Super Mario World
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Super Mario World (originally known in Japan as Super Mario World: Super Mario Bros. 4) is a main series Mario game and a launch title released for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System on November 21, 1990. As such, it is the sequel to Super Mario Bros. 3. The game was produced by Shigeru Miyamoto, featuring music composed by Koji Kondo, and graphics designed by Shigefumi Hino. An updated version was later released on the Game Boy Advance as part of the Super Mario Advance series, titled Super Mario World: Super Mario Advance 2. The original version was also re-released on the Wii and later the Wii U and New Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console. This is the first Mario game in which Yoshi, Wigglers, Monty Moles, Banzai Bills, Swoopers, and Magikoopas appear, as well as a save feature. The game also features 2D graphics with linear transformations. Many of the game's enemies and obstacles are based on the game's dinosaur theme, with such enemies as Rexes and Dino Rhinos making their debuts in this game and affirming themselves as a part of the Mario series, and Yoshi solidifying his role as Mario's sidekick.
Shigeru Miyamoto has stated that ever since they finished Super Mario Bros., the design staff wanted to have Mario ride a dinosaur. It was believed to be impossible technically until the Super NES was developed. According to Miyamoto, sixteen people were involved in the creation of the game, and it took about three years to make. At some point during the game's development, it was meant to be released in North America and Europe under the full Super Mario Bros. 4 title, but it was later shortened to simply Super Mario World. Miyamoto has stated that this is his favorite Mario game.
In addition to the game itself, there is a cartoon series that is based on the game which debuted on September 14, 1991, one month after the American release. The series takes place in Dome City, and was produced by DiC Entertainment and Nintendo.
After Bowser's previous defeat, Mario, Luigi and Princess Toadstool decide to recuperate in Dinosaur Land. Meanwhile in Dinosaur Land, the Koopa King and his Koopalings trap Yoshi and his friends in enchanted eggs, eliminating the opposition as they secretly rebuild their forces. Shortly upon their arrival, the Mario Bros. realize that Princess Toadstool is missing. While searching, they find the Koopa Troop army. Upon freeing the friendly Yoshi, he exclaims that the Koopas have invaded, confirming that Peach's persistent captor has indeed returned and taken the opportunity to claim the princess.
As Mario and friends travel through Dinosaur Land, they uncover the Valley of Bowser. After defeating Larry, the Mario Bros. have access to the front door of Bowser's Castle. Bowser is fought on his castle roof in his Koopa Clown Car, holding Princess Toadstool hostage. Upon his defeat, he gently drops the princess and retreats. Princess Toadstool rewards Mario or Luigi with a kiss as fireworks celebrate freedom, signifying that their vacation can resume with their new good friends. The reunited team returns to Yoshi's House where they and three other Yoshis watch the Yoshi eggs hatch into babies, removing the spell.
After saving the Mushroom Kingdom from Bowser and the rest of the Koopas in Super Mario 3, Mario and Luigi needed to recuperate from their adventures. Together they agreed that the best place to vacation was a magical place called Dinosaur Land.
The object of the game is to get to the goal tape to advance to the next level. While on Mario's way to the goal, he must encounter many enemies and collect power-ups and use items to help solve puzzles and destroy enemies.
Secret bonus changes
After the player beats every special level, the following changes occur:
If Mario and/or Luigi accumulate 100 stars by touching the flag at the finish, they play a bonus game where they hit blocks. Eight random blocks travel around a block that already has a determined power-up. Power-ups include Super Mushrooms, Fire Flowers, and Stars. Mario/Luigi can only hit blocks while they are at the bottom, and hit blocks continue to travel around the center (while retaining the hit power-up). Once the last block is hit, the blocks stop traveling and 1-ups are awarded. The number of 3-in-a-row matches determines the number of 1-Ups the player will receive (up to a maximum of 8).
Mario and Luigi are the main playable characters. In 2-player mode, Mario is controlled by Player 1 and Luigi is controlled by Player 2. If Mario loses a life or completes a level in 2-Player mode, Luigi comes into play until he does the same. The two may also share extra lives on the world map. The two have identical mechanics.
In addition to Mario and Luigi, Yoshis of four different colors appear in the game, which may be controlled once acquired and help the Mario Bros. in many levels of the game:
Green Yoshis hatch out of Yoshi Eggs, usually found in various blocks throughout the game. If a Yoshi Egg is found but the player already has a Yoshi, the Egg will instead provide an 1-Up Mushroom. Red, blue and yellow Yoshis are uncommon in Super Mario World. They are first encountered in the Star World, which is accessible by using the five Star Roads found throughout the game. They are found as Baby Yoshis, small and unable to be ridden. However through carrying them, the baby Yoshi's will eat the enemies they touch. When five enemies are eaten, they will transform into adult Yoshi's, and can now be used normally. Baby Yoshis of all colors hatch from the Yoshi Eggs rescued from the castles, during the ending credits of the game.
Additionally, a Yoshi can become Blue Yoshi if he touches Yoshi's Wings, which appear in some levels and act as shortcuts to the end of the stage.
Enemies and obstacles
A number of changes were made to Super Mario World when it was released internationally following its initial Japanese version. This included translating the Japanese names and words and tweaking various levels to make the game easier for international audiences.
Level design changes
Remakes and ports
Super Mario All-Stars + Super Mario World
The Super Mario All-Stars remake of Super Mario World gave Luigi a more distinctive sprite where he is taller, thinner and animates differently, while in the original he is simply a palette swap of Mario and his moves are identical to Mario's.
Super Mario World: Super Mario Advance 2
Super Mario World was ported to the Game Boy Advance handheld system as the second installation in the Super Mario Advance series, Super Mario World: Super Mario Advance 2. Some of the more notable changes are new Luigi's sprite, the new amount of 999 lives that can now be saved, and the list of levels showing whether the secret exit and the Yoshi Coins have been found.
SNES Classic Edition
Super Mario World is one of the 21 titles included on the Super NES Classic Edition. Nothing was changed in this port from the original game.
References to other games
References in later games
Super Mario World received universal critical acclaim. The game was placed 16th in the 100th issue of Nintendo Power's "100 best Nintendo games of all time" in 1997. The game placed 47th in the 200th Issue of GameInformer's "Top 200 Games of All Time".
Super Mario World was bundled with the Super Nintendo Entertainment System making it the most sold game for SNES, selling 20 million copies.
IGN rated the Game Boy Advance remake a 9.3/10 and the Wii Virtual Console version an 8.5/10. Allgame rated it 5 stars.
Pre-release and unused content
Dinosaur Land was drastically different than the final version, possessing an appearance similar to the various kingdoms of Super Mario Bros. 3. Specifically, it was to feature things such as Toad Houses (which could possibly mean that Toads were once considered to populate Dinosaur Land) and more Super Mario Bros. 3-style Fortresses. In addition to this, the game originally had the subtitle "Super Mario Bros. 4"
Glitchy graphics from defeated enemies
The balls on Iggy's and Larry's platforms can be destroyed by the sliding attack, as can the Grinders (using a triangle block). This results in glitchy graphics, most likely because the developers did not intend for these enemies to be defeated. The same thing happens if Mario does a nose diving in the second level of the Bowser battle. The Big Steely is defeated as a red sprite of Princess Toadstool's head.
In order to do this glitch, the player must go to the end of Chocolate Island 3. Under the goal, the player must jump off Yoshi to the Giant Gate so that the screen does not scroll up. If done correctly, Mario is barely seen when he finishes the level, and because Mario is not present on the bottom of the screen, the screen begins to flicker in many colors as the stage begins to fade out. When he comes back to the overworld map, the entire world is glitchy and colored with red and blue. If Mario visits Forest of Illusion or Valley of Bowser and comes back to the main overworld, the entire world will be ivory colored instead. The glitch ends if the player completes a level or visits Star Road.
Twenty-three people were listed in the credits of Super Mario World, including notable Nintendo composer Koji Kondo for the sound programming and Shigeru Miyamoto as the producer. Takashi Tezuka was the overall director of the game, listed as the "Total Director" in the original Japanese version of the credits.
Names in other languages