Super Mario (series)

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This article is about the main series of Super Mario platform games. For the franchise as a whole, not limited to platformers, see Super Mario (franchise).
Super Mario
Super Mario series logo
A horizontal version of the logo
The updated/current versions of the logo, introduced in Super Mario 3D Land
First installment Super Mario Bros. (1985)
Latest installment Super Mario Bros. Wonder (2023)
Number of installments 50 (22 main, 6 related, 14 ports, 9 remakes, 2 compilations)
Subseries Super Mario Advance, Super Mario Maker
Franchise Super Mario
Key staff Shigeru Miyamoto, Takashi Tezuka, Koji Kondo, Yoichi Kotabe, Yoshiaki Koizumi, Koichi Hayashida, Shigehisa Nakaue

The Super Mario series is the biggest and most prominent series in the Super Mario franchise. It started in 1985 with the creation of Super Mario Bros. on the Family Computer and subsequently the Nintendo Entertainment System. It has been followed by many sequels released in almost every Nintendo video game console to date, except the Game Boy Color and the Game Boy Advance, where only remakes, ports, or other spin-offs games were released and development was handled by other divisions and companies. The Super Mario Bros. series, a subset of the greater Super Mario series, comprises 2D side-scrolling games such as the aforementioned Super Mario Bros., New Super Mario Bros. U, and Super Mario Bros. Wonder.[1] Alongside the 2D installments, the Super Mario series also features 3D platform games, the first of which has been Super Mario 64.

Previous form of the logo
Previous form of the logo
Previous form of the logo

Most of these games, notably excluding Super Mario Bros. 2, follow the story of Mario and, usually, his brother Luigi and sometimes his friends Toad and Yoshi, in their quest to search for and rescue Princess Peach from Bowser, who wants to conquer the Mushroom Kingdom or another location, depending on the game. The Mario Brothers' adventure is shown to be difficult, as they face his minions, the Koopa Troop.

The series is developed by several Nintendo divisions. The main games have been developed by Nintendo Entertainment Analysis and Development, with the exception of the Super Mario Land titles, which were handled by Nintendo R&D 1. Following its merge with Nintendo Software Planning & Development in September 2015, the series is now handled by Nintendo Entertainment Planning and Development.

In 2010, the series celebrated the Super Mario Bros. 25th Anniversary. The celebration involved a series of videos showing various tricks throughout the series' games on the Wii's Nintendo Channel, as well as releasing a Wii port of Super Mario All-Stars, which included a history booklet of the Super Mario series and a CD containing several songs from games in the series. In 2015, the series celebrated the Super Mario Bros. 30th Anniversary with the commemorative game being Super Mario Maker. Special amiibo based on Mario's sprite from Super Mario Bros. with both classic and modern color schemes were released as well. 2020 marked the Super Mario Bros. 35th Anniversary with several games released, including Super Mario 3D All-Stars.

List of games

Main games

Cover, original release, and system Synopsis
Super Mario Bros.
United States box art for Super Mario Bros.
Japan September 13, 1985
Super Mario Bros. is the first entry of this series. Mario and his brother, Luigi, have to set out on an adventure across the Mushroom Kingdom to rescue Princess Toadstool and the mushroom retainers from the evil King Bowser. After traversing through eight enemy-filled worlds, the brothers eventually reach Bowser's Castle, finally rescuing Toadstool. Super Mario Bros. was the best-selling video game for the NES in 1999[2] and, until being surpassed by Wii Sports in 2009, the best-selling video game of all time. Super Mario Bros. also had a major part in both the takeoff of the NES and the revival of the American video game industry after the crash in 1983. The game earned Mario a permanent position as Nintendo's mascot, and it triggered a massive boom in the video game industry that still continues today.
Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels
English Box art for Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels from Nintendo Switch Online
Japan June 3, 1986
Disk System
After the success of Super Mario Bros., a sequel was released one year later in Japan for the Family Computer Disk System. It uses a slightly altered version of Super Mario Bros.' engine, with different levels and new features including altered graphics and new enemy behavior, such as Bloopers flying in midair, wind to help the player jump across pits, and other minor changes.

While the game was called Super Mario Bros. 2 in Japanese, Nintendo of America originally deemed this game too challenging and too much like the original to sell well in Western countries.[3] Instead, another game was released as Super Mario Bros. 2 outside of Japan, and the Japanese Super Mario Bros. 2 became known as Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels when included in the Super Mario All-Stars remake years later. The first release of the original game outside Japan was its Virtual Console release in 2007.

Super Mario Bros. 2
North American box art for Super Mario Bros. 2
USA October 9, 1988
Owing to Nintendo of America's decision to not release the Japanese Super Mario Bros. 2 outside Japan, the company instead altered the game Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic, which otherwise never got released outside Japan, to replace the main characters with Mario, Luigi, Princess Toadstool, and Toad, releasing this version of the game as Super Mario Bros. 2 outside Japan. This game was released in Japan a few years later as Super Mario USA.

Several enemies first featured in this game, such as Shy Guys, Bob-ombs, and Birdo, would go on to become recurring in the franchise. Super Mario Bros. 2 is also the first game in the series to feature four distinct playable characters, as Mario, Luigi, Princess Toadstool, and Toad must save the dream world of Subcon from the villainous Wart. After fighting their way through seven worlds, they eventually save Subcon, and Mario wakes up from his dream.

Super Mario Bros. 3
North American box art for Super Mario Bros. 3
Japan October 23, 1988
Another two years had passed by the time the next mainstream, non-port Super Mario game had been released: Super Mario Bros. 3. This was by far the most expansive Super Mario game on the NES, as it featured many levels, items, and enemies and became a huge critical and commercial success. Many of the new species would become staples of the series, including Boos, Fire Piranha Plants and Dry Bones. In the story, Bowser and his seven Koopalings wreak havoc across the Mushroom World after turning all of the kings into various animals. Mario and Luigi have to traverse through many worlds, castles, seas, forests, and deserts to fix the wrongs the Koopalings have caused. Eventually, the brothers reach Bowser and defeat him, rescuing Princess Toadstool once again.
Super Mario Land
North American box art for Super Mario Land
Japan April 21, 1989
Game Boy
Super Mario Land is the first Super Mario game not developed by Nintendo EAD but rather its partner division: Nintendo R&D1. The game features a similar aesthetic and gameplay to Super Mario Bros., adapting it to the limited technology of the Game Boy at the time. The game is set in the land of Sarasaland and has Mario venture through its four kingdoms to rescue its ruler, Princess Daisy, from the clutches of the evil alien Tatanga. This game is unique in that it features auto-scrolling shooting sections where Mario rides a submarine or a plane.

Although Super Mario Land and its sequel, Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins, were originally excluded from the main Super Mario series, they were included alongside the more traditional games for the 30th anniversary of Super Mario Bros.,[4] and the history page from the Mario Portal and "The official home for Mario" websites.[5][6]

Super Mario World
North American box art for Super Mario World
Japan November 21, 1990
Although a direct sequel to Super Mario Bros. 3, Super Mario World had been released on a whole new home console—the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. It was with this game that the Super Mario franchise had been upgraded from 8-bit to 16-bit graphics. Though the games' graphics would later be revolutionized once again, this was indeed a huge step at the time. During the story of Super Mario World, while Mario, Luigi, and Princess Toadstool are vacationing in Dinosaur Land, Bowser and his seven Koopalings once again kidnap the princess. With the help of the Yoshis and Dolphins, the brothers traverse across the vast area of Dinosaur Land. As they make their way to Toadstool, they thwart each Koopaling who stands in their way until they reach Bowser. Once again, Bowser is defeated and Toadstool is rescued.
Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins
North American box art for Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins
Japan October 21, 1992
Game Boy
Being the sequel to the original Super Mario Land, Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins features aesthetics and gameplay from Super Mario World. After returning from rescuing Daisy in the previous game, Mario discovers that Wario has seized the former's realm of Mario Land and taken control of his castle by scattering his six Golden Coins. Mario now must venture through the enemy-infested Mario Land to recover his valuable coins, get access to his castle, and confront Wario once and for all.
Super Mario 64
North American box art of Super Mario 64.
Japan June 23, 1996
Nintendo 64
Super Mario 64 was released simultaneously with its system, the Nintendo 64. The game was a great success. It was the first fully three-dimensional Super Mario game to ever be made, thus revolutionizing the appearance of Super Mario games to date. The game sold over eleven million copies worldwide, as of 2015.[7] This was also the second game to call Princess Peach by her current name (with Yoshi's Safari being the first). In the game, Mario is invited to the Mushroom Castle to eat a cake she has baked. However, when Mario arrives at her castle, he discovers that Bowser has taken it over and has stolen almost all of the castle's Power Stars—there are some that he did not know existed. As Mario traverses through fifteen different painting worlds, he eventually recovers enough Power Stars to battle Bowser and take back the castle, freeing Peach from her stained-glass prison.
Super Mario Sunshine
North American box art for Super Mario Sunshine.
Japan July 19, 2002
In 2002, Mario was back in action in Super Mario Sunshine, another three-dimensional platformer. While he is on his way to a vacation with Princess Peach and her loyal steward, Toadsworth, they discover a large glob of graffiti in the shape of Mario's head at the Delfino Airstrip. Mario then finds a machine, called FLUDD, that helps him rid the island of goop. After he collects a total of ten Shine Sprites, an impostor bearing a striking resemblance to Mario kidnaps Peach. Mario then must redeem his identity (because of Shadow Mario) by ridding the entire island of goop, all the while having to rescue Peach. Towards the end of his adventure, he discovers that Shadow Mario is actually Bowser Jr. in disguise. After fighting Bowser and Bowser Jr., Mario rescues Peach, finally allowing them to start their vacation.
New Super Mario Bros.
Box art of New Super Mario Bros.
USA May 15, 2006
Nintendo DS
New Super Mario Bros. is the tenth installment in the Super Mario series. It starts out when Bowser Jr. kidnaps Peach during a strange accident. Luigi is playable in this game as well. Luigi was not playable since Super Mario World. This is the first game since Super Mario World that features the classic 2D playstyle of the Super Mario Bros. games, substantially building upon it to create gameplay both classic and contemporary. The game features a solo story mode with Mario or Luigi, a two-player wireless game called Mario vs. Luigi, and a minigame mode for up to four players. It introduced various enemies and obstacles to the franchise alongside new power-ups: the Mega Mushroom, Mini Mushroom, and Blue Shell. It was released in 2006 for the Nintendo DS. It spiraled an indirect follow-up, New Super Mario Bros. Wii, and, later, a direct sequel, New Super Mario Bros. 2, alongside another indirect follow-up, New Super Mario Bros. U.
Super Mario Galaxy
Boxart for Super Mario Galaxy.
Japan November 1, 2007
Super Mario Galaxy is the eleventh installment in the Super Mario series and the third 3D game in the series. However, unlike the previous two 3D installments for the Super Mario series, this game takes place in deep space. Mario attends the Star Festival at the request of Princess Peach, when the town comes under attack by Bowser's air forces. He abducts Peach's entire castle and warps it to the center of the universe, prompting Mario to save her. Most of the game's levels consist of many small planets and planetoids, while others have bigger planets. A new popular species and character appear, Luma and Rosalina. The game was released in 2007 for the Wii. This game spiraled a direct sequel, simply called Super Mario Galaxy 2. It is currently the only 3D game that has done so.
New Super Mario Bros. Wii
NSMBW NA Box Art.jpg
Australia November 12, 2009
Being the indirect follow-up to New Super Mario Bros. for the DS, New Super Mario Bros. Wii was released on November 12, 2009, in Australia. This installment includes four players simultaneously controlling their characters, a feature Shigeru Miyamoto had wanted for years. This game also returns the Koopalings, absent since Mario and Luigi: Superstar Saga, in their first 3D models. In the story, Bowser and his minions kidnap Peach by using cake as a disguise. Mario, Luigi, Blue Toad, and Yellow Toad travel to eight worlds to save the princess. This game also reintroduces rideable Yoshis, although they can be ridden in only a few levels. The Penguin Suit and the Propeller Mushroom are new power-ups in this game. This game also includes the Super Guide, a demo video for those who are struggling in a particular level.
Super Mario Galaxy 2
Boxart for Super Mario Galaxy 2.
USA May 23, 2010
Super Mario Galaxy 2 is the thirteenth installment in the Super Mario series. It is also the fourth 3D game in the series and a direct sequel to Super Mario Galaxy. The title contains many elements from its predecessor, such as the story, the adventure being in outer space, recurring objects such as Launch Stars, recurring items including the Bee Mushroom, and the elements of gravity. However, the game introduces new elements such as the utilization of Yoshi and new power-ups such as the Cloud Flower. Rosalina reappears, and new characters of the Luma species appear, including Lubba. This is the third installment for the Wii in the Super Mario series.
Super Mario 3D Land
The North American cover for Super Mario 3D Land
Japan November 3, 2011
Nintendo 3DS
Super Mario 3D Land is the fifth 3D game in the series and the fourteenth game overall. Super Mario 3D Land is a hybrid game described as a "3D game that plays like a 2D game," and therefore its levels are much more linear and compact than in the other 3D titles, more along the lines of the side-scrolling games. Many retro power-ups and characters return, such as the Super Leaf and Boom Boom. New power-ups are also introduced, such as Boomerang Mario and White Tanooki Mario. The game also introduces new enemies and a female partner of Boom Boom named Pom Pom.
New Super Mario Bros. 2
The front North American cover art for New Super Mario Bros. 2
Japan July 28, 2012
Nintendo 3DS
New Super Mario Bros. 2 is another side-scroller in the series released in 2012 for the Nintendo 3DS. It is the third game in the New Super Mario Bros. line and a direct sequel to New Super Mario Bros. The game features an extremely large number of coins, which are the game's main focus, with the primary goal being to collect one million. The game also notably is very similar to New Super Mario Bros. Wii, reusing various things from it, while also featuring several elements from Super Mario Bros. 3, such as Raccoon Mario. A new power-up called the Gold Flower appears and turns Mario into Gold Mario.
New Super Mario Bros. U
New Super Mario Bros. U North American box cover
USA November 18, 2012
Wii U
New Super Mario Bros. U is a side-scroller released for the Wii U alongside the console's launch. The game features some elements from Super Mario World, such as an interconnected world map, Baby Yoshis, Sumo Bros., and Bony Beetles, and minor references such as diagonal pipes making a return. The game plays very similarly to New Super Mario Bros. Wii with its four-player mode—however, a player with a Wii U GamePad can create platforms in what Nintendo refers to as "Boost Mode." Additionally, the game also features single-player Challenges. It is the first Super Mario game to be released in high-definition. The game also introduces the Super Acorn power-up, with which Mario can become Flying Squirrel Mario.
Super Mario 3D World
North American box art of Super Mario 3D World
Japan November 21, 2013
Wii U
Super Mario 3D World is the home console follow-up to Super Mario 3D Land. The game's main feature is the new Cat form, caused by picking up a Super Bell, alongside four-player simultaneous multiplayer. It features the entire playable cast of Super Mario Bros. 2 as playable characters, featuring the same abilities they have in said game, as well as Rosalina as an unlockable playable character. The story follows Mario, Luigi, Princess Peach, and Toad as they attempt to rescue the Sprixie Princesses that Bowser has captured and free the Sprixie Kingdom. Other new power-ups include the Double Cherry and the Lucky Bell.
Super Mario Maker
Super Mario Maker box art
Japan September 10, 2015
Wii U
Super Mario Maker features a game creation system that allows players to create their own 2D Super Mario levels. Players can choose between four different styles based on Super Mario Bros., Super Mario Bros. 3, Super Mario World, and New Super Mario Bros. U for their levels, each adapting certain mechanics and power-ups exclusive to the original games. Level creations could be submitted to the internet so players could share their levels worldwide. Super Mario Maker was released on time for the series' 30th anniversary.
Super Mario Run
Final logo for Super Mario Run
December 15, 2016
Super Mario Run is an auto-runner platform game and the first dedicated Super Mario title for mobile devices. It was released first on iOS in December 2016, and it was released for Android in March 2017. The game is free-to-start, with optional in-app content to purchase at a one-time fee. Its gameplay is similar to that of the New Super Mario Bros. subseries but with a different control style. Like Super Mario 3D World, it features the cast of Super Mario Bros. 2 as playable characters, alongside Yoshi, Toadette, and Princess Daisy, who all make their first fully playable appearances in a 2D Super Mario game.
Super Mario Odyssey
Super Mario Odyssey - final box art
October 27, 2017
Nintendo Switch
Super Mario Odyssey released for the Nintendo Switch in late 2017. As a new entry in the 3D games and a new sandbox-style 3D Super Mario game after Super Mario 64 and Super Mario Sunshine, it focuses on Mario and a new character named Cappy (who takes the form of the Mario Cap) visiting kingdoms far from the Mushroom Kingdom and collecting Power Moons, ultimately in an attempt to prevent Bowser force-marrying Princess Peach and to rescue Cappy's sister Tiara. Cappy has multiple uses, such as being thrown like a boomerang (which can be used to control life forms and inanimate objects) and jumping off him in midair like a platform. In addition, this is the first main Super Mario game to be compatible with amiibo, and it was launched alongside a trio of amiibo based on the game.
Super Mario Maker 2
Super Mario Maker 2 boxart
June 28, 2019
Nintendo Switch
Super Mario Maker 2 is the sequel to the Wii U title Super Mario Maker. This sequel introduces many new additions and improvements, such as slopes, more level themes, and a Super Mario 3D World style.
Super Mario Bros. Wonder
Final North American box art for Super Mario Bros. Wonder
October 20, 2023
Nintendo Switch
Super Mario Bros. Wonder is a side-scroller for the Nintendo Switch. Its plot involves Mario and his allies setting out to save the Flower Kingdom from Bowser. The game plays similarly to the New Super Mario Bros. subseries with its four-player mode. The game's central mechanic is Wonder Effects, which are triggered by collecting Wonder Flowers. Collecting them in different levels causes various different effects. It also introduces three new power-ups: the Elephant Fruit, Bubble Flower, and Drill Mushroom, which transform characters into their Elephant forms, Bubble forms, and Drill forms, respectively. This is also the first game to feature Kevin Afghani succeeding Charles Martinet in voicing Mario and Luigi.

Related games

These original games are related to the Super Mario series while not being considered part of it by official Nintendo websites. Many of them feature the adventures of characters other than Mario, sometimes leading into their own series. Notably, Shigeru Miyamoto stated that he considered Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island to be part of the core Super Mario franchise in an interview published in 2012.[8]

Cover, original release, and system Synopsis
Super Mario Bros. Special
PC88 cover
Japan August 1986
NEC PC-8801, Sharp X1
Super Mario Bros. Special is a game made by Hudson Soft and licensed by Nintendo for the NEC PC-8801 and Sharp X1 series of Japanese PCs, and later released in South Korea for the Samsung SPC-1500 in 1987. Super Mario Bros. Special is the second sequel to Super Mario Bros., released a few months after Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels in 1986. While superficially very similar to the original Super Mario Bros., the game features original levels but scrolls screen-by-screen rather than smoothly. Jumping and running physics also differ from the original, providing a more challenging experience than Super Mario Bros. Due to the computers' technology being slightly inferior to that of the NES/Famicom, the graphics and audio differ from the original NES game as well, with the X1 utilising more colors and smoother scrolling than the PC-88, and does not include Luigi or a multiplayer mode.
Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic
Box art of Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic
Japan July 10, 1987
Family Computer Disk System
Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic started development as a vertically scrolling Super Mario Bros.-style game, eventually gaining horizontal scrolling as well to be more similar. Due to a licensing agreement with Fuji Television, it starred a family of Arabian characters owned by the network. This game would go on to become the western Super Mario Bros. 2, with the Arabian characters replaced with Mario and friends, though other characters (namely enemies and bosses) remaining; many would become recurring to the series.
Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3
Japan January 21, 1994
Game Boy
Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3 is the third and final original Super Mario Land title and the first installment in the Wario Land series, released in 1994, five years after its first predecessor and two years after its second predecessor. Taking place after his defeat in Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins, Wario decides to go on a quest to earn himself enough money and riches to get himself a castle of his own. During his quest, he finds many treasures as he battles Captain Syrup and her army, the Black Sugar Gang. The gameplay in Wario Land differs slightly from the previous Super Mario Land installments. For example, if the player holds down the B button, then Wario does not run. His speed does increase, however, if Wario is using the Jet Wario power-up, which allows him to temporarily fly through the air at super speed. His other power-ups include Bull Wario, which gives him super strength and the ability to stick to ceilings and conveyor belts, and the Dragon Wario power-up, which allows him to breathe fire. Wario is also able to hold and throw enemies (as well as coins, which are usually required to exit a stage).
Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island
North American box art of Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island
Japan August 5, 1995
While the title suggests it being a sequel to Super Mario World, Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island is in fact the prequel not only to the Super Mario series but the chronological first game of the whole Super Mario franchise. The game starts off on the day the Mario Bros. were born and are to be delivered to their parents by a dedicated stork. Foretelling the threat they will represent to the Koopa clan in the future, Kamek tries to kidnap the babies from the stork but only manages to snatch one baby (Baby Luigi) and imprisons the stork as well. The other baby (Baby Mario) falls on Yoshi's Island where he is picked by the Yoshis that reside in there. The Yoshis come to the decision to aid the baby to rescue his brother and the stork from the Koopa clan led by the young Baby Bowser.
New Super Luigi U
Final North American box art for New Super Luigi U
Japan June 19, 2013
Wii U
New Super Luigi U is an additional content pack for New Super Mario Bros. U that was also released as a stand-alone game to celebrate the Year of Luigi, available at retail until the end of the 2013. It has all-new levels and Luigi supplants Mario as the lead character, with Nabbit becoming the fourth playable character, taking Mario's place.
Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker
Final North American boxart for Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker
Japan November 13, 2014
Wii U
Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker is a puzzle-platform game, a spin-off and prequel of Super Mario 3D World based on Captain Toad's Adventures stages from the latter but featuring extensive depth and variety. The game also features Toadette as a new playable character, but also takes the role of damsel-in-distress. A port was released on July 13, 2018 for the Nintendo Switch and Nintendo 3DS, which replaces the bonus stages based on Super Mario 3D World with stages based on kingdoms from Super Mario Odyssey.
Super Mario Bros. 35
Logo of Super Mario Bros. 35
October 1, 2020
Nintendo Switch
Super Mario Bros. 35 was a side-scrolling, battle royale platform game where 35 players competed against each other until one player remained standing.

Ports, remakes, and compilations

Cover, original release, and system Synopsis
VS. Super Mario Bros.
VSSMB Title Screen.png
USA March 7, 1986
VS. System
VS. Super Mario Bros. is a two-player arcade game released in North America in 1986. The game is mostly the same as the original Super Mario Bros.; Mario or Luigi went on a quest to save the princess from Bowser and restore order to the Mushroom Kingdom. The game is made harder than Super Mario Bros. in that it had fewer warp zones and more enemies, along with options for the arcade owner to make it more difficult still and thus restrict the time an average player got for their money. The game replaced "duplicate" levels from the original with levels which would later be used in the Japanese Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels.
Super Mario Bros. (Game & Watch)
Boxart for Super Mario Bros. for Game & Watch
USA June 25, 1986
Game & Watch
In 1986, one year after the release of Nintendo's first biggest commercial success, the company released a simplified version of the game on their Game & Watch system. It essentially has the same plot, reduced down to only eight levels; however, after beating every level, they will have to be repeated. Mario will have to go through nine loops, avoiding Lakitus and Bullet Bills, each time with the levels increasing in difficulty. There are also two types of levels: scroll screen levels, in which Mario will have to reach a certain point to advance, and timer screen levels, in which Mario must get through the world in a given amount of time. Additionally, another difference between the original and this remake is that Mario will find Princess Toadstool at the end of every level, without having to fight a boss.
All Night Nippon: Super Mario Bros.
All Night Nippon: Super Mario Bros. game cover; altered from Mario no Daibōken promotional artwork.
Japan December 1986
Disk System
All Night Nippon: Super Mario Bros. is an officially licensed hack of Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels. Gameplay is the same, but many characters such as the mushroom retainers are replaced with Japanese celebrities from the radio show All Night Nippon. Other changes are also made for this game, such as World 1 being set during nighttime and Princess Peach's outfit was changed. The game was only released in Japan.
Super Mario Bros. (Nelsonic Game Watch)
Nelsonic Super Mario Bros. in a box.
USA 1989
Nelsonic Game Watch
Super Mario Bros. is a simplified version of the original game released on the Nelsonic Game Watch. The instruction leaflets for these watches contain many spelling errors and inconsistent terminology. Mario has to struggle up a castle to rescue the princess and defeat the Koopa Dragon.
Super Mario Bros. 3 (Nelsonic Game Watch)
Nelsonic Super Mario Bros. 3 in a box.
USA 1990
Nelsonic Game Watch
Super Mario Bros. 3 is a direct sequel to the previous watch and a tie-in product to the North American release of the original game. It is also known as Super Mario 3 and Super Mario III. This installment contains the Super Leaf, which transforms Mario into long tail Mario.
Super Mario World (Nelsonic Game Watch)
Nelsonic Super Mario World in a clamshell case
USA 1991
Nelsonic Game Watch
The Super Mario World game watch is also a tie-in product for the North American release of the original game. This sequel is also known as Super Mario Bros. 4 and Super Mario 4. Mario rides a dinosaur to rescue the princess from Koopa.
Super Mario All-Stars
North American box art for Super Mario All-Stars
Japan July 14, 1993
Super Mario All-Stars, known as Super Mario Collection in Japan, was released in 1993 also for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. It is a compilation featuring 16-bit versions of the first four main Super Mario series games: Super Mario Bros., Super Mario Bros. 2, Super Mario Bros. 3 and, in its first release outside of Japan, Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels. This game updated the four games' graphics and sound to enhance them, with certain changes to the mechanics. A Wii rerelease, called Super Mario All-Stars Limited Edition, occurred in 2010.
Super Mario All-Stars + Super Mario World
Super Mario All-Stars + Super Mario World PAL box art
USA December 1994
Super Mario All-Stars + Super Mario World is an America/Europe-only reissue of Super Mario All-Stars that also includes Super Mario World for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System.
BS Super Mario USA
Ōsama (the king of Subcon) and his commander, with Princess Peach, Luigi, Mario, Toad, and a golden statue presented to the heroes by the king as thanks for saving his kingdom.
Japan 1996
A follow-up to Super Mario USA (Super Mario Bros. 2), BS Super Mario USA was released as four installments, and each one involved the player heading into each world to collect a gold Mario statue and defeat the bosses until finally reaching and defeating Wart. Each level could be replayed until the clock reached 50 minutes. As the player progressed, St. Giga's Satellite radio would stream an audio drama to tell the story. After the events of Super Mario Bros. 2, the King of Subcon had golden Mario statues put up all around Subcon, to thank him and his friends for their deeds. However, three Birdos, Mouser, Tryclyde, Fryguy and Clawgrip have stolen them, and now Mario must get them back and defeat Wart again.
BS Super Mario Collection
Japan 1997
A remake of Super Mario Collection (Super Mario All-Stars), BS Super Mario Collection is a game for the Super Famicom add-on Satellaview. Like with BS Super Mario USA, as the player progressed through the game, voice acting and music would be streamed to the system using the Satellaview's Soundlink capabilities.
Super Mario Bros. Deluxe
North American box art for Super Mario Bros. Deluxe
USA May 10, 1999
Game Boy Color
Super Mario Bros. Deluxe is a Game Boy Color remake which includes the first two Super Mario games ever released: Super Mario Bros. and Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels (that last under the name of Super Mario Bros. for Super Players). Besides those games, it also featured many other collectibles, including images that could be printed with the Game Boy Printer, Cable Link interface multi-player, records sharing by infrared connection, a calendar, a fortune teller, etc. Unlike other remakes, it was not developed by Nintendo EAD, but rather by Nintendo R&D2.
Super Mario Advance
North American box art for Super Mario Advance
Japan March 21, 2001
Game Boy Advance
Super Mario Advance is a remake of Super Mario Bros. 2 made for the handheld game system, the Game Boy Advance, and released in 2001. Like the Super Mario All-Stars remake, Super Mario Advance had updated graphics, alongside various gameplay additions and improvements such as a points scoring system and collectable Ace Coins. Additionally, Mario Bros. is included with the game. It spawned a series of similar remakes, all featuring Mario Bros. as well.
Super Mario World: Super Mario Advance 2
North American box art for Super Mario World: Super Mario Advance 2
Japan December 14, 2001
Game Boy Advance
Super Mario World: Super Mario Advance 2 is a remake of Super Mario World made for the Game Boy Advance. It is the second title in the Super Mario Advance series and was released in 2002. There are various differences between the original Super Mario World and Super Mario Advance 2 such as Luigi's sprite being changed and made taller than Mario to match his normal appearance. The game was a gigantic hit for Nintendo and the Game Boy Advance, selling 3,290,000 copies in North America and 5,460,000 copies worldwide.
Yoshi's Island: Super Mario Advance 3
Super Mario Advance 3 Box Art.jpg
Japan September 20, 2002
Game Boy Advance
Yoshi's Island: Super Mario Advance 3 is a remake of Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island for the Game Boy Advance. The game features similar visuals to the original game, though due to the lack of the Super FX chip, the game tracks behind some graphical aspects. Super Mario Advance 3 has six new levels and Yoshi's Story voice acting and sound effects.
Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3
North American box art for Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3
Japan July 11, 2003
Game Boy Advance
In 2003, the fourth (and final) Super Mario Advance installment, Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3, was released for the Game Boy Advance. It boasted similar graphics and sound to the Super Mario All-Stars version of Super Mario Bros. 3, and made use of the e-Reader. A few e-Reader cards came included with new copies of the game, while two sets (referred to as "series") of cards, were released and sold alongside the game. By scanning special cards into the e-Reader, players were able to upload items, videos, and most importantly, new levels into the game. One notable item was the Cape Feather from Super Mario World, which allowed Mario to transform into Caped Mario. There were also two Switch cards that the player could activate (and deactivate) the effects of by scanning them; the Orange Switch and the Blue Green Switch. Scanning these switches triggered small functions in the game. The e-Reader feature is still coded in the European version, but is disabled by default. The Virtual Console and Game Boy Advance - Nintendo Switch Online versions would feature all e-Reader levels and features unlocked by default for all regions.
Classic NES Series: Super Mario Bros.
The front cover of the Classic NES Series port of Super Mario Bros.
Japan February 14, 2004
Game Boy Advance
The original NES version of Super Mario Bros. was released for the Game Boy Advance as part of the Classic NES series of games in commemoration for the 20th anniversary of the release of the original Famicom and NES. It is a direct port, and as a result features no new additions or bugfixes. Consequently, the only significant difference is that the graphics were downscaled to fit the GBA screen resolution.
Famicom Mini: Super Mario Bros. 2
Japanese box art
Japan August 10, 2004
Game Boy Advance
In Japan, the Classic NES Series were known as Famicom Mini. The original Super Mario Bros. 2 (or Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels) was released only in Japan. Much like Super Mario Bros., it didn't feature any new additions, the bugs were left untouched, and the graphics were down-scaled.
Super Mario 64 DS
USA November 21, 2004
Nintendo DS
Super Mario 64 DS is a remake of Super Mario 64. It was released in 2004 for the Nintendo DS. It is also the first Mario game released for the Nintendo DS. Though it is a remake, there are many differences between it and the original (four playable characters and 30 new Power Stars are two examples of this). The game begins the same as the old one; Peach invites Mario to the castle for cake. However, instead of just Mario, Wario and Luigi come for cake, while Yoshi sleeps on the roof of the castle. Bowser then takes over the castle, captures Peach, and locks Mario, Luigi, and Wario inside three rooms. Lakitu then wakes Yoshi up, and now he has to save Mario and the others in order to save the princess once again, this time through teamwork.
Super Mario All-Stars Limited Edition
North American box art for Super Mario All-Stars Limited Edition
Japan October 21, 2010
Released for the Wii in 2010, Super Mario All-Stars Limited Edition is a port of Super Mario All-Stars that celebrates the 25th anniversary of Mario.
New Super Mario Bros. U + New Super Luigi U
North American box art of New Super Mario Bros. U + New Super Luigi U
USA November 1, 2013
Wii U
A compilation of both New Super Mario Bros. U and New Super Luigi U on the same disc, initially released exclusively with the Mario & Luigi Deluxe Wii U set (known as the Premium Pack in Europe). New Super Mario Bros. U + New Super Luigi U includes notable changes to the originals, including a new title screen and over 200 videos included as bonus content. This compilation was released separately as a Nintendo Selects title in 2016.
Super Mario Maker for Nintendo 3DS
Super Mario Maker for Nintendo 3DS North American box art
Japan December 1, 2016
Nintendo 3DS
A port of Wii U's Super Mario Maker released in 2015, Super Mario Maker for Nintendo 3DS was released on December 2, 2016. Despite being a Nintendo 3DS title, the game does not support stereoscopic 3D, and gameplay is, therefore, strictly available in 2D. Due to hardware limitations for the 3DS, players can no longer share their levels online, and other elements from the Wii U version, like the Mystery Mushrooms and amiibo compatibility, have been removed. The game features Super Mario Challenge, a single player mode with 100 pre-installed courses designed by Nintendo, with medal objectives included for each course.
New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe
New Super Mario Bros U Deluxe boxart
January 11, 2019
Nintendo Switch
New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe is a combined port of the Wii U games New Super Mario Bros. U and New Super Luigi U, enhanced with exclusive features. Notably, this port is described as part of the main series for the Super Mario Bros. 35th Anniversary and in the Mario history section of Nintendo's website.[6]
Super Mario 3D All-Stars
North American box-art for Super Mario 3D All-Stars
September 18, 2020
Nintendo Switch
Super Mario 3D All-Stars is a rerelease of Super Mario 64, Super Mario Sunshine, and Super Mario Galaxy with revamped controls, HD resolution, and a music player that released as part of the 35th anniversary of Super Mario Bros.
Game & Watch: Super Mario Bros.
North American box for Game & Watch: Super Mario Bros.
November 13, 2020
Unlike the Super Mario Bros. Game & Watch game released in 1987, Game & Watch: Super Mario Bros. is a direct port of Super Mario Bros. and Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels fit into a Game & Watch system with full-color screen display. The system also features a Super Mario-themed version of Ball.
Super Mario 3D World + Bowser's Fury
Final North American box art for Super Mario 3D World + Bowser's Fury
February 12, 2021
Nintendo Switch
Super Mario 3D World + Bowser's Fury is a port of the Wii U game Super Mario 3D World that released for Nintendo Switch in 2021. It contains new features, such as quicker movement speed, higher resolution, and amiibo compatibility. The game also has a new Bowser's Fury mode, in which Mario and Bowser Jr. aim to save Lake Lapcat from Fury Bowser. Like New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe, the port is described as part of the main series in the Mario history section of Nintendo's website.[6]


Screenshot and system Synopsis
Super Mario's Wacky Worlds
The title screen for Super Mario's Wacky Worlds.
Philips CD-i
Super Mario's Wacky Worlds is a canceled Philips CD-i game developed by NovaLogic. It was intended to follow-up on Super Mario World after a Nintendo sales executive suggested that the CD-i could play simple Nintendo games,[9] which is a result of Philips acquiring the rights to several Nintendo characters for use on their platform. The game was to feature a game world mostly based on real-life Earth locations, with themed old and new enemies in the Super Mario World sprite style. Despite NovaLogic impressing Nintendo with their work-in-progress, it was canceled due to poor sales of the CD-i.[9]
VB Mario Land
Screenshot of the unreleased game VB Mario Land
Virtual Boy
VB Mario Land, also known as Mario Adventure[10], is a canceled Virtual Boy game which was revealed at the Winter Consumer Electronics Show in early 1995.[11] A Wario-like object can be seen in one of the released screenshots, so it is thought to be an unproduced follow-up to Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins. The game was to use two-dimensional side-scrolling elements, as well as the use of three-dimensional movement between the background and foreground of the stage. Its three-dimensional Mario Bros.-style mini-game was repurposed as Mario Clash.[12]
Super Mario 64 2
Used in case of images missing from a section gallery, table, bestiary box, or certain infoboxes.
Nintendo 64DD
Super Mario 64 2, the direct sequel to Super Mario 64, is a canceled Nintendo 64DD game. Luigi[13] and a rideable Yoshi[14] were set to appear, which were ideas unused during the creation of the original game.[15] Shigeru Miyamoto has stated in 1999 that the game's actual development only got as far as a two player demo level featuring Mario and Luigi.[16][better source needed] An unreleased port of Super Mario 64 to the 64DD demoed at Space World 1996, known as Super Mario 64 Disk Version, may be related.[17]

Major characters

It has been requested that this section be rewritten. Reason: Some flowery writing; supporting characters should be more descriptive

Main protagonists

Image Brief biography First appearance First playable appearance in the Super Mario series
Mario in Mario vs. Donkey Kong for the Nintendo Switch
Mario is the main protagonist in his titular series of games. Mario is the star of the largest game franchise Nintendo has published. Many characters have fought alongside Mario in his adventures in platformers and RPGs, but many have also fought against him during those times. Mario has gone through many physical changes, from his original 8-bit appearance, to his current 128-bit appearance. Mario commonly rescues Princess Peach, as well as several others, such as Toads, as his adventures continue. Mario has even been accepting enough to team up at times with his greatest foe, Bowser.
Donkey Kong
Super Mario Bros.
Artwork of Luigi in Mario Party Superstars
Luigi is Mario's taller, younger, twin brother. Luigi first debuted in Mario Bros. for the Game & Watch in 1983, packaging off bottles alongside Mario as a factory worker, before reappearing in the arcade game Mario Bros. and later in Super Mario Bros. for the NES, playable only in the two-player mode of the game. He later appeared in Super Mario Bros. 2, being playable in one-player mode for the first time along with Toad and Peach. Luigi has appeared in many of Mario's games, but there were some from which he was excluded — among which are Super Mario Land and Super Mario 64.
Mario Bros.
Super Mario Bros.
Princess Peach
Artwork of Princess Peach from Super Mario Bros. Wonder
Princess Peach — originally "Princess Toadstool" in localization — is the damsel-in-distress of the series. Princess Peach is the ruler of the Mushroom Kingdom, and is protected by many Toads. However, her protection commonly fails and eventually results in her being kidnapped, be it by Bowser, or by another villain. In Super Mario Bros. 2, Super Mario 3D World, Super Mario Run, and Super Mario Bros. Wonder, Peach is one of the playable characters and one of the main protagonists.
Super Mario Bros.
Super Mario Bros. 2
Princess Daisy
Artwork of Daisy from Super Mario Bros. Wonder
Princess Daisy initially served as the damsel-in-distress in her debut game, Super Mario Land. She is the ruler of the country Sarasaland which is inhabited by many various species not found in the Mushroom Kingdom. Although she is the only known ruler, her father was mentioned by her in Mario Party 3. She was kidnapped by the evil alien Tatanga who took her and hypnotized the inhabitants of Sarasaland. After Tatanga's defeat by Mario, Daisy was rescued and the Sarasaland kingdom was restored. Since Daisy's return to the Mario series overall (starting with the Nintendo 64 version of Mario Tennis), she has been a frequent participant in a majority of spin-off installments. 28 years after Super Mario Land, Daisy officially made her reintroduction in the Super Mario series by appearing in Super Mario Run as a playable protagonist.
Super Mario Land
Super Mario Run
Artwork of Toad for Mario Party Superstars (also used for Mario vs. Donkey Kong on Nintendo Switch)
Toad originally played the role of Princess Peach's assistant; however, he has been reduced to lesser roles since his debut appearance, with his role in main games having sometimes been replaced by Toadsworth. His first playable appearance was in Super Mario Bros. 2. Though he appears identical to many others in his species, Toad is actually an entirely different character; this causes much confusion as to whether or not certain Toads are the Toad discussed. Similar confusion occurs regarding whether he's the same as the character resembling Blue Toad in Super Mario 3D World.
Super Mario Bros. 2
Artwork of Yoshi and a Red Shell from Super Mario Bros. Wonder
Yoshi is Mario's dinosaur companion and one of his most trusty allies during his adventures. In many games Yoshi is present, he is always disposed to give Mario a ride on his back; while riding him and under Mario's command, Yoshi can use his long chameleon-like tongue to swallow a diverse variety of objects, including enemies. Yoshi also supports additional abilities Mario is unable to do on his own like Yoshi's signature Flutter Kick. Super Mario 64 DS features Yoshi as a standalone playable character. In fact, the game opens with Yoshi as the sole playable character that needs to rescue Mario and co. Though he lacks power, he compensates this with his ability to swallow enemies and turn them into an egg, which in turn serves as a homing projectile to take out several enemies at once. In Super Mario Run and Super Mario Bros. Wonder, Yoshi is a standalone playable character, along with his colored species.
Super Mario World
Super Mario World (as a supporter)
Super Mario 64 DS (as a fully playable character)
Artwork of Wario for Super Mario Party
Wario is Mario's yellow-clad, greedy childhood friend and rival. Though he has antagonized Mario since his debut in Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins, Wario proved to be a valuable ally during the events of Super Mario 64 DS, where he, alongside Luigi, originally came to "crash the party" of Mario and Peach. Wario is the strongest character in the game, being able to destroy some obstacles the other character would have no choice but avoid them.
Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins
Super Mario 64 DS
Artwork of Rosalina used in Mario Party: The Top 100, Mario Kart Tour and Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games Tokyo 2020.
Rosalina makes her first overall Super Mario franchise appearance by playing a supporting role in Super Mario Galaxy. In that game (and its sequel), she is the adoptive mother of the Lumas. Her main duty is to watch the Lumas and help keep the galaxies safe. Throughout the Super Mario Galaxy installment, Rosalina gives helpful and important advice/tips to Mario on his journey to save the galaxies in crisis and rescue Peach from Bowser's capture.

Rosalina makes her first playable appearance for the Super Mario series overall in Super Mario 3D World, making her the second female protagonist, following Princess Peach.

Super Mario Galaxy
Super Mario 3D World
Captain Toad
Captain Toad
Captain Toad is a red Toad dressed with an oversized backpack and a headlamp, he is the leader of the Toad Brigade, a group of Toads that provides help to Mario in Super Mario Galaxy and Super Mario Galaxy 2. He subsequently appears in Super Mario 3D World as a playable character in special levels called Captain Toad's Adventures; additionally, this resulted in him getting the starring role in the game's prequel (Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker), along with Toadette.
Super Mario Galaxy
Super Mario 3D World
Artwork of Toadette from Super Mario Bros. Wonder
Toadette was originally introduced as a playable racing partner for Toad in Mario Kart: Double Dash!! She has since appeared in other games as a playable character and has played supporting roles in several titles. Her first prominent role in the series was in the Super Mario 3D World prequel Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker, where she played a main character the game's storyline. Toadette officially debuted in the Super Mario mainstream series by appearing in Super Mario Run as a referee and later becoming playable in the game. Toadette makes a return to the Super Mario series by playing a role in Super Mario Odyssey as an archivist for the Toad Brigade. Her most recent appearance for the mainstream Super Mario series is New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe; during gameplay, she gains a unique Princess Peach-like form known as Peachette (after obtaining a Super Crown power up). She also makes an appearance in Super Mario Maker 2, where she is featured as one of the four playable characters alongside Mario, Luigi, and Toad. She is featured as a supporting character in the game's Story Mode, where she is called "Chief" and is in charge of rebuilding Princess Peach's castle after it is erased by Undodog.
Mario Kart: Double Dash!!
Super Mario Run
Yellow Toad and Blue Toad
Artwork of Yellow Toad from Super Mario Bros. WonderArtwork of Blue Toad from Super Mario Bros. Wonder
Yellow Toad and Blue Toad appear in New Super Mario Bros. Wii as main protagonists along with Mario and Luigi. They reprise the same role in New Super Mario Bros. U and Super Mario Bros. Wonder. In New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe, they share a character slot under the name "Toad".
New Super Mario Bros. Wii
Artwork of Nabbit for Super Mario Bros. Wonder
Nabbit debuted in New Super Mario Bros. U, where he steals items from Toad Houses. He appears as one of the four main playable characters in New Super Luigi U replacing Mario from the original game; unlike the other characters, he is invincible to enemies and cannot use power-ups (except for Super Stars), which instead become 1-Up Mushrooms at the end of the level. In New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe, he can be played in the New Super Mario Bros. U levels for the first time (though he is not playable in Challenge Mode).
New Super Mario Bros. U
New Super Luigi U

Supporting characters

Image Brief biography First appearance
Kings of the Mushroom World
The kings are the rulers of seven kingdoms in Super Mario Bros. 3, were each was turned into a different creature by the Koopalings.
Super Mario Bros. 3
Lakitu Bros.
Artwork of one of the Lakitu Bros. from Super Mario 64
The Lakitu Bros. are a pair of cameraman Lakitus that monitor Mario's progress throughout Super Mario 64. One of them acts as the camera throughout the game and is thus never directly seen aside from areas in mirrors, and the other appears in the opening and gives information at the start of certain courses.
Super Mario 64
Model of Hoot from Super Mario 64.
Hoot is a friendly owl from Whomp's Fortress in the game Super Mario 64. If Mario wakes him up, he will allow Mario to grab his feet to get a lift. In the remake, he also appears in all missions of Cool, Cool Mountain, and later missions of Snowman's Land, Tiny-Huge Island, and Tall, Tall Mountain.
Super Mario 64
Dorrie's model from Super Mario Odyssey.
Dorrie is a large blue plesiosaur-like creature found in Hazy Maze Cave in Super Mario 64. He later appears in World 4 of New Super Mario Bros. In both games, ground pounding of his back will cause him to lower his head for Mario to climb upon; in the latter, he also briefly gains speed.
Super Mario 64
Artwork of Toadsworth in Super Mario Sunshine (also used in Mario Party 7, Mario Super Sluggers and Mario Party: The Top 100)
Toadsworth is an elderly Toad and Princess Peach's longtime steward where he comes along with Mario and Princess Peach to Isle Delfino.
Super Mario Sunshine
Artwork of F.L.U.D.D. in Super Mario Sunshine.
FLUDD, short for Flash Liquidizer Ultra Dousing Device, is Mario's partner in Super Mario Sunshine, and was invented by Professor E. Gadd. It is a sapient water-shooting apparatus that comes equipped with a hovering mechanism; this can be swapped out for turbo and rocket nozzles. FLUDD is used primarily to clean up the graffiti left around Isle Delfino by Shadow Mario.
Super Mario Sunshine
Baby Luma
Artwork of Baby Luma from Super Mario Galaxy 2. Its resemblance to the artwork from Super Mario Galaxy is superficial: the eyes are proportionately smaller - a distinction for all Luma artwork released specifically for Super Mario Galaxy 2.
Baby Luma is Mario's main companion during the events of Super Mario Galaxy and its sequel Super Mario Galaxy 2. It differentiates from its brethren due to its unique beige coloration.
Super Mario Galaxy
Ray is a friendly Manta Ray in Super Mario Galaxy that Penguins ride for sport. Mario can also ride him at two points.
Super Mario Galaxy
Artwork of Lubba from Super Mario Galaxy 2.
Lubba is a pudgy purple Luma and the head honcho of the Lumas in Super Mario Galaxy 2.
Super Mario Galaxy 2
Co-Star Luma
Artwork of Co-Star Luma from Super Mario Galaxy 2.  It is designated in the source as "assist_img_2.png".
The Co-Star Luma is an orange Luma that can be controlled by a second player in Super Mario Galaxy 2 when in Co-Star Mode. However, its movement is normally limited to following Mario, although it is capable of immobilizing enemies and picking up items from afar.
Super Mario Galaxy 2
In-Game Model of Fluzzard
Fluzzard is a large bird from Super Mario Galaxy 2 that is also quite shy. Mario can ride from his talons, similar to Hoot, but he only ever seems to glide.
Super Mario Galaxy 2
Cosmic Spirit
Artwork of the Cosmic Spirit from Super Mario Galaxy 2
The Cosmic Spirit is an entity resembling both Rosalina and Cosmic Mario, although it is unknown if she has any connection to either of them. She can assist Mario by taking control of his body; however, any stars received will be bronze. She only appears in Super Mario Galaxy 2.
Super Mario Galaxy 2
The Chimp
Artwork of the The Chimp from Super Mario Galaxy 2
The Chimp is a rather competitive monkey from Super Mario Galaxy 2, who appears in many levels having set up challenges for Mario to beat. If Mario succeeds, he awards him a star.
Super Mario Galaxy 2
Sprixie Princesses
Group artwork of the Sprixie Princessess from Super Mario 3D World.
Sprixie Princesses are a group of seven characters from Super Mario 3D World. They act as the rulers of the Sprixie Kingdom and the Sprixies, a race of fairies who play a major role in the story.
Super Mario 3D World
Artwork of Plessie with the four playable characters, from Super Mario 3D World.
Plessie is a rideable dinosaur resembling both Yoshis and Dorrie. He helps the heroes by swimming rapidly through rivers with them on his back.
Super Mario 3D World
Super Mario Odyssey artwork
Cappy is Mario's main ally throughout the events of Super Mario Odyssey, and assists him in various ways.
Super Mario Odyssey
Artwork of Pauline from Super Mario Odyssey
Pauline was originally introduced as the original damsel-in-distress Mario had to rescue from Donkey Kong's clutches. Presented as Mario's girlfriend, this has long being retconned in her modern appearances that describe her simply as a close friend to Mario instead. Despite being the first female character introduced to the Super Mario franchise, it took her 36 years to finally appear in a mainstream Super Mario game in Super Mario Odyssey where she is presented as the mayor of New Donk City.
Donkey Kong
Artwork of Jaxi from Super Mario Odyssey.
Jaxi is a living statue resembling both a lion and a jaguar that Mario can ride in Super Mario Odyssey. It destroys any breakable objects it touches, and defeats small enemies in the same way.
Super Mario Odyssey
Glydon in Super Mario Odyssey.
Glydon is a friendly globetrotting lizard found in Super Mario Odyssey who aspires to glide to and from all the highest places. If Mario captures him, he can use him to glide.
Super Mario Odyssey
Prince Florian
Artwork of Prince Florian from Super Mario Bros. Wonder
Prince Florian is the prince of the Flower Kingdom in Super Mario Bros. Wonder. He journeys with the heroes as a guide in their adventure to stop Bowser, and wears badges that bestow additional abilities upon them.
Super Mario Bros. Wonder

Main antagonists

Image Brief Biography First Appearance
Artwork of Bowser from Super Mario Bros. Wonder
Bowser is the main antagonist throughout the Super Mario series, first appearing in Super Mario Bros. He is the King of all Koopas, and is found to be the final boss in almost all platformers. Commanding the Koopa Troop, Bowser sets to conquer the Mushroom Kingdom by kidnapping its rightful ruler, Princess Peach and holding her captive on his heavily guarded castle. He deploys a countless amount of minions to stop anyone that oppose him. Mario and Luigi have to traverse his castle in order to reach the final confrontation against Bowser.
Super Mario Bros.
Official artwork of Wart.
Wart is the main antagonist and final boss of Super Mario Bros. 2. He is leader of the 8 bits, an evil organization that set to conquer the land of dreams known as Subcon; to do so, Wart uses a device called the Dream Machine to create countless amounts of monsters. Wart has one weakness though, he is highly allergic to vegetables. Mario and co. use this to their advantage when they finally confront Wart. With vegetables provided oddly by the Dream Machine, Mario and co. are able to defeat Wart and free the Subcons that were imprisoned by him, bringing peace to Subcon.
Super Mario Bros. 2
Tatanga in Pagosu, Super Mario Land
Tatanga is the main antagonist and final boss in Super Mario Land. Tatanga invaded the kingdom of Sarasaland with the intention of conquering it, he brainwashed its inhabitants to do his bidding and captured Princess Daisy to marry her. Using the Sky Pop, Mario eventually takes down Tatanga on the skies of the Chai Kingdom and finally rescues Princess Daisy. Tatanga comes back in Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins to serve as the boss of the Space Zone, where he has been entrusted by Wario with one of the 6 Golden Coins, so Mario has to battle him once more to retrieve it.
Super Mario Land
Artwork of Wario for Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins
Wario made his debut on Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins as the main antagonist and final boss. It is explained by Mario that Wario has always been jealous of his popularity since they were kids and has tried to steal his castle several times. Wario was able to succeed when Mario was away to free Sarasaland from Tatanga's invasion. To prevent Mario from entering the castle, Wario scattered the 6 Golden Coins all over Mario Land and now are guarded by his underlings. Mario eventually recovers all the Golden Coins, enters his castle and confronts Wario in the throne room. Wario engages Mario in battle using several power-ups but despite his best efforts, he is ultimately defeated and flees. Wario would set to appear in other titles in the series, including many Super Mario spin-offs and even star his own series.
Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins
Bowser Jr.
Artwork of Bowser Jr. using the magic brush, from Super Mario Sunshine
Bowser Jr. is Bowser's son and first appears as the main antagonist in Super Mario Sunshine where he took the persona of Shadow Mario. He has then appeared throughout the Super Mario series as one of the main bosses. He kidnapped Princess Peach who he thought she was his mother. He is the heir to the Koopa throne.
Super Mario Sunshine
Dry Bowser
Artwork of Dry Bowser.
Dry Bowser is the undead and skeletal version of Bowser. He made his debut in New Super Mario Bros., where he came about as the result of Mario defeating Bowser by dropping him into lava at the end of New Super Mario Bros.'s first castle. However, both in New Super Mario Bros. 2 and Super Mario 3D Land, Dry Bowser appears even though Bowser isn't turned into a skeleton when he falls into the lava at the end of the final boss battles.[18][19]
New Super Mario Bros.

Supporting antagonists

Image Brief Biography First Appearance
Fake Bowser
Artwork of Bowser from Mario Party 8 (also used in Super Mario Run)
Fake Bowsers are members of the Koopa Troop that have been turned into copies of Bowser by his black magic. They are fought at the end of each castle, barring the final, in Super Mario Bros. and Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels. In Super Mario 3D Land, derivatives known as Tail Bowsers have spiky striped tails due to contact with a Super Leaf. However, they are less common in this game.
Super Mario Bros.
Bowser's Brother
Artwork of Bowser's Brother from the Family Computer Disk System version of Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels.
Bowser's Brother is the apparent twin of Bowser. He is distinct from fake Bowsers, as he does not transform upon defeat. He is also noted for his dark turquoise color, which was removed from the 16-bit version. There is a fake iteration of him as well in the 8-bit version. While certain materials interpret him as Bowser's actual sibling, various sources offer conflicting explanations.
Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels
"Ostro" from Super Mario USA
Birdo, along with other members of her species, work for Wart in Super Mario Bros. 2. They have funnel-shaped snouts from which they shoot projectiles. The pink ones shoot eggs, green and gray shoot fireballs, and red ones can shoot both. They can be defeated by throwing eggs back at them, or with Mushroom Blocks. They appear at the end of most levels.
Super Mario Bros. 2
Mouser is a bomb-tossing rat with sunglasses from Super Mario Bros. 2. He can be beaten by throwing them back at him. A version with pink ears, gloves, and shoes appears in World 1 and a version with green details appears in World 3. A white one with red details appears in World 5 in Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic, but it was deemed too difficult when it was being translated and was replaced with Clawgrip. Both Mousers appear identical in Super Mario All-Stars and Super Mario Advance.
Super Mario Bros. 2
Triclyde is a large, 3-headed snake from Super Mario Bros. 2. Two of the heads spit fireballs; the only way to defeat him is with Mushroom Blocks. He appears in Worlds 2 and 6 in most versions of the game, but only in World 2 in Super Mario Advance.
Super Mario Bros. 2
Boom Boom
Boom Boom in Super Mario Run.
Boom Boom is one of Bowser's henchmen, and a frequently-fought mid-boss. He first debuted in Super Mario Bros. 3, where he battles Mario or Luigi in fortresses. Boom Boom then later made his return appearance in Super Mario 3D Land as one of the game's main antagonists who often appears in airships, along with his partner Pom Pom; he and his identically named species have returned in many games since.
Super Mario Bros. 3
Artwork of the Koopalings holding their magic wands, from New Super Mario Bros. Wii
The Koopalings are introduced as Bowser’s children in Super Mario Bros. 3 and then considered Bowser's minions from New Super Mario Bros. Wii onwards. They are bosses in various games. Their names are Larry Koopa, Morton Koopa Jr., Wendy O. Koopa, Iggy Koopa, Roy Koopa, Lemmy Koopa and Ludwig von Koopa.
Super Mario Bros. 3
Reznor are fire-breathing Triceratops that made their debut in Super Mario World. According to the game's instruction manual, they were cursed by Bowser. They are mid-bosses that Mario and Luigi fight in fortresses found on Dinosaur Land. They are now found in the Mushroom Kingdom since their appearance in New Super Mario Bros. 2. Similar to how the Koopalings are named after various musicians, Reznor are named after Trent Reznor of the industrial rock band Nine Inch Nails.
Super Mario World
Kamek artwork
Kamek is a powerful Magikoopa and apparent advisor to Bowser (or at least high-ranking member in the Koopa Troop), and the archenemy of Yoshi. He is the main antagonist in the Yoshi franchise while being one of the main bosses in the Super Mario series.
Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island
King Bob-omb
Artwork of King Bob-omb in Mario Party: Star Rush
King Bob-omb, formerly Big Bob-omb, is a large Bob-omb with a crown, mustache, and no key. He first appeared in Super Mario 64, where he is the first boss. He is fought twice in the remake, and has appeared semi-frequently in spinoffs.
Super Mario 64
Whomp King
Artwork of the Whomp King from Super Mario Galaxy 2.
The Whomp King is a large crowned Whomp who debuted in Super Mario 64, where he is the boss of Whomp's Fortress. He reprises his role in the remake and returns in Super Mario Galaxy 2 as the boss of Throwback Galaxy.
Super Mario 64
Petey Piranha
Petey Piranha in Super Mario Sunshine
Petey Piranha is mutant Piranha Plant from Super Mario Sunshine. He appeared twice in that game, once in New Super Mario Bros., and appears semi-regularly in spinoffs. He can fly and spit muddy goop, among other things. His head is similar to that of Dino Piranha, Fiery Dino Piranha, and Peewee Piranha from later games.
Super Mario Sunshine
King Boo
Artwork of King Boo in Mario Party: Star Rush
King Boo is a large, crowned Boo who debuted in Luigi's Mansion as the main antagonist and Luigi's arch-nemesis. Since then, he would make frequent appearances in spinoffs and eventually make his Super Mario series debut in Super Mario 64 DS (under the name Big Boo), where he appears as the boss Mario must defeat in order to free Luigi. He would not make his second mainstream appearance until Super Mario Bros. Wonder, where he appears during certain Wonder Effects.
Luigi's Mansion
Cosmic Mario and Cosmic Clones
Cosmic Mario from Super Mario Galaxy.
Cosmic Mario is a dark blue entity shaped like Mario from Super Mario Galaxy. He looks similar to Shadow Mario, but Mario must race him for the star. He is capable of many of Mario's moves. If the player is using Luigi, Cosmic Luigi will appear instead, and use more shortcuts. In Super Mario Galaxy 2 and Super Mario 3D Land, similar creatures called Cosmic Clones appear. However, they follow Mario or Luigi's exact movements, which can be troublesome if one needs to hold still for a moment or cross a previously-walked path.
Super Mario Galaxy
Pom Pom
Artwork of Pom Pom from Super Mario 3D Land
Pom Pom is a partner to Boom Boom who often appears on airships and trains where she must be battled. She uses throwing-based projectile weapons to attack, and can slam down while spinning in her shell. She can also teleport and copy herself with ninja hand signs.
Super Mario 3D Land
The Broodals in Super Mario Odyssey.
The Broodals are a group of rabbit wedding planners in Super Mario Odyssey, whose group name seems to be a portmanteau of "brood," "bridal," and possibly "brutal." Bowser hires them to arrange the wedding between him and Peach, and to stop Mario when he tries to stop the wedding from happening. Their boss is Madame Broode, an obese red-clad rabbit with a pet Chain Chomp, while their leader is Topper, the squat Broodal in green attire. The other Broodals are Spewart (in blue), Rango (in yellow), and Hariet (in purple).
Super Mario Odyssey

Friendly species

Image Brief biography First appearance
Group artwork of the Toads from Super Mario Run.
Toads are the major residents of the Mushroom Kingdom and many other parts of the Mushroom World; most are loyal subjects of Princess Peach. Unlike the Toads that serve as playable characters, these non-playable Toads usually bring assistance to Mario and co. in their adventures like hosting the Toad Houses mini-games to earn power-ups or extra lives. In their original appearance in Super Mario Bros., many Toads were transformed into inanimate objects like bricks by Bowser's black magic, while seven important Toads were held kept captive at the end of castle levels. Some Toads seen in Super Mario Bros. 3 seem to serve the kings of each world. In Super Mario 64, Toads were imprisoned within Peach's Castle's walls and paintings, providing some hints to Mario when finally found. A group of six Toads accompanied Mario and Princess Peach on their vacation on Isle Delfino in Super Mario Sunshine. The Toad Brigade was introduced in Super Mario Galaxy, where each member was given a distinctive personality. In Super Mario Run, winning rallies awards the player with numerous Toads to habitate the player's kingdom.
Super Mario Bros.
Subcons are peaceful fairy-like folk in Super Mario Bros. 2. They reside in and protect the dream world, Subcon.
Super Mario Bros. 2
Artwork of all the ten different colored Yoshis in Yoshi's Island DS
Yoshis are a species of friendly dinosaurs native to Yoshi's Island. Originally, only three colored Yoshis were introduced in Super Mario World: Green, Red, Blue, and Yellow. Except for the green one, each colored Yoshi has an unique ability when they swallow a Koopa shell. While it seems Yoshis may be invaluable on their own unless commanded by Mario, they have proved otherwise in many games of the series like in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, where a group of them agreed on taking Baby Mario on a journey to rescue his captured brother. Regular Yoshis reprise their ridable role in games like New Super Mario Bros. Wii and its sequel, New Super Mario Bros. U.
Super Mario World
Artwork of a group of Piantas in Super Mario Sunshine, all with some fruit.
Piantas are a species of palm-like humanoids originally residents of Isle Delfino.
Super Mario Sunshine
A Noki playing the conch in Super Mario Sunshine
Nokis are a race of mollusk-like beings who originate from Isle Delfino as well.
Super Mario Sunshine
Super Mario Galaxy promotional artwork: A Yellow Luma
Lumas are star-like creatures that first appear in Super Mario Galaxy.
Super Mario Galaxy
Sprixie SM3DW.png
Sprixies are fairy-like creatures appearing in Super Mario 3D World. They are the inhabitants of the Sprixie Kingdom, ruled by the seven Sprixie Princesses.
Super Mario 3D World
Poplin with Wonder Seed render
Poplins are inhabitants of the Flower Kingdom in Super Mario Bros. Wonder. Several of them gift Wonder Seeds to the heroes, while others operate shops.
Super Mario Bros. Wonder
Talking Flowers
Artwork of a Talking Flower in Super Mario Bros. Wonder
Talking Flowers are inhabitants of the Flower Kingdom in Super Mario Bros. Wonder. They are small flowers that talk to the player when approached. The messages they say are small reactions to what is currently ongoing in the level, which may serve as hints.
Super Mario Bros. Wonder

Common and recurring enemies and obstacles

Image Brief biography First appearance Relatives in the series
Goombas are shiitake-like creatures that were once members of the Mushroom Kingdom, but turned traitor and defected to Bowser's legions when he attacked. They are the most basic and common enemies in the Super Mario games, serving as very easily defeated standard enemies (they can be defeated with a single jump). They appear in the vast majority of games; however, Super Mario Bros. 2, Super Mario Land, Super Mario World, and Super Mario Sunshine do not feature Goombas, with their role being given to the Goombo in Super Mario Land and the Strollin' Stu in Super Mario Sunshine. Super Mario World features the related Galoomba, but they are tougher.
Super Mario Bros.
Koopa Troopa
Artwork of a Koopa Troopa from New Super Mario Bros. 2
Koopa Troopas belong to the turtle-like Koopa race that Bowser himself leads. Their key gameplay characteristic is that they retreat into their shells when jumped upon, or in some cases, get knocked out of them. They are the among the most basic and common enemies (only Goombas are more ubiquitous) in the franchise, being particularly numerous in the 2D sidescroller games. They were originally depicted as quadrupedal, but starting with Super Mario World, they begin to walk on two legs, with some exceptions, like in Super Mario Galaxy. Typically, green ones will walk off ledges they come to, while red ones turn away from them. While sometimes simply known as "Koopas," not all Koopas are Koopa Troopas.
Super Mario Bros.
Koopa Paratroopa
Koopa Paratroopas are Koopa Troopas with wings. With some exceptions, the green ones either hop along or move left and right, while the red ones fly up and down. The rare yellow ones in Super Mario World instead chase Mario on foot, and will jump over obstacles. Jumping on them causes them to lose their wings.
Super Mario Bros.
Piranha Plant
NSMBU Piranha Plant in Pipe Artwork.png
Piranha Plants are carnivorous plants that often live in pipes, although they are also found planted in the ground, especially in the 3D games. Normally, they cannot be jumped upon, but this is not the case in the 3D games after Super Mario 64.
Super Mario Bros.
Cheep Cheep
Artwork of a Cheep Cheep from New Super Mario Bros. U (later reused for Super Mario Party)
Cheep Cheeps are fish that are typically depicted with wing-like fins and mohawks, although there has been some variation. While they normally swim or jump, their exact behavior may vary drastically by game or even within the same game.
Super Mario Bros.
Blooper in Mario Kart 8
Bloopers, formerly Bloobers, are white squid-like creatures that usually follow Mario through the water with dangerous speed and accuracy. The ones of Isle Delfino instead travel on land near water, and spit ink, and die if they fall in the water.
Super Mario Bros.
Lakitu in New Super Mario Bros. U
Lakitus are cloud-riding Koopas that drop Spiny Eggs, which become Spinies upon hitting the ground. In some games, the cloud can be ridden in after they are defeated.
Super Mario Bros.
Spiny Egg
Spiny Egg
Spiny Eggs are dropped by Lakitus and become Spinies when they hit the ground. There is also a green type that doesn't hatch and a kind that turns into Piranha Plants.
Super Mario Bros.
Spiny artwork from New Super Mario Bros. 2
Spinies are small, spiked Koopas that cannot be jumped upon. They are dropped by Lakitus as eggs, though some can be found in other places, such as upside down in caves.
Super Mario Bros.
Buzzy Beetle
NSMBU Buzzy Beetle Artwork.png
Buzzy Beetles are small yet tough Koopas that are immune to fire, and tend to live in caves. They sometimes crawl on ceilings, in which case they will drop when Mario and Luigi come nearby.
Super Mario Bros.
Hammer Bro
Hammer Bro in New Super Mario Bros. U
Hammer Bros. are Koopas that are commonly found in pairs, and tend to jump while throwing an endless supply of Hammers.
Super Mario Bros.
Bullet Bill
Bullet Bill in Mario Kart 8
Bullet Bills are ammunition that usually travel in a straight line. In some of the 3D games, they will follow Mario, a behavior that is similar to the Bull's-Eye Bills in the 2D games.
Super Mario Bros.
Bill Blaster
New Super Mario Bros. Wii art: Bill Blaster
Bill Blasters are two-sided cannons that shoot Bullet Bills. They are usually emblazoned with a skull. In Super Mario 64 and Super Mario 64 DS, they are gray cubes with a scrap metal-like texture and only one cannon. Super Mario 64 is notable for having only one of these enemies in the entire game; it is located at the beginning of the staircase to the top of Whomp's Fortress. Super Mario 64 DS, however, adds another in a new area behind Whomp's Fortress, as well as some in Dire, Dire Docks.
Super Mario Bros.
Lava Bubble
A Lava Bubble in Super Mario Run.
Lava Bubbles, formerly Podoboos, are balls of fire that leap out of Lava. Starting in Super Mario World, their design sometimes includes eyes.
Super Mario Bros.
Fire Bar
Artwork from a Fire Bar, from Super Mario Maker for Nintendo 3DS.
Fire Bars are rows of fireballs rotating around blocks. Their length varies greatly, and are commonly found in castle levels.
Super Mario Bros.
Luigi avoiding numerous Flying Cheep-Cheeps and the heavy wind and collecting coins in World A-3
Wind pushes Mario around, potentially into a pit. However, it can also push him out of a pit, or across a gap. It appears in many levels of Super Mario 64, and it makes a notable appearance in World 2-4 of New Super Mario Bros. Wii.
Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels
Shy Guy
ShyGuyCTTT artwork.png
Shy Guys are Wart's main troops in Super Mario Bros. 2. They are notable for their amount of derivatives, but have for the most part been relegated to spinoffs, particularly the Yoshi franchise. In Super Mario Bros. 2, the red ones walk off of ledges and the pink ones turn around. The pink ones are blue in the remakes.
Super Mario Bros. 2
Bob-ombs are walking bombs. In some games, they actively chase Mario before exploding; in others, they won't ignite until Mario attacks them. Japanese material typically refers to the Super Mario Bros. 2 ones under a different name, "Bob."
Super Mario Bros. 2
NSMBU Pokey Artwork.png
Pokeys are tall segmented cacti. While it has been inconsistent as to whether or not it's safe to jump upon them, the head is usually the weak point.
Super Mario Bros. 2
Spike Trap
SMG2 spikes.png
Spike Traps are areas of sharp, pointy spikes that can power down the Mario Bros. and can take away health and lives. Spike Traps are either stationary, retractable, attached to a moving object, or any combination of these positions. Yoshi, however, is normally immune to their harmful effects.
Super Mario Bros. 2
Paragoombas are winged Goombas. Some of them jump, some fly back and forth, and others drop parasitic Mini Goombas. Jumping on them causes them to become Goombas.
Super Mario Bros. 3
Dry Bones
A Dry Bones
Dry Bones are skeletal Koopa Troopas that often appear in castles. When jumped upon, they will temporarily fall apart, putting themselves back together after a few moments.
Super Mario Bros. 3
A cannonball being shot out of a cannon in Super Mario Run.
Cannons are commonly found on airships and shoot cannonballs.
Super Mario Bros. 3
Boos, formerly known as "Boo" Diddlys and Boo Buddies, are shy, spherical ghosts that attack only when Mario's back is turned from them due to their shy personalities.
Super Mario Bros. 3
NSMBU Thwomp Artwork.png
Thwomps are floating stone faces that crash down either when Mario gets close, or in a set pattern.
Super Mario Bros. 3
Chain Chomp
A Chain Chomp in New Super Mario Bros. 2
Chain Chomps, sometimes just called "Chomps," are large iron balls that act similar to guard dogs, with chains holding them back. Sometimes they lack chains, commonly rolling around like boulders instead.
Super Mario Bros. 3
Burner sprite from New Super Mario Bros. Wii.
Burners, also known as Rocket Engines, are fire-shooting cannons commonly found on airships.
Super Mario Bros. 3
Rocky Wrench
Rocky Wrench
Rocky Wrenches are depicted either as mole-like Koopas or a possible relative of Monty Mole. Regardless, they hide under manhole cover-like lids and throw wrenches.
Super Mario Bros. 3
Artwork of a Spike from Super Mario 3D World.
Spikes are Koopas that throw an endless supply of spiked balls from their mouths, or spiked rollers in Super Mario 3D World.
Super Mario Bros. 3
Spike Ball
Spiked ball
Spike Balls are huge metal spheres covered in spikes, and were initially depicted as being thrown by Spikes. Since then, they have appeared independently.
Super Mario Bros. 3
Falling spike
Artwork of a falling spike from Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins.
Falling spikes are spikes on the ceiling, sometimes stalactites, that fall down.
Super Mario Land
A Galoomba from Mario Party 10
Galoombas, formerly "Goombas," are a relative of Goombas that aren't squished by jumping, instead stunning them. In Super Mario 3D World, they can be crushed with a Ground Pound, but not picked up and carried, like in Super Mario World.
Super Mario World
Monty Mole
Monty Moles are creatures that pop out of the ground to either give chase or throw rocks at the player and then quickly hide back underground.
Super Mario World
Chargin' Chuck
Artwork of two Chargin' Chucks from Super Mario 3D World.
Chargin' Chucks are American football-playing Koopas that take multiple hits to defeat. In Super Mario World, they also had a very wide variety of attacks.
Super Mario World
A Swoop in Super Mario Run.
Swoops, also known as Swoopers, are bats that often hang from the ceilings of caves, when they see Mario, they swoop down upon him.
Super Mario World
A Spinner from New Super Mario Bros. Wii
Spinners, also known as Ball 'n' Chains, are spiked balls on the ends of chains that swing around in a circle, similar to Roto-Discs.
Super Mario World
NSMBU Urchin Artwork.png
Urchins are spiny blue or purple echinoderms that move around by either rolling or floating.
Super Mario World
Artwork of a Magikoopa in Super Mario 3D World
Magikoopas are Koopa wizards that can summon other enemies or fireballs with their magic. A notable member is Kamek.
Super Mario World
Fuzzy in New Super Mario Bros. U
Fuzzies are black spiny creatures that usually follow rails in the air. They are not to be confused with the psychedelia-causing creature of the same name.
Super Mario World
Artwork of Wiggler from Super Mario Galaxy 2
Wigglers are cheerful yet easily-irritable caterpillars with flowers on their heads.
Super Mario World
Pillar NSMBW.png
Skewers, also known as Spike Pillars, are large spiked beams that shoot out to attack.
Super Mario World
A Big Grinder
Grinders are large saw blades that follow tracks, although even larger versions exist as well. In Super Mario Galaxy 2, they instead cut up Puzzle Plank Galaxy, and in Super Mario Maker, placing them off of a track causes them to simply spin in one place.
Super Mario World
World 3-5
Boulders make their first appearance being dug up by Diggin' Chuck. They later appear in various other games, and Mario can even become one with the Rock Mushroom.
Super Mario World
Mechakoopa as seen in New Super Mario Bros. Wii.
Mechakoopas are wind-up toys resembling Bowser. Jumping on them usually causes them to go into a dormant state, where they can be picked up and thrown.
Super Mario World
A Maw-Ray's model from Super Mario Odyssey.
Maw-Rays (formerly known as Unagi) are large moray eels that often hide away in caves. Eely-Mouth of Super Mario Sunshine is comparable.
Super Mario 64
An Amp in New Super Mario Bros. 2
Amps are electric spheres that are often found circling things.
Super Mario 64
In-game artwork of a Scuttlebug from Super Mario Run
Scuttlebugs are spiders that often jump or hang by webs.
Super Mario 64
Artwork of a Bully from Super Mario 3D World.
Bullies are spherical enemies that attack by pushing Mario around. Mario must do the same to beat them.
Super Mario 64
Artwork of Skeeter from Super Mario Galaxy 2
Skeeters are water-strider creatures. Their appearance and aggressiveness, along with the effect of jumping on them, has varied.
Super Mario 64
Tox Box
A Tox Box
Tox Boxes are cube enemies with one hollow side Mario can stand under without getting crushed. The ones in Super Mario 64 and the ones in Super Mario Galaxy have vastly different appearances, as well as slightly different Japanese names.
Super Mario 64
A blue Cataquack from Super Mario Sunshine.
Cataquacks are blue creatures resembling both ducks and Wiggler segments, and are native to Gelato Beach. When they see Mario, they will chase him and fling him up in the air, but are unlikely to damage him. In Super Mario Galaxy, they are outright unable to damage Mario, but Mario is unable to defeat them. Also in Super Mario Galaxy, they respawn if they fall in water. Super Mario Sunshine also has an aggressive red type that will damage Mario far easier.
Super Mario Sunshine
Volcanic debris
Volcanic debris in The Great Tower of Bowser Land
Volcanic debris refers to rocks that fall from the shy after being launched from volcanoes. It is highly destructive, being able to break through any kind of block, and well as set off Kab-ombs.
New Super Mario Bros.
Octoombas, formerly known as Electrogoombas, are alien octopuses that attack by headbutting or shooting projectiles. It and its relatives also make up an "Octo-Army" led by King Kaliente and Prince Pikante.
Super Mario Galaxy
Pulse Beam
Pulse Beam
Pulse Beams are round laser-using robots, which come in numerous varieties.
Super Mario Galaxy
Magmaargh artwork from Super Mario Galaxy 2
Magmaarghs are a variant of the Blargg enemy from Super Mario World, and far more common. They either lunge up from underneath lava in an attempt to eat the player, or slowly make their way through the platform they are standing on from the side.
Super Mario Galaxy 2
A red Biddybud from Super Mario 3D Land.
Biddybuds are variously-colored ladybug-like creatures found marching around in groups, and can be defeated instantly with any attack.
Super Mario 3D Land
Stingby in Super Mario Maker 2
Stingbies are bees that chase the player around, attempting to hit them with the stinger on the front.
Super Mario 3D Land
Coin Coffer
Artwork of a Coin Coffer that appears in Super Mario 3D Land
Coin Coffers are walking purses that give out coins when attacked.
Super Mario 3D Land
A Peepa from Super Mario 3D World.
Peepas are Boo relatives which move along a predetermined, typically circular path. Unlike Boos, Peepas do not react if the player looks directly at them.
Super Mario 3D Land


See also

Names in other languages

Language Name Meaning
Japanese スーパーマリオ
Sūpā Mario
Super Mario

Chinese (simplified) 超级马力欧
Chāojí Mǎlì'ōu
Super Mario

Chinese (traditional) 超級瑪利歐
Chāojí Mǎlì'ōu
Super Mario

Korean 슈퍼 마리오
Syupeo Mario
Super Mario


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    "This entry in the Super Mario Bros. series of side-scrolling action games debuts just about 11 years after the last side-scrolling entry." – (December 20, 2023). "Wonder Flowers are Appearing!" ScreenshotMedia:SMR Notifications 2023-12-20 excerpt.jpg. Super Mario Run in-game notification.
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