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The Cascade Kingdom is the second kingdom visited in Super Mario Odyssey. It is the greater location of Fossil Falls, which is a prehistoric dinosaur-themed area. The main landmark of this kingdom is the waterfall flowing down from the skeleton of a Triceratops, while its background appears to be inspired from the real-life Iguazu Falls located between Argentina and Brazil. Mario first arrives in this kingdom via a spark pylon located on top of the Top-Hat Tower in the Cap Kingdom, which snaps upon his exit. When he arrives here, he is introduced to the game's main collectible, the Power Moons, as well as the Odyssey, a hat-shaped airship used to travel between the game's kingdoms. During his first visit here, Mario must defeat Madame Broode in order to collect a Multi Moon, which is used to power up the Odyssey and allow it to travel to the next kingdom - the Sand Kingdom.
The Cascade Kingdom is one of the few kingdoms in the game that does not have any known residents, even though dinosaurs, and in particular T-Rexes, are known to live there. It is located east of the Cap Kingdom and west of the Sand Kingdom.
Concept and creation
To give the impression that there was going to be a magnificent adventure, Fossil Falls was designed with impressive elements such as a spreading blue sky, a huge waterfall, and a T-Rex. The main difference between the concept art and the final design lies in the sleeping T-Rex wearing a red top hat.
A Tall Drink of Water
There are many waterfalls in the Cascade Kingdom, but the area known as Fossil Falls is a special one.
There are few sights in nature as grand as the millions of gallons of water pouring every second out of this giant triceratops skeleton.
Nature in Balance
The stone spire standing near the great falls has miraculously remained balanced upright in this position, presumably for eons.
Of particular interest are the cubes of unknown material embedded in the stone. There cubes are the reason for the common theory that the spire somehow fell from the sky. While this theory is difficult to prove, it is equally hard to doubt when looking at this miraculous stone structure.
The Ancient Wall
No ordinary cliff face, this structure was carved out painstakingly over many long years by people unknown. The wall is composed mainly of fossils, and evidence suggests it has been broken many times, causing some to suggest that something is buried inside. Visitors are encouraged to explore the mysteries surrounding the Great Barrier, if they dare.
The Prehistoric Tyrant
The biggest draw for tourists to this area is that dinosaurs still live here. Many people willingly put themselves at considerable risk for a glimpse of the ancient "terrible lizards."
T-Rex, most terrible of all dinosaurs, can pulverize a boulder with a single blow. On the other hand, most people don't realize how much time they spend napping.
An Old, Odd Structure
No one knows how a Bonneton-style structure got buried here. Bonneters travel often, so they may have lived here in the past. It is a helpful landmark if you get lost, though.
Natural Patterns: The Fossil
If you look closely at the stone walls, you will notice fossils mixed in. Think of it as nature's mosaic, and remember it always.
Three Keys to the Kingdom
There are two paintings in this kingdom. At the right side of the bridge near the Odyssey, there is a small cave with some regional coins that can be accessed by swimming to it. Inside there is a painting that leads to the Island in the Sky at Bowser's Kingdom that can be only entered after completing the main game.
There are a total of 40 Power Moons in the Cascade Kingdom. During the player's first visit to this kingdom, they can collect 17 of the Power Moons. After the player leaves this kingdom and comes back (at any point), 2 more Power Moons are available to collect. The player can also collect a Power Moon if they travel to this kingdom using a painting found in a future kingdom (either the Snow or Seaside Kingdom). One additional Power Moon can also be found when the player encounters the Tostarenan tourist in the kingdom. After the player defeats Bowser in the Moon Kingdom, 4 more Power Moons become available to collect. The Moon Rock will also be available to destroy, causing 15 additional Power Moons to be accessible.
In order to power up the Odyssey and progress to the next kingdom, the player must collect at least 5 Power Moons.
The Cascade Kingdom contains 50 regional coins, which take the form of stone wheels.
Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker
A new level inspired by the Cascade Kingdom appears in the Nintendo 3DS and Nintendo Switch versions of Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker, where Captain Toad needs to drive a cart and shoot Vegetables. Biddybuds appear as enemies in the level.
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