From the Super Mario Wiki
Ads keep the MarioWiki independent and free :)
Super Mario series
New Super Mario Bros.
Volcanic Debris reappears in World 8-8 of New Super Mario Bros., which is a level with many Kab-ombs. These rocks destroy blocks and set off the fuses on Kab-ombs, and hurt Mario or Luigi if they touch one. They can be defeated with a Super Star.
New Super Mario Bros. Wii
The rocks later appear in New Super Mario Bros. Wii, and is mostly found in World 8-1 alongside drifting poisonous clouds, Buzzy Beetles and rising lava spouts. Larger debris also appears, and can plow through several blocks before landing, in addition to taking up more space. Some Volcanic Debris also appears at the beginning of World 8-2.
New Super Mario Bros. 2
New Super Mario Bros. U / New Super Luigi U
Super Mario 3D World
Volcanic Debris also appears in Super Mario 3D World, with an appearance similar to Bowser's Fireballs in New Super Mario Bros. U. In addition to falling from above, it now creates a lava puddle upon landing. It only appears in The Great Tower of Bowser Land, being expelled by a volcano in the background, and in Hisstocrat Returns and Boss Blitz, in which it is generated by Queen Hisstocrat.
Mario Kart series
Mario Kart: Super Circuit
Mario Kart Wii
Mario Kart 8 / Mario Kart 8 Deluxe
Mario Party series
Volcanic Debris first appears in Bowser's Magma Mountain in Mario Party, where it is launched from a volcano when a player lands on a Happening Space. They change the Blue Spaces into Red Spaces for two turns.
Paper Mario series
Paper Mario: Sticker Star
In Paper Mario: Sticker Star, Volcanic Debris is referred to as "meteors" and is only found in one level, Rugged Road. The rocks can still hurt Mario if he touches them, but now they can also harm him if he gets caught in the spot where the debris lands for about one second. In addition, the meteors also home in on Mario.
Paper Mario: Color Splash
Volcanic Debris appears in Paper Mario: Color Splash in the level Kiwano Temple. It appears at the end of the level, where it jumps out of the lava and hovers over the platform Mario and Huey are on. If Mario touches it, he will take 8 HP of damage.
Mario & Luigi: Dream Team
Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker