Game Boy Advance

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This article is about the handheld gaming system. For the gamebook series of the same name, see Game Boy Advance (book series). For the treasure from Wario World, see List of treasures in Wario World § Beanstalk Way.
Game Boy Advance
Game Boy Advance
Generation Sixth generation
Release date Game Boy Advance:
Japan March 21, 2001[1]
South Korea June 2001[2]
USA June 11, 2001[3]
Europe June 22, 2001[4]
Australia June 22, 2001[5]
South Africa November 2002[6]
China June 8, 2004
Game Boy Advance SP:
Japan February 14, 2003
Europe March 23, 2003
Mexico March 23, 2003[7]
USA March 28, 2003
South Korea April 2, 2003[8]
Australia April 10, 2003
China October 27, 2004
Game Boy Micro:
Japan September 13, 2005
USA September 19, 2005
Australia November 3, 2005
Europe November 4, 2005
South Korea December 20, 2005[9]
China March 23, 2006
Discontinued Japan November 2008[citation needed]
Europe October 16, 2009[citation needed]
USA December 9, 2009[citation needed]
South Korea 2009[citation needed]
Predecessor Game Boy Color
Successor Nintendo DS
“Who are you?”
The Game Boy Advance slogan
The logo of the Game Boy Advance

The Game Boy Advance (also abbreviated as GBA) is a 32-bit handheld game system created by Nintendo. It is the third and final system in the Game Boy series and is Nintendo's fourth handheld system. It has backwards compatibility with Game Boy and Game Boy Color games (making it the only Nintendo console to be backwards compatible with more than one system) and its accessories but no support for the GBC's IR Communication. The palette options are exactly the same as they are on the Game Boy Color. The Game Boy Advance line has sold 81.5 million units worldwide, according to Nintendo, and it was discontinued in 2008. The console's button configuration inherits the A Button, B Button, Start Button, and Select Button buttons as well as +Control Pad from the original Game Boy and Game Boy Color, but it introduces two additional buttons: the L Button and R Button buttons. Unlike its successor, the standard Game Boy Advance does not have a backlit screen, so the player cannot see the screen in the dark without the use of external devices. The standard Game Boy Advance is the last handheld to require two AAs, as well as the last Nintendo handheld (along with its Game Boy Micro counterpart) until the Nintendo 2DS not to have a clamshell design. Conversely, it was Nintendo's first handheld and first system to be distributed in South Korea by Daewon Media rather than Hyundai Electronics (who previously released the Nintendo Entertainment System, Super Nintendo Entertainment System, Nintendo 64, and Game Boy as the Comboy line of products). Daewon would also handle the South Korean releases of the Nintendo GameCube (of which it was the handheld counterpart) and Nintendo DS.[10]


Game Boy Advance SP[edit]

The Game Boy Advance SP

The Game Boy Advance SP (Game Boy Advance Special) is an upgraded model first released in 2003. The serial code was AGS-001. It featured a new design, with a clamshell style and frontlit screen. It also came with a rechargeable battery for the first time. Although it lacks a headphone jack, official or third-party adapters can be inserted into the charging port to use headphones. In 2005, Nintendo also released upgraded backlit versions colored Pearl Blue and Pearl Pink. This upgraded backlit model had the serial code AGS-101, unlike the former Game Boy Advance SP. The Game Boy Advance SP sold 43.55 million units worldwide. This system also had backwards compatibility with the Game Boy and the Game Boy Color while the palette options found on the Game Boy Color can be used on original Game Boy games. There is a special version of the SP that looked like a Nintendo Entertainment System. It was also the last handheld to have backwards compatibility with the Game Boy and Game Boy Color games. The Game Boy Advance SP was discontinued in 2008.

Game Boy Player[edit]

Main article: Game Boy Player
Nintendo GameCube being attached to Game Boy Player.
A Game Boy Player

The Game Boy Player was an add-on accessory for the Nintendo GameCube which allowed players to play Game Boy Advance games on their televisions and thus functioned similarly to the Super Game Boy. It also has backwards compatibility with Game Boy and Game Boy Color games and the palette options are still the same as they are on the Game Boy Color, Game Boy Advance and Game Boy Advance SP. A few games had a rumble feature which took effect only when they were played with a standard GameCube controller.

Game Boy Micro[edit]

A Game Boy Micro

The Game Boy Micro is the third design of the GBA that was first released in 2005. At a size of only 10 cm (4 inches) wide, two inches tall, less than an inch deep, and a weight of 79 grams (2.8 ounces), it is smaller than any other system in the Game Boy line, about the size of a NES controller. Its screen is slightly smaller than that of the GBA and SP, but it maintains the same resolution. Unlike its predecessors, it is not backwards-compatible with the Game Boy or the Game Boy Color. It came with an adjustable backlight for playing in the dark, and players could buy plastic "skins" in addition to those with which it was packaged in order to change the Game Boy Micro's appearance. A 20th anniversary edition was released to honor the anniversary of the NES. The Game Boy Micro did not sell well, having only sold 2.42 million units worldwide in contrast to the Game Boy Advance SP having sold 34.32 million units worldwide as of mid-2005.

The Game Boy Micro would be the final single-screen handheld produced by Nintendo until the Nintendo Switch Lite, released fourteen years later.

In 2008, the Game Boy Micro was discontinued.[11]

Visteon Dockable Entertainment System[edit]

Visteon Dockable Entertainment System

The Visteon Dockable Entertainment System is a portable DVD player capable of playing Game Boy Advance games from a specialized cartridge slot. The product was a result of when Visteon partnered with Nintendo to announce the product at CES 2006. The Visteon Dockable Entertainment System was sold at car dealerships, and Super Mario content appeared in many of its promotions.


AC Adapter[edit]

AC adapter for Game Boy Advance first model

To use AC power, the first model had a special adapter that goes over the battery compartment. This was obsoleted with the release of the Game Boy Advance SP and its rechargeable battery and AC adapter.

Game Link Cable[edit]

Link Cable for Game Boy Advance
Game Link Cable

The Game Link Cable was the primary way to connect 2-4 Game Boy Advances, allowing them to communicate with each other. The purple connector establishes which device is P1, the grey connector establishes which device is P2, while the purple box in the middle of the cable's length allows for a P3 and P4 to connect using additional Game Link Cables where only the purple connector fits. Many Super Mario games support single pak and multi pak game link modes, such as games from the Super Mario Advance series where players can play a competitive 4-way Mario Bros. game, even with Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga and its copy of Mario Bros., although not all games required each player to have a Game Pak. The Game Link Cable can also be used with an e-Reader, such as a primitive form of DLC for Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3 with the use of compatible cards.

The extension port used to link two Game Boy Advances together is physically missing in the Nintendo DS.

Wireless Adapter[edit]

Wireless Adapter for Game Boy Advance
Wireless Adapter

This allows wireless communication between multiple Game Boy Advance units, only between compatible games including Classic NES Series, Mario Golf: Advance Tour, and Mario Tennis: Power Tour. One came bundled with each copy of Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen, excluding Player's Choice re-releases. If no cartridge is inserted (or Select Button + Start Button are held) during the BIOS boot sequence, special software will boot. This software works similarly to local game lobbies by finding and listing all lobbies within range, similarly to the successor Nintendo DS.

Nintendo GameCube–Game Boy Advance Link Cable[edit]

Main article: Nintendo GameCube § Nintendo GameCube–Game Boy Advance Link Cable
The cable

This cable connects a Game Boy Advance to the Nintendo GameCube. The kind of set up is the successor to the Transfer Pak of the Nintendo 64. The Game Boy Player is compatible with it, making the attached Game Boy Advance serve as a controller for the GameCube running in Game Boy Advance mode. Some games utilize data transfer between a GameCube and Game Boy Advance games, such as connecting games Mario Golf: Advance Tour, Mario Golf: Toadstool Tour, and Nintendo Puzzle Collection.


Main article: e-Reader

The e-Reader is an add-on device for the Game Boy Advance released in 2002. It can scan cards to add new features to Game Boy Advance games and had some classic games as well. However, in 2004, it was discontinued outside Japan due to poor sales.

Appearances in the Super Mario franchise[edit]

Luigi's Mansion[edit]

In Luigi's Mansion, there is a Boo called "Game Boo" and another that asks if Luigi wants to play "GameBoo Advance."

Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga[edit]

The Game Boy Horror SP appears in Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga as an item given to Mario and Luigi by Professor E. Gadd. It is a parody of the Game Boy Advance SP, and a reference to the Game Boy Horror from Luigi's Mansion, which was modeled after the Game Boy Color. In addition, Bowletta sends messages to Beanbean Castle on original Game Boy Advance systems capable of projecting her image (purple the first time and orange the second time); the game's 3DS remake replaces these with Nintendo 3DS systems, which have the same function.

Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door[edit]

In Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, a Game Boy Advance is used as the terminal at the Glitz Pit, where Mario and his party set up their matches. In the Nintendo Switch remake, the Game Boy Advance's startup sound plays when the terminal is interacted with. Additionally, Mario carries with him an e-mail device called the "Mailbox SP," which resembles a Game Boy Advance SP. An in-dialogue reference is made by Pennington if Mario asks his opinion on what Bub wants for his birthday; the Bumpty confidently assumes it is a Game Boy Advance, being "what young children his age crave above all things!" A Toad in Petalburg says he has been playing a game called Fire Emblem on his GBA, a reference to another game series also developed by Intelligent Systems.

Wario Land 4[edit]

Wario with a box full of Game Boy Advance consoles
Wario holding a box filled with Game Boy Advance consoles

In Wario Land 4, many images of artwork appear in the game's ending credits. One of these images shows Wario with boxes full of Game Boy Advance consoles.

Wario World[edit]

In Wario World, one of the treasures Wario needs to get out the Pink Chest located in Beanstalk Way is a Game Boy Advance.

WarioWare series[edit]

WarioWare: Twisted![edit]

In WarioWare: Twisted!, the Game Boy Advance makes an appearance at the beginning and end. In the intro cutscene, Wario plays on his Game Boy Advance, before taking it to Dr. Crygor to fix it, and in the intro of Wario-Man's story, one of the many objects on the conveyor belt is a Game Boy Advance.

WarioWare: Touched![edit]

In WarioWare: Touched!, the Game Boy Advance makes various appearances. Both a Game Boy Advance and Game Boy Advance SP are stolen by Wario in the opening, a monitor shown during Mona's stage resembles a Game Boy Advance, Game Boy Advances are thrown by the audience at Vanessa when she tries to disguise herself as Mona, and a Game Boy Advance and Game Boy Advance SP appear in 9-Volt's intro cutscene. The microgame Pushing Buttons contains a Game Boy Advance and a Game Boy Advance SP and Gold Digger features a pink Game Boy Advance.

WarioWare Gold[edit]

The Game Boy Advance is a souvenir in the Nintendo collection in WarioWare Gold.





Audio.svg GBA startup screen theme
File infoMedia:GBA BIOS.oga
Help:MediaHaving trouble playing?


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  4. ^ Tom Bramwell (March 21, 2001). GBA Day: June 22nd. Eurogamer (English). Retrieved June 8, 2024. (Archived June 28, 2020, 11:56:34 UTC via Wayback Machine.)
  5. ^ @NintendoAUNZ (June 22, 2021). On this day 20 years ago, the Game Boy Advance was released in Australia and New Zealand. What's your favourite memory of this handheld console?. X (Australian English). Retrieved June 22, 2021.
  6. ^ Rogers, Joshua Alexander (April 16, 2020). Video Games around the World. LinkedIn. Retrieved March 23, 2024. (Archived September 25, 2022, 15:36:58 UTC via Wayback Machine.)
  7. ^ Bienvenidos a Nintendo en México. Nintendo of Mexico (Mexican Spanish). Archived April 1, 2003, 06:20:06 UTC from the original via Wayback Machine. Retrieved November 28, 2022.
  8. ^ 국, 순신 (Apr 1, 2003). 닌텐도 게임보이 어드밴스SP 국내 출시. 아이뉴스24. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  9. ^ 박, 진호 (December 14, 2005). 대원씨아이, 게임보이 마이크로 20일 국내 발매. 게임메카 (Korean). Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  10. ^ Gamecube : Korean Master-List !. Retrieved January 5, 2024.
  11. ^ Vega, Nick (March 13, 2017). A look back at the Game Boy Micro, the Nintendo console that time forgot. Business Insider. Retrieved December 16, 2019.