From the Super Mario Wiki, the Mario encyclopedia
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Galoombas (named Goombas before Super Mario 3D World) are enemies that first appear in Super Mario World. They either walk across the ground, parachute from above or float down in bubbles (which burst upon coming into contact with any object), or can even appear with wings to hop around. In Super Mario 3D World, they are given the name Galoomba to distinguish them from actual Goombas.
Super Mario series
Super Mario World
This variation of Goomba debuts in Super Mario World, first appearing in Donut Plains 4. Although these creatures walk in straight paths to attack like regular Goombas, they do not resemble the original ones. These Goombas do not have mushroom-shaped heads but rather more spherical ones. They also lack a stem; the Goomba's two feet are attached directly to the bottom of the head. As such, they resemble chestnuts more than mushrooms. Here, they have yellow feet.
They cannot be defeated in a single jump, as doing so flips them over and immobilizes them. In this state, they can be picked up and thrown at other enemies, like with Koopa Troopas. Running into them or jumping on them when flipped causes them to be kicked around (though they do not ricochet, like shells do). After a few seconds they right themselves, which damages Mario if he is carrying one. They can automatically be defeated with a Spin Jump, with a fireball or an attack from Yoshi; an attack with the cape causes them to be flipped over as well.
There are two variants of Goombas in the original Super Mario World. Para-Goombas are Goombas which utilize parachutes instead of being Goombas with wings, though Flying Goombas, which are wing-bearing Goombas, also appear, and can only hop on the ground instead of fly. Like Paragoombas, Flying Goombas' wings are clipped after one stomp, reverting them to normal Goombas, and thus, stomping on them after their wings are gone just renders them helpless for a few moments, allowing the player to throw them at other enemies. Spiked versions of Flying Goombas also known as Para-Goombas later appeared in Mario Clash.
Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3
In Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3, a single Super Mario World Goomba appears at the end of the World-e level Rich with Ropes, where Para-Goombas can also be found. They can be stomped on and grabbed like in Super Mario World.
Super Mario 3D World
After a long absence, Goombas reappear in Super Mario 3D World, now renamed Galoombas, alongside regular Goombas and a bigger variation named Big Galoomba. Like normal Goombas in 3D Mario games, they attempt to chase after the player upon seeing them. Additionally, like in Super Mario World, Galoombas cannot be defeated with one jump, as that causes them to be flipped over, though unlike Super Mario World a second jump defeats them. A Ground Pound can also be used to defeat them in one hit. Additionally, Galoombas cannot be carried, kicked around, or thrown, as running into them while immobilized also causes them to be defeated.
Super Mario Maker / Super Mario Maker for Nintendo 3DS
Galoombas replace regular Goombas when in the Super Mario World style in Super Mario Maker and Super Mario Maker for Nintendo 3DS. They use a slightly edited version of their original sprite from Super Mario World; their feet are colored green instead of yellow to match their artwork and modern appearances. When stomped on, they turn upside down, waiting for the player to pick their bodies up and hurl them. If a Super Mushroom is dragged onto a Galoomba, the enemy will transform into a Big Galoomba; if wings are given to a Galoomba, it will become a Flying Goomba.
Super Mario Maker 2
Galoombas reappear in Super Mario Maker 2. In addition to retaining their previous properties, by tapping and holding Galoombas in Course Maker, they can be changed into a Goombrat-like enemy called Goombud. Although Galoombas coexisted with Goombas in Super Mario 3D World, which has its own style in this game, they remain exclusive to the Super Mario World style.
Super Mario World cartoon
These Goombas appear twice in the Super Mario World cartoon. They first appear in "The Wheel Thing", in which they are shown as being the "power source" for the cars made by Mario and Luigi. They also briefly appear in "The Yoshi Shuffle" in the audience during the football game.
Super Mario Adventures
In Super Mario Adventures, these Goombas and at least two Flying Goombas were sent by Bowser to attack Princess Toadstool's Palace. In addition, they were among the attendees to Bowser's marriage to the hypnotized Princess Toadstool.
Mario Party series
Mario Party 3
Flying Goombas appear as an obstacle during the minigame Ridiculous Relay. The single player must dodge both them and Banzai Bills in their hand glider, and reach the finish line before the other three players do.
Mario Party Advance
Mario Party 10
Mario Party: Star Rush
Galoombas appear in the Mario Party: Star Rush minigame Goomba Guess. The goal of the minigame is to tap the most Goombas, while Galoombas deduct one point from the player. In the beginning of the minigame, the placement of the enemies are shown before they shift positions, and afterward are covered by a dark veil so players are required to memorize the placements beforehand.
Super Mario Party
Paper Mario: The Origami King
Galoombas make their Paper Mario debut in Paper Mario: The Origami King, where origami Galoombas make an appearance as enemies. Galoombas first appear in Chestnut Valley, in which a group of them will ambush Mario if he hits a tree that a Goomba climbs. Later, several Galoombas will ambush Mario from rolling chestnuts, and some will attempt to block his path with a chestnut.
In the Shogun Studios level, a group of Galoombas ambush Mario from one of the sand patches in a house.
Super Mario World / Super Mario World: Super Mario Advance 2
Mario Party: Star Rush
Paper Mario: The Origami King
Names in other languages