Luigi's Mansion is a launch title for the Nintendo GameCube, released in September 2001. It marks the second time where Luigi is the main character, with Mario playing a supporting role, the first being Mario is Missing! for the SNES, and Professor E. Gadd and King Boo are also introduced in this game. A sequel to this game known as Luigi's Mansion: Dark Moon was released for the Nintendo 3DS in 2013.
One day, Luigi received an unexpected message: You've won a huge mansion! Naturally, He [sic] got very excited and called his brother, Mario. "Mario? It's me, Luigi. I won myself a big mansion! Meet me there and we'll celebrate, what do you say?"
Luigi, having won a mansion in a contest he did not participate, enters Boo Woods and locates it. He enters the mansion and is soon attacked by a ghost, but Professor E. Gadd appears and fights off the ghosts with a vacuum. He tells Luigi that the mansion has appeared out of thin air and is an illusion, and that Mario is captured by King Boo and his minions. He gives Luigi the Poltergust 3000, to vacuum up ghosts, and the Game Boy Horror to communicate with E. Gadd, scan objects, and see a map of the mansion.
Luigi enters the mansion, sucking up ghosts and finding keys, while meeting Toad along the way, until he encounters a portrait ghost, Neville. He defeats him, sucking him into the Poltergust 3000. He does the same to Lydia, Neville's wife, and fights their baby baby, Chauncey, who sucks Luigi into his crib and fights him as a giant ghost, but is defeated and sucked into the Poltergust 3000, which begins to get full, so Luigi returns to E. Gadd's lab and empties the Poltergust 3000, turning Neville, Lydia, and Chauncey back into portraits.
Area 2Floating Whirlindas, he enters the Storage Room and hits a switch, which opens a trapdoor where 50 Boos and their leader, King Boo, are hiding. All of them escape, flying into different rooms of the mansion. Luigi returns to E. Gadd's lab and E. Gadd tells him that the Boos were the ones who released the portrait ghosts, and Luigi must capture the Boos to weaken their power, as they are stronger in greater numbers. So Luigi goes through the many rooms of the mansion, vacuuming up any Boos he sees. He also meets Madame Clairvoya, a fortune teller ghost, who tells him to bring her any of Mario's items he finds lying around in the mansion so she can get details on his whereabouts. The items are: Mario's hat, Mario's glove, Mario's shoe, Mario's letter, and Mario's star. After sucking up Shivers the butler, Melody Pianissima, Mr. Luggs, and Spooky the dog, Luigi enters the Cemetery and fights the shadowy ghost, Bogmire. He defeats him and sucks him into the Poltergust, which he then empties at E. Gadd's lab to turn all the Portrait Ghosts into portraits.
Area 3Biff Atlas, Miss Petunia, Nana, Slim Bankshot, and twins Henry and Orville. After Luigi brings Madame Clairvoya enough of Mario's items, she tells him that she sees Bowser in a vision, which is shocking because Mario defeated Bowser, and she suspects that King Boo revived him. With her job done, she tells Luigi to suck her into the Poltergust so she can return peacefully to her portrait. After he does so, and defeats enough Boos, he enters the balcony and fights Boolossus, a big Boo made up of 15 Boos. He throws him into a spiky statue to split him into the 15 Boos and sucks them all into the Poltergust. He then empties the Poltergust at E. Gadd's lab to turn all the portrait ghosts, including Boolossus, into portraits.
Area 4Uncle Grimmly and defeats him to get the key. After he turns the power back on, he catches more Boos and portrait ghosts, including the Clockwork Soldiers, Sue Pea, Jarvis, and Sir Weston, before entering the room of Vincent Van Gore, one of the most prominent portrait ghosts who is painting regular ghosts. He sends several waves of ghosts after Luigi, but Luigi defeats them all, causing Van Gore to go into a state of depression, and Luigi sucks him into the Poltergust without much resistance. He then goes to the Secret Altar down a creepy hallway in the basement and encounters King Boo, who reveals that he was the one who told Luigi that he won the mansion in a contest, and set it up as revenge for all the trouble they caused him (though they may not have met him before, they have been fighting against Boos for years, plus King Boo works for Bowser). King Boo goes into Mario's portrait (which turns into a Bowser portrait) and sucks Luigi into it. In an arena resembling the roof of the mansion with fire for a background, Luigi fights Bowser (as Madame Clairvoya had seen), but when he hits him in the head with a bomb, the true opponent is revealed to be King Boo. Luigi defeats King Boo while avoiding Bowser's head and sucks him into the Poltergust.
Luigi returns to the lab and turns all the portrait ghosts, including King Boo, into portraits again. E. Gadd then reverses the Portrificationizer to release Mario from his portrait. After Mario goes through a reverse-procedure of all the portrait-ghosts captured, he rockets out of the machine, colliding with Luigi, but being otherwise alright. Luigi laughs and cries with happiness that his brother is safe. Since King Boo has been defeated his illusion of a mansion fades away, though the money and jewels Luigi collected in the mansion was real, and with it he gets a new mansion or house. But if Luigi gets H rank, he ends up with only a tent.
Luigi uses two devices given to him by E. Gadd to progress through the game: the Poltergust 3000 to suck up ghosts, and the Game Boy Horror (which is designed to resemble a Game Boy Color) to investigate objects, navigate the mansion and communicate with E. Gadd. On top of its primary function, the Poltergust has various other uses as well, such as sucking up money and being used as a flashlight to help Luigi see and even stun ghosts. Once Luigi collects the corresponding Elemental Medal, he can also use the Poltergust to suck up Elemental Ghosts and expel their fire, water or ice powers to fight other ghosts and deplete their HPs so that Luigi can capture them. In turn, Luigi's own HP is lowered whenever he takes damage and requires him to replenish it by collecting Hearts, or risk a Game Over (at which point he collapses and the word "Goodnight" appears overhead).
“As a result of extensive research, I have divided ghosts into several categories.”
In his exploits, Luigi captures up to twenty-three gallery ghosts (five are optional). These ghosts (excluding the third and the final/fourth boss) have 100 HP, but their hearts are not automatically shown like other ghosts: Luigi must find each ghost's weakness before he can suck them up. The following are listed in order of appearance appear in the game:
Note: Although Luigi first meets Madame Clairvoya in Area Two, he captures her after he begins Area Three.
There are fifty one (including King Boo) Boos that hide in the various rooms of the mansion. Thirty-five of these are named to differentiate between them, and the remaining fifteen make up the third Boss of the game, Boolossus. The magic of the King Boo's spells increase based on the number of his minions nearby. Because of this, Luigi needed to capture twenty Boos to break the seal designed to block Boolossus from him. After capturing twenty more, the seal separating Luigi from King Boo was broken. If Luigi catches all fifty Boos, he will be rewarded with the extremely valuable Gold Diamond. Each of the Boos' names are puns. For example, "Booigi" is a pun on "Luigi" and "Game Boo" is a nod to the Game Boy.
Luigi's New Mansion
Similar to the mechanics of Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3, all of the money and treasure Luigi collects in his adventure is used to build a new mansion in place of the old one. The more money he collects from treasure rooms, watering plants, catching Portrait Ghosts and examining furniture, the better the mansion will be (it will be a large / small house in the lower ranks). The house will become a painting at the front of the Gallery, with Luigi's total money on the bottom-left corner. The message will be "Welcome to Luigi's NEW Mansion!" unless Luigi achieves Rank A or H. The requirement to achieve Rank A was increased significantly during localization for PAL regions, hence the two values given for Rank A and Rank B.
Although it may seem to be a feat to achieve Rank A, it may be considered even more difficult to achieve Rank H, as Luigi will usually collect more than 5,000,000G without actively trying to get money. Thus, Luigi must work to avoid money if they want to achieve rank H.
Once the player beats the game for the first time, the quest can be restarted in the normal mansion or the "Hidden Mansion". It is the same in terms of gameplay except for two changes: A) Ghosts (including Boos) deal twice as much damage to Luigi. B) The Poltergust 3000 has 1.5 times more power, which can help get more pearls and thus means more money and a better chance of getting nicer frames for Portrait Ghosts.
Luigi may find several items that Mario has dropped in the mansion. Once he has received one, he can show it to Madame Clairvoya for information of Mario's whereabouts.
Professor E. Gadd had trapped the Portrait Ghosts into paintings during his past ghost adventures and put them for display in his personal gallery - until King Boo released each of them. As Luigi recaptures gallery ghosts, they will be framed in three colors: bronze, silver, or gold. The color depends on how much HP (out of 100 for each non-boss gallery ghost) Luigi sucks in one go, which produce pearls:
If Luigi sucks all 100 HP at once, no extra pearl is awarded. The maximum amount of money to be gained per Portrait Ghost is 1,600,000G: 4 small pearls, 4 medium pearls, and 1 big pearl.
The PAL version of Luigi's Mansion (Europe and Australia) increased the number of changes for the Hidden Mansion:
These changes were made after American and Japanese gamers complained that the Hidden Mansion offered virtually no changes. Shigeru Miyamoto himself thought up some things to add to the PAL version's Hidden Mansion. Most of the changes made seem to make the PAL version harder than the NTSC version.
Pre-release and unused content
Many rooms had different names in one or more early builds; for example, the Foyer was originally called the "Entrance". The Poltergust 3000 used to have a pressure meter, and if it overheated, the Poltergust 3000 would ignite and injure Luigi. The Poltergust's shape is also more rectangular in one or more early versions.
Luigi's Mansion appears in volume 26 and 29 of Super Mario-Kun. In volume 26, which usually follows the story of Paper Mario, the Luigi's Mansion section is condensed into one chapter. The story begins similarly to the game: Luigi wins a mansion. He tries calling Mario's name, but Mario is absent. Luigi then treks to the mansion by himself. After a walk through the forest at night, Luigi is horrified to see his mansion. There, he meets a harmless Boo (案内役 テレサ) that leads him into the mansion. Inside the mansion, he and the Boo find a vacuum, so he tests it on the Boo, much to the Boo's anger. Luigi proceeds to vacuum the ghosts, and he even encounters a Shy Guy Ghost, which he doodles on its face.
Luigi then finds Mario trapped in a painting. Luigi is then ambushed by Bowser. Luigi attempts to run behind Bowser, but Bowser twists his head and burns Luigi. While Bowser throws a spike ball, Luigi uses his vacuum to deflect it at him, knocking off the head. King Boo flies out, and Luigi proceeds to suck in King Boo, breaking the spell and freeing Mario. The Bowser head, still flying, lands on Luigi's head, and Mario, mistakening him for Bowser, fights him. Once Mario realizes his mistake, he immediately regrets what he done, and the Boo watches them. Despite the chapter's being seemingly disjointed, Luigi later joins Mario during a fight with Huff N. Puff and uses his Poltergust 3000 to vacuum the Tuff Puffs.
Not much is known in the segment in volume 29, but Toad travels along with Luigi.
References to other games
References in later games
The game has received mostly positive reviews. Gamespot gave the game a 7.9/10,  IGN gave it a 7/10  and Nintendo Life gave it an 8/10 . The game was mainly praised for its clever features and for giving Luigi a starring role. However, it was criticized for its short length.
Luigi's Mansion is the 5th best selling game for the Nintendo GameCube, having sold approximately 2.64 million copies, 2.19 million in the US, 318,918 copies in Japan, and 100,000 units in the UK, as of December 31, 2009.
Names in other languages