Cascade Kingdom

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Not to be confused with Fossil Fields.
Cascade Kingdom
Land of Waterfalls and Natural Treasures
SMO Cascade Brochure Art.png
Fossil Falls
The last holdout of history.
Population Unknown
Size Tall
Locals Unknown
Currency Stone Disks
Industry Unknown
Temperature Average 84°F (29°C)
First appearance Super Mario Odyssey (2017)
Latest appearance Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker (Nintendo 3DS / Nintendo Switch) (2018)

The Cascade Kingdom is the second kingdom visited in Super Mario Odyssey. It is the greater location of Fossil Falls, which is a prehistoric dinosaur-themed area. The main landmark of this kingdom is the waterfall flowing down from the skeleton of a Triceratops, while its background appears to be inspired from the real-life Iguazu Falls located between Argentina and Brazil. Mario first arrives in this kingdom via a spark pylon located on top of the Top-Hat Tower in the Cap Kingdom, which snaps upon his exit. When he arrives here, he is introduced to the game's main collectible, the Power Moons, as well as the Odyssey, a hat-shaped airship used to travel between the game's kingdoms. During his first visit here, Mario must defeat Madame Broode in order to collect a Multi Moon, which is used to power up the Odyssey and allow it to travel to the next kingdom - the Sand Kingdom.

The Cascade Kingdom is one of the few kingdoms in the game that does not have any known residents, even though dinosaurs, and in particular, T-Rexes, are known to live there. It is located east of the Cap Kingdom and west of the Sand Kingdom.

Concept and creation[edit]

Concept art of Fossil Falls.

To give the impression that there was going to be a magnificent adventure, Fossil Falls was designed with impressive elements such as a spreading blue sky, a huge waterfall, and a T-Rex.[1] The main differences between the concept art and the final design lie in the sleeping T-Rex wearing a red top hat and the presence of pterasaurs flying in the sky.

Brochure details[edit]

See the rainbow?

A Tall Drink of Water[edit]

There are many waterfalls in the Cascade Kingdom, but the area known as Fossil Falls is a special one.

There are few sights in nature as grand as the millions of gallons of water pouring every second out of this giant triceratops skeleton.

Like a huge axe planted in the ground.

Nature in Balance[edit]

The stone spire standing near the great falls has miraculously remained balanced upright in this position, presumably for eons.

Of particular interest are the cubes of unknown material embedded in the stone. These cubes are the reason for the common theory that the spire somehow fell from the sky. While this theory is difficult to prove, it is equally hard to doubt when looking at this miraculous stone structure.

What secrets hide within the barrier?

The Ancient Wall[edit]

No ordinary cliff face, this structure was carved out painstakingly over many long years by people unknown. The wall is composed mainly of fossils, and evidence suggests it has been broken many times, causing some to suggest that something is buried inside. Visitors are encouraged to explore the mysteries surrounding the Great Barrier, if they dare.

Researchers believe this specimen is female.

The Prehistoric Tyrant[edit]

The biggest draw for tourists to this area is that dinosaurs still live here. Many people willingly put themselves at considerable risk for a glimpse of the ancient "terrible lizards."

T-Rex, most terrible of all dinosaurs, can pulverize a boulder with a single blow. On the other hand, most people don't realize how much time they spend napping.

Old, but not as ancient as its surroundings.

An Old, Odd Structure[edit]

No one knows how a Bonneton-style structure got buried here. Bonneters travel often, so they may have lived here in the past. It is a helpful landmark if you get lost, though.

SMO Cascade Brochure C.png

Natural Patterns: The Fossil[edit]

If you look closely at the stone walls, you will notice fossils mixed in. Think of it as nature's mosaic, and remember it always.

SMO Cascade Brochure G.png

Three Keys to the Kingdom[edit]

  1. Experience the glory of nature with the eye-popping Great Falls.
  2. See dinosaurs, prehistoric rulers of a bygone age.
  3. Find treasures of the past, tucked away everywhere you look.


SMO Cascade Brochure Map.png

Bonus areas[edit]

Bonus area Accessed via Location Description
Dinosaur Nest in Super Mario Odyssey
Dinosaur Nest
Red door Down the staircase-forming platforms south of the "Top of the Big Stump" Checkpoint Flag A spacious underground area where Mario must capture a T-Rex and smash all the rocks and Burrbos to obtain a Power Moon.
The Chain Chomp bonus area in Super Mario Odyssey
Chain Chomp Cave
Warp Pipe In the wall behind the northwestern plateau A cavernous area consisting of three partitioned rooms full of Chain Chomps among pools of poison. The method to progress plays out similar to a billiards game, in that Mario must capture the nearest Chain Chomp and hit it against the other Chain Chomps so that the last one hits a hole in the back wall, with the last room earning him a Power Moon. A hidden, fourth room lies beyond the exit, which holds another Power Moon.
The 8-bit lifts bonus area in Super Mario Odyssey
Chasm Lifts Area
Red door To the right of the Stone Bridge from the Checkpoint Flag An 8-bit area situated over a large chasm.
SMO Cascade Moon 37.png
Mysterious Clouds
Moon Pipe Just northwest of the Stone Bridge Checkpoint Flag A platforming area featuring Cap Clouds, pendulum-like lifts, and many Burrbos.
SMO Cascade Moon 39.png
Gusty Bridges
Moon Pipe At the Odyssey's original location A platforming area featuring bridges activated by throwing Cappy at Lever Switches or being pushed back and forth by towers blowing wind at them, and many Burrbos.


Enemies marked with an asterisk (*) are only found in bonus areas.


  1. Our First Power Moon: The goal is to obtain the first Power Moon found by the Waterfall Basin.
  2. Multi Moon Atop the Falls: The goal is to defeat Madame Broode to obtain the first Multi Moon.


The painting that leads to Bowser's Kingdom

There are two paintings in this kingdom. At the right side of the bridge near the Odyssey, there is a small cave with some regional coins that can be accessed by swimming to it. Inside, there is a painting that leads to the Island in the Sky at Bowser's Kingdom that can be only entered after completing the main game.

The other painting is located at the Island in the Sky, which can only be accessed from a painting in the Seaside Kingdom or the Snow Kingdom.

Power Moons[edit]

The Cascade Kingdom has yellow Power Moons.
Main article: List of Power Moons in the Cascade Kingdom

There are a total of 42 Power Moons (39 regular Power Moons and 1 Multi Moon) in the Cascade Kingdom. During the player's first visit to this kingdom, they can collect 16 of the Power Moons and the Multi Moon. After the player leaves this kingdom and comes back (at any point), 2 more Power Moons are available to collect. The player can also collect a Power Moon if they travel to this kingdom using a painting found in a future kingdom (either the Snow or Seaside Kingdom). One additional Power Moon can also be found when the player encounters the Tostarenan tourist in the kingdom. After the player defeats Bowser in the Moon Kingdom, 4 more Power Moons become available to collect. The Moon Rock will also be available to destroy, causing 15 additional Power Moons to be accessible.

In order to power up the Odyssey and progress to the next kingdom, the player must collect at least 5 Power Moons.

Regional coins[edit]

Regional Coins
Main article: List of regional coins in the Cascade Kingdom

The Cascade Kingdom contains 50 regional coins, which take the form of stone wheels.

Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker[edit]

Fossil Falls in the Nintendo Switch version of Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker
Main article: Mine Cart Cascade Crusade

A new level inspired by the Cascade Kingdom appears in the Nintendo 3DS and Nintendo Switch versions of Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker, where Captain Toad needs to drive a Mine Cart and shoot Vegetables. Biddybuds appear as enemies in the level.


Names in other languages[edit]

Cascade Kingdom[edit]

Language Name Meaning
Japanese 滝の国
Taki no kuni
Waterfall Country
Chinese 瀑布國 (Traditional)
瀑布国 (Simplified)
Pùbù guó
Waterfall Country
Dutch Watervalrijk Waterfall Realm
French Pays des Chutes Falls Country
German Kaskadenland Cascade Country
Italian Regno delle Cascate Waterfalls Kingdom
Korean 폭포 왕국
Pokpo Wangguk
Waterfall Kingdom
Russian Каскадное царство
Kaskadnoye tsarstvo
Cascade Kingdom
Spanish Reino de las Cataratas Waterfalls Kingdom

Fossil Falls[edit]

Language Name Meaning
Japanese ダイナフォー
Dino Fall
Chinese 达伊纳弗 (Simplified)
恐龍瀑 (Traditional)
Kǒnglóng pù
Dino Fall

Dinosaur Falls
Dutch Tricera-top Pun on Triceratops
French Territoire Théropode Theropod Territory
German Fossilfälle Fossil Falls
Italian Rapide Fossili Fossil Rapids
Korean 다이너폴
Dino Fall
Russian Костяной водопад
Kostyanoy vodopad
Bone Waterfall
Spanish Salto del Fósil Fossil Waterfalls
Derived from Salto del Ángel (Angel Falls in English)


  • According to Kenta Motokura, the Cascade Kingdom was at least partially influenced by Super Mario World, another game where Mario is alongside dinosaurs.[2]
  • Thematically, the Cascade Kingdom may have potentially been influenced by the 1990 science fiction novel Jurassic Park. Similar to the Cascade Kingdom, the novel takes places on a lush, Latin American island inhabited by dinosaurs. The T-Rex's design is reminiscent of the Tyrannosaurus rex from the film adaptation of Jurassic Park, rather than to what the animal might have actually looked like.[3]


  1. ^ Post about the concept art of Fossil Falls from the official Japanese Super Mario Odyssey Twitter account. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  2. ^ Nintendo. (June 15, 2017). Super Mario Odyssey - Co-Op Demonstration - Nintendo E3 2017. YouTube. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  3. ^ Jacqueline Ronson. (May 20, 2016). The Tyrannosaurus Rex Had Lips and It Probably Didn't Roar. Inverse. Retrieved January 5, 2018.