Big Cheep Cheep

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Big Cheep Cheep
A Big Cheep Cheep in New Super Mario Bros. 2
Official render of a Big Cheep Cheep from New Super Mario Bros. 2
First appearance Super Mario Bros.: Peach-hime Kyūshutsu Dai Sakusen! (1986)
Latest appearance Mario Party Superstars (2021)
Variant of Cheep Cheep
Variants
Relatives
Comparable
Notable members

Big Cheep Cheeps, originally known as both Boss Basses[1] and Big Berthas[2] and later as Mega Cheep-Cheeps,[3] are large Cheep Cheeps that appear throughout the Super Mario franchise. Originally, they were depicted as large-mouthed and sometimes carnivorous, though these traits were later given to a separate enemy, Cheep Chomp, which took a design similar to the original starting with Super Mario 64 DS, and even uses the original English name in Yoshi's Island DS. Most later appearances simply show them acting exactly like normal Cheep Cheeps, generally passive underwater ones. Normal Cheep Cheeps are given a similar "eating" behavior in some early Mario Party games and the Game & Watch Gallery 2 iteration of Parachute.

History[edit]

Super Mario Bros.: Peach-hime Kyūshutsu Dai Sakusen![edit]

Cheep-cheep looking for Mario.
A giant Cheep-cheep ramming into the ship

In Super Mario Bros.: Peach-hime Kyūshutsu Dai Sakusen!, two abnormally large Cheep-cheeps appear when Mario and Kibidango search for the star underwater. The first one chases after the pair mistake an angler fish for the star. It takes the appearance of a giant flat fish that puffs itself up until it explodes into many smaller versions of itself that rapidly bounce around the screen, hitting Mario six times. The second one also chases after Mario and Kibidango manage to retrieve the star from a clam, this time not as a flat fish. Mario and Kibidango swim away to a sunken ship. The Cheep-cheep rams the ship five times, causing it to also burst into smaller versions of itself, which do not hit Mario this time. This forces the sail down, making the ship begin to rise.

Super Mario series[edit]

Super Mario Bros. 3[edit]

A Boss Bass about to eat Mario in World 3-8
A Boss Bass in Super Mario All-Stars

In Super Mario Bros. 3, Boss Bass and Big Bertha act as the "giant" counterpart to the jumping and swimming Cheep Cheeps, respectively. Despite gaining different names in localization, they are the same enemy.[4]

The aggressive Boss Bass (also known as Big Bass[5] or Big Bertha)[6] quickly swims along the water's surface in Worlds 3-3 and 3-8, trying to leap out and eat Mario if he gets too close. It defeats Mario instantly in one gulp regardless of his form. In both of the stages it appears in, the water level rises and sinks, making Mario an easy target. Despite not being spiked, jumping on one above the water damages Mario. Throwing blocks, shells, hammers, and fireballs at the Boss Bass can defeat it, as well as tail attacks and using a Starman, but it eventually comes back. However, in Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3, if the player has turned on the e-Reader card that makes enemies hit by fireballs turn into coins, and the player successfully hits the Boss Bass with a fireball and collects the coin, the Boss Bass does not return for the rest of the level.

The passive Big Bertha (also known as Mega Cheep Cheep)[7] is found swimming back and forth underwater in Worlds 3-5, 4-1, 6-9, and 7-4, carrying Baby Cheeps in their mouth, and occasionally letting them out. After a few seconds, the parent gets its baby back in its mouth, though occasionally, the Big Bertha may not retrieve its baby.

New Super Mario Bros.[edit]

Mega Cheep-Cheep

In New Super Mario Bros., Mega Cheep-Cheeps are about 3 1/3 times larger than normal Cheep-Cheeps. Along with Mega Deep-Cheeps, they are the largest Cheep-Cheeps in the game, even larger than Cheep-Chomps and the boss Cheepskipper. They will not target Mario or Luigi, but instead will follow a path oblivious to them, just like normal Cheep-Cheeps. Mega Cheep-Cheeps are colored red and are similar to Big Berthas. Each one is usually followed by about three Cheep-Cheeps. Mega Cheep-Cheeps are only used as a large counterpart to swimming Cheep-Cheeps; the larger counterpart for the jumping Cheep-Cheeps is instead Spike Bass, which is similar to Boss Bass, but without the eating behavior. However, panorama artwork in the game's manual depicts a jumping Mega Cheep-Cheep, using the same artwork as normal-sized Cheep-Cheeps.

New Super Mario Bros. Wii[edit]

In New Super Mario Bros. Wii, their size has been reduced greatly, now only being around 1.5x as large as the average Cheep Cheep.

New Super Mario Bros. 2[edit]

Big Cheep Cheeps reappear in New Super Mario Bros. 2, now closer to their size in New Super Mario Bros., being about 2.75 times as big as normal Cheep Cheeps. They are now slightly smaller than Cheep Chomps.

New Super Mario Bros. U / New Super Luigi U / New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe[edit]

In New Super Mario Bros. U, its size is reduced again, to the same size it has in New Super Mario Bros. Wii.

Super Mario Maker series[edit]

Big Cheep Cheeps reappear in Super Mario Maker, Super Mario Maker for Nintendo 3DS, and Super Mario Maker 2. The player can enlarge a normal Cheep Cheep with a Super Mushroom, turning it into a Big Cheep Cheep.

The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3[edit]

Boss Bass from "Never Koop a Koopa"
A Boss Bass from "Never Koop a Koopa".

Boss Basses make appearances in The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3, where they usually chase after Mario and his friends. It first appears in "Reptiles in the Rose Garden" chasing fish.

Nintendo Comics System[edit]

Bertha, a character influenced by the Big Bertha species, plays a prominent role in two Nintendo Comics System stories. In her first appearance, Love Flounders, she falls in love with Frog Mario after being tricked by Stanley the Talking Fish. She eventually realizes Stanley was lying, but is consoled by Mario, who states he wants to be friends with Bertha, not lovers. Bertha later reappears in Fins and Roses, this time dating Stanley. She foils Wendy O. Koopa's plans by knocking the Koopa's bomb back at her.

Mario Teaches Typing[edit]

Boss Bass

In the second mode of Mario Teaches Typing, Underwater World, the game repeatedly loops footage of Mario, Luigi or Princess Toadstool swimming away from either a Boss Bass or a Blooper. Their appearance is slightly different: their fins are cyan, they have several sharp teeth rather than a single blunt tooth, and have round pupils with eyebrows instead of squinting pupils.

Mario Kart series[edit]

Super Mario Kart[edit]

SMK Toad Awards Ceremony.png

In Super Mario Kart, a giant Cheep Cheep appears in the awards ceremony, swimming through the air over the stands to drop the player's trophy from its dorsal fin before flying away like a punctured balloon. In Mario Kart 64 and Mario Kart: Super Circuit, its role in the ceremony is given to a normal-sized Cheep Cheep.

Mario Kart 64[edit]

Banshee Boardwalk

In Mario Kart 64, a giant-sized Cheep-Cheep appears in Banshee Boardwalk, though it is not an obstacle. The Cheep-Cheep is spawned when the player is at a certain point on the track; idling in this spot will cause it to jump nonstop until the player moves again. Mario Kart DS replaces it with a bright red Bubba.

Mario Kart: Super Circuit[edit]

In Mario Kart: Super Circuit, giant Cheep-Cheeps resembling their appearance in Yoshi's Story appear in the background of Cheep-Cheep Island, where they swim around and occasionally leap. They are extremely large, appearing to be about the size of a small house.

Mario Kart: Double Dash!![edit]

In the opening to Mario Kart: Double Dash!!, Lakitu may sometimes fish up a Big Cheep Cheep. However, it falls off the hook about a second later.

Mario Kart Wii[edit]

In Mario Kart Wii, Big Cheep Cheeps[8] have another background appearance, this time swimming underwater in Koopa Cape and Chain Chomp Wheel. The flying one in the original game is given a possible nod in this game's Luigi Circuit, which features a similar Cheep Cheep blimp.

Mario Kart Tour[edit]

In Mario Kart Tour, Big Cheep Cheeps reappear in GBA Cheep-Cheep Island, which debuted in the 2021 Summer Tour. They have the same role as before, but now have their modern design.

Yoshi's Story[edit]

“He lurks in the depths, waiting to have you for lunch.”
Message Block in Jungle Puddle, Yoshi's Story
Jungle Puddle
A Red Blurp eats a Yoshi

In Yoshi's Story, two variations of large Cheep Cheep appear in Jungle Puddle, though they are misnamed as "big Blurps" in localizations presumably due to the extremely similar-looking Japanese names. They both attempt to eat Yoshis, and can do so even if they are Super Happy. When they eat a Yoshi, they seemingly gain health, as a appears above them.[9]

Red Blurps[10][11] (also known as Red and Orange Fish[12][13] or Orange Fish[14]) act extremely similar to Boss Bass in Super Mario Bros. 3, though due to the higher power of the system they are larger and have a much higher range of direction and movement, constantly watching their prey from the water while they swim in place and leaping in a very tall and wide arc. They additionally swim after and try to eat any Yoshi that falls into the water. Compared to Super Mario Bros. 3, however, they are much slower, taking long breaks between jumps and moving slowly through the air.

Blue Blurps[15] (also known as Blue Fish[14]), on the other hand, constantly stay in the river. However, they spray water above the waterline similar to Spray Fish, but done in large bursts instead of a continuous thin stream, and like the Red Blurp, can aim their attacks in various directions. Also like Red Blurps, they will pursue any Yoshi that falls in the river.

Mario Party series[edit]

Mario Party 5[edit]

Big Cheep Cheeps reappear in the Mario Party 5 minigame Fish Upon a Star, destroying several blocks of land on contact, while temporally stunning players who risk falling off in the process. They have the same appearance as their regular counterparts from Mario Party 4.

Mario Party 7[edit]

Wario in Bridge Work from Mario Party 7

Big Cheep Cheeps appear in Mario Party 7, appearing in the Duel minigames Fish & Cheeps and Bridge Work, where they knock players into the water if they are not careful.

Mario Party 8[edit]

Mega Cheep-Cheeps also make a minor appearance in Mario Party 8. In the minigame Rowed to Victory, the losing team of boaters will be chased by a Mega Cheep-Cheep and a few Cheep Cheeps.

Mario Party DS[edit]

Mega Cheep-Cheeps make a minor appearance in Mario Party DS in the minigame Cheep Chump, where they can suck players into a whirlpool with their mouths. If a player is caught in their whirlpool, they are eliminated from the game.

Mario Party 10[edit]

Big Cheep Cheeps appear again in Mario Party 10, appearing only in the minigame Cheep Cheep Leap. Any Big Cheep Cheep that gets hit grants two points.

Super Mario Party[edit]

Big Cheep Cheeps reappear in Super Mario Party, appearing in River Survival if the player takes the Cheep Cheep Swarms path. They jump out of the water just like their smaller counterparts, but are bigger and harder to avoid.

Mario Party Superstars[edit]

Cheep Cheep Chase in Mario Party Superstars

Big Cheep Cheeps[16] reappear in Mario Party Superstars, appearing in the Mario Party 3 minigame Cheep Cheep Chase.

Paper Mario series[edit]

Super Paper Mario[edit]

In Super Paper Mario, Boss Basses do not appear but are given two passing mentions in the English script. In The Underwhere, a Shayde tells another one of three stories about how he lost a life. The second story involves him falling into the sea from a pipe, but instead of drowning, he can apparently swim as well as a Cheep Cheep. However, a Boss Bass thought that since he swam like a fish, he was one himself, and the huge fish ate him. In the Japanese version, a shark is mentioned instead. The other mention of a Boss Bass is via the 77th Sammer Guy Ripper Van Fish, who mentions counting Boss Basses to sleep if spoken to after defeat.

Paper Mario: Sticker Star[edit]

Big Cheep Cheep in Surfshine Harbor, from Paper Mario: Sticker Star.
The Big Cheep Cheep in Surfshine Harbor.

A Big Cheep Cheep appears as a mini-boss in Paper Mario: Sticker Star, marking its Paper Mario series debut. It is encountered in Surfshine Harbor after Mario sets sail. The Big Cheep Cheep blocks Mario's access to Worlds 4, 5, and 6 as long as it remains undefeated. Comments made by various characters imply that this particular Cheep Cheep is a very rare sight especially given its size. Big Cheep Cheep's body appears to be made with a Chinese lantern.

In battle, the Big Cheep Cheep starts out beached on the pier. All it can do during this time is slam into Mario. After the Big Cheep Cheep takes enough damage, it hops into the water and regain all its HP. From the ocean, the Big Cheep Cheep can spray a powerful jet of water that may inflict the Soggy status and automatically avoids any attacks from Mario. The only way to be able to attack the Big Cheep Cheep is by using the Fishhook on it since the rest of his stickers can't reach. Doing this beaches the mini-boss once again, causing it to fly into a rage. The Big Cheep Cheep will only be able to slam into Mario after it gets fished out of the water. Each turn, the Big Cheep Cheep grows in size, increasing its attack power. If the Big Cheep Cheep grows large enough, it explodes, dealing 99 damage (30 if using the Spike Helmet) to Mario. If it does deal 99 damage, it is an instant Game Over. Once it has been defeated, Mario can safely access the other three worlds.

Using the Fishhook on Big Cheep Cheep in Surfshine Harbor, from Paper Mario: Sticker Star.
Using the Fishhook on the Big Cheep Cheep.

Alternatively, using sharp stickers like a Spike Helmet or Thumbtack when the Big Cheep Cheep attacks during the second phase will instantly defeat it. However, it will also damage Mario for 30 HP.

If a player attempts to use any type of Infinijump before the Big Cheep Cheep hops into the ocean, its HP does not decrease lower than 20 HP and instead, the player receives Coins for every hit dealt to the Big Cheep Cheep after its health reaches this point.

The Big Cheep Cheep is one of two mini-bosses in the game that can be damaged with a First Strike. The other is the Big Chain Chomp from Chomp Ruins.

Paper Mario: The Origami King[edit]

In Paper Mario: The Origami King, Mario can fish a Big Cheep Cheep out of the water in all three fishing spots. However, the Big Cheep Cheep in Shogun Studios may be revealed to be a disguised Ninji after being caught, although Mario will be given 100 coins if this happens. The biggest Cheep Cheep that can be fished is from Full Moon Island, and catching it as well as catching the biggest Blooper will reward Mario with the Fish Finder trophy. Unlike Sticker Star, its overworld sprite now has the paper outline from Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam.

Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games[edit]

Mega Cheep-Cheeps appear in the Wii version of Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games as obstacles in Dream Long Jump. They come down from above, hitting players if they are not careful.

Other appearances[edit]

The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures[edit]

Large-sized Cheep Cheeps also appear in The Legend of Zelda: Four Swords Adventures, alongside the normal size. They reside in Lake Hylia, the Desert of Doubt, and Frozen Hyrule. They charge at Link and cause critical damage to the hero.

Unused appearances[edit]

Sprite sheet featuring Boss Bass and a Bullet Bill-sized version of Torpedo Ted.
Boss Bass in prototype Super Mario World assets
Sprites of a big Flopsy Fish.
The big Flopsy Fish in prototype Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island assets

Graphic tiles found in prototype revisions of Super Mario World include sprites for Boss Bass, but it is not included in the final game in any way.[17] They lack the squinting eyes and prominent tooth, and as such look almost exactly like normal Cheep Cheeps aside from size, with their eyes being shared with prototypical revisions of Porcupuffer.[18] As such, they look essentially the same as later appearances of the enemy, particularly in Yoshi's Story. The sprites are also somewhat similar to those of Rip Van Fish in both the final and prototype revisions. Additionally, sprites found in prototype revisions of Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island include sprites for large Flopsy Fish, but it is similarly not included in the final game in any way.[19]

Profiles and statistics[edit]

Perfect Ban Mario Character Daijiten[edit]

巨大きょだいプクプク (JP) / Mega Cheep Cheep (EN)
A Boss Bass (and by extension, Big Bertha) from Super Mario Bros. 3.
Original text (Japanese) Translation
出身しゆつしん / 種族しゅぞく アクアぞく Place of origin/tribe Aqua clan
性格せいかく くいしんぼ Disposition Glutton
登場とうじょうゲーム 3 Game appearances 3
マリオをひとのみ

どんなマリオもひとのみでべてしまう巨大きょだいプクプク。こいつをやっつけるには、ファイア攻撃こうげきかカメのコウラをぶつけるしかない。水面すいめんたときでも、むことはできないよ。[20]

Downing Mario in one gulp

A giant Cheep Cheep that will eat Mario in one gulp. The only way to defeat it is to hit it with a fire attack or a turtle shell. You cannot step on it even when it is on the surface of the water.

Yoshi's Story[edit]

  • Shogakukan guide: しつこくいかけてきて、パクリとひとみ。こいつはヤバイ![21] (They will chase you persistently, trying to gobble you in one gulp. These guys are dangerous!)
  • Nintendo 64 Spieleberater (blue variant): Der große Kiemenheini versucht mich immer vollzuspucken und damit ins Wasser zu befördern. Absolut uncool![22] (The big gill-maniac always tries to spray me down and get me into the water with it. Absolutely uncool!)

Paper Mario: Sticker Star[edit]

Paper Mario: Sticker Star enemy
Big Cheep Cheep
The Big Cheep Cheep from Paper Mario: Sticker Star Max HP 88 Role Boss Location(s) Surfshine Harbor
Attack 10 Stickers N/A
Defense 0 Moves Slam (3), Water Gun (10, Soggy), Inflate (raises attack power), Explosion (99)

Gallery[edit]

Artwork[edit]

Sprites and models[edit]

Screenshots[edit]

Scans[edit]

Names in other languages[edit]

Language Name Meaning
Japanese 巨大きょだいプクプク[23][24][25][16][26]
Kyodai Pukupuku
プクプク[27][note 1]
Pukupuku
あかプク[28]
Aka Puku
あおプク[28]
Ao Puku
大プクプク[29]
Dai Pukupuku
でかプクプク[30]
Deka Pukupuku

Giant Cheep Cheep (Super Mario Bros. 3, Mario Party Superstars)

Cheep Cheep (Yoshi's Story, general name and source file name)[31]

Red Cheep (Yoshi's Story, Red Blurp)

Blue Cheep (Yoshi's Story, Blue Blurp)

Big Cheep Cheep (New Super Mario Bros.)

Huge Cheep Cheep (New Super Mario Bros. Wii onwards)

Chinese (simplified) 巨型泡泡怪
Jùxíng Pàopao Guài
Giant Cheep Cheep

Chinese (traditional) 大泡泡魚
Dà Pàopao Yú
Big Cheep Cheep

French (NOA) Aquazo géant
Giant Cheep Cheep
French (NOE) Maxi-Cheep Cheep
Maxi Cheep Cheep[32]
Cheep Cheep géant[33]
Méga Cheep Cheep[34]
Gros Blurp (Yoshi Story)
-
-
Giant Cheep Cheep
Mega Cheep Cheep
Big Blurp. Blurp is an onomatopoeia of someone smallow.
German Boss Bass
Blurp
Big Slurp[22]
Maxi-Cheep-Cheep
Riesen-Cheep-Cheep
Boss Bass (Super Mario Bros. 3)
Blurp (Yoshi's Story)
Big Slurp; a pun on "Blurp" (Yoshi's Story, blue variety)
Big Cheep Cheep
Giant Cheep Cheep
Italian Pesce Smack gigante
Big Cheep Cheep
Portuguese Cheep Cheep gigante
Giant Cheep Cheep
Spanish Gran Berta
Blurp
Gran Cheep Cheep
Big Bertha (Super Mario Bros. 3)
Blurp (Yoshi's Story)
Big Cheep Cheep
  1. ^ Specifically, it is referred to as おおきな プクプク (Ōkina Pukupuku, meaning "Big Cheep Cheep"), though due to the space, "ōkina" does not seem to be part of the name itself.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Even if Mario is Super, Boss Bass, the terror of the high seas, can swallow him whole." - Nintendo Power Volume 13. Page 8.
  2. ^ "This giant fish is a mouth breeder, so it spits babies out of its mouth at Mario." - Nintendo Power Volume 13. Page 9.
  3. ^ Loe, Casey. New Super Mario Bros. Player's Guide. Page 12.
  4. ^ 「水面を移動し、ジャンプしておそいかかってくる。水中にいることもある。」 (Moving along the water surface, it jumps to attack. It also exists underwater.) - Shogakukan. 2015. Super Mario Bros. Hyakka: Nintendo Kōshiki Guidebook, Super Mario Bros. 3 section. Page 36.
  5. ^ Hodgson, David S J. Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3 Prima's Official Strategy Guide. Page 21.
  6. ^ M. Arakawa. NES Game Atlas. Page 38.
  7. ^ English Super Mario Bros. 3 entry on the official Mario Portal. nintendo.co.jp. Retrieved August 13, 2022. (Archived August 13, 2022 14:26:17 UTC via archive.today.)
  8. ^ big_puku - Mario Kart Wii texture data
  9. ^ Red Cheep and Blue Cheep, Video of Yoshi's Story.
  10. ^ Leung, Jason, Terry Munson, and Scott Pelland. Yoshi's Story Player's Guide. Page 11.
  11. ^ Yoshi's Story official website (Wayback Archive). Retrieved April 22, 2015.
  12. ^ "FISH These are the smaller and less aggressive relatives of the giant Red and Orange Fish that stalk you in Course 4-2. You can eat them for one petal of relief and to refurbish your egg supply while underwater." - Prima Bath. Nintendo 64 Game Secrets, 1999 Edition Prima's Official Strategy Guide. Page 112.
  13. ^ "Fish These are the smaller and less aggressive relatives of the giant Red and Orange Fish that stalk you in Course 4-2. You can eat them for one petal of relief and to refurbish your egg supply while underwater." - Prima Bath. Ultimate Nintendo 64 Pocket Power Guide, 1999 Edition Prima's Official Strategy Guide. Page 80.
  14. ^ a b Prima Bath. Nintendo 64 Game Secrets, 1999 Edition Prima's Official Strategy Guide. Page 110.
  15. ^ Leung, Jason, Terry Munson, and Scott Pelland. Yoshi's Story Player's Guide. Page 10.
  16. ^ a b Cheep Cheep Chase page on the official Japanese Mario Party Superstars website
  17. ^ Verneri Kontto (July 24, 2020). Twitter post featuring prototype Super Mario World assets. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  18. ^ Gaming Alexandria (July 24, 2020). Twitter post featuring prototype Super Mario World assets. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  19. ^ Verneri Kontto (July 24, 2020. Twitter post featuring prototype Super Mario Bros. 5: Yossy Island assets. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  20. ^ Shogakukan. 1994.「パーフェクト版 マリオキャラクター大事典」 (Perfect Ban Mario Character Daijiten). Page 61.
  21. ^ 「任天堂公式ガイドブック ヨッシーストーリー」 (Nintendo Kōshiki Guidebook – Yoshi's Story). Page 6Media:Yoshi Story Shogakukan P6.jpg.
  22. ^ a b Nintendo 64 Yoshi's Story Spieleberater. Page 19Media:Yoshi's Story German Guide Enemies.png.
  23. ^ Scan of 「スーパーマリオブラザーズ3完全攻略テクニックブック1」 (Super Mario Bros. 3 Kanzen Kōryaku Technique Book 1)
  24. ^ Scan of 「スーパーマリオブラザーズ3完全攻略テクニックブック4」 (Super Mario Bros. 3 Kanzen Kōryaku Technique Book 4)
  25. ^ Nintendo of Japan. "CHARACTERS of Super Mario Bros. 3". CHARACTERS of the Super Mario Bros. series (official Japanese character index). Published 2020. Accessed 01 Mar 2021.
  26. ^ mimi Q ゲームチャンネル (October 29, 2021). マリオパーティ スーパースターズ はらぺこ巨大プクプク ルールは? ミニゲーム紹介!マリパ新作はどんな感じ?【マリパSwitch】 #22. YouTube. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
  27. ^ Yoshi's Story, Jungle Puddle Message Block header (set to Japanese)
  28. ^ a b Kazuki, Motoyama. Kodansha vol. 41 - Super Mario 64: Yoshi's Story part 1. Page 7Media:YS Manga Enemies.jpg.
  29. ^ Shogakukan. 2015. Super Mario Bros. Hyakka: Nintendo Kōshiki Guidebook, New Super Mario Bros. section. Page 114.
  30. ^ Shogakukan. 2015. Super Mario Bros. Hyakka: Nintendo Kōshiki Guidebook. Pages 145 and 195.
  31. ^ Yoshi's Story Blurp source code name: pukupuku
  32. ^ Super Mario Bros. Encyclopedia. Pages 115 and 195.
  33. ^ Super Mario Bros. Encyclopedia. Page 37.
  34. ^ Super Mario Bros. Encyclopedia. Page 145