Koopa's Road

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Not to be confused with Koopa's Theme.
"Koopa's Road"

"Koopa's Road" in Super Mario 64
Composed by:
Koji Kondo
First appearance Super Mario 64 (1996)
Latest appearance Super Mario 3D All-Stars (2020)

"Koopa's Road"[1] is the musical theme composed by Koji Kondo for Super Mario 64 that can be heard in Bowser in the Dark World, Bowser in the Fire Sea, and Bowser in the Sky. The theme's title uses Bowser's Japanese name, despite the soundtrack releasing in North America both physically in 1996 as well as in Super Mario 3D All-Stars.


The following list does not include ports or remakes of Super Mario 64.

Game Description
Minecraft: Wii U Edition / Minecraft: Nintendo Switch Edition / Minecraft: New Nintendo 3DS Edition / Minecraft "Koopa's Road" plays while in the Nether in the Super Mario Mash-up.


Super Mario series[edit]

Super Mario Galaxy[edit]

Super Mario Galaxy features a faithful orchestral arrangement of "Koopa's Road" by Mahito Yokota titled "The Fiery Stronghold" in the game's official soundtrack. It can be heard in the galaxies Bowser's Star Reactor, which hosts the arrangement's namesake level The Fiery Stronghold, and Bowser's Dark Matter Plant.

Audio.svg The Fiery Stronghold - The arrangement heard in Super Mario Galaxy
File infoMedia:The Fiery Stronghold Super Mario Galaxy.oga
Help:MediaHaving trouble playing?

Super Mario Galaxy 2[edit]

Super Mario Galaxy 2 features a faithful orchestrated arrangement of "Koopa's Road" by Mahito Yokota very similar to "The Fiery Stronghold" from Super Mario Galaxy. It is titled 「クッパの溶岩帝国」 (Kuppa no Yōgan Teikoku, "Bowser's Lava Empire") in the game's official soundtrack, and it can be heard in Bowser's Lava Lair and Bowser's Gravity Gauntlet.

Audio.svg クッパの溶岩帝国 - The arrangement heard in Super Mario Galaxy 2
File infoMedia:Bowsers Lava Lair Super Mario Galaxy 2.oga
Help:MediaHaving trouble playing?

Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games[edit]

The Wii version of Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games features an arrangement of "Koopa's Road" as a playable track.

Mario Party series[edit]

Mario Party 9[edit]

In Mario Party 9, the opening seven notes of the theme play before the final boss battle at the end of a board when Bowser and the "Boss Battle!" text appear.

Mario Party: Island Tour[edit]

In Mario Party: Island Tour, the theme heard in Bowser's Peculiar Peak is an arrangement of "Koopa's Road".

Audio.svg Bowser's Peculiar Peak - The arrangement heard in Mario Party: Island Tour
File infoMedia:MPIT Bowsers Peculiar Peak.oga
Help:MediaHaving trouble playing?

Mario Golf: World Tour[edit]

In Mario Golf: World Tour, part of the Bowser's Castle theme consists of an arrangement of "Koopa's Road".

Mario Tennis Aces[edit]

In Mario Tennis Aces, a medley arrangement of "Koopa's Road" and "Koopa's Theme" by Motoi Sakuraba plays during the final boss battle against Bowcien.

List of Super Mario appearances[edit]

Work System Year Type Title Credits
Super Mario 64 Nintendo 64 1996 Original "Koopa's Road"[1] Koji Kondo
Super Mario 64 DS Nintendo DS 2004 Original "Koopa's Road"[1] Koji Kondo
Super Mario Galaxy Wii 2007 Arrangement "The Fiery Stronghold"[2] Mahito Yokota
Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games Wii 2009 Arrangement
Super Mario Galaxy 2 Wii 2010 Arrangement 「クッパの溶岩帝国」 (Kuppa no Yōgan Teikoku)[3] Mahito Yokota
Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games Wii 2011 Past arrangement (Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games)
Mario Party 9 Wii 2012 Arrangement
Mario & Sonic at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games Wii U 2013 Past arrangement (Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games)
Mario Party: Island Tour Nintendo 3DS 2013 Arrangement
Minecraft: Wii U Edition Wii U 2015 Original Koji Kondo
Minecraft: Nintendo Switch Edition Nintendo Switch 2017 Original Koji Kondo
Minecraft: New Nintendo 3DS Edition New Nintendo 3DS 2017 Original Koji Kondo
Minecraft Nintendo Switch 2018 Original Koji Kondo
Mario Tennis Aces Nintendo Switch 2018 Arrangement Motoi Sakuraba
Super Mario 3D All-Stars Nintendo Switch 2020 Original "Koopa's Road" Koji Kondo
Past arrangement (Super Mario Galaxy) "The Fiery Stronghold" Mahito Yokota


Work Year Type Title Credits
Super Mario 64 Original Soundtrack 1996 Original "Koopa's Road" Koji Kondo
Super Mario Galaxy Original Soundtrack 2008 Arrangement "The Fiery Stronghold" Mahito Yokota
Super Mario Galaxy 2 Original Soundtrack 2010 Arrangement 「クッパの溶岩帝国」 (Kuppa no Yōgan Teikoku) Mahito Yokota