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Game Over is a message used in video games that is commonly given to the player when they run out of extra lives or chances. Usually, they cannot continue and must restart the game, but can still often load their progress. In few cases, they cannot load any progress at all and a Game Over can be more of a big deal than in other games; this usually applies to those games that lack save features, most of which come from the earlier hardware generations. The Game Over screen differs from game to game, but the text is usually against a black screen and playing background music with a sad tone that seems to mock the player. There also exist nonstandard game overs, which involve special punishments for specific mistakes.
In the Mario franchise, the "Game Over" message has seen several variations, and has even been used as the equivalent of death for that property's characters.
Super Mario Odyssey is the only Super Mario game thus far to not include a Game Over, as there are no lives or 1-Up Mushrooms in the game, with typical life-loss being replaced with a 10 coin deduction.
"Game Over" as death
In that game, Dimentio sends Mario and his teammates to "the next world", albeit "while still very much alive", which is similar to the philosophy of the afterlife. Mario, Luigi, and Bowser end up in The Underwhere which resembles Hell, where some Shaydes ask Mario how his "game", referring to his life, was. Also, many Shaydes can be seen discussing how they got a Game Over. The Overthere resembles Heaven, surrounded by clouds, sun, and rainbows. Princess Peach ends up there.
That said, all the conversations in the The Underwhere seem to suggest that Shaydes can request an audience with Queen Jaydes who will weigh in their sins and send them to The Overthere, submit them to punishments befitting of their crimes or even return them to the land of the playing if the situation calls it.
It is never clearly shown the areas of The Underwhere or The Overthere where Jaydes sends the dead people; all that are seen in The Underwhere are Shaydes that have not yet requested an audience with Jaydes, and D-Men who work for her, while all that are seen in The Overthere are Nimbis (and Skellobits that are invading). It is implied that the dead villains are condemned to an area below The Underwhere, where Bonechill was also imprisoned before he escaped. It is possible that the paradise dimension witnessed at the end credits may be an area of The Overthere, though what Nastasia says seems to suggest otherwise.
One Shayde speculates that if a dead person dies in the Underwhere or Overthere, their aftergame ends and they go to a "post-aftergame".
When Count Bleck was using The Void to destroy all worlds, The Void also appeared in the Overthere, indicating that it would even destroy the aftergame. Where all the dead characters (or even all the characters altogether) would have gone following the aftergame's destruction is unknown; however, a young Flip-Flop girl speculates that the souls of the deceased would be forced to drift aimlessly in the empty white space left behind by The Void due to being left without a world or aftergame to reside in, a fate deemed both sad and boring.
Notable "Game Over" screens
Super Mario series
Super Mario Bros.
In Super Mario Bros. when the player runs out of lives, the level turns into a black background with the words "GAME OVER" (as well as the name of the character who received the game over in multiplayer mode, either Mario or Luigi), while the HUD is still present. If the player times out on their last life, "TIME UP" appears first while the Game Over music plays.
Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels
In Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels, the game over screen has GAME OVER, as well as the choices "CONTINUE" and "RETRY", which has the player either restart the specific level they died on, or otherwise restart the game. If the player runs out of lives in World 9, the Game Over screen looks different. Instead of the usual choices "CONTINUE" and "RETRY", there is a message that reads: "YOU'RE A SUPER PLAYER! WE HOPE WE'LL SEE YOU AGAIN. MARIO AND STAFF."
Super Mario Bros. 2
In Super Mario Bros. 2, the Game Over screen just depicts the words "GAME OVER" in a black background. After the Game Over music has played, the text changes into two choices, reading "CONTINUE" and "RETRY". If the player chooses "CONTINUE", the game will resume, but if the player chooses "RETRY", the game will return to the title screen. Also, in the NES version the player can only use two continues (this is depicted by the amount of continues remaining on the Continue screen), the third Game Over will only show "RETRY" on the screen after the Game Over music has played. In all other versions the player has an unlimited amount of continues - also, the player can save the game with two choices replacing "RETRY": "SAVE & CONTINUE" and "SAVE & QUIT".
Super Mario Bros. 3
In Super Mario Bros. 3, receiving a Game Over will return the player to the map, while a light blue rectangle appears with the words "Game Over", with a "dead" Mario or Luigi to the left of the two choices "CONTINUE" and "END". If the player selects to continue, then Mario will be booted back to the beginning of the world and all complete levels will be set back to incomplete.
Super Mario Land series
In Super Mario Land, all enemies disappear and the "GAME OVER" appears from the bottom of the screen. If the player got 100,000 points or more upon receiving a Game Over, they can use a "Continue" to play the level again to where they got the Game Over. In Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins, a Game Over sign appears at the top of the screen and the player would lose all the Gold Coins they earned in the game. After waiting for two minutes, "Totaka's Song", a common Easter Egg found in video games involving Kazumi Totaka, will start to play. In Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3, they would lose one of their treasure, or half their cash if they did not have any treasure.
Super Mario All-Stars
In Super Mario All-Stars, a Game Over means the player will restart from the world they lost in (however in the Lost Levels version of the game a Game Over means the player will only restart the level they were playing). Regardless of which game is being played, the player has unlimited continues and 3 choices: "CONTINUE", "SAVE & CONTINUE" & "SAVE & QUIT" (the only exception is when one player gets a game over in 2-player mode, in which only 2 choices are present: "CONTINUE" and "QUIT", the latter choice dropping them out for the remainder of the session). In Super Mario Bros. and Super Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels, a Game Over sign appears at the top of the screen (in 2-player mode, the character who got the Game Over also appears). In Super Mario Bros. 2, a Game Over sign appears with Birdo in it, with the design similar to the title screen. This same screen also appeared for warping, but it instead said "WARP" and the world number that the player is going to. If played in Super Mario Bros. 3, the Game Over screen shows a blue rectangle box with a "dead" Mario or Luigi in between the "Game Over" words.
Super Mario Advance series
The Super Mario Advance series basically shares the same screens as the original games (in case of 2 and 3) and the All-Stars games (in case of 1 and 4). However, the first game shows the player's world and score when they received the Game Over, and pressing or gives them the same options as in the All-Stars version. Unlike the NES and SNES versions, this game restarts on the level where the player got a Game Over. The second game did not return the player to the title screen in a Game Over, regardless if the player saved or not. The third game appeared to function the same way as the original. The fourth game displayed a yellow GAME OVER with a "dead" Mario/Luigi sprite between the words on a black screen before the original screen appears on the map. However, as in the NES version, only two choices are given: "CONTINUE" and "QUIT" (though the levels that were cleared won't be set back to incomplete).
Super Mario 64
In Super Mario 64, when Mario gets a Game Over, the player will return to the title screen, except the background is red and reads "Game Over". A piece of Bob-omb Battlefield music plays, slowly decreasing in pitch, and Mario's face looks worn out. The main menu music then plays and rises back to its normal pitch. In Super Mario 64 DS, Mario's face doesn't appear. Also, the background is a dark gray gradient instead of red and without text reading "Game Over". instead, the purple words "GAME OVER" reads in the middle of the screen, in the same font as the title uses.
Super Mario Sunshine
In Super Mario Sunshine, the Game Over sign follows the "Too Bad!" sign if Mario loses his last life with a small animation (in translated versions, the "Too Bad!" sign says "Arrivederci", Italian for "goodbye". In the Japanese version, however, it says "Miss!" instead). Mario will also say something, such as "The horror!" or "Oh no!" The Game Over sign is red. Following the Game Over, the player is asked if (s)he could either continue from the last save point or return to the title screen. Continuing would result in Mario abruptly returning to Delfino Plaza with his life-counter reset to four.
New Super Mario Bros.
In New Super Mario Bros., the Game Over sign appears in blue and drops from the top of the screen, with the word "Over" appearing first. After the music has played, they will be given an option to Continue or Quit. This is the only game in the New Super Mario Bros. series that has a unique Game Over fanfare, as the other three games share the same fanfare.
Super Mario Galaxy / Super Mario Galaxy 2
Super Mario Galaxy and Super Mario Galaxy 2 almost shares the same Game Over look with Super Mario Sunshine; if Mario/Luigi loses his last life, the Game Over sign shows instead of the "Too Bad!" sign (In the Japanese version, however, the "Too Bad!" sign is "Miss!" instead). There is an exception: if a player gets a Game Over because of losing to Cosmic Mario, the "You Lose" message appears as usual before the Game Over sign appears. The Game Over sign is purple in Super Mario Galaxy and yellow in Super Mario Galaxy 2.
New Super Mario Bros. Wii
In New Super Mario Bros. Wii, the Game Over screen appears before the continue screen, and the words GAME OVER! drop from below in a puff of smoke. In multiplayer, if some (but not all) players get a Game Over, the GAME OVER sign does not appear, instead the Continue screen appears after returning to the World Map but before selecting a level. No matter what character(s) were being used, only Mario can be heard when a Game Over is received. In the Continue screen, Mario says "Here we go again!", Luigi says "I'm a-back!", Blue Toad makes a sound similar to winning a minigame in Mario Party 6 with the lack of "I am the winner!", and Yellow Toad makes a strange sound.
Super Mario 3D Land
In Super Mario 3D Land, there is a yellow background, and Mario or Luigi falls onto the ground, depressed, and a red Game Over sign appears. If the player selects "Quit" on the Touch Screen, Mario or Luigi will become even more depressed and the game progress will be saved, but if the player selects "Continue", Mario or Luigi will happily run away. After this, he will go to the Hint Room, with a special power-up and a Toad explaining a basic use of the power-up to Mario, but only in the normal worlds, excluding the second half of World 8.
New Super Mario Bros. 2
In New Super Mario Bros. 2, the Game Over screen is similar to the Game Over screen from New Super Mario Bros. Wii, except that the Game Over sign drops down one letter at a time starting with "G" colored in red, and that there is a lack of the puff of smoke. The player will be asked to continue or not.
New Super Mario Bros. U / New Super Luigi U
In New Super Mario Bros. U and New Super Luigi U, just like in previous games, the Game Over screen appears just before the continue screen, except this time the words GAME OVER appear in purple. In multiplayer, if some (but not all) players get a Game Over, the GAME OVER sign does not appear, instead the Continue screen appears before returning to the World Map. A GAME OVER sign also appears if the player fails Boost Rush.
Super Mario 3D World
Super Mario 3D World also has the same game over screen and concept as Super Mario 3D Land, except it has a red background with a brown Game Over sign and when the player picks "Continue", all Toad Houses and Lucky Houses will be reopened. In multiplayer, if a course is cleared when players are out because the life counter is at zero, a game over will not happen; all players out will be revived when returning to the World Map and the life counter will increase by five for each eliminated player in the level. When getting a game over, Mario says "Oh, mamma mia!", Luigi cries while saying "Oh no!", and the other characters simply cry or groan in frustration. When continuing after a Game Over, Princess Peach says "It's on!", while Rosalina says "Never give up!".
Super Mario Maker
In Super Mario Maker, if the player loses all of their lives in either the 10 Mario or 100 Mario Challenges, the Game Over screen will appear, depicting a black screen with Mario's death sprite in the middle, which drops down from the top of the screen with the letters of the "GAME OVER" words also dropping into place above, written in purple. Both the music and Mario's sprite are taken from Super Mario Bros., regardless of what game theme the current level was using when the player lost their last life. The hidden Gnat Attack minigame also has its own Game Over screen if the player runs out of time; the HUD and all enemies disappear while the same letters of the "GAME OVER" words should drop into place. The player is then given an option to retry or quit.
Paper Mario series
In Paper Mario, the Game Over screen depicts Mario lying dead (or having Mario's hiding his eyes with his cap) under a spotlight with the orange words GAME OVER while the classic Mario series Game Over theme plays. The game then returns the player to the title screen upon receiving a Game Over.
Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door
In Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, Game Over screens appear very similar to the previous game. In addition, this is one of the first Mario games to feature non-standard Game Overs with seven total including:
Super Paper Mario
In Super Paper Mario, the music and the words remain, but the fallen Mario is not present. It retains the non-standard ways to get Game Overs, including:
Paper Mario: Sticker Star
In Paper Mario: Sticker Star, it has a similar concept as the first two games in the series, but the spotlight and text are purple and a different tune is present. The game also retains the presence of unique game overs, including:
Paper Mario: Color Splash
Additionally, if Mario is defeated by a Koopaling's special move without the Thing required to beat them, Huey will appear on the Game Over screen and tell the player to ask the Know-it-All Toad in Port Prisma for guidance.
Luigi's Mansion series
In Luigi's Mansion and Luigi's Mansion: Dark Moon, when a game over occurs, instead of the usual game over sign, the text will read "Good night!" as if Luigi has fainted and/or fell asleep. In the first game, when a game over occurs, the player will be taken back to the title screen, but in the sequel, the player is asked if they will restart to the beginning of the mission or return to the Bunker; however, in ScareScraper, when the player(s) fail(s) a floor, a game over occurs, but it will read "Game Over" instead of the usual "Good night!". If playing local or download play, the host (player) will be asked if they can play again. The Luigi's Mansion unused Game Over is the same as the final, only difference is that there's no music.
Donkey Kong series
Donkey Kong Country
In Donkey Kong Country, the game over shows a screen of Donkey Kong and Diddy Kong in bandages in a black background with depressing music and a deranged text font. This carries over to its GBC and GBA ports, although with slight modifications each time. The Game Over screen in the GBC port plays a different music – a slowed down version of part of the "DK Island Swing" theme. The same screen in the GBA version had its dark background changed to an aerial view of a jungle.
Donkey Kong Country 2: Diddy Kong's Quest
In Donkey Kong Country 2: Diddy's Kong Quest, the Game Over screen consists of Diddy Kong and Dixie Kong appearing tied to each other in a black cell, with Diddy having a scared face looking out the window and Dixie having a depressed face looking away. The screen then turns to a red tint. The background image can also be seen in error and antipiracy screens in the game. The game over screen had been carried over to the game's GBA port.
Donkey Kong Country 3: Dixie Kong's Double Trouble!
In Donkey Kong Country 3: Dixie Kong's Double Trouble!, the Game Over screen consists of an image of Dixie Kong and Kiddy Kong inside a crib within a dark room. Kiddy is in closeup while Dixie lies behind, both of them dispalying saddened expressions. On the bottom of the picture, the phrase "GAME OVER" is shown, spelled in toy blocks; the blocks bounce along the notes of the game over jingle. After the jingle has ended, the screen goes black along with a door shut. As with Donkey Kong Country 2: Diddy's Kong Quest, this game over screen is shown in antipiracy and error screens, and is carried over to the game's GBA port, with different music.
Donkey Kong 64
In Donkey Kong 64, if the player chooses Quit in the pause menu, a brief cinematic appears showing King K. Rool laughing maniacally and crazily while aiming the Blast-o-Matic at Donkey Kong Island; this cinematic also shows up if the Kongs fail to shut down the machine's generator.
Donkey Kong Country Returns
In Donkey Kong Country Returns, the Game Over screen features the Kongs staying in a spotlight over a dark background; they look down disappointed. The music which plays during the screen is a cover of the Game Over theme from Donkey Kong Country.
Donkey Kong County: Tropical Freeze
In Donkey Kong Country: Tropical Freeze, the Game Over screen shows the Kongs trapped in a solid ice block, guarded by two Painguin Tuckses. The protagonists look around fearfully while the two enemies repress them with their spears. Choosing to continue the game makes the Kongs suddenly break out of the ice cube, scaring the Painguin Tuckses away. A loading screen commences, leading to the world map where the Kongs are replenished with four Red Balloons. However, if the player chooses to quit the game while on the Game Over screen, the enemies will jump in the air and rejoice as the Kongs look down despondent. If the player selects the same save file afterwards, they will be greeted by Funky Kong via a message window, stating that he offers four Red Balloons "on the house" to help them continue their gameplay.
The presence of any of Donkey Kong's partners within the ice cube depends on who accompanied him while the player lost their last life during gameplay. On Hard Mode, only the Kong that was played as when the last life was lost appears inside the ice cube.
Mario & Luigi series
Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga
In Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga, if both Mario and Luigi reach zero HP in battle, a rounded-curved red "Game Over" text appears and the last Bro. to fall says "Mama Mia!". Since defeating Queen Bean, the player has an option to continue the game from the last saved point, or from Beanbean Castle; the latter choice does not revert play time to when the game is last saved. Another Game Over can occur if the player runs out of time escaping Bowser's Castle after defeating Cackletta for good: the screen shakes, followed by a scene of the castle in the sky exploding and the screen turning completely red. The game then immediately takes the player back to the last save point.
Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time
In Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time there are two game over screens. One of them appears if Mario and Co. are felled in battle, which have eerie purple, smoky text which seem to allude to the Shroobs. The other one appears if they lose the battle against the Shroob UFOs (or later, the Shroob Mothership in Shroob Castle), which shows the party depressed while Shroob laughter is heard in the background, symbolizing their conquest succeeded.
Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story
In Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story, the Game Over text is colored yellow, and it uses a font slightly similar to that of the traditional one used in the Mario series. Two unique game overs exists, one can be achieved by allowing Bowser to fall down the rickety track bridge during the giant battle with the Fawful Express, and another by allowing Bowser to be defeated by the black hole during the giant battle with Super Peach's Castle.
Mario & Luigi: Dream Team
In Mario & Luigi: Dream Team, the Game Over text is completely blue. Unique Game Overs which do not take the player back to the menu also appear in the game, which involves a fountain on the summit of Mount Pajamaja, or a certain part of Dreamy Mount Pajamaja. If Mario and Luigi drink from it for the first time, they will fall fast asleep and have a nightmare about getting giant after eating too many Mushrooms, and realize they cannot survive like this. Another nightmare involves Mario and Luigi powering up to corner Bowser and Antasma and save the Dream Stone, leaving Dreambert to free all the Pi'illos and welcome all tourists. After the screen goes black, a fake Game Over appears. A few moments after the "Game Over" screen fades in, Prince Dreambert yells "MARIO! LUIGI! WAKE UP! NOW!". This fake Game Over won't happen for the rest of the game after it is triggered for the first time. Game Overs also result from losing in Battle Broque Madame and Mad Skillathon (whether if the player loses all lives or all 30 seconds are used up)
Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam
In Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam, like in the previous installment, the Game Over text is completely blue. It also resembles the traditional font used in the Mario series, possibly alluding to its crossover with Paper Mario. If a player fails to complete a mission, gets defeated in the Boss Battle Ring, loses all health in a Papercraft Battle, or get a C score rating in the Attackathon arcade machine, the "Too Bad" message is displayed instead. The "Too Bad" message is displayed in two ways: either falling down with purple smoke and slightly dislodging itself, or falling down like a wave. Unlike in the previous installments, the Game Over screen causes the music to fade out, leaving it without any music, similar to Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story.
Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga + Bowser's Minions
In Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga + Bowser's Minions, the Game Over text is completely blue, resembling the one from Paper Jam. "Mama Mia!" can be heard just like in the original (though both bros say it instead of the last bro to fall in battle), and the screen's iris-out effect focuses on the two brothers. An arrangement of the Super Mario Bros. death jingle also plays. The player is given a chance either to try again or use Easy Mode, like in Dream Team and Paper Jam. Another Game Over can occur if the player runs out of time escaping Bowser's Castle after defeating Cackletta for good: the screen shakes, followed by a scene of the castle in the sky exploding and the screen turning black. The game then immediately takes the player back to the title screen. In Minion Quest: The Search for Bowser, if the player's captain is defeated, a red "DEFEATED" text will appear instead. Hints will also appear, instructing the player on how to lead their squad to victory.
Mario vs. Donkey Kong series
In Mario vs. Donkey Kong, the Game Over screen depicts a depressed Mario and the outlined words "GAME OVER", as well as two choices, "Restart" and "Quit". If the player selects "Restart", the stage where the player lost will be restarted, but if the player selects "Quit", the game will return to the stage select screen. In Mario vs. Donkey Kong 2: March of the Minis, the sign has a wobbly red font, and there is a depressed Mini Mario in place of Mario. Versions of Mario vs. Donkey Kong 2: March of the Minis localized outside the United States have the font for the sign resembling the text's font shown on the "Retry" and "Quit" buttons in the same screen.
In the WarioWare games, if the player loses all four lives on a stage, a Game Over occurs, with a differing design and font, depending on the stage the player is playing. Usually after this happens, in the scores screen that follows, the background image depicts the stage's owner(s) being depressed.
Wario Land 3 has a very unique Game Over screen. Wario is ordinarily invincible in this game; the only possible way to get a Game Over at all is to lose to the final boss, which is the only enemy that can actually kill him. Even so, he can still get right back up and try again.
Mario Kart series
In Super Mario Kart, if the player is out of chances to retry, a white Game Over sign with a bubbly font will bounce into the screen. If two players lose all chances at the same time, there will be two Game Overs. If one player loses all chances while the other player continues, there will be a Game Over while racing. Also, if the player finishes a cup in fourth place or below, a Game Over occurs, but will read the following instead of a Game Over sign:
Starting from Mario Kart 64, with the exception of Mario Kart: Super Circuit, there are no chances, so Game Overs will only occur if the player finishes a cup in fourth place or below in Grand Prix mode, that don't have the usual "Game Over" text although in Mario Kart 64, the player must retry the race if the player finishes fifth or lower in a track. If the player loses all chances in Mario Kart: Super Circuit, the Game Over sign appears in blue text, while the same results screen music plays. Also, when playing in 2 Player Grand Prix mode in Mario Kart: Super Circuit neither player loses a chance if one player finishes fourth or higher. In Super Mario Kart, the text which displays when finishing in fifth place or below reads "RANKED OUT" in the same bubbly font as the Game Over sign, although it is red. From Mario Kart 64 onwards, the messages for placing fourth or lower in a cup are as follows:
Versus modes past Mario Kart DS can also yield a Game Over screen, but with certain exceptions:
In the Mario Kart Arcade GP series, the Game Over screen appears once the player chooses not to continue. American and European cabinets in Mario Kart Arcade GP DX do not have continues; at the end of these races, the Game Over screen appears. Timing out in a race may also result in a Game Over. This can also occur in a multiplayer race when 15 seconds pass after the first place player finishes. If the player times out, "Time Up!" shows up except in DX, where it says "Time's Up" instead. 
Mario Party series
The Mario Party series has no sign of any Game Overs, with the exception of the first three games, Mario Party Advance, and all 3DS games. In the first two games, getting a Game Over is only possible if the player runs out of lives on the Minigame Island/Minigame Coaster, while in Advance a Game Over will occur if the player runs out of mushrooms. The criteria for a Game Over in the 3DS games are as follows:
In Mario Party 3, one can get a Game Over in an Item Minigame if either Koopa Kid or nothing is received. In the Japanese version of the game, however, it is instead "Miss!". In Mario Party 9, while it doesn't feature a standard Game Over screen, a unique Game Over appears in solo mode. If Shy Guy or Kamek/Magikoopa wins, they take all of the Mini Stars, and the player's character does their fourth place animation. After that, a selection screen appears with the choices "Restart Stage" and "Back to Main Menu".
Names in other languages