Yoshi (species)

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It has been requested that this article be rewritten. Reason: Substandard quality writing that most likely violates good writing standards (tagged on 18:53, 28 September 2014 (EDT))

This article is about the Yoshi species. For Yoshi as a character, see Yoshi. For other uses, see Yoshi (disambiguation).
Group artwork - Yoshi's New Island.png
Artwork from Yoshi's New Island
First appearance Super Mario World (1990)
Latest appearance Mario Strikers: Battle League (2022)
Latest portrayal Kazumi Totaka (1997–present)
Subject origin Dinosaur
Baby Yoshi
Fake Yoshi
Notable members
Village Leader
“Wow! Yoshi faces... Everywhere! ♪ ”
Blue Yoshi, Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga

Yoshis (referred to as Yoshisaurs in the Super Mario World cartoon, and alternatively pluralized "Yoshies" in the original Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island) are a sapient species of omnivorous dinosaurs that first appeared in Super Mario World. They later starred in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, Yoshi's Story, Yoshi Touch & Go, Yoshi's Island DS, Yoshi's New Island, Yoshi's Woolly World, and Yoshi's Crafted World. The most well-known Yoshi is simply named Yoshi and is an ally of Mario, often aiding Mario or being a protagonist of his own adventures.

Yoshis lay eggs after eating enemies or fruit, and they can throw these eggs; other eggs hatch into items, and some eggs hatch into baby Yoshis. In some games, such as the Super Smash Bros. series, Yoshi can hide in an egg for defense (instead of using a shield as with most fighters) and rolls in an egg for an attack. Yoshis come in a variety of colors, although green is seen in most games. Yoshis are most closely associated with Yoshi's Island; however, they are a widespread species, found on a number of islands, such as Lavalava Island and Isle Delfino, as well as the continental Mushroom Kingdom and the neighboring Beanbean Kingdom.


Super Mario series[edit]

Super Mario World[edit]

The four colors of Yoshis and Baby Yoshis at the end of Super Mario World.

Yoshis were first introduced in Super Mario World. When Bowser invaded Dinosaur Land, he and the Koopalings kidnapped a number of Yoshis who then had to be rescued by Mario and Luigi. This is also how the brothers meet Yoshi, whom they befriend very early in the game.

In addition to Yoshi, Red, Yellow, and Blue Yoshis can be found in Star World. Eating Koopa shells gives Yoshis different abilities: after eating a Red Shell, the Yoshi would spit out a fireball, while Yellow Shells would make it heavy enough to create sand clouds each time it lands a jump, and Blue Shells cause the Yoshi to grow wings and fly. When they hold any shell in their mouths, Red, Yellow and Blue Yoshis always experience the effects of Red, Yellow and Blue Shells respectively, in addition to that shell's specific effect if it is of a different color than the Yoshi. Flashing Shells grant all three special effects, while Green Shells yield no extra abilities, and can merely be spat out as a ricocheting projectile. If the Yoshi holds the shell in its mouth for too long, it swallows it. Yoshis can also eat other enemies as well as berries that grow on bushes in certain areas; eating ten red berries causes the Yoshi to lay an egg that hatches into a Super Mushroom. Two pink berries will release a Yoshi Cloud while green berries extend the Time Limit.

If the Yoshi gets hurt by an enemy, it will drop Mario and run around in a panic until Mario jumps back on its saddle.

Super Mario Sunshine[edit]

An Orange Yoshi in Hotel Delfino in Super Mario Sunshine.

Yoshis play a major role in Super Mario Sunshine, acting as transportation for Mario proving themselves to be the key to obtaining several Shine Sprites. To get a Yoshi, Mario must first find a Yoshi egg and give it the specific fruit it wants. Then the Yoshi will hatch and Mario can ride it. Depending on the fruit it has eaten, the Yoshi will be one of three colors: orange (if fed a papaya or a pineapple), pink (if fed bananas or a coconut), or purple (if fed a durian or pepper). Even after hatching, a Yoshi can still change colors by eating fruits of a different type. Each color will give a Yoshi the ability to spit a juice of the same color (this ability replaces the function of FLUDD) that affects enemies by turning them into various types of platforms. The orange juice turns enemies into orange stationary platforms, the pink juice turns them into pink ascending platforms, and the purple juice turns them into purple forward-moving platforms. All three types of platforms disappear after a short amount of time. Unlike FLUDD, Yoshis can also destroy Orange Juice Generators. Yoshis are unlocked by beating Episode 4 of Pinna Park, afterwards Shadow Mario will appear in Delfino Plaza carrying a Yoshi egg.

A Yoshi's juice meter depletes as the Yoshi sprays it, and will drain over time as well; the juice meter can be fully replenished by having it eat any fruit, changing the Yoshi's color and the juice's properties depending on the fruit. If a Yoshi runs out of juice, it will turn green and begin to flicker for a few seconds before vanishing altogether; during this time, it can only spit water instead of juice. Landing in sufficiently deep water makes the Yoshi disappear immediately, as they cannot swim in this game.

Super Mario 64 DS[edit]

Yoshi, Red Yoshi, and Blue Yoshi in the Castle Grounds in VS Mode.

While Yoshi himself is playable in the main story for Super Mario 64 DS, up to three additional Yoshis are playable in the game's multiplayer mode. The first player (the host) plays as Yoshi, the second player plays as a Red Yoshi, the third player plays as a Blue Yoshi, and the fourth player plays as a Yellow Yoshi. Each Yoshi has the same abilities and can pick up caps of Mario, Luigi, and Wario to use the abilities of those characters. It is also possible for a Yoshi to eat another Yoshi and spit them out, but the same cannot be done on a Yoshi with a cap. When a Yoshi gets wings, he grows wings out of his body, like in Super Mario World.

Additionally, a Light Blue Yoshi appears in the minigame Tox Box Shuffle, alongside Yoshi himself after enough rounds have passed.

New Super Mario Bros.[edit]

Yoshi, along with Red, Yellow and Blue Yoshis, appeared in the Snowball Slam and Balloon Racing minigames in New Super Mario Bros. In this game, player one controls Red Yoshi, player two controls Yoshi, player three controls Yellow Yoshi and player four controls Blue Yoshi. In the Balloon Racing minigame, both Red and Yellow Yoshi's are colored slightly differently, with their head spines and saddles both matching their shoe color.

New Super Mario Bros. Wii[edit]

Three of the Yoshis found in New Super Mario Bros. Wii.

Green Yoshis, along with Yellow, Light Blue, and Pink Yoshis appear in New Super Mario Bros. Wii, where they can help the Mario Bros. and the two Toads save Princess Peach from Bowser. Red and Blue Yoshis were originally going to appear in New Super Mario Bros. Wii, but they were replaced by the Pink and Light Blue Yoshis in the final game.

In this game, Yoshis only appear in World 1-3, World 2-5, World 3-2, World 4-5, World 6-4, and World 7-6. Yoshis can Flutter Jump and stomp enemies that Mario and the others cannot normally defeat with jumps. Like in Super Mario World, their main ability is eating enemies, but they cannot swallow shelled enemies at all, and the shells do not give the Yoshis any special abilities. Instead, swallowing a Venus Fire Trap gives the Yoshi the ability to spit a fireball, they can also spit fireballs (from a Venus Fire Trap or the player), iceballs thrown by an Ice Bro, and hammers thrown by a Hammer Bro. Eating five fruits and leaf-covered Pokeys causes Yoshis to lay eggs that hatch into power-ups for the Mario Bros. and the Toads to collect. When harmed, the Yoshi throws off its rider and runs around in panic until someone jumps back on its saddle. Unlike in Super Mario World, Yoshis cannot be taken out of the levels in which they are found.

New Super Mario Bros. U[edit]

Mario with Yoshi eating fruits in New Super Mario Bros. U

In New Super Mario Bros. U, only Green Yoshis appear, though they behave identically to New Super Mario Bros. Wii. Up to four Green Yoshis can appear in multiplayer. Baby Yoshis also appear on the world map and certain levels and have different colors with special abilities. Bubble Baby Yoshis are blue and spit out bubbles that trap enemies when the player shakes their Wii Remote. Balloon Baby Yoshi is magenta and inflates like a balloon when the Wii Remote is shaken. Glowing Baby Yoshis are yellow and can illuminate the dark and stun enemies when the Wii Remote is shaken. Baby Yoshis are also vital in a new Toad House minigame. A new meter appears when Yoshi eats fruits, which shows how many fruits Yoshi has eaten, effectively replacing the number system. Yoshis also appear in New Super Luigi U with the same role and purpose.

Adult Yoshis and Glowing Baby Yoshis cannot be taken out of levels, but Bubble and Balloon Baby Yoshis can.

Super Mario Run[edit]

A variety of colored Yoshis appear in Super Mario Run's second update as playable characters along with Mario, Luigi, Peach, Toad, Toadette, and Daisy. They have the special ability of obtaining more Toads of their own color in Toad Rally. Blue Yoshi is the only Yoshi available to unlock if players do not have the full version of this game.

Character Image Unlock criteria
Blue Yoshi Blue Yoshi running in Super Mario Run. Recruit 50 Red Toads and 50 Blue Toads through Toad Rally to unlock Blue Yoshi's House, which costs 800 coins to be built.
Yoshi Yoshi running in Super Mario Run. Recruit 30 Red Toads and 30 Yellow Toads through Toad Rally to unlock Yoshi's House, which costs 1000 coins to be built.
Purple Yoshi Purple Yoshi running in Super Mario Run. Recruit 150 Blue Toads, 150 Green Toads, and 100 Purple Toads through Toad Rally to unlock Purple Yoshi's House, which costs 3000 coins to be built.
Yellow Yoshi Yellow Yoshi running in Super Mario Run. Recruit 300 Blue Toads, 300 Green Toads, and 200 Purple Toads through Toad Rally to unlock Yellow Yoshi's House, which costs 5000 coins to be built.
Red Yoshi Red Yoshi running in Super Mario Run. Recruit 1000 Yellow Toads and 9999 total Toads through Toad Rally to unlock Red Yoshi's House, which costs 50000 coins to be built.

Super Mario Maker / Super Mario Maker for Nintendo 3DS[edit]

Yoshis return in Super Mario Maker and Super Mario Maker for Nintendo 3DS, appearing in both the Super Mario World and New Super Mario Bros. U styles, where they retain their functions in each style. They are replaced by the Goomba's Shoe in the Super Mario Bros. and Super Mario Bros. 3 styles. In addition, Yoshi (and yarn forms) appears as an unlockable Mystery Mushroom costume in the original game, which can be unlocked either at random upon completion of the 100-Mario Challenge, or by scanning a compatible Yoshi amiibo. The standard Yoshi costume replaces the usual Super Mario Bros. sound effects with sounds from Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island while Yarn Yoshis use sound effects from Yoshi's Woolly World.

Super Mario Maker 2[edit]

Yoshis appear in Super Mario Maker 2 with the same appearance and functionality as in Super Mario Maker. Red Yoshis are available as a course element created by applying the Super Mushroom modifier to Yoshi's Egg to create a big red Yoshi's Egg. Rather than using their tongue, they spit fireballs, and if Mario is Fire Mario, Red Yoshi will spit three fireballs at once like in Super Mario World.

Super Mario Adventures[edit]

In Nintendo Power's Super Mario Adventures comics, which is loosely based on the Super Mario World video game, Bowser kidnaps various Yoshis from the Yoshi Village and their leader, Yoshi himself, has to team up with Mario and Luigi to save them and Princess Peach. Eventually they are able to free the Yoshis and have them stampede the wedding between Bowser and the brainwashed Peach, rescuing the princess. Bowser tries to hide in the giant wedding cake, but the Yoshis eat it, forcing him to accept defeat and leave Dinosaur Land.

Their language was shown to consist of nothing but the word "Yoshi" here, making Yoshis unintelligible to Mario and Luigi.

Club Nintendo[edit]

Yoshi appeared in various issues of the Nintendo-based German Club Nintendo comics. Other Yoshis also appeared in a few issues:

  • Super Mario: Mario im Wunderland: In this comic, Mario meets a Yoshi who wants darker skin, and is eventually turned into a Black Yoshi by the Crab wizard.
  • Super Mario: Verloren in der Zeit: Mario gets sent back to the Stone Age in this 16-page comic, where he encounters a Yoshi as well as dinosaurs and cave men. The Yoshi was wearing a hat reading "taxi" and offered his services to Mario, but he declined.
  • Auf der Suche nach dem Glück!: In this comic, Kamek sucks all of the color out of Yoshi's Island. But six gray Yoshi eggs hatches six colorful baby Yoshis. The Yoshis soon see that something is wrong with the world around them when a colorful Lakitu flies over to them and tells them the predicament that they are in. The Yoshis then go to town and start eating all of the fruit in the market. After their feast, the color starts returning. They are soon on a talk show that Baby Bowser is watching which makes Baby Bowser furious. So he and Kamek go out to find the Yoshis. Meanwhile the Yoshi finish the talk show and start a band concert about fruit. Baby Bowser and Kamek soon interrupt their concert and trap them in a force field. The people in the stands then start throwing fruit at the Yoshis, which the Yoshis eat and use to break out of the force field. Baby Bowser and Kamek attempt to fly away, but Baby Bowser falls off and lands in a cannon. A clown then blasts the cannon and shoots Baby Bowser into the sky, ending the comic.
A Green and Yellow Yoshi swimming for their lives from a shark (which turns out to be a Black Yoshi) Translation: That wants to have us for breakfast!
  • Die Nacht der leuchtenden Yoshis!: This comic is the second part of the comic above. The Yoshis are at the beach and having a great time when a shark appears in the water. Everyone flees for their lives except a Green and Yellow Yoshi who are still swimming. When they notice the shark they panic and try to swim away, but end up needing to be saved by a lifeguard. After they are all out of the water, it turns out to be a Black Yoshi. When the Yoshis see him they think he has dirt all over him because they have never seen a Black Yoshi before. So thinking they are cleaning him, they wash him. He turns out still black when he tells them this is his skin. They all reject and leave him and he stands in the same spot until night falls. The Yoshis then camp out as soon as night falls. Meanwhile, hiding in a bush, Baby Bowser and Kamek plan the Yoshis' capture, waiting until their prey are asleep before raiding the campsite with an army of Shy Guys. Then, out of nowhere, both Kamek and Baby Bowser are struck by Yoshi eggs. They then get angry and ask who did that, only to have dozens and dozens of eggs rain down and chase them away. It turns out that the Black Yoshi is the one who threw the eggs. He then unties the Yoshis and tells them his story. It turns out that he is the same Yoshi from Super Mario: Mario im Wunderland who was turned black by the wizard. It turns out that after he was turned black life got harder: he was not allowed into movies, he was yelled at, and he was chased by a chef who wanted to make a meatball out of him. The Yoshis finally accept the Black Yoshi as a friend, and they all have a good rest of the night.
  • Das Lied der Yoshi's!: This short 1-page comic is the third part of the above comics. It pictures the Yoshis continuing their life and doing many different things. The last part of the comic shows all of the Yoshis singing together.

Yoshi franchise[edit]


In the first game of the Yoshi franchise, Mario has to arrange egg halves and enemies to produce Small, Tall, Winged, and Star Yoshis. To get a Small Yoshi, Mario must combine two halves of a Yoshi egg. To get a Tall Yoshi, Mario must have one to four enemies in between the two halves of an egg. To get a Winged Yoshi, Mario must have five or six enemies in between the two halves of an egg. To get a Star Yoshi, Mario must have seven enemies in between the two halves of an egg. If a Small Yoshi hatches, 50 points are awarded. If a Tall Yoshi hatches, 100-250 points are awarded. If a Winged Yoshi hatches, 300-350 points are awarded. If a Star Yoshi hatches, 500 points are awarded.

Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island / Yoshi's Island: Super Mario Advance 3[edit]

The Yoshis with Baby Mario.

Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island is set long before Super Mario World and tells the story of Mario and Luigi's first days of life. Baby Bowser's caretaker Kamek had predicted that the two babies born that morning spelled disaster for the Koopas and attempted to kidnap them before the stork could deliver them to their parents. However, he only manages to snag Baby Luigi, while Baby Mario falls to Yoshi's Island and lands unscathed on Yoshi's back.

The infant causes some brief panic among the Yoshi community, until Yoshi takes charge and decides to help reunite Mario and Luigi and send them to their parents. The other Yoshis agree to help him transport Baby Mario across Yoshi's Island to Bowser's Castle through use of a relay system. Each Yoshi carries the baby for one level in each world, before passing him on to the next Yoshi in line. To defend him against Kamek's forces and the hostile wildlife of the island, the Yoshis eat enemies, turning them into eggs which they can then throw at other enemies and obstacles. The Yoshis can also transform themselves into various vehicles through the use of morph bubbles, which helps them progress through the island. Eventually, Yoshi defeats Baby Bowser and forces Kamek to retreat, allowing him to rescue Baby Luigi and the stork. The Yoshis then send them on their way to Mario and Luigi's parents.

Tetris Attack[edit]

The title screen of Tetris Attack.

In Tetris Attack, Bowser curses Yoshi's friends, including a baby Yoshi, forcing him to set things right once more. Yoshis of various colors also appear in the title screen.

Yoshi's Story[edit]

The Green Yoshi from Yoshi's Story.

In Yoshi's Story, Baby Bowser steals the Super Happy Tree, the source of the island's happiness, and transforms it into a storybook. He curses the Yoshis, making them unable to stop him. However, the curse does not affect six baby Yoshis in their eggs. When they hatch, the six Baby Yoshis go to find the Super Happy Tree to refill the island with happiness.

The Yoshis travel across the island, eating fruits to boost their own happiness levels. As their collective happiness increases, more and more worlds become available to the Yoshis. Eventually, the Baby Yoshis reach Baby Bowser's Castle where they defeat Baby Bowser and reclaim the Super Happy Tree.

The color of Yoshi used determines their favorite fruits; Green Yoshi favors watermelons, Yellow Yoshi favors bananas, Red Yoshi and Pink Yoshi favor apples and Blue Yoshi and Light Blue Yoshi favor grapes. Both Black Yoshi and White Yoshi favor all fruits equally (barring the Lucky Fruit chosen before a play through) while all Yoshi colors favor melons. Additionally, both Black and White Yoshis have faster horizontal flutter jump movement than the other Yoshis can while they are Super Happy.

Each Yoshi also has a different pitch to their voices; Green and Yellow retain the normal pitch, Red and Pink are slightly higher and White Yoshi has the highest pitch, while Blue and Light Blue are slightly lower, and Black Yoshi has the lowest pitched voice. This is not present in the Japanese version of the game, however.

Brown and Purple Yoshis were originally going to appear in this game, but they were scrapped.

Yoshi Touch & Go[edit]

In Yoshi Touch & Go, the Yoshis have to transport Baby Mario to the stork after Kamek kidnaps Baby Luigi and causes the bird to drop Baby Mario. The color of the Yoshi varies depending on how many coins the player collects while guiding Baby Mario down to the ground.

Yoshi's Island DS[edit]

Artwork of the Yoshis in Yoshi's Island DS.
All of the colored Yoshis.
Artwork of the Yoshis in Yoshi's Island DS.
Some Yoshis with the babies.
Artwork of the Yoshis in Yoshi's Island DS.

In Yoshi's Island DS, Bowser and Kamek travel back in time to kidnap seven star children in order to use the energy within their bodies to let Bowser take over the world. Since they do not know the identity of the children, they endeavor to kidnap every single infant in the Mushroom World, but one way or another, their quarry escapes their clutches. Only one child, a baby Yoshi, is not involved at all (although it is possible that the baby is Yoshi himself, who is now grown up); Baby Luigi is successfully captured, but manages to avoid detection for the duration of his imprisonment, and all the other children escape or are cast out by the villains, and help the Yoshis save the rest of the babies.

In the final battle, Yoshi and three others fight Bowser, carrying babies Mario, Peach, DK and Wario, as Baby Bowser turned traitor when they reached Bowser's Castle. After their defeat, the Koopas return to the future and the babies are brought home by the storks.

Yoshi's New Island[edit]

Yoshi's New Island takes place directly after Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, revealing that the stork delivered the babies to the wrong house in the previous game. Kamek then attacks and kidnaps Baby Luigi and the stork, but Baby Mario falls onto Egg Island, another home of the Yoshis. Baby Bowser has taken over the island. Baby Mario is then found by the Yoshis, who help reunite him with his brother and save the island. During the final boss fight, after Baby Bowser is defeated, adult Bowser travels back in time and must be defeated so that Yoshi can rescue Baby Luigi and the stork.

Gameplay is similar to the original Yoshi's Island, with some new features. Yoshi can now eat Mega Guys and Metal Guys to lay Mega Eggdozers and Metal Eggdozers, respectively. The latter prevents Yoshi from Flutter Jumping, but allows him to go undersea. New vehicle transformations also exist, such as Hot-Air Balloon Yoshi, Bobsled Yoshi, and Mine-Cart Yoshi. The Yoshi Star is also a new item that transforms Yoshi into Super Yoshi. Gold Yoshi Stars allow him to run on walls, while Red Yoshi Stars allow Yoshi to fly horizontally like a rocket.

Yoshi's Woolly World / Poochy & Yoshi's Woolly World[edit]

In Yoshi's Woolly World and Poochy & Yoshi's Woolly World, Kamek turns many Yoshis into Wonder Wools while other Yoshis (Green Yoshi and Red Yoshi) hide. The two set out to restore Craft Island to its former appearance. The gameplay is mostly the same as in the other Yoshi games, though instead of laying eggs, Yoshi will lay yarn balls, which act like Yoshi eggs. In addition to 10 basic colored Yoshis, there are 58 that have been exclusively designed.

Yoshi's Crafted World[edit]

In Yoshi's Crafted World, the Yoshis work together to gather the pieces of a shattered Sundream Stone after they destroyed it in a fight with Kamek and Baby Bowser. The Yoshis here are similar in terms of abilities to the ones in Yoshi's Woolly World, though they can also flip between 2D and 3D perspectives as well as throw eggs at items in the background and foreground.

Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars[edit]

Boshi, a Yoshi in Super Mario RPG.

In Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars Mario and his partners visit Yo'ster Isle, where Yoshis race each other for sport in a competition known as the Mushroom Derby. Unfortunately, the last winner of the derby was an arrogant Yoshi named Boshi who proceeded to name himself leader of Yo'ster Isle and suspend the races. Instead, only one-on-one races between himself and slower Yoshis were allowed, with Yoshi Cookies as the prize. When Mario arrives, he helps Yoshi defeat Boshi in a race, prompting the people to try and appoint Yoshi as their new leader. Yoshi declines the offer, however, and instead has the Mushroom Derby re-opened to everyone, with no Yoshi in charge.

During the game, Yoshi also serves as a translator between Mario and the Yoshis, who speak their own language.

Super Smash Bros. series[edit]

While Yoshi himself appears as a playable character throughout the Super Smash Bros. series, he also has alternate color schemes to reference other members of his species: Red, Blue, Yellow, Pink, Light Blue, Purple, and Black. Some stages and events involve fighting multiple Yoshis. In Super Smash Bros., Yoshi only has three alternate colors alongside his default green color scheme: Red, Light Blue, and Yellow. The first six Yoshi colors are used in the computer-controlled Yoshi team battled during the 1-Player mode, and they all become playable in Super Smash Bros. Melee and onward. Yoshis also make a small appearance in the opening of Super Smash Bros. Melee during a stampede, and as stickers in Super Smash Bros. Brawl. Yoshi gained Purple and Black Yoshi color schemes in Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U, although Super Smash Bros. Ultimate replaced his Black Yoshi color scheme with a costume based on the Green Yoshi's appearance in Yoshi's Crafted World. Yoshis also appear during Yoshi's Final Smash in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate, Stampede!, which is based on the Super Smash Bros. Melee opening.

Paper Mario series[edit]

Paper Mario[edit]

The Village Leader in Paper Mario.An unused sprite of a Brown Yoshi from Paper Mario.A Green Yoshi from Paper Mario.A Light Blue Yoshi in Paper Mario.A Purple Yoshi in Paper Mario.A Red Yoshi in Paper Mario.A Yellow Yoshi in Paper Mario.
Fearsome 5
The Yoshis living in Yoshi's Village.

Mario and his partners visit Yoshi's Village on Lavalava Island during the events of Paper Mario. They were there looking for a Star Spirit that Bowser had trapped in a playing card and given to a minion to guard within the island's volcano, but they find they cannot get into the mountain on their own. The Yoshi Village Leader says he will help Mario and the others if they help round up five missing Yoshi Kids. With the help of their Cheep Cheep babysitter, Sushie, Mario and co. soon find the young Yoshis and can continue on with their quest.

Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door[edit]

The Yoshi in Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door can hatch into one of seven colors.

When Mario and his current set of partners visit Glitzville in Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, they soon find themselves with custody of a Yoshi's Egg, after its initial owner, a hotdog vendor, decided against cooking and serving it once he realized it could move on its own accord. For a while, the egg follows Mario and his partners. Then, after the match with the Armored Harriers, Mario returns to find that the egg had hatched into a baby Yoshi, the color of whom varies depending on how much time had passed between Mario's acquisition of the egg and its hatching. Mario names the Yoshi, who then travels with him and the other partners for the remainder of the game, before becoming a fighter in the Glitz Pit after the quest is over.

One of the Yoshi's attacks involves summoning a stampede of Green Yoshis to trample the enemy, and another Green Yoshi businessman can be found on the Excess Express.

Paper Mario: Color Splash[edit]

“Listen here, dino-dragon things! It's not OK to go around eating people whole. I mean, you don't even know where Mario has been! I'd go brush my teeth if I were you.”
Huey, Paper Mario: Color Splash

For the first time in the Mario franchise, nonspecific Yoshis appear as enemies in Paper Mario: Color Splash, even though they cannot be targeted or defeated. They are found in the Emerald Circus. When Mario first arrives, the Yoshis are locked in a cage around the corner of the main entrance. If Mario attempts to open the cage, one of the Yoshis will swallow him and spit him out, dealing 5 points of damage to him. After Lemmy flees from the stage, the Yoshis escape from the cage. During the battle on the stage, they will randomly appear out of a curtain to try to eat Mario. Mario has to block their tongues, or they will waste his next card. The Yoshi will then run back into the curtain. Yoshi also appears in the Dark Bloo Inn, albeit invisible at first. If Mario tries to mount him, he runs off to the Emerald Circus, where Mario can talk to him once the Yoshis escape from their cage. A picture at Tangerino Grill appears to be the silhouette of a Toad riding a Yoshi.

Paper Mario: The Origami King[edit]

Although Yoshis do not appear in Paper Mario: The Origami King, the specifications of the Boot Car mention that it outputs 150 Yoshis, equivalent to the real-life horsepower for motor vehicles.

Mario & Luigi series[edit]

Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga / Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga + Bowser's Minions[edit]

A Green Yoshi watching a movie at the Yoshi Theater.

This game shows that Yoshis also live in the Beanbean Kingdom. They are found at Yoshi Theater and Mario and Luigi must find Bean Fruit for seven hungry Yoshis to earn Neon Eggs and ultimately obtain a Beanstar piece. They can be seen in the credits in Yoshi Theater watching the events of the game at the conclusion of the end credits; the remake instead shows a similar scene during a pre-intro cutscene. Regardless of their color, the Yoshis in the original game all have orange or yellow shoes. In the remake, the Yoshis have their normal shoes, depending on their skin color.

Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time[edit]

In Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time, the invading aliens known as the Shroobs deposit what appears to be a Giant Egg on Yoshi's Island. It swiftly becomes a tourist attraction, but eventually hatches into a monster known as Yoob, which proceeds to eat every Yoshi it can catch. A factory in its belly then encases the eaten Yoshis in eggs, so that they will also hatch as monsters and help wreak havoc on the world. Fortunately, the plan is foiled by Yoshi, who is aided by Baby Mario, Baby Luigi, and the adult Mario and Luigi, who had both traveled back in time to save Peach and stop the aliens. Yoshi discovers a way to escape through Yoob's digestive tract and the four Mario Bros. liberate the captured and imprisoned Yoshis to help him. They also defeat the guardian of the factory, Sunnycide, by pushing a large rock on him, and once the Yoshis escape and the factory is destroyed, Yoob falls asleep. The Sunnycide boss battle is the only time when a Black Yoshi appears in the game.

After Yoob falls asleep, the Yoshis all think that Baby Bowser rescued them, until the Cobalt Shards send him flying, and Toadbert tells the Yoshis that the Mario Bros. saved them, not Baby Bowser.

Mario & Luigi: Dream Team[edit]

Yoshis appear in Mario & Luigi: Dream Team as one of the many species invited to Pi'illo Island. Many Yoshis can be seen in various places such as Pi'illo Castle, Mushrise Park and Wakeport, coming in Green, Red, and Yellow.

Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam[edit]

A Red Yoshi in Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam.A Yellow Yoshi in Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam.A Green Yoshi in Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam.
The Yoshis in Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam.

In Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam, Yoshis act as minor NPCs throughout the game and can be found in the various Toads Villages throughout the Mushroom Kingdom. One Yoshi appears in the Gloomy Woods Village, and has to be beaten in a footrace to win the melon he has so it can be given to Wiggler. Later on, this Yoshi's brother appears in Mount Brrr, and challenges the trio to a more difficult race, giving them the Speed Gloves as a prize if they win.

Mario & Sonic series[edit]

Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games[edit]

Seven different Yoshi colors, as seen in Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games.

In Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games, Yoshis serve as the main objective in Dream Equestrian, where players must race to the finish line, carrying a wagon full of seven color Yoshi eggs. The eggs will hatch into Yoshis upon reaching the goal.

Mario & Sonic at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games[edit]

Yoshis reappear in the Nintendo 3DS and Wii U versions of Mario & Sonic at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games.

Nintendo 3DS version[edit]

In Football, five different-colored Yoshis (red, blue, light blue, yellow, and pink) accompany the playable Green Yoshi as his teammates. Additionally, the Yellow and Light Blue Yoshis operate shops in the Road to Rio mode, with Yellow Yoshi's shop being used to trade apples for Mii outfits, and Light Blue Yoshi's shop being used to trade melons with sports gear.

Wii U version[edit]

In the Mario League, due to Team Mario not having enough non-guest characters to create three teams of four for any of the events, a Red and Yellow Yoshi are featured alongside Yoshi himself as one of the members of Team Mario, with each Yoshi occupying a team.

Mario Party series[edit]

In Mario Party, a Blue Yoshi and a Pink Yoshi appear on the board Yoshi's Tropical Island. A Blue Yoshi is separated from a Pink Yoshi, who is trapped in a small island surrounded by whirlpools and the Blue Yoshi is unable to get across. The players must collect the stars and the game ends when a bridge is formed to allow the Blue Yoshi to reunite with the Pink one. They are also accompanied by the top three winners along with Toad, Boo, Koopa, a Thwomp and a star while the fourth place player tries to join them, but is devoured by Bubba.

There is also an unused minigame known as Yoshi's Tongue Meeting where the players jump atop a Yoshi, either Pink, Yellow, Blue or Red (if the player plays as Yoshi, he just stands in the same position without a rider). The Yoshis have baby Wigglers on their tongues, which extend to the Wigglers' mothers in order to reunite the children with their parents. If it comes too late, the baby will kick its mother into the bush. If it comes too far, both the Wiggler and its baby will simply cry. However, if A is pressed at the right time, the mother and child will have a happy reunion and the player wins.

Yoshis reappear in Mario Party Superstars due to the Mario Party board Yoshi's Tropical Island returning. Unlike the original version, there are a few more Yoshis on the updated board. The Blue Yoshi returns but is moved to Cantaloupe Island and now seen relaxing on a sliced cantalope. A Red Yoshi appears on the central island, replacing the Pink Yoshi (though it now appears on a sliced cantaloupe floating on the water beside Cantaloupe Island)[1] and being surrounded by Cheep Cheeps instead of whirlpools from the original game. A Yellow Yoshi additionally appears on Watermelon Island cheering on top of a sliced big Watermelon.

Mario Golf series[edit]

Mario Golf (Nintendo 64)[edit]

Yoshi's alternate costumes in Mario Golf

In Mario Golf, Yellow, Red, and Light-Blue Yoshi can be selected as Yoshi's alternate costume on the character select screen. The player can choose the colors by using C Right Button, C Down Button, and C Left Button, and each Yoshi can be chosen multiple times if there is more than one player.

Mario Golf: Super Rush[edit]

For the first time in the Mario Golf series, Yoshis appear as NPCs in Mario Golf: Super Rush. A Pink Yoshi appears in Bonny Greens in the qualifying round. It is then never seen again unless the player plays the qualifying round again.

As of the version 2.0.0 update:

  • If the player achieved a rank of A- or higher in Ranked Match during August 2021, they would be able to unlock Red Yoshi, Blue Yoshi, and Yellow Yoshi as variants for Yoshi.
  • If the player achieved a rank of A- or higher in Ranked Match during April 2022, they would be able to unlock Pink Yoshi, Light-Blue Yoshi, and Orange Yoshi as variants for Yoshi.

Mario Tennis series[edit]

Mario Tennis (Nintendo 64)[edit]

Yellow Yoshi in Mario Tennis

In Mario Tennis, if both players select Yoshi in the Short Game or Tiebreaker Game, the second player will have Yellow Yoshi as Yoshi's alternate costume.

Mario Power Tennis[edit]

In Mario Power Tennis, if players play the doubles tournament and complete the Mushroom Cup and the Flower Cup, they can power up the Rolling Egg Return, making Yoshi change into one of eight colors every time he uses it. The eight colors are Red, Yellow, Green, Light-Blue, Blue, Pink, Black, and White. An image of the Yoshis also appears in the mini-game Artist On the Court on Expert Mode.

Mario Tennis Open[edit]

Most of the colored Yoshis (excluding the Purple, Orange, and Brown varieties) make an appearance in Mario Tennis Open as downloadable QR characters. The different colors, and their playing types, are listed below.

  • Red Yoshi - Technique
  • Blue Yoshi - Speed
  • Light-Blue Yoshi - Speed
  • Yellow Yoshi - Power
  • Pink Yoshi - Technique
  • Black Yoshi - All-Around
  • White Yoshi - Tricky

Mario Tennis Aces[edit]

Colored Yoshis return as an alternate colors for Yoshi in Mario Tennis Aces, in the October 2018 update. Unlike in Mario Tennis Open, Yoshis have the same green tennis racket as Yoshi in this game.

Mario Kart series[edit]

Mario Kart Arcade GP DX[edit]

In Mario Kart Arcade GP DX, the Red and Black Yoshis appear as downloadable color swaps of Yoshi.

Mario Kart 8 / Mario Kart 8 Deluxe[edit]

Black Yoshi iconWhite Yoshi iconPink Yoshi icon
Red Yoshi iconOrange Yoshi iconYellow Yoshi icon
Yoshi's head icon in Mario Kart 8Light-blue Yoshi iconBlue Yoshi icon
The playable Yoshis in Mario Kart 8 and Mario Kart 8 Deluxe.

In Mario Kart 8, Yoshis can be seen as spectators in Sweet Sweet Canyon, Mount Wario, GBA Mario Circuit, SNES Donut Plains 3 and N64 Yoshi Valley. They also spectate in the DLC courses Excitebike Arena, GCN Yoshi Circuit, GCN Baby Park and Super Bell Subway. Occasionally, some of these Yoshis will hum Totaka's Song.[2]

Like the Super Smash Bros. series, Mario Kart 8 also grants Yoshi access to alternate color schemes of his species: Light Blue, Black, Red, Yellow, White, Blue, Pink and Orange. These color schemes, alongside Shy Guy's alternate color schemes, are automatically unlocked when both downloadable content packs are purchased. Red Yoshi is the Staff Ghost for GCN Yoshi Circuit, and Orange Yoshi is the Staff Ghost for GBA Cheese Land.

Yoshis return in Mario Kart 8 Deluxe, additionally appearing as spectators in the additional battle courses SNES Battle Course 1, Sweet Sweet Kingdom and 3DS Wuhu Town. Yoshi's eight color variants are now included within the base game. White Yoshi is the 200cc staff ghost for Shy Guy Falls, Yellow Yoshi is the 200cc staff ghost for 3DS DK Jungle and Blue Yoshi is the 200cc staff ghost for Super Bell Subway.

Mario Kart Tour[edit]

Red, Blue and White Yoshi tricking on Paris Promenade 3 in Mario Kart Tour

In Mario Kart Tour, Yoshis can be seen as spectators on many courses in the game such as GCN Yoshi Circuit.

Six of Yoshi's alternate colors from Mario Kart 8 return as playable drivers, separate from Yoshi himself, those being Red Yoshi, Black Yoshi, Blue Yoshi, White Yoshi, Pink Yoshi, and Orange Yoshi, who were respectively introduced in the 2020 New Year's Tour, 2020 Yoshi Tour, 2021 Yoshi Tour (blue and white), September 2021 Sydney Tour, and 2022 Autumn Tour, and having the Yoshi's Egg (red and orange), Double Bob-ombs, Dash Ring, Triple Mushrooms, and Heart as their respective special skills. Red, Blue, Pink, and Orange Yoshi are classified as Super drivers while Black and White Yoshi are classified as High-End drivers. Black Yoshi and White Yoshi were originally exclusive to their debut tour and several subsequent tours but became regular High-End drivers starting with the Berlin Tour and September 2021 Sydney Tour, respectively.

Yoshi (Kangaroo) and Yoshi (Gold Egg) take the appearance of a Yellow Yoshi (albeit with orange shoes instead of green). While most of the colored Yoshis retain a similar coloring as the one seen in Mario Kart 8, Blue Yoshi features a brighter, more saturated blue coloring instead.

Mario Strikers series[edit]

Super Mario Strikers[edit]

In Super Mario Strikers, Yoshis can be seen as spectators in stadiums during gameplay.

Mario Strikers: Battle League[edit]

Yoshis return as spectators in Mario Strikers: Battle League. Sometimes, one Yoshi will throw a ? Block to one of the teams' members during gameplay. The player can select up to four Yoshis on the character select screen per team. Different colored Yoshis will be playable based on the corresponding team color, excluding the lime-green team using Green Yoshis and the purple and light-purple teams using Blue Yoshis (though originally Purple Yoshi was seen on the purple team in the overview trailer for the game, but was scrapped in the Mario Strikers: Battle League First Kick pre-release demo and the final game).[3]

Regardless of the color chosen though, all Yoshi colors excel best at passing and shooting, while their other stats are low.

Mario Super Sluggers[edit]

Five colored Yoshis (Red, Blue, Yellow, Light Blue, and Pink) along with Yoshi himself appear in Mario Super Sluggers as unlockable characters. Unlike Yoshi himself, however, they do not have Star Skills nor can they be selected as a team captain.

The Super Mario Bros. Movie[edit]

This section is referring to a subject in an upcoming or recently released film. When the film is released, or more information about this subject is found, this section may need major rewriting. This notice should be removed after a month has passed since the film was first released.

A herd of Yoshis appears in Illumination's The Super Mario Bros. Movie.

Other appearances and references[edit]

While Yoshi himself appears in many Mario games, including Yoshi's Safari, Super Mario 64, Super Mario Galaxy 2, and all the Mario Party, Mario Kart and Mario sports games, other Yoshis have occasionally appeared in these games as well, including a pair in Mario Party and Yoshis in Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games. Yoshi's Rolling Egg Return Defensive Power Shot in Mario Power Tennis also has him changing colors, similarly to his alternate colors in the Super Smash Bros. series.

In the Super Mario All-Stars and Super Mario Advance 4 adaptations of Super Mario Bros. 3, the king of the Pipe Maze is transformed into a Green Yoshi by Ludwig von Koopa (whereas in the NES version of the game, predating Yoshis, the king was transformed into a Piranha Plant).

In Super Mario Chess, Yoshis appear as knights on Mario's team.

In addition, many Yoshi-themed Mario Kart racecourses have appeared: Mario Kart 64 has Yoshi Valley, Mario Kart: Super Circuit has Yoshi Desert, Mario Kart: Double Dash!! has Yoshi Circuit, Mario Kart DS has Yoshi Falls and reuses the GameCube course Yoshi Circuit, Mario Kart Arcade GP 2 has a two-course Yoshi stage, and while it does not introduce a new course, Mario Kart Wii reuses Yoshi Falls from the DS title. Yoshis also spectate a few courses in Mario Kart 8 and Mario Kart 8 Deluxe. Yoshi Valley from Mario Kart 64 and Yoshi Circuit from Mario Kart: Double Dash!! also reappear as retro courses in these two games.

Although Yoshis do not appear in Super Paper Mario, a stone statue of one appears in Chapter 5: Land of the Cragnons. There is also a Sammer Guy called "Belly of the Yoshi", which is a reference to how Yoshis can eat as much food as they want without getting full. Yoshis were also referenced in Super Mario Galaxy by a planet shaped like a Yoshi's Egg in the Good Egg Galaxy and by a planet shaped like a Yoshi head in the Space Junk Galaxy. Similarly, in Paper Mario: Sticker Star, there is a sphinx in World 2-2 called the Yoshi Sphinx, whose head is shaped exactly like a Yoshi's head.

Mario & Luigi: Bowser's Inside Story and its remake are the only games in the Mario & Luigi series that does not feature Yoshis. Yoshi noises can be found in audio files within the original game's code, but they are unused. It is unknown if Yoshis themselves were going to appear in the game or its remake or it was left over from Partners in Time (as the game's engine was based off this game's).

Also, the Fawful Guy and its dark variant have an attack where a roar very similar to Yoob's can be heard in the original game; a long tongue then snags them, turns them into an egg and throws the egg at their target using a Yoshi's Island-style targeting cursor.

In Fortune Street, many Yoshis can be seen in the background on the Yoshi's Island board. A majority of the Dragon Quest characters refer to them as "dragons."

General information[edit]

Physical appearance[edit]

A Green Yoshi, hatching out of a Yoshi's egg, from Yoshi

Yoshis were initially portrayed with long necks and small hands with three digits, but hands with four digits appeared first in the Super Mario World television series from DIC, then in the Japanese commercial of Mario Paint,[4] and in artwork of Super Mario Kart[5]; this had become a common design choice by the end of the 1990s.[6] The design of Yoshis has since changed to make them more anthropomorphic, with upright postures, shorter necks and grasping, human-like, four-digit hands. Even though Yoshis are usually portrayed as having no visible teeth and swallowing their enemies without chewing them after having grabbed them with their long red tongue, they have been shown to have a full set of upper and lower teeth since the Super Mario Picture Books published by Shogakukan and written in collaboration with Nintendo,[7] in particular: Super Mario Story Quiz Picture Book 2: Mario's Sports Day,[8] and Super Mario Chie Asobi Ehon ④ Larry No Itazura (Super Mario Wisdom Games Picture Book ④ Larry's Mischief),[9] with the new design retaining them as seen in artwork for Yoshi's Story.[10] The teeth are commonly shown in-game in sprite-based Yoshi platformers while one is flutter jumping. Yoshis were originally conceived of as a type of Koopa, with the saddles on their backs being their shells.[11] Even in the bio of Yoshi on Nintendo's Japanese site, the saddle is considered to be a shell. Although most Yoshis have never been seen without their shoes, the appearance of Boshi in Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars confirms that Yoshis have three toes on each foot, and also have white pads on the bottom of their feet, as shown in Super Mario Story Quiz Picture Book 5: Mario's Amusement Park (「スーパーマリオおはなしクイズえほん 5 マリオの ゆうえんち」).[12] Early Yoshi sprites for Super Mario World showed babies that were blob-like in shape and adults with mouths resembling those of the current Baby Yoshis.

A Yoshi's physical appearance changes depending how old they are. For example, in Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, the Yoshi appears much smaller compared to other Yoshis. He also has hair, while most other Yoshis do not, though this is most likely to differentiate the character as playable. Newly-hatched Baby Yoshis featured in Super Mario World (among other games) are both smaller and also proportioned differently than the adults, with short, stubby bodies lacking in saddles, almost no neck, and a slightly down-curved snout. After eating enough enemies, food or Power-Ups, these baby Yoshis will undergo a rapid growth spurt and look like adults from that point onward.

Color variations[edit]

Yoshis come in a variety of colors. In Super Mario Sunshine, they can change skin color by eating different fruit, while their colors are determined by hatching time in Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door. In Yoshi's Woolly World and Poochy & Yoshi's Woolly World, Yoshis come in many themed designs and patterns as opposed to being one color, including designs based on enemies, Nintendo consoles and even other Nintendo characters. Shoe color changes along with skin color: a Green Yoshi has orange shoes, a Red Yoshi has blue shoes, etc. This shoe color denomination was not standardized until Yoshi's Story.

In Super Mario World, Yoshis have different abilities depending on their color and the Koopa Shell they hold in their mouth. If a Blue Yoshi holds a Koopa Shell of any color, it can temporarily grow wings until it is swallowed or spat out. If a Red Yoshi holds a shell of any color, it can spit it back out as a trio of fireballs. If a Yellow Yoshi holds a shell of any color, it can create sand clouds until it is swallowed or spat out. Shells of the corresponding colors would also grant these abilities for a Yoshi of any color. In the Super Nintendo version, all Yoshi sprites, excluding the overworld map sprites, have orange arms. This was changed for the GBA port to having the arms match the rest of the body.

The following is all the known colors of Yoshis and the first appearance of said color of Yoshi:

Image Color Primary shoe color First appearance
Artwork of Yoshi in Mario Party 10 (also used in Super Mario Party and Mario Kart Tour) Green Orange Super Mario World
Red Yoshi from Mario Kart Tour Red Blue
Turquoise (Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island)
Super Mario World
Blue Yoshi from Mario Kart Tour Blue Magenta
Orange (New Super Mario Bros. U, (Bubble Baby Yoshi))
Super Mario World
Artwork of a Yellow Yoshi in Super Mario Run. Yellow Green Super Mario World
Pink Yoshi from Mario Kart Tour Pink Golden yellow
Light Blue (Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island)
Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island
Artwork of a Cyan Yoshi. Light-blue Violet
Yellow (Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island)
Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island
Artwork of a Purple Yoshi in Super Mario Run. Purple Orange (Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U)
Brown (Yoshi's Woolly World)
Magenta (Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island)
Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island
Black Yoshi from Mario Kart Tour Black White Yoshi's Story (as a Baby Yoshi)
White Yoshi from Mario Kart Tour White Azure Yoshi's Story (as a Baby Yoshi)
Orange Yoshi from Mario Kart Tour Orange Blue Game & Watch Gallery 2 (Game Boy Color)
Sprite of a Brown Yoshi, from Yoshi's Island: Super Mario Advance 3. Brown Red-brown (Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island)
Green (Yoshi's Story)
Plum (Paper Mario)
Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island
NSMBU Balloon Baby Yoshi Artwork.png Magenta Orange Super Mario Sound Picture BookMedia:SMSPB Peach Party.png
GlowbabyyoshiNSMBU.png Gold Orange New Super Mario Bros. U


Yoshis are known for their long, sticky tongues that allows them to swallow whatever they eat and turn it into an egg. The eggs can then be thrown at obstacles, enemies, and bosses, while other eggs hatch into items like 1-Up Mushrooms. Yoshi usually swallow items and enemies very quickly, although in Super Mario World Yoshi takes a while before swallowing Koopa Shells.

Yoshis have large snouts which they can use to sniff out fruit and other secrets that are buried underground, although this ability is seen only in Yoshi's Story.

Most games show that Yoshis can swim, although how well they swim varies. In Super Mario World, they can swim and dive, although in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island and Yoshi's Island DS, they cannot dive without their submarine form. Yoshi also cannot dive in Super Mario Galaxy 2, although he can swim. In Super Mario Sunshine, Yoshis that live on or around Isle Delfino turn green and disappear if they touch water.

In Super Mario World, when carrying a yellow Koopa Shell in their mouths (or any shell if the Yoshi itself is yellow), the Yoshi becomes heavy and shakes the ground each time it lands after a jump or fall. Yoshis were also one of the first creatures shown performing proper Ground Pound attacks - a move in which the performer jumps into the air, flips and then slams into the ground. Yoshis first performed the move in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island. Yoshi's Yoshi Bomb in the Super Smash Bros. series has him ground pound as his down special move. Bowser was shown doing the equivalent of a Ground Pound in Super Mario Bros. 3 (before the debut of Yoshis), and in games since then. Other characters have also been shown Ground Pounding, including Mario himself in titles such as Super Mario 64, Super Mario Sunshine, and various entries in the Mario Party franchise.

Gender and reproduction[edit]

The in-game Japanese text of Yoshi's trophy in Super Smash Bros. Melee states that Yoshis are neither male nor female. In the Chef minigame in Game & Watch Gallery 2 and Game & Watch Gallery 4, a Yoshi is shown to hatch other Yoshis without a mate; after being fed long enough, the Yoshi produces an egg that eventually hatches into another Yoshi. The baby then takes its parent's place and proceeds to eat enough food to turn into an adult, eventually producing an egg of its own, which then continues the cycle.

Other sources have shown Yoshis appearing to have a gender. At least one of the Yoshis in Paper Mario refers to his "son," and in Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, the Yoshi who sometimes appears on-board the Excess Express expresses his hatred of business trips due to them keeping him away from his "lovely wife". The original Mario Party also features a pair of Yoshis which appear to be one male and one female, although the exact nature of their relationship was not revealed. Additionally, while Japanese language rarely refers to Yoshi with gender-specific pronouns, Yoshi is consistently referred to with masculine pronouns in translation, with laying eggs being one of his trademarks. This confusion was addressed in Super Smash Bros. Brawl, where Solid Snake assumes that Yoshi is a female because of his egg-laying abilities, only to be corrected by Otacon (both of whom use "it" rather than "he" or "she" while they are talking about Yoshi). It is addressed again in Super Smash Bros. for Wii U, where Viridi remarks that there is nothing natural about a male who lays eggs while Palutena asserts that all living beings have both male and female elements.


Though omnivorous, Yoshis favor fruit, and in Yoshi's Story, they become happy when eating fruit of their own color. Melons are their favorite fruit regardless of color. Some Yoshis, such as Black and White Yoshis, can digest Peppers without hurting themselves. However, in Super Mario Galaxy 2, the playable Green Yoshi can eat the Dash Pepper, turning him red-orange, and causing him to run very fast for a short amount of time. All Yoshis can eat enemies of various kinds, from large Koopa Troopas to plants. Also, if they eat a Bean Fruit, then they will lay a rare Neon Egg, the color of which depends on the Yoshi's own color.


A translation of the Yoshi language, as seen in the Super Mario Adventures comic.

Yoshis are capable of speaking human languages, as demonstrated by Yoshi in Super Mario World, Super Mario 64, and Tetris Attack, as well as other Yoshis in games like Yoshi's Story, Paper Mario, Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, Super Mario Galaxy 2 (featuring Yoshi) and others. However, it seems that Yoshis speaking in human language is rare, as Yoshi must translate for Mario in Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars and Mario Super Sluggers.

In older games (and more recent ones such as New Super Mario Bros. Wii), Yoshi and his friends are "voiced" by the sound of two pitch-bended orchestra hits (in Super Mario World only Yoshi spoke with a text bubble, though this was changed in the Super Mario Advance 2 version). In Yoshi's Story and many later games, the Yoshis are voiced by Nintendo musician Kazumi Totaka, who mutters the word "Yoshi" as well as a series of intelligible and unintelligible words, such as "gong" and "hup". His voice is sped up to create the babylike, high-pitched voices of the Yoshis.

Oddly, in the Mario & Luigi series, Yoshi still speaks with Super Mario RPG-style parentheses.

The Super Mario Adventures comic joked that Yoshis could only say the word "Yoshi".

Although Baby Yoshis retain their squeaky voices in New Super Mario Bros. U and New Super Luigi U, their speech bubbles once again consist of the word "Yoshi", which is translated for the player.

Profiles and statistics[edit]

Super Mario series[edit]

Super Mario World[edit]

  • Nintendo Power Issue #28: Yoshi has three special abilities that are triggered when he swallows Koopa shells of certain colors. He also has three cousins who come in those colors and carry one of Yoshi's special traits when they swallow any shell. You'll discover them in the elusive Star World.[13]
    • Red Yoshi: When this crimson creature grabs the shell of a Koopa, he lets forth a three-Fireball blast.
    • Blue Yoshi: By biting down on a tasty turtle, this blue wonder will gain the ability to fly for a few seconds.
    • Yellow Yoshi: When Yoshi's yellow cousin eats a Koopa, he'll be able to shake the ground with super strong jumps.

Super Mario Run[edit]

Notebook bios[edit]
  • Red Yoshi: "Yoshi is Mario's loyal adventuring buddy. He can Flutter Jump, and he's got no fear of spikes! Popular with Red Toads."
  • Blue Yoshi: "Yoshi is Mario's loyal adventuring buddy. He can Flutter Jump, and he's got no fear of spikes! Popular with Blue Toads."
  • Purple Yoshi: "Yoshi is Mario's loyal adventuring buddy. He can Flutter Jump, and he's got no fear of spikes! Popular with Purple Toads."
  • Yellow Yoshi: "Yoshi is Mario's loyal adventuring buddy. He can Flutter Jump, and he's got no fear of spikes! Popular with Yellow Toads."
Items descriptions[edit]
  • Blue Yoshi's House: "The house where Blue Yoshi lives. Place this and Blue Yoshi will join!"
  • Purple Yoshi's House: "The house where Purple Yoshi lives. Place this and Purple Yoshi will join!"
  • Yellow Yoshi's House: "The house where Yellow Yoshi lives. Place this and Yellow Yoshi will join!"
  • Red Yoshi's House: "The house where Red Yoshi lives. Place this and Red Yoshi will join!"

New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe[edit]

  • North American website bio: "The path to Princess Peach is full of foes—luckily, you’ll also meet some friendly and familiar faces along the way. Hatch a Yoshi Egg to get a lift or pick up a Baby Yoshi and use their unique skills to help you reach tough places, light up passages, and more!"

Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time[edit]

  • Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time Official Nintendo Player's Guide: The cookie-loving Yoshis helped save Baby Mario and Baby Luigi once before. Now they meet again—without the annoying crying![14]

Yoshi franchise[edit]

Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island[edit]

  • Shogakukan guide: 平和な南の島に住む恐竜の一族。ある日のこと、のんきにお散歩を楽しんでいたら、空から赤ちゃんが降ってきた。なんとかこの赤ちゃんを、パパとママのもとへとどけたい。なんでもぺロリと食べてしまう食欲はあい変わらず。食べたものをタマゴにして投げれば、赤ちゃんをねらう敵をやっつけることもできる。ヨッシーたちは仲間を集め、冒険の旅に出発した⋯⋯。カメックの魔の手から赤ちゃんを守って、無事にパパとママの家にたどり着けるだろうか。旅の途中で変身アイテムを取ると、ヨッシーはいろんなものに変身して、特別な能力を使うことができるようになるぞ。[15]

(A family of dinosaurs lives on a peaceful southern island. One day, while they were taking a carefree stroll, a baby fell from the sky. They wanted to bring this baby back to his mother and father. He still has the same appetite to eat anything and everything. If they could turn what they could eat into eggs and throw them, they can defeat the enemies who are trying to harm the baby. Yoshi and his friends gathered together, and started their adventurous journey... Will they be able to protect the baby from Kamek's evil and get back to the home of mom and dad safely?
By acquiring transformation items along the way, Yoshi will be able to transform into various objects and use his special abilities.)

Yoshi's Crafted World[edit]

  • North American website bio: "There's Yoshi, and then there are all the other Yoshis: red, pink, blue, yellow, and more."

Mario Kart series[edit]

Mario Kart Arcade GP DX[edit]

MKAGPDX Red Yoshi artwork.jpgMKAGPDX Black Yoshi artwork.jpg

  • Weight Class: Medium
  • Stats
    • Speed: Gold star.pngGold star.png
    • Acceleration: Gold star.pngGold star.pngGold star.pngGold star.png
    • Handling: Gold star.pngGold star.pngGold star.png

Mario Kart Tour[edit]

Red Yoshi[edit]
  • Mario Kart Tour Twitter: "For some, red is the luckiest color. No wonder Red Yoshi looks so happy! Paired with the Red Turbo Yoshi, these two are sure to have good luck on the tracks!"[16]
Blue Yoshi[edit]
Pink Yoshi[edit]
Orange Yoshi[edit]
Black Yoshi[edit]
  • Mario Kart Tour Twitter: "Black Yoshi is here for part two of the Yoshi Tour! He's ready and raring to make his mark with the Double Bob-ombs special item."[17]
White Yoshi[edit]

Mario Super Sluggers[edit]

Team Player Yoshis[edit]

Name Bio Ability Bat Glove Stats
Red Yoshi A speedy Yoshi with all-around skills. Tongue Catch Left Right Pitch 3/10
Bat 4/10
Field 4/10
Run 8/10
Blue Yoshi A speedy Yoshi with a decent arm. Tongue Catch Left Right Pitch 4/10
Bat 2/10
Field 6/10
Run 8/10
Yellow Yoshi A speedy Yoshi with a decent bat. Tongue Catch Left Right Pitch 3/10
Bat 4/10
Field 6/10
Run 7/10
Light Blue Yoshi A speedy Yoshi with a decent glove. Tongue Catch Left Right Pitch 3/10
Bat 3/10
Field 6/10
Run 8/10
Pink Yoshi An extra-speedy Yoshi who loves to run. Tongue Catch Left Right Pitch 2/10
Bat 3/10
Field 6/10
Run 9/10

Super Smash Bros. Brawl sticker[edit]

Name Image Artwork from Effect in The Subspace Emissary
Eight Yoshis A Sticker of Yoshis. Super Mario Advance 3: Yoshi's Island [Arm, Leg] - Attack +18
Usable by: Yoshi
Yoshi Sticker of a Blue Yoshi from Super Smash Bros. Brawl. Yoshi Touch & Go [Arm, Leg] - Attack +8
Usable by: Mario, Luigi, Yoshi, Peach, Bowser

Mario Strikers: Battle League[edit]

  • Type: Offense
  • Default color: Green
  • Hyper Strike: Egg Stomp
  • Strength: 10/25
  • Speed: 10/25
  • Shooting: 17/25
  • Passing: 17/25
  • Technique: 9/25


For this subject's image gallery, see Gallery:Yoshi (species).

Names in other languages[edit]

Language Name Meaning
Japanese ヨッシー
"Yossy", a portmanteau of Mie Yoshimura's name and Nessie[18]
Chinese 耀西
Spanish Yoshi -


  • According to the German Club Nintendo magazine, each Yoshi from Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island has its own name.[19] The green one is called Yoshi, the light-blue one is called Jonny, the yellow one is called Sunny, the pink one is called Claudi, the brown one is called Eddi, the red one is called Netty, the dark-blue one is called Tommy, and the purple one is called Marci.


  1. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=20mV7krJIo4
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ https://youtu.be/_UmjcJT6nuQ?t=48
  4. ^ EverythingSuperMario (March 20, 2017). Japanese Super Famicom Mario Paint Commercial (HQ 720p, 60fps). YouTube. Retrieved June 28, 2016.
  5. ^ Artwork of Yoshi in Super Mario KartMedia:Yoshi SMK artwork.jpg, note how his hands have four digits.
  6. ^ Mario and Yoshi finding a shiny object in Super Mario Story Quiz Picture Book 6: Friend KidnappedMedia:SMSQPB6 Finding.png, a book realized in collaboration with Nintendo and published by Shogakukan in 1998. Note how Yoshi's hands feature four digits.
  7. ^ Back of Super Mario Story Quiz Picture Book 5: Mario's Amusement ParkMedia:SMSQPB5 Back.png.
  8. ^ A three legged race in Super Mario Story Quiz Picture Book 2: Mario's Sports DayMedia:SMSQPB2 Three-legged Race.png, both the upper teeth and lower teeth can be seen.
  9. ^ Part of the activity on the back of Super Mario Chie Asobi Ehon ④ Larry No Itazura (Super Mario Wisdom Games Picture Book ④ Larry's Mischief).Media:SMWGPB4 Back.png
  10. ^ A Pink Yoshi performing a Flutter Jump in Yoshi's StoryMedia:Pink Yoshi Flutter Jump.png, note both sets of upper and lower teeth.
  11. ^ "Yoshi was originally supposed to be a type of Koopa. That saddle you see on his back was actually his shell." —Super Mario World Director Takashi Tezuka, Super Mario History
  12. ^ A shoe recognition game on the back of Super Mario Story Quiz Picture Book 5: Mario's Amusement ParkMedia:SMSQPB5 Shoes.png.
  13. ^ Nintendo Power Issue #28, page 9.
  14. ^ Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time Official Nintendo Player's Guide, page 3.
  15. ^ 「スーパーマリオヨッシーアイランド任天堂公式ガイドブック」 (Super Mario: Yossy Island Nintendo Kōshiki Guidebook), page 4Media:Super Mario Yossy Island Shogakukan P4.jpg.
  16. ^ https://twitter.com/mariokarttourEN/status/1213248677617254400 Mario Kart Tour Twitter
  17. ^ https://twitter.com/mariokarttourEN/status/1251661790943027201 Mario Kart Tour Twitter
  18. ^ The Creator of the Famicom and the Designer of Super Mario are here!. GAME Watch. Retrieved June 5, 2022.
  19. ^ Doolan, Liam. (October 13, 2021). Random: Yoshi From The Super Mario Series Apparently Have Different Names. Nintendo Life. Retrieved October 14, 2021.