The Family Computer (often shortened to Famicom) is the Japanese equivalent of the Nintendo Entertainment System, or the NES. The Family Computer's controllers were attached to the main unit, unlike the NES, and could be stored on the sides of the system. Player One's controller can pause the game, and Player Two's controller has audio controls. The cartridges were half the size of the NES's, and were inserted in the top instead of through a door in the front (like on the NES). Instead of looking like a vertical cartridge, like the NES, it more closely resembles a SNES cartridge, but can be found in different colors, such as gray, yellow, and blue.
Sharp Corporation has a long history of working with Nintendo. A few months after the July 1983 release of the Famicom, Sharp produced the Sharp C1 Famicom TV, a combined console and TV unit. The following year, Sharp released the Playbox BASIC and Family BASIC accessories. They allowed users to program in BASIC on their Family Computers. In February 1986, Family Computer Disk System accessory was released which enabled games to be played on the Family Computer in the form of a disk. Many newer games were released only on the Disk System that were never released on the NES or Family Computer. A few months later, Sharp released the Twin Famicom, which combined the base console with the Disk System add-on in one piece of hardware. In 1987, the Famicom 3D System accessory was released but like the future Virtual Boy, it flopped. This too had a Sharp version for the Twin Famicom. In 1989, Sharp released the Famicom Titler which combined the console with a video editor.
Nintendo Classic Mini: Family Computer
On September 29, 2016, Nintendo announced the Nintendo Classic Mini: Family Computer, the Family Computer counterpart of the NES Classic Edition, and was released alongside it in Japan on November 10, 2016. Like the NES Classic Edition, it includes 30 pre-installed Family Computer games, although with some differences in the game lineup, such as Mario Open Golf in place of Donkey Kong Jr. Production for the console was discontinued in April 2017.
Appearances in the Mario franchise