Koopa Troopa

From the Super Mario Wiki, the Mario encyclopedia
Jump to navigationJump to search
This article is about the enemy. For the species as a whole, see Koopa (species).
Not to be confused with Shellcreeper or Koopa Troop.
"Small Koopa" redirects here. For the micro version of this enemy, see Small Koopa Troopa. For the character from Mario Party 4, see Koopa Troopa (Mario Party 4).
Koopa Troopa
Artwork of Koopa Troopa from Super Mario Party
Artwork of a Koopa Troopa from Super Mario Party
First appearance Super Mario Bros. (1985)
Latest appearance Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door (Nintendo Switch) (2024)
Variant of Koopa
Notable members
“This shell was made to order. That's why it fits me so well. I mean, how cool do I look?”
Koopa Troopa, Paper Mario

Koopa Troopas (commonly shortened to Koopas or sometimes Troopas) are anthropomorphic, turtle-like creatures with removable shells that come in many different colors, with red and green Koopa Troopas being the most common; green Koopa Troopas usually walk back and forth without any concerns for pits or other obstacles, and red Koopa Troopas usually walk back and forth without falling off of their platforms. Koopa Troopas are the most common members of the Koopa species. Most serve as foot soldiers belonging to Bowser's Minions, being the second most common enemy encountered by Mario behind the Goombas. As revealed in Super Mario 64, however, not all Koopa Troopas work for Bowser (or any other villain), some of whom even act as allies to Mario during his adventures, and have appeared as playable characters in various spin-off games starting with Super Mario Kart. They are notable for the many uses of their shells in the Super Mario franchise.


Main article: History of Koopa Troopas

Since debuting in Super Mario Bros., Koopa Troopas have been one of the most commonly returning enemy species, like with Goombas. Koopa Troopas appear in nearly every game of the Super Mario series. However, several spinoff games feature friendly Koopa Troopas, such as the Paper Mario series and Mario & Luigi series, though some of them still appear as enemies. A Koopa Troopa sometimes appears as a playable character, such as in a few games of the Mario Kart series.

Concept and creation[edit]

Artwork of a Shellcreeper
The Super Mario Brothers Legend. In addition to the rough depiction of Bowser and his forces, the first panel in particular shows an early Mushroom King figure along with Princess Toadstool, an unknown woman, and the mushroom guards appear to be human; next page.
Early artwork of Koopa Troopas in How to win at Super Mario Bros.

An enemy that first appeared in Mario Bros., the Shellcreeper, was the "ancestor" of the Koopa Troopa.[1] When creating Super Mario Bros., a few changes were made to the enemies, including the ability to jump on them in order to damage them.

The Koopa Troopa's Japanese name,「ノコノコ」(Nokonoko), is a Japanese term meaning "to walk unconcernedly", describing the green-shelled Koopa Troopas' behavior. The English name comes from Bowser's Japanese name,「クッパ」(Kuppa), which is itself derived from the Korean dish of the same name,[2] while "Troopa" is a corruption of "trooper", seemingly to keep the reference to forward marching from the Japanese name intact.

Physical appearance and traits[edit]

Koopa Troopa's Mario Party 10 artwork
A Koopa Troopa walking with two legs

Koopa Troopas are tortoise-like creatures with removable shells. In general, they have basic appearances compared to other Koopa species. They have elliptical beady eyes, large beak-like noses, short limbs, and large heads. Their hands have four pointed/triangular-shaped digits (excluding artwork from Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island and its remake, and the Paper Mario series where in-game their fingers are not) and have three pointed toes on their flat-soled feet, which, unlike other Koopa species, have no pads at all. In earlier games, Koopa Troopas were quadrupedal (walking on four legs), had flatter noses, and detailed leg joints. Starting from Super Mario World onwards, they now stand on two legs, have more rounded noses, and wear shoes with beige soles that often match the color of the shells they wear (in the Super Mario Galaxy series, however, they revert back to walking on four legs, having four toes on their back legs and being barefooted). Having beaks, Koopa Troopas have no teeth compared to other species, but may be drawn with them for expression purposes (although their conceptual ancestor, Shellcreepers, have them).

Koopa Troopas generally have yellow scales, but in earlier games had orange. Some Koopa Troopas can have olive green, peach and even cyan scales. In Super Mario Strikers, the color of their scales changes depending on which team they are on: salmon for Mario's, chalky yellow for Luigi's, peach for Waluigi's, and orange for Daisy's. In Super Mario Party, Red Koopa Troopas' scales have an orange tint from the playable Koopa Troopa.

Stamp artwork of a Koopa Troopa cleaning their shell from Super Nintendo World
A Koopa Troopa washing its shell.

A Koopa Troopa's shell consists of a carapace with colored, hexagon-shaped scutes in a pattern on the top, with smaller, triangular ones at the edges, with dark flesh underneath that appear as "grooves"; a beige colored plaston with several "ribs" on its surface and six holes on it where the Koopa Troopa's head, arms, legs, and tail emerge from; all joined by a white bridge that follows along the perimeter of the shell and rises at the spots where the Koopa Troopa's head and tail are. The most common color for a Koopa Troopa's shell is green, with red being the second. However, there have also been less common colors such as blue, yellow, light-blue, light-green, dark-green, orange, purple, black, and, on rare occasions, gold. Despite having large heads, Koopa Troopas can pull them into their shells with little effort. In Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition, Mario Kart 8, and Mario Kart Tour, a Koopa Troopa can withdraw into its shell and pop back out in mid-air. Underneath their shells, they wear white undershirts (in Super Mario 64 and its remake Super Mario 64 DS, they also wear pink or blue shorts, respectively) and have round bodies.

From Super Mario 64 onwards, Koopa Troopas have been given voices created electronically, starting with whooping sounds (which were also shared with Goombas, Grand Goombas and the Big Bob-omb, with varying speeds, until the sounds were exclusive to Koopa Troopas in later games), then other noises such as wheezing, clucking, and gurgling. In Mario Kart 8, they were also given high-pitched whistling sounds whenever performing an antigravity trick or placing first. One of Koopa Troopa's sound effects is derived from the stock sound HUMAN, YELL - YELL: FEMALE from Voice Spectral Vol. 1 - Track 02.[3]

Koopa Captain in The Super Mario Bros. Movie
A Koopa Troopa wearing an eyepatch in The Super Mario Bros. Movie

In Illumination's The Super Mario Bros. Movie, Koopa Troopas are slimmer than before, have teeth,[4] have perfectly round heads elevated above their brown eyes, wear socks and usually have helmets. They are also shown to be wearing accessories, to distinguish from each other; for example, one Koopa Troopa wears spiked shoulder pads and an eyepatch, and another wears a Spiny Shell as its shell and helmet. In addition, unlike their previous appearances, they wield various weapons such as spears and hammers.

Green Koopa Troopas are specifically given an association with water in games such as Mario Power Tennis and Puzzles and Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition, since their Offensive and Defensive Power Shots in the former game involve water, and in the latter game their attribute is Water. In Puzzles and Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition, Red Koopa Troopas have fire as their attribute, while Yellow Koopa Troopas have light.

Color variations[edit]

The following is all of the known colors of Koopa Troopas and their first appearances:

Image Body color Shell color First appearance
Sprite of Green Koopa Troopa's team image, from Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition. Yellow Green Super Mario Bros.
Sprite of Red Koopa Troopa's team image, from Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition. Yellow Red Super Mario Bros.
BlueKoopaParatroopaMSS.png Yellow Blue Super Mario World
Sprite of Yellow Koopa Troopa's team image, from Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition. Yellow Yellow Super Mario World
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Luigi's team, from  Super Mario Strikers Yellow Dark green Super Mario Strikers
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Mario's team, from Super Mario Strikers Orange Red Super Mario Strikers
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Peach's team, from Super Mario Strikers Pink Light-blue Super Mario Strikers
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Yoshi's team, from Super Mario Strikers Yellow Dark blue Super Mario Strikers
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Donkey Kong's team, from Super Mario Strikers Yellow Light-green Super Mario Strikers
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Daisy's team, from Super Mario Strikers Yellow Orange Super Mario Strikers
Image of a Koopa Troopa in Waluigi's team, from Super Mario Strikers Yellow Purple Super Mario Strikers
Screenshot of a Rolla Koopa from Super Mario Bros. Wonder Yellow Magenta Super Mario Bros. Wonder

List of appearances[edit]

This section is under construction. Therefore, please excuse its informal appearance while it is being worked on. We hope to have it completed as soon as possible.

Title Year System/Format
Super Mario Bros. 1985 NES
VS. Super Mario Bros. 1986 Arcade
Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels 1986 NES (Disk System)
Super Mario Bros.: Peach-hime Kyūshutsu Dai Sakusen! 1986 Film
Super Mario Bros. Special 1986 NEC PC-88
All Night Nippon: Super Mario Bros. 1986 NES (Disk System)
Super Mario Bros. 3 1988 NES
Alleyway 1989 Game Boy
The Super Mario Bros. Super Show! 1989 TV Series
Princess Toadstool's Castle Run 1990 Super Mario Bros. Watch
Super Mario World 1990 SNES
Mario Roulette 1991 Arcade
Super Mario World: Mario to Yoshi no Bōken Land 1991 OVA
Super Mario World - "Fire Sale" 1991 TV Episode
Mario the Juggler 1991 Game & Watch
Mario Teaches Typing 1991, 1994 MS-DOS Windows
Super Mario Bros. Print World 1991 MS-DOS
Super Mario Bros. pinball (inside shells) 1992 Arcade
Mario Paint 1992 SNES
Super Mario Kart 1992 SNES
Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins 1992 SNES
Mario is Missing! 1992, 1993 MS-DOS, SNES, NES

Profiles and statistics[edit]

Main article: List of Koopa Troopa profiles and statistics

Super Smash Bros. Melee[edit]

Koopa Troopa
  • Number: 194
  • Name: Koopa Troopa
  • Game:
Super Mario Bros.
  • Description: Common soldiers in Bowser's army, Koopa Troopas can retreat into their shells. Unbelievable as it may seem, they're clearly unaware of being kicked and sent sliding when in this position. There are many Koopa types, each with a different shell color and unique traits. They all wear T-shirts and shorts under their shells.

Mario Kart Wii[edit]

Koopa Troopa's complete vehicle roster
  • Size: Small
  • Actual Bonuses
    • Handling: +3
    • Mini-Turbo: +6
  • Site Bio:
    • Flag of the United States of America since July 4, 1960. For North American (and sometimes South American) release dates. "Koopa Troopa may be light, but he's rollin' heavy when you put him behind the wheel of this machine."
    • Flag of the European Union (previously the European Economic Community). For European release dates. "A racer with the heart of a champion, Koopa Troopa suffers the ultimate irony every time a shell hits him."


For this subject's image gallery, see Gallery:Koopa Troopa.

Additional names[edit]

Internal names[edit]

Game File Name Meaning

Super Mario Galaxy
Super Mario Galaxy 2
ObjectData/NokonokoLand.arc NokonokoLand Land Koopa Troopa
Super Mario Galaxy
Super Mario Galaxy 2
リクノコ (Riku Noko) Land Koopa

Names in other languages[edit]

Language Name Meaning
Japanese ノコノコ
ノコノコ (ミドリ)[5] / ノコノコ (緑) / みどりノコノコ (Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition)
Nokonoko (Midori) / Midori Nokonoko
ノコノコ (アカ)[5] / ノコノコ (赤)/ あかノコノコ (Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition)
Nokonoko (Aka) / Aka Nokonoko
ノコノコ (青)
Nokonoko (Ao)
ノコノコ (黄)/ きいろノコノコ (Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition)
Nokonoko (Ki) / Kiiro Nokonoko
A Japanese term meaning "to walk unconcernedly", which is a reference to the green-shelled Koopa Troopas' behavior; also likely from「ノロノロ」(noronoro, an onomatopoeic term for a slowly crawling turtle)

Koopa Troopa (Green) / Green Koopa Troopa

Koopa Troopa (Red) / Red Koopa Troopa

Koopa Troopa (Blue)

Koopa Troopa (Yellow) / Yellow Koopa Troopa

Catalan Koopa (The Super Mario Bros. Movie)
Koopa Troopa
Chinese (simplified) 喏库喏库
慢慢龟 (since Mario Tennis Aces)
Mànmàn Guī
Transliteration of the Japanese name

Slow Slow Turtle

Chinese (traditional) 慢慢龜
Mànmàn Guī
Slow Slow Turtle

Dutch Koopa Troopa
Finnish Konnasoturi[10] (Super Mario Bros.)
Turtle Soldier
French Koopa
Koopa Troopa (Super Paper Mario)
Soldat Koopa[6][7][8] (Super Mario Bros. and Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels)
Koop[9] (Hotel Mario)
Koopa Soldier
German Koopa
Italian Koopa
Koopa Troopa (earlier games/full species name)
Korean 엉금엉금
Korean mimetic word for a slowly crawling turtle (a translation of the Japanese name)

Portuguese Koopa
Koopa Troopa
Russian Купа-трупа

Transliterations of the international names

Spanish Koopa
Koopa Troopa
Mask Koopa
Language Name Meaning
Italian Koopa mascherato[11]
Masked Koopa


  1. ^ Super Smash Bros. for Wii U Shellcreeper Japanese trophy description; English versions do not specify Koopa Troopa, but Japanese versions do.
  2. ^ http://themushroomkingdom.net/mariosan.shtml
  3. ^ TheRealBurnerAccount. (Sep 26, 2019). Voice Spectral Vol. 1 - Track 02 (with "Esquire"/YTV/SM64 Koopa Scream) (0:07) YouTube. Retrieved January 17, 2024.
  4. ^ Bowser and Koopa Troopa character poster for The Super Mario Bros. MovieMedia:TSMBM Koopa Troop Poster.jpg
  5. ^ a b 「スーパーマリオブラザーズ 取扱説明書」 (Super Mario Bros. Toriatsukai Setsumeisho). Page 10.
  6. ^ Super Mario Bros./Duck Hunt Canadian instruction booklet. Page 32.
  7. ^ Super Mario Bros. Encyclopedia. Page 19.
  8. ^ Super Mario Bros. Encyclopedia. Page 27.
  9. ^ French Hotel Mario instruction booklet. Page 8.
  10. ^ Super Mario Bros. Finnish instruction booklet.
  11. ^ L'enciclopedia di Mario - La guida definitiva al personaggio più iconico del mondo dei videogame, 2023, Anime Cult Retrogamer, pag. 63