Koopa Troop

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Not to be confused with Koopa Troopa.
Koopa Troop
Koopa Troop artwork.png
Leader Bowser, Baby Bowser, Paper Bowser, Bowser Jr., Paper Bowser Jr.
Army Hammer Bro
Boom Boom
Corporal Paraplonk
Captain Goomba
Dry Bowser
Fake Bowser
Geno (former)
Goomba (former)
Jagger (former)
Kammy Koopa
Mallow (former)
Mario (former)
Pom Pom
Private Goomp
Sergeant Guy
First appearance Super Mario Bros. (1985)
Latest appearance New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe (2019)
Member species
Boom Boom
Boomerang Bro
Bullet Bill
Buzzy Beetle
Chain Chomp
Chargin' Chuck
Cheep Cheep
Dry Bones
Fire Bro
Hammer Bro
Koopa Paratroopa
Koopa Troopa
Piranha Plant
Shy Guy

The Koopa Troop,[1][2] also known as the Turtle Tribe,[3][4] the Koopa clan,[5][6] Team Bowser,[7] or simply the Koopa,[3] is an alliance led by King Bowser Koopa, and they serve as his armed forces. The Koopa Troop has taken over the Mushroom Kingdom multiple times and has even attempted to take over the universe. According to Kammy Koopa in Paper Mario, the motive for the clan is to have revenge against all who have treated Koopa Troopas poorly, though many of their goals are based entirely on Bowser's own interests. Despite the name Koopa in the troop's name, not all members of the troop are Koopas, although they served as the majority of the members and also had high-ranking roles. This inconsistency is actually not present in Japanese material, where the Koopa Troop is known as Bowser's Army. According to official Japanese character books, the Army is led by the Turtle Tribe, with older material indicating the members of Bowser's Royal Family as leaders. In both the Super Mario Pia and the Encyclopedia Super Mario Bros. the Royal Family term is missing and more in general the organization of Bowser's Army is no longer explained, with the former exclusively reconfirming that the Turtle Tribe still leads it. As proven in New Super Mario Bros. and Mario + Rabbids Kingdom Battle, when Bowser is absent, his son takes leadership of the Koopa Troop.

The Koopa forces differ from game to game. Goombas and Koopa Troopas are among the most common, and Magikoopas, Hammer Bros., and Koopatrols are among their elites.


During Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars, Bowser's Keep is invaded by the Smithy Gang via Exor. By the time Bowser is met at Booster Tower, there are no more remaining Koopa Troopers by his side. He claims that Mario, Mallow, and Geno are active members when he joins the party (although it is heavily implied that he did this so he can avoid the humiliation of having to ask for their help).

One of the Bowser Baddies

In Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga, a group of troops which Bowser dubs the Bowser Baddies[8] man the Koopa Cruiser. Bowser mistakes Luigi as an eager recruit, and takes him along Mario's quest to reclaim Princess Peach's voice from the Beanbean Kingdom, but the Baddies and their King are swiftly dealt with by Cackletta and Fawful. The Nintendo 3DS remake of the game, Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga + Bowser's Minions adds a story mode that focuses exclusively on Bowser's troops. In it, they are dubbed Bowser's Minions, even though the Japanese title of that mode is actually Koopa Troop RPG (「クッパ軍団RPG」).[9] During this story mode, the troops, led by Captain Goomba, set out to reunite and recruit all the troop members, and eventually rescue Bowser.

In Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time the crew of the Koopa Cruiser make a second appearance.

In Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story, the Koopa Troop is shown to be split into different divisions (the Goomba unit, the Shy Guy unit, the Koopa unit, the Bob-omb unit and the Magikoopa unit), as evidenced when Fawful shows Bowser his captured soldiers. As Bowser rescues his soldiers, he is able to use them as attacks, for example, using a squadron of Shy Guys to sling Bowser forward to the enemy.

The Koopa Pack

In The Super Mario Bros. Super Show!, the enemies under the command of King Koopa are often referred to as the Koopa Pack, although it seems to be used interchangeably between generic minions of King Koopa and a core group consisting of King Koopa, Mouser, Tryclyde, and a single Koopa Troopa. On one occasion, they also went by Koopa Troopers and Team Koopa. In the show, all of the members (except for King Koopa) are somewhat unintelligent. In "Raiders of the Lost Mushroom," Mouser, Tryclyde, and Koopa Troopa said that stealing is wrong, which made King Koopa (or Kolonel von Koop as he was called) angrily hit them with a whip and say that bad guys are supposed to steal.

In Super Smash Bros. Brawl, the Koopa Troop forms part of the Subspace Army, commanded by Bowser, Ganondorf, and Wario. Although the group is led by Master Hand, it is later revealed the he is being used by Tabuu in order to trick the three commanders into enveloping the World of Trophies into Subspace.

On some occasions, Bowser has teamed up with others (such as Luigi in Super Paper Mario and Antasma in Mario & Luigi: Dream Team) to achieve a common goal, but in these instances, these characters are not considered part of the Koopa Troop.


Title Release date System/Format
Super Mario Bros. 1985 NES
Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels 1986 FDS
Super Mario Bros. 3 1988 NES
Super Mario World 1990 SNES
Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island 1995 SNES
Super Mario 64 1996 N64
Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars 1996 SNES
Paper Mario 2000 N64
Super Mario World: Super Mario Advance 2 2001 GBA
Super Mario Sunshine 2002 GCN
Yoshi's Island: Super Mario Advance 3 2002 GBA
Super Mario Advance 4: Super Mario Bros. 3 2003 GBA
Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga 2003 GBA
Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door 2004 GCN
Super Mario 64 DS 2004 DS
Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time 2005 DS
New Super Mario Bros. 2006 DS
Super Paper Mario 2007 Wii
Super Mario Galaxy 2007 Wii
Super Smash Bros. Brawl 2008 Wii
Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story 2009 DS
New Super Mario Bros. Wii 2009 Wii
Super Mario Galaxy 2 2010 Wii
Super Mario 3D Land 2011 3DS
New Super Mario Bros. 2 2012 3DS
Paper Mario: Sticker Star 2012 3DS
New Super Mario Bros. U 2012 Wii U
New Super Luigi U 2013 Wii U
Mario & Luigi: Dream Team 2013 3DS
Super Mario 3D World 2013 Wii U
Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros Edition 2015 3DS
Super Mario Maker 2015 Wii U
Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam 2015 3DS
Paper Mario: Color Splash 2016 Wii U
Super Mario Maker for Nintendo 3DS 2016 3DS
Super Mario Run 2016 iOS/Android
Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga + Bowser's Minions 2017 3DS
Super Mario Odyssey 2017 Nintendo Switch
Mario Party: The Top 100 2017 3DS
Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story + Bowser Jr.'s Journey 2018 3DS
New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe 2019 Nintendo Switch


Names in other languages[edit]

Language Name Meaning
Japanese カメー族[10][11]
Turtle Tribe

Turtle Tribe

Koopa Corps
French L'armée de Bowser Bowser's Army
Italian Truppa Koopa
Koopa Troopa (referring to both the Koopa species and the Koopa Troop)
Tribù delle Tartarughe (Super Mario Bros. manual)
Koopa Troop
Turtle Tribe
Swedish Koopatruppen The Koopa troop
Korean 쿠파 군단
Kupa Gundan
Koopa(Bowser) Corps
Romanian Kooper Troopers (KidsCo promo for the DiC Mario cartoons;
described as "King Kooper's helpers" without explicit relation
to only Koopa Troopas)
Kooper Troopers

See also[edit]


Koopa Troop's page on other NIWA wikis:
  1. 1.0 1.1 Super Mario RPG in-game.
  2. Bowser's bio in Fortune Street.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Super Mario Bros. English instruction booklet, page 2.
  4. Mario's data in Super Smash Bros.
  5. Paper Mario series.
  6. Bowser's description in Mario Super Sluggers.
  7. "Welcome to Team Bowser, new recruits!" — Koopa Troopa, Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam
  8. 8.0 8.1 Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga in-game.
  9. Article on Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga + Bowser's Minions on Nintendo Co., Ltd.'s site.
  10. Super Mario Bros. Japanese instruction booklet, page 4.
  11. Super Mario Bros. 3 Japanese instruction booklet, page 35.
  12. Super Mario Bros. 3 Japanese instruction booklet, page 38.