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Super Mario Galaxy promotional artwork: A Yellow Luma
Artwork from Super Mario Galaxy
First appearance Super Mario Galaxy (2007)
Latest appearance The Super Mario Bros. Movie (2023) (Lumalee only)
Portrayed by Yuya Takezawa (2007–present)
Variant of Star
Notable members
“That's the spirit, mushroom man!”
Luma, Super Mario Galaxy

Lumas are star creatures that first appear in Super Mario Galaxy. Unlike most Stars, they have a raindrop-like shape and come in many colors, with the most common one being yellow. They are much like Power Stars, but they are more circular and have the ability to talk. The Lumas are each very friendly and assist Mario during his quest. Lumas have the ability to transform, from minor planetoids to entire galaxies, and according to Rosalina, some Lumas can even transform into Power Stars. They call Rosalina their "mama." Most of them make their home with her in the Comet Observatory, and others live on Starship Mario following their leader Lubba in Super Mario Galaxy 2. Their name comes from "lumen," a Latin word meaning "light," which is a reference to their future as stars. In Super Mario Galaxy 2, if the Co-Star Luma spins one, it emits three Star Bits.


Super Mario series[edit]

Super Mario Galaxy[edit]

Mario spins to break crystals.
A Luma teaches Mario to spin.

In Super Mario Galaxy, various Lumas appear on the Comet Observatory and in different galaxies, and Mario is accompanied by a uniquely apricot-colored Luma, who was given to him by Rosalina at the beginning of the game. Luma grants Mario the power to do spins. While he is the only cream-colored Luma encountered by Mario, the Luma that transformed into the beacon that powers the Comet Observatory is shown to be the same color in Rosalina's Story's illustration.

Yellow Lumas transform into Sling Stars and Launch Stars and are the most common variety. Red Lumas guard Red Stars. Green Lumas are the guardians of the Trial Galaxies and transform into green Launch Stars and Green Stars. Blue Lumas transform into Pull Stars. Pink Lumas transform into pink Launch Stars to get to Hungry Luma galaxies. Lumalee, who is a large, light-blue Luma, hosts the Luma Shop. There is also another type of Luma that is pink, known as the Hungry Luma. The last type of Luma is the Comet Tico, which has the ability to move Prankster Comets. There is also a blackish-brown Luma named Polari, who acts as a guide to Rosalina.

In the end, all the Lumas (including Mario's Luma) throw themselves into the massive black hole created by Bowser's dying sun to neutralize it. However, Luma is reborn and living on a small planet while it is hinted that the other Lumas will be reborn later.

Super Mario Galaxy 2[edit]

A giant Luma in Super Mario Galaxy 2
A giant Luma in Super Mario Galaxy 2
A giant Luma in Super Mario Galaxy 2

Lumas also appear in Super Mario Galaxy 2. Some time before the beginning of the game, Bowser attacked Lubba's ship, and many of the Lumas on board fell down to Earth. A large number of Lumas are shown to reside in Starship Mario, and their leader is Lubba. Hungry Lumas also appear; this time, they ask to be fed both Star Bits and Coins. Like in the last game, Lumas enjoy being fed Star Bits, and may thank the player if they decides to shoot Star Bits at them. There are an exceptionally large species of Luma in the Supermassive Galaxy as well. Additionally, Mario's companion Baby Luma returns; however, Mario does not seem to remember him, and he finds the baby Luma when he crashlands.

Super Mario 3D World / Super Mario 3D World + Bowser's Fury[edit]

Lumas appear in Super Mario 3D World and its Nintendo Switch port Super Mario 3D World + Bowser's Fury where they can be seen floating around in the world maps as well as various levels in bonus worlds. Their behavior has not changed from the previous Super Mario Galaxy games, though the player cannot talk to them.

Super Mario Odyssey[edit]

Although Lumas do not physically appear in Super Mario Odyssey, the Galaxy Air logo from Mario Kart 8 featuring a yellow Luma appears on the Racing Outfit. Additionally, concept art from The Art of Super Mario Odyssey reveals that a costume based on a yellow Luma was planned to appear in the game.[1]

Mario Kart series[edit]

Mario Kart Wii[edit]

In Mario Kart Wii, when playing as Rosalina, a Yellow Luma hovers around her at all times. It makes tiny noises whenever the player does an aerial trick or gets hit by an explosion.

Mario Kart 8 / Mario Kart 8 Deluxe[edit]

Although Lumas themselves do not appear physically in Mario Kart 8 or Mario Kart 8 Deluxe, a Luma is seen in the logo of Galaxy Air and a Luma's artwork can be seen on the back of the Star Cup trophy. Lumas also appear in the scenery of GBA Ribbon Road included in the second DLC pack of the former game.

Mario Kart Tour[edit]

Luma Coins
A Luma made out of coins in Mario Kart Tour

In Mario Kart Tour, a group of coins in the shape of a Luma appears in the Coin Rush of 3DS Rosalina's Ice World. The Luma is mostly made up of regular coins, though the eyes are made of Blue Coins. A Luma also appears on the Luma Parafoil and on badges depicting its emblem or the Galaxy Air logo.

Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games[edit]

Yellow Lumas appear in Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games in the Dream Spacewalk event. Here, they aid the athletes in defeating Dino Piranha. They first transform into Launch Stars that send the characters into space. Following this, they periodically appear to create rings that the athletes must all pass through in order to damage Dino Piranha.

Fortune Street[edit]

In Fortune Street, Lumas appear in the unlockable Good Egg Galaxy board. A Luma can also be a customizable mascot for the player and is unlocked by placing first in all Super Mario boards in the Standard Tour.

Mario Tennis series[edit]

Mario Tennis Open[edit]

A Luma Playing Tennis
Luma in action in Mario Tennis Open

A yellow Luma makes a debut as a playable character in Mario Tennis Open. He is a Technique-type player and can be unlocked by completing level 3 of the Galaxy Rally special game, where, in the special game, he rallies the ball against players. His racquet is turquoise with a picture of a Luma on it. Red, green, and turquoise Lumas appear as line judges in the Galaxy Arena court. Also, if the player uses Luma in the Galaxy Rally game, the opponent Luma is blue.

Mario Tennis Aces[edit]

In Mario Tennis Aces, a yellow Luma appears during Rosalina's Tournament Finals introduction sequence. Additionally, when Rosalina uses her Special Shot, three Lumas (yellow, green, and red) appear and each use a Star Spin to pass the ball to her.

A yellow Luma also appears as a playable character available from the January 2019 online tournament as a participation bonus and for all players starting February 1, 2019, reprising his Technical type from his previous playable appearance.[2]

Mario Party: Island Tour[edit]

In Mario Party: Island Tour, yellow Lumas populate the space-themed board Rocket Road where players travel from one space to another in small spaceships. One of them is also holding the checkered flag at the end of the board, while another hosts Battle Minigames. Also, when one of the characters reaches the finish line and is congratulated by Rosalina, a yellow Luma, a pink Luma, and a blue Luma appear as well.

Mario Golf series[edit]

Mario Golf: World Tour[edit]

Lumas made their debut appearance in the Mario Golf series in Mario Golf: World Tour. After players purchase the Star Pack and receive Rosalina as a playable character, Lumas appear alongside her in her post-hole animations. A yellow one is seen as she enters the tee box, when she earns a Star Coin or Moon Coin, and when she is displayed with the player's score if she was played as in a tournament. Although they are not playable characters, their ball and golf clubs are available for Miis to use. A Luma costume can be won if the player succeeds in a Character Costume Challenge in Yoshi Lake.

Mario Golf: Super Rush[edit]

Lumas make an appearance in Mario Golf: Super Rush, where they appear during Rosalina’s Special Shot, Shooting Star, and her Special Dash, Luma Dash.

Super Smash Bros. series[edit]

The Super Mario franchise emblem, from Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U.
Super Smash Bros. fighter
Rosalina & Luma
Rosalina & Luma from Super Smash Bros. Ultimate
Game appearances
Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS
Super Smash Bros. for Wii U
Super Smash Bros. Ultimate (unlockable)
Special moves
Neutral:  Luma Shot
Side:  Star Bits
Up:  Launch Star
Down:  Gravitational Pull
Final Smash:  Power Star (for 3DS / Wii U)
Grand Star (Ultimate)
“Rosalina & Luma Launch into Battle!”
Introduction, "Comet Observatory" Trailer

Lumas appear with various different colors alongside Rosalina as a singular new fighter in Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Super Smash Bros. for Wii U. They function as a team; whenever Rosalina attacks, the Luma also attacks, allowing for combo attacks and for attacking from afar if Luma is separated from Rosalina. Lumas have their own HP, and if they take enough damage, they get defeated. Lumas can also get defeated by being knocked off of the stage to the point where they cannot recover. After a few seconds, another Luma appears near Rosalina. If Rosalina gets KO'd, the Luma vanishes and a new one appears when Rosalina respawns. Lumas can attack even if Rosalina is stunned by other attacks such as grabbing, and their attacks depend on what input the player performs as Rosalina. By using their standard special attack, Luma Shot, the Luma can be sent away from Rosalina to fight, and by using the move again it is called back to her. Kirby's copy ability version of Luma Shot summons a Luma for the move, which instantly disappears after the move's completion.

There are six possible colorations for the Lumas: yellow, green, blue, red, apricot (the color of the Luma that joins Mario in the Super Mario Galaxy games), and dark brown with blue eyes (the colors of Polari).

Lumas return alongside Rosalina as veteran fighters in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate. Compared to their appearances in Super Smash Bros. for 3DS and Super Smash Bros. for Wii U, Lumas get launched farther by attacks in general, making them easier to KO. The yellow Luma also appears as a support spirit, which equips a fighter with a Super Launch Star at the start of battles.

Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam[edit]

While no Lumas appear physically in Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam, the Yoshi + Mario LV2 Duo Card shows artwork of a yellow Luma alongside Mario and Yoshi from Super Mario Galaxy 2. This Character Card temporarily increases the number of Star Points earned per successful action by 70% in a battle.

Mario Sports Superstars[edit]

Due to Mario Sports Superstars reusing Rosalina's golf animations from Mario Golf: World Tour, Lumas reappear in this game in the same capacity as Mario Golf: World Tour, appearing in her post-hole animations. Additionally, Luma themed gear appears in this game as an alternative choice exclusive to Rosalina.

Dr. Mario World[edit]

Sprite of Dr. Luma from Dr. Mario World
Luma's mugshot in Dr. Mario World

As an overall species, Lumas make their Dr. Mario series debut in Dr. Mario World, where one Luma known as Dr. Luma appears as a playable character. Dr. Luma is a reward in World 8's special stage since version 1.2.0, though beating the stage prior to the update will allow him to be obtainable through the doc box.

Dr. Luma's skill is to shift the viruses in the lowest rows so that they collide with an object above them, where it is represented by a sparkling image of a Luma on screen, followed by multiple Lumas flying across the lowest rows, in which the affected rows are the 6 lowest rows in stage mode, the 5 lowest rows at level 1 in versus mode and the 10 lowest rows in level 2 or higher in versus mode. In versus mode, the skill charges faster at higher levels starting from level 3. Viruses that are contained inside objects like ice and Brick Blocks can also be shifted, but other objects are not affected. Prior to version 2.3.0, this skill would do nothing if the skill is used when every possible virus in the lowest rows cannot be shifted further, but since then it will eliminate one random virus or object instead (capsules are not affected). In versus mode, Dr. Luma possesses the highest possible defense value, where it has 80% defense against two-line bomb attacks.

Mario + Rabbids Sparks of Hope[edit]

Before the events of Mario + Rabbids Sparks of Hope, the Lumas met the Rabbids during their teleporting escapades, but Cursa was drawn to the Comet Observatory, where it would attack Rosalina, the Lumas, and some Rabbids that were there. While Rosalina was fending off Cursa, she was captured and merged with Cursa. The Rabbids and Lumas were saved, but flung far away and merged into a new species named Sparks. Cursa then created an army of corrupted Rabbids and controlled minions of Bowser, along with the Spark Hunters to lead them.

The Super Mario Bros. Movie[edit]

While no normal Lumas appear in The Super Mario Bros. Movie, Lumalee appears as a captive in Bowser's Castle.

General information[edit]

Physical appearance and traits[edit]

Lumas come in a variety of different colors, some of which have abilities to help Mario or Luigi on his adventure.

Image Name Description

Super Mario Galaxy promotional artwork: A Yellow Luma Yellow Transforms into a Launch Star or Sling Star. Two giant ordinary yellow Lumas appear in Super Mario Galaxy 2's Supermassive Galaxy.
Super Mario Galaxy promotional artwork: A Blue Luma Blue Transforms into a Pull Star.
Hungry Luma Pink Hungry Lumas that transform into new planets or galaxies before leaving behind pink Launch Stars. When Mario returns to the Comet Observatory after the Luma has transformed, a regular-sized ordinary pink Luma will be in its place. If Mario wants to go back to the galaxy created by the Hungry Luma, then the pink Luma will transform into a pink Launch Star. Hungry Lumas have an orange-pink color gradient, whereas the ordinary pink Lumas are a light neutral pink.
Super Mario Galaxy promotional artwork: A Green Luma Green Four of them are found on the Planet of Trials after the Green Power Stars are collected.
Lumalee's artwork for Super Mario Galaxy Cyan Lumalees that sell Life Mushrooms and 1-Up Mushrooms to Mario/Luigi. In Mario Tennis Open and Mario Party 10, generic cyan-colored Lumas appear on the Galaxy Arena and Rosalina Board, respectively.
Super Mario Galaxy promotional artwork: A Red Luma Red The Luma that allows Mario to use the power of the Red Star on the Comet Observatory and the one in the ending sequence in Super Mario Galaxy 2 are the only known red-colored Lumas.
Super Mario Galaxy promotional artwork: A Luma Apricot The Luma companion who accompanies Mario or Luigi throughout his journey and grants him the ability to spin is the only known apricot-colored Luma.
Lubba Purple Lubba, the leader of the Lumas, and the Comet Tico, that gives Mario information about Prankster Comets and moves them between galaxies, are notable purple-colored Lumas. Generic purple Lumas appear unused in both Super Mario Galaxy games' files, although they do appear in Mario Party: Island Tour on the Rocket Road board and in Mario Party 10 on the Rosalina Board.
Super Mario Galaxy promotional artwork: The black Luma Polari Black Polari, Rosalina's companion who gives Mario/Luigi access to the galaxy map in Super Mario Galaxy, is the only known black-colored Luma.
Co-Star Luma Orange The Co-Star Luma, who serves as the Player 2 character, and a similar one found on Starship Mario in Super Mario Galaxy 2 are the only known orange-colored Lumas.

List of appearances[edit]

Title Description Release date System/format
Super Mario Galaxy Non-playable character 2007 Wii
Mario Kart Wii Non-playable character 2008 Wii
Super Mario Galaxy 2 Non-playable character
Playable character (Co-Star Luma)
2010 Wii
Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games Non-playable character 2011 Wii
Fortune Street Non-playable character 2011 Wii
Mario Tennis Open Unlockable playable character 2012 Nintendo 3DS
Super Mario 3D World Non-playable character 2013 Wii U
Mario Party: Island Tour Non-playable character 2013 Nintendo 3DS
Mario Golf: World Tour Non-playable character 2014 Nintendo 3DS
Mario Kart 8 Cameo 2014 Wii U
Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U Playable character 2014 Nintendo 3DS / Wii U
Animal Crossing x Mario Kart 8 (Mario Kart 8 DLC) Cameo 2015 Wii U
Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam Cameo on Battle Card 2015 Nintendo 3DS
Mario Sports Superstars Non-playable character 2017 Nintendo 3DS
Mario Kart 8 Deluxe Cameo 2017 Nintendo Switch
Super Mario Odyssey (version 1.2.0) Cameo on costume 2018 Nintendo Switch
Mario Tennis Aces Non-playable character, Playable character (version 2.1.0) 2018 Nintendo Switch
Super Mario Party Cameo 2018 Nintendo Switch
Super Smash Bros. Ultimate Playable character 2018 Nintendo Switch
Dr. Mario World Unlockable playable character 2019 iOS / Android
Mario Kart Tour Cameo 2019 iOS / Android
Super Mario 3D All-Stars Non-playable character 2020 Nintendo Switch
Super Mario 3D World + Bowser's Fury Non-playable character 2021 Nintendo Switch
Mario Golf: Super Rush Non-playable character 2021 Nintendo Switch
Mario + Rabbids Sparks of Hope Non-playable character 2022 Nintendo Switch

Profiles and statistics[edit]

Mario Tennis Open[edit]

  • Character Type: Technique
  • Website description:
    • English (American):
      Luma joins Mario Tennis for the first time! Luma floats through the air, aiming shots toward the far corners of the court.
    • English (British):
      Luma has come down from the night sky to make his Mario Tennis debut! Though he may look gentle and fluffy, his clinical shots head straight for the corners of the court![3]
    • Dutch:
      Luma is van de nachtelijke hemel neergedaald om zijn debuut als speler in Mario Tennis te maken! Hij ziet er schattig en knuffelbaar uit, maar zijn precieze schoten bereiken alle hoeken van het veld![4]
    • French (Europe):
      Luma est descendu du ciel étoilé pour démarrer une carrière dans Mario Tennis ! Malgré son air doux et mignon, ses balles fulgurantes foncent directement dans les coins du court ![5]
    • German:
      Luma ist vom Nachthimmel herabgestiegen, um sein Debüt bei "Mario Tennis" zu geben! Er mag ja sanft und flauschig aussehen, doch seine Schläge landen mit klinischer Präzision in den äußersten Ecken des Platzes![6]
    • Portuguese (Portugal):
      O Luma desceu dos céus para fazer a sua estreia em Mario Tennis! Embora possa parecer doce e sensível, as suas bolas fulgurantes vão diretas para as esquinas do court![7]
    • Spanish (Europe):
      Ha bajado del cielo para debutar en Mario Tennis. Aunque parece muy dulce y sensible, sus bolas fulgurantes van directas a las esquinas de la pista.[8]

Super Smash Bros. Ultimate spirit[edit]

#71 Luma
Super Mario Galaxy promotional artwork: A Yellow Luma Series/game Super Mario Series
Type Support
Slots 1
Class Advanced
Strength / effect(s) Super Launch Star Equipped
How to obtain World of Light (Light Realm); Spirit Board
Spirit battle Opponent(s) Kirby ×4
Conditions Rule: Item: Stars
  • Take your strongest team into this no-frills battle
Stage Mario Galaxy
Song Rosalina in the Observatory / Luma's Theme

Dr. Mario World[edit]

Image Abilities Attack Speed Defense
Animated image of Dr. Luma from Dr. Mario World
  • Stage mode: Causes viruses in lowest rows (6) to move upward until they collide with another object (some exceptions).
  • Versus mode: Causes viruses in lowest rows (5/10/10/10/10) to move upward until they collide with another object (some exceptions).
An attack bomb representing a doctor's attack from Dr. Mario World
An attack bomb representing a doctor's attack from Dr. Mario World
An attack bomb representing a doctor's attack from Dr. Mario World
An attack bomb representing a doctor's attack from Dr. Mario World
An attack bomb representing a doctor's attack from Dr. Mario World
Stage Mode Versus Mode
Level Speed Description Speed
1 32 Causes viruses in lowest rows (5) to move upward until they collide with another object (some exceptions). 49
2 29 Causes viruses in lowest rows (10) to move upward until they collide with another object (some exceptions). 49
3 26 Causes viruses in lowest rows (10) to move upward until they collide with another object (some exceptions). Fills skill meter faster (low). 40
4 23 Causes viruses in lowest rows (10) to move upward until they collide with another object (some exceptions). Fills skill meter faster (medium). 30
5 20 Causes viruses in lowest rows (10) to move upward until they collide with another object (some exceptions). Fills skill meter faster (high). 20
  • Dr. Mario World Twitter: Yellow: "The second doctor making his appearance at 1 AM PT on Oct. 4 is Dr. Luma! He's round, yellow, and—wait a minute. He's stealing my look! Oh, I hope he doesn't hurt me!"[9]


For this subject's image gallery, see Gallery:Luma.

Names in other languages[edit]

Language Name Meaning
Japanese チコ
Possibly from「ほち」(hochi), a childish pronunciation of「星」(hoshi, "star"), and「子」(ko, "child")
Tico is an alternate romanization which is likely based on the famous astronomer Tycho Brahe
Sometimes rendered as 星の子チコ in Super Mario Galaxy, where「星の子」means "star child"[10][11][12]

Chinese (simplified) 琪琪
From the Japanese name

Chinese (traditional) 奇可
Transliteration of the Japanese name

Dutch Luma
French (NOA) Luma
Chiko (Super Mario Galaxy)
From the Japanese name
French (NOE) Luma
German Luma
Italian Sfavillotto
Korean 치코
From the Japanese name

Portuguese Luma
Russian Люма

Spanish Destello
Supermassive Galaxy
Language Name Meaning
Japanese でかチコ[13]
Deka Chiko
Big Luma


  1. ^ Gaming Reinvented. (September 29, 2018). Super Mario Odyssey Art Book Reveals Concepts for Bowsette, Rosalina and More! Gaming Reinvented. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  2. ^ Nintendo 公式チャンネル (November 24, 2018). マリオテニス エース 新キャラ参戦決定!(チコ/ブンブン/ポリーン). YouTube. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  3. ^ Official website of Mario Tennis Open (UK & Ireland) § Characters. Retrieved April 9, 2024. (Archived April 8, 2024, 22:25:28 UTC via
  4. ^ Official website of Mario Tennis Open (Netherlands) § Personages. Retrieved April 9, 2024. (Archived April 9, 2024, 09:42:50 UTC via
  5. ^ Official website of Mario Tennis Open (France) § Personnages. Retrieved April 9, 2024. (Archived April 9, 2024, 10:07:01 UTC via
  6. ^ Official website of Mario Tennis Open (Germany) § Charaktere. Retrieved April 9, 2024. (Archived April 9, 2024, 10:29:48 UTC via
  7. ^ Official website of Mario Tennis Open (Portugal) § Personagens. Retrieved April 9, 2024. (Archived April 9, 2024, 09:36:25 UTC via
  8. ^ Official website of Mario Tennis Open (Spain) § Personajes. Retrieved April 9, 2024. (Archived April 9, 2024, 09:30:36 UTC via
  9. ^ Drmarioworld_EN (October 4, 2019). Twitter. Retrieved March 29, 2020. (Archived October 4, 2019, 01:21:40 UTC via Wayback Machine.)
  10. ^ シン (February 2, 2016). 【実況】ぽんこつ配管工 スーパーマリオギャラクシーでたわむれる part1. Nicovideo. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  11. ^ RAN (November 10, 2007). 【スーパーマリオギャラクシー】絵本 第一章~終章. Nicovideo. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  12. ^ supermario35th (September 9, 2020). 【ギャラクシー】今では色々なマリオタイトルに登場するようになったロゼッタは、スーパーマリオギャラクシーで初登場。「ほうき星の天文台」という星船の主で、星の子チコと一緒に宇宙を旅しています。#スーパーマリオ3Dコレクション. Twitter. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  13. ^ Shogakukan. 2015. Super Mario Bros. Hyakka: Nintendo Kōshiki Guidebook, Super Mario Galaxy 2 section, page 158.