Nintendo

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This article is about the Japanese company. For information about the development team, see here.
Nintendo
Nintendo Logo.svg
Founded September 23, 1889­
First Mario Game Donkey Kong (1981
Latest Mario Game Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS (2014
Current President Satoru Iwata

Nintendo (Japanese: 任天堂; Rōmaji: Nintendō) is a company in Japan which develops and manufactures its own line of video games and consoles. The name Nintendo means "leave luck to heaven" in Japanese. They are the creators of many popular series, including The Legend of Zelda, Pokémon, as well as their most popular series, the Super Mario series, plus many more. Nintendo also owns the Seattle Mariners baseball team. Nintendo's mascot is Mario himself. Nintendo revived the North American video game industry after the Video Game Crash of 1983.

Nintendo's highest-selling home and handheld consoles are the Wii and Nintendo DS.

Nintendo's regions (headquarters) in the world. In the Nintendo webpage's selector country (www.nintendo.com) appears the region and its countries' list.

History[edit]

The company was originally founded on September 23rd, 1889 by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade Hanafuda cards for use in a Japanese playing card game of the same name. Eventually, in 1929, the company was passed on to Yamauchi's son-in-law, Sekiryo Kaneda. He took up the Yamauchi name when he married Fusajiro's daughter, Tei Yamauchi. The company continued on to make Hanafuda cards. However, Kaneda decided to retire in 1949 and passed Nintendo down to his grandson, Hiroshi Yamauchi. Little did he know that Hiroshi would change the focus of Nintendo for the best. In the late 70's, Yamauchi decided to expand Nintendo into the United States, as arcade machines were becoming very popular. However, his plan did not go over as well as he had hoped. Many children in the U.S. did not show much interest in Nintendo's products, like Sheriff or Radar Scope. Nintendo started to lose money, so in desperation, Yamauchi turned to one of his employees, Shigeru Miyamoto, for help.

He called only Miyamoto in because he was the only employee who had any time on his hands. Yamauchi asked Miyamoto to make a product for the arcade machine that would become a best-seller. Shigeru Miyamoto worked on the project he was thinking of for a while: Donkey Kong. When it entered the North American market, it became a best-seller. Nintendo started moving into video games and assigned Gunpei Yokoi to make a handheld console for enjoyment while traveling. Thus, Yokoi made the Game & Watch, which became popular in both Japan and the United States. Nintendo then made the Nintendo Entertainment System, which grew very popular among children, the most successful game being Super Mario Bros. The release of the system forever changed the focus of video game development from quantity to quality and cemented the company's place in history. Aside from video games, Nintendo is also the majority owner of the Seattle Mariners, a Major League Baseball team, which is now handled by Howard Lincoln. In 2002, Hiroshi Yamauchi stepped down from office, giving the position to Satoru Iwata.

Results of their work[edit]

The company's red logo from 1975 to 2006

Nintendo is the longest running company in the history of the video game console market and historically the most influential and best known console manufacturer. However, they do have business rivalry in Sony, Microsoft, and formerly their biggest rival, Sega (which is now reduced to third-party work). Nintendo, as a video game company, began in the Japanese market in 1983, the U.S. market in 1985, and the European market in 1986. Over time Nintendo has manufactured six TV consoles and nine handheld portables. They have also developed, and published well over 300 games, and have sold over 2 billion games worldwide.

Nintendo has also sold very well among other consoles. Yamauchi, when he announced the Nintendo GameCube, stated that people don't buy a console for the console, they buy it for the game they want. He also believed that a video game console should be solely for video games, never anything else, in opposition to the PlayStation 2's built-in DVD Player. These are the reasons he always made Nintendo's consoles the cheapest, compared to other consoles.

All recent official Nintendo merchandise are marked with the Official Nintendo Seal. Originally, the seal was applied to only video games.

Appearances in the Mario universe[edit]

MSM 1-1 Basketball.png
The Nintendo logo appearing next to a basketball at Mario Stadium in Mario Sports Mix.
NintendoGameCube-ShineSprite-MKDD.png
The logo appearing on the sides at Nintendo Gamecube in Mario Kart: Double Dash!!.


Home consoles[edit]

A variety of Nintendo consoles.

Attachments and Remodels[edit]

These consoles may have different names in different markets. The NES is known as Famicom in Japan, the SNES subsequently as Super Famicom. In China, the Nintendo 64 was released under the name iQue Player.

Handheld consoles[edit]

Remodels[edit]

Releases of these consoles in China usually replace "Nintendo" in the name with "iQue". Examples are the iQue DS and the iQue 3DS.

See also[edit]

Name in other languages[edit]

Language Name Meaning
Japanese 任天堂
ニンテンドー
Nintendō
The first name is the name of the company. 任 (nin) mean "responsibility", "work" or "obligation", 天 (ten) mean "sky" and 堂 () mean "stately" or "bless". Also 天堂 (tendō) mean "heaven" or "paradise". The second name is used for the Japanese name of some Nintendo's consoles, like Nintendo GameCube (ニンテンドーゲームキューブ, Nintendō GēmuKyūbu). The name can also be roughly translated to, "Leave luck to heaven."
Korean 닌텐도
Nintendo
Chinese 任天堂
Rèntiāntáng
Name used also for the Chinese name of the Nintendo's consoles.

External links[edit]