/ObjNameTable.tbl
リクノコ (Riku Noko) Land Koopa

Names in other languages[edit]

Language Name Meaning
Japanese ノコノコ
Nokonoko
ノコノコ (ミドリ)[4] / ノコノコ (緑) / みどりノコノコ (Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition)
Nokonoko (Midori) / Midori Nokonoko
ノコノコ (アカ)[4] / ノコノコ (赤)/ あかノコノコ (Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition)
Nokonoko (Aka) / Aka Nokonoko
ノコノコ (青)
Nokonoko (Ao)
ノコノコ (黄)/ きいろノコノコ (Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition)
Nokonoko (Ki) / Kiiro Nokonoko
A Japanese term meaning "to walk unconcernedly", which is a reference to the green-shelled Koopa Troopas' behavior; also likely from「ノロノロ」(noronoro, an onomatopoeic term for a slowly crawling turtle)

Koopa Troopa (Green) / Green Koopa Troopa

Koopa Troopa (Red) / Red Koopa Troopa

Koopa Troopa (Blue)

Koopa Troopa (Yellow) / Yellow Koopa Troopa
Catalan Koopa (The Super Mario Bros. Movie)
Koopa Troopa
-
Chinese (Simplified) 喏库喏库
Nuòkùnuòkù
慢慢龟 (since Mario Tennis Aces)
Mànmàn Guī
Transliteration of the Japanese name

Slow Slow Turtle
Chinese (Traditional) 慢慢龜
Mànmàn Guī
Slow Slow Turtle
Dutch Koopa Troopa -
Finnish Konnasoturi[5] (Super Mario Bros.) Turtle Soldier
French Koopa
Koopa Troopa (Super Paper Mario)
Soldat Koopa[6][7][8] (Super Mario Bros. and Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels)
Koop[9] (Hotel Mario)
-
-
Koopa Soldier
-
German Koopa -
Italian Koopa
Koopa Troopa (earlier games/full species name)
-
Korean 엉금엉금
Eonggeum-eonggeum
Korean mimetic word for a slowly crawling turtle (a translation of the Japanese name)
Portuguese Koopa
Koopa Troopa
-
Russian Купа-трупа
Kupa-trupa
Купа
Kupa
Transliterations of the international names
Spanish Koopa
Koopa Troopa
-
Mask Koopa
Language Name Meaning
Italian Koopa mascherato[10] Masked Koopa

References[edit]

  1. ^ Super Smash Bros. for Wii U Shellcreeper Japanese trophy description; English versions do not specify Koopa Troopa, but Japanese versions do.
  2. ^ http://themushroomkingdom.net/mariosan.shtml
  3. ^ Bowser and Koopa Troopa character poster for The Super Mario Bros. MovieMedia:TSMBM Koopa Troop Poster.jpg
  4. ^ a b 「スーパーマリオブラザーズ 取扱説明書」 (Super Mario Bros. Toriatsukai Setsumeisho), page 10.
  5. ^ Super Mario Bros. Finnish instruction booklet.
  6. ^ Super Mario Bros./Duck Hunt Canadian instruction booklet. Page 32.
  7. ^ Super Mario Bros. Encyclopedia, page 19
  8. ^ Super Mario Bros. Encyclopedia, page 27
  9. ^ French Hotel Mario instruction booklet, page 8.
  10. ^ L'enciclopedia di Mario - La guida definitiva al personaggio più iconico del mondo dei videogame, 2023, Anime Cult Retrogamer, pag. 63