Earth is a planet that features a wide variety of people, cultures, and ecosystems. While the Earth that appears in the Mario franchise has some features derived from the nonfictional entity, fictional alterations to the planet have been applied in the series. In the cartoons, there were two versions of the planet which were the "Real World" and a parallel one that featured the Mushroom Kingdom. However, this received little to no mention in the games at the time and is no longer addressed in recent material either, meaning that the real "Earth" and the Mario version of Earth are instead considered as being the one and the same.
Mario is Missing! / Mario & Sonic series
Lands of Earth
Earth is organized into seven continents whose borders are based on geographical features rather than political boundaries. Continents are not necessarily separated by water. With the exception of Antarctica, each continent is further subdivided into countries, political bodies ruled by a government. Several countries are in more than one continent. The subdivisions of countries vary, but every country has population centers such as towns or cities.
Antarctica is a large icy desert continent located at the southernmost point of the planet, mostly populated by penguins. In Mario is Missing!, Bowser attempts to melt Antarctica in a plot to flood Earth, thus setting the game's plot into motion.
The largest continent, Asia includes Japan, China and India. The Great Wall of China is one of the continent's most famous landmarks, visited by Luigi in Mario is Missing!. He also visits the city of Mumbai—or Bombay as it was previously known—in India. China's national capital, Beijing, is the location of the 2008 Summer Olympics in which Mario, Sonic the Hedgehog, and others competed during the events of Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games. Tokyo is the location where the Mario & Sonic cast competes during the events of Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games Tokyo 2020.
Australia is the smallest continent on Earth; its largest country shares the same name, and is home to a very large variety of animal species, including kangaroos. It is often referred to as "down under", due to its location in the southern half of the planet.
Europe shares a landmass with Asia, separated from it by the Ural Mountains. Famous for its varied culture and large role in Earth's history, Europe is divided into countries such as France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Russia, and Italy. Famous cities include Venice, Paris and London, the latter of which is the main setting for Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games, where the 2012 Summer Olympics took place. In addition, the Russian city of Sochi is the main setting for Mario & Sonic at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games, where the 2014 Winter Olympics took place.
North America is the location of the United States of America, Canada, and Mexico, among some other nations. The United States of America is home to many famous and influential cities and other locations, many of which were featured in The Super Mario Bros. Super Show! and The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3. These include New York City and its borough Brooklyn (which is depicted as Mario and Luigi's hometown in certain media), Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), Hawaii, and the Kennedy Space Center. The Canadian city Vancouver is the setting of both Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games.
A largely tropical continent, South America is famous for the Amazon rainforest. Countries include Argentina, of which Buenos Aires is the capital and one of the locations in Mario is Missing!. One of the continent's main cities, Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, also appears in Mario is Missing! and likewise serves as the main setting for Mario & Sonic at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games, where the 2016 Summer Olympics took place.
Super Mario series
In Super Mario Galaxy, Earth is shown primarily in the opening and ending cutscenes, with Peach's Castle Gardens being the first setting that Mario traverses through. Earth is first shown from space when Bowser kidnaps Peach, removes her castle from its foundation, and carries them both into space. Earth is also the setting of Grand Finale Galaxy, due to it involving Mario returning to Peach's Castle Grounds in order to attend the uninterrupted Star Festival.
Earth returns in Super Mario Galaxy 2, where it is shown in the background of World 1 and the Grand World Map. The settings of subsequent worlds also resemble real places, such as the Solar System in World 2, the Orion Arm in World 3, the Milky Way galaxy in World 4, the Local Group in World 5, and a black hole/quasar in World 6. World S is exempt, due to it featuring a planet with star-shaped islands instead, as well as the backgrounds of the first two Bowser Jr. galaxies (Bowser Jr.'s Boom Bunker is the exception, due to it featuring a Sun in the background).
Earth also appears in the backgrounds of Worlds Star, Mushroom, and Flower in Super Mario 3D World, due to those worlds being set in space. Upon completing Super Galaxy in World Star, Rosalina will be unlocked as a playable character. Like Rosalina, both Lumas and Star Bits are also fittingly present.
Earth is featured primarily in the game Super Mario Odyssey, where Mario and Cappy must travel the world in a hat-shaped airship called the Odyssey in an attempt to both stop Bowser's wedding to Peach and to save Cappy's sister Tiara (who was also kidnapped by Bowser for the wedding). In Odyssey, Earth looks completely different than how it appears in real life, with the western hemisphere featuring a landmass resembling Pangaea and the eastern hemisphere featuring landmasses resembling Laurasia and Gondwanaland, as well as islands shaped like a top hat, a Triceratops head, a flower, and a mushroom. The game features various kingdoms serving as stand-ins for real countries and cities such as London, England; Mexico; Greece; possibly Germany, New York City, NY; Russia, the French Riviera; Italy; and Japan.
Earth also makes an appearance in the background of the Moon Kingdom, where it is seen rising from the horizon, while its southern hemisphere is seen during the escape sequence after the final boss fight, where Mario (controlling a captured Bowser), Cappy and Peach must try to find a giant spark pylon in order to escape the collapsing Wedding Hall. Additionally, the Odyssey features a globe that allows Mario to travel to a different kingdom by throwing Cappy at it.
Earth appears in the background of the box arts for Super Mario World (Japanese version) and Super Mario 64. Its atmosphere can also be seen in the background during the battle against Raphael the Raven in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island.
Mario Kart series
In Mario Kart Wii, Earth appears while the player is waiting in the Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection, in the Mario Kart Channel and in the Rainbow Road course. The planet is located in the background of the course, underneath the track. If the players accidentally fall off the course, they will fall to the void by the gravity of the planet, instead of floating in space.
Mario Kart 7 continues the trend of featuring Earth while the player is waiting in the online multiplayer, as well as now featuring it in the Mario Kart Channel. In Mario Kart 8 and Mario Kart 8 Deluxe, Earth is still shown when the player plays online. Also, like Rainbow Road in Mario Kart Wii, Mario Kart 8's Rainbow Road is set above Earth, along with a Blooper spaceship and MKTV satellites floating in space. The planet also can be seen in the background of the Lunar Colony battle course in Mario Kart 8 Deluxe. A globe of the Earth can be seen in the background of GBA Ribbon Road, due to it now taking place inside a child's bedroom.
In Mario Kart Tour, a few tours are aptly named after the real-world cities they occur in, while Earth itself also appears in the background of 3DS Rainbow Road. The key art and the loading screen (prior to version 2.0.0) for the game features Earth, resembling Super Mario Odyssey's iteration.
Earth appears in the maps of the Astro Avenue and Rocket Road boards from Mario Party 6 and Mario Party: Island Tour, the former being the starting space, and the latter in the map's background. In Mario Party 7 and Mario Party 8 (in a minigame in the latter), the Earth can be seen. In Mario Party DS, there is a minigame where players run on a globe and shoot opponents.
In Mario Golf: World Tour, the Earth can be seen in Diddy Kong's eagle, albatross, and hole-in-one animations when he soars so high on his Barrel Jet out of joy that he ends up in Earth's atmosphere next to space, leaving him comically confused.
Wario refers to the area below the Awazon as "deep within the Earth" in the manual of Virtual Boy Wario Land. In the WarioWare series games, Wario has a map of the Earth inside his house. Additionally, the Earth appears in the opening and closing cutscenes of WarioWare Gold. The Earth also appears in the microgame "Shave the World" from WarioWare: Twisted! and WarioWare Gold.
According to the show's introduction and its episode "Toddler Terrors of Time Travel" detailed how the brothers happened upon a Warp Zone to the Mushroom Kingdom while performing a plumbing house call, and were sucked down. This second explanation was later modified through the power of Kooky von Koopa's Time Travel Tube, but no major changes were made to the history of the "Real World".
In The Super Mario Bros. Super Show!, Mario and Luigi lived on the "Real World" and ran a moderately successful plumbing business called Mario Brothers Plumbing in their hometown of Brooklyn. Many of the brothers' relatives lived on the planet as well, including Mama Mario and Papa Mario; the show's live-action sequences take place in Brooklyn, and Australia is mentioned during a live action encounter with Alligator Dundee.
The show's introduction mentions how the brothers happened upon a Warp Zone to the Mushroom Kingdom while performing a plumbing house call, and were subsequently transported to the Mushroom Kingdom as a result. While adventuring, Mario and Luigi also often try to find their way back to Brooklyn, usually via a Warp Pipe. Towards the end of the series, the Mario Bros. decide to stay so that they can protect Princess Toadstool and the Mushroom Kingdom.
In The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3, "Toddler Terrors of Time Travel" further elaborated on how Mario and Luigi traveled to the Mushroom Kingdom from the "Real World" by introducing the Time Travel Tube. Many episodes also featured characters using Warp Pipes to travel back and forth between the "Real World" and the Mushroom Kingdom. In the episode "7 Continents for 7 Koopas", Bowser assigns each of his seven Koopalings to take over one of the Real World's continents.
Notably, after all the trouble is undone, a screen is shown with non-native animals in the Australia section.
The television commercial for Super Mario Bros. 3 features thousands of children and teenagers on the Earth's surface forming a giant Mario face spanning the United States when the Earth is seen from space.
The Super Mario Bros. film features an introduction that outlines the rule and extinction of the dinosaurs on Earth. Dinosaurs were the dominant species on the planet and overall superior to the small mammals who also inhabited Earth, until one day a gigantic meteor struck the planet.
This cataclysm not only killed off almost the entire dinosaur population, but also caused spatial and dimensional disturbances that created a parallel Earth that subsequently became the new domain of any surviving dinosaurs and other animals. On this parallel Earth, various types of dinosaurs evolved into humanoid creatures. However, some members, such as Yoshi, seemed to have retained their reptilian forms. Aside from one rundown city, Dinohattan, the parallel Earth is an arid wasteland, lacking various resources.
However, the narrator then asks the audience to consider a "what if?" scenario based on if some of the dinosaurs went to the other dimension and evolved a society there, as shown in the film. As a result, Nintendo's stance on the applicability of this piece of Earth's history to the rest of the Mario franchise series is unknown.
During the events of "Donkey Kong in: Banana Day 24", aliens erroneously took Earth for a giant coconut, and since they adored this kind of fruit, they took the planet with them, pulling it away from the sun. This resulted in a sudden drop of temperature all over the planet. When Donkey Kong and some of his friends talked to the aliens, they returned Earth back to its original position.
In "Die Jagd nach dem Nintendo 64: Krawall im All", from the same magazine, Mario and Luigi traveled through space in search for a new spaceship. They finally found it on Earth (which Luigi referred to as "Planet Terra").
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