Nintendo Research & Development 1

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Nintendo Research & Development 1 (often abbreviated as Nintendo R&D1) was Nintendo's first internal development team. Its founding actually predates Nintendo's entry in the video game market, it being created in 1970 to focus on the manufacturing of toy guns and other products[1]. It was managed by Gunpei Yokoi for most of its existence. In addition to developing games, R&D 1 designed hardware, including the Game & Watch, the Game Boy and the Virtual Boy.

In 2004, all of the R&D departments were dissolved due to a corporate restructuring. Most of the staff were folded into Nintendo EAD or the newly-created Nintendo Software Planning & Development Group #1.

Mario Games Developed By Nintendo R&D 1[edit]

Arcade[edit]

Game Release date
Donkey Kong 1981
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982
Donkey Kong 3 1983
Mario Bros. 1983

Home consoles[edit]

NES[edit]

Game Release date
Wrecking Crew 1984
Dr. Mario 1990
Yoshi's Cookie 1992

SNES[edit]

Game Release date
Mario Paint 1992
Tetris & Dr. Mario 1994
Wrecking Crew '98 1998

Nintendo 64DD[edit]

Game Release date
Mario Artist: Talent Studio 2000
Mario Artist: Polygon Studio 2000

Nintendo GameCube[edit]

Game Release date
WarioWare, Inc.: Mega Party Game$!‎ 2003

Handheld systems[edit]

Game & Watch[edit]

Game NA release
Ball 1980
Flagman 1980
Vermin 1980
Fire 1980
Judge 1980
Manhole 1981
Helmet 1981
Lion 1981
Parachute 1981
Octopus 1981
Chef 1981
Egg 1981
Turtle Bridge 1982
Fire Attack 1982
Oil Panic 1982
Donkey Kong 1982
Donkey Kong Jr. 1982
Greenhouse 1982
Donkey Kong II 1983
Mario Bros. 1983
Mario's Cement Factory 1983
Rain Shower 1983
Mario's Bombs Away 1983
Spitball Sparky 1984
Boxing 1984
Donkey Kong 3 1984
Donkey Kong Circus 1984
Donkey Kong Hockey 1984
Super Mario Bros. 1988
Mario the Juggler 1991


Game Boy[edit]

Game Release date
Alleyway 1989
Super Mario Land 1989
Dr. Mario 1990
Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins 1992
Yoshi's Cookie 1992
Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3 1994
Tetris Attack 1996
Wario Land II 1998

Virtual Boy[edit]

Game Release date
Mario Clash 1995
Mario's Tennis 1995
Virtual Boy Wario Land 1995

Game Boy Color[edit]

Game Release date
Game & Watch Gallery 2 1998
Wario Land II 1998
Game & Watch Gallery 3 1999
Wario Land 3 2000

Game Boy Advance[edit]

Game Release date
Wario Land 4 2001
WarioWare, Inc.: Mega Microgame$! 2003

Notable members[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kyoto Report