Help:Screenshots and Game Asset Rips

From the Super Mario Wiki
Warning.svg
This guide is an exercise of a certain discipline when submitting screenshots, sprites, or 3D renders to MarioWiki, in a similar way to articles in accordance to MarioWiki:Manual of Style. Rushing these kind of images can be like creating stub articles. These are highly recommended ways to obtain high quality screenshots that are big enough, contain minimal degradation, don't cause additional maintenance for other editors, and aren't a resource hog to store/transmit for the rest of the users that access MarioWiki.

This is a guide to get the best possible screenshots for all consoles and handhelds by supplying a basic technical overview of each device. Using emulators, hardware modifications, or HDMI capture provide the sharpest screenshots possible, but it takes some know-how to achieve that level of quality.

Things to keep in mind when supplying MarioWiki with images
  • These recommendations apply to screenshots ({{game-screenshot}}), sprites ({{game-sprite}}), and 3D renders ({{game-3Drender}}) of released games and their contents. This doesn't necessarily apply to games that were never released or developer-released screenshots during the game's development cycle.
  • Use PNG. Don't use JPEG or GIF as they represent the content with varying degrees of inaccuracy, such as lossy compression or color loss, unless otherwise stated. Don't covert between these formats. Just resample the image. If you see an image that is unusually high in file size (formerly File:Thwomp Wario's Woods.png), then it is encouraged to upload a clean version of the image.
    • General rule of thumb to tell what requires the PNG format: If you can access a particular object the MarioWiki article is referencing in the game through normal gameplay or through hacking the game data, PNG is required. Otherwise the format the image was released in should stay in its current format (unless BMP or similar formats, then convert to PNG).
    • PNG Monster PNG Monstrous or ExplodePNG are recommended to be applied to the PNGs to reduce file size, but it is optional.
  • Be mindful of emulator glitches, such as missing shadows, glitch renderings, missing effects, etc.. Generally, the older the console, the more accurate the emulator. Use the recommended emulators in this guide. Use their latest versions, not just stable builds.
  • Some older games were rereleased on newer hardware under the label of Virtual Console. It is preferred to take screenshots for the original release.
  • Do not use post-processing effects. This includes applying filters after a clean screenshot was taken or using a filter as the game is running in the emulator (against policy anyways).
  • If you are going to take a screenshot of a YouTube video (or equivalent media), save in PNG format (unless it's for a Wii U game so use JPEG instead to make it easier to replace because reasons in its own section) and tag the image immediately with {{image-quality}} so a more appropriately captured screenshot can be uploaded at a future date. Encoders that were used to create the video or the encoder used to make those videos compatible with YouTube's players use lossy compression and the artifacts will be preserved of the screen capture when saved to the PNG format or intensified if saved in JPEG.

If screenshots don't comply with these standards, tag images with {{image-quality}}. The screenshots present in this guide are some of the best screenshots MarioWiki have produced.

Why Use Emulators?

Emulators have these benefits:

  • The hassle of getting older consoles to work is gone. The most notorious example of hardware failure is the Nintendo Entertainment System 1985 model.
  • Earlier game cartridges, such as those for Nintendo Entertainment System, Super Nintendo Entertainment System, Game Boy and Game Boy Color, use what is known as a battery back-up to store game data. Many of the stock batteries are now discharged and no longer save properly. The only way to fix this is to do some soldering and maybe buying special batteries from retro gaming stores. Sometimes you can use common button cell batteries. Emulators "battery power" is indefinite.
  • Savestates allow players to save the exact moment they are in a game by saving everything in memory. This is really helpful for games that have a limited or no save feature. This isn't the same as saving the real way. This ability can be used to traverse hard sections of levels without having to do earlier sections over again.
  • The real hardware will eventually die.[1] Emulation will preserve the past as much as possible so that way it can be enjoyed by future generations.
  • Emulators aren't prone to degradation of image quality. By default, they ignore the process of converting their internal renders into analog output, such as RCA or coaxial. However, some emulators try to simulate this degradation to try to keep the experience "authentic".

Legalities

Nintendo is highly against emulation[2], despite their Virtual Console service and Classics consoles being just that. Nintendo has spread fears and misconceptions about emulation.[3] This is a very dated policy. Here's the state of emulation:

  • Emulators are legal because it is reverse engineering protected under fair use law. No emulator has been ruled illegal in a court of law.
  • Making copies of software you own is legal because US copyright law allows for making personal backups, known as ROM and ISO dumps, regardless of any safeguards in place.
  • Distributing and downloading ROMs/ISOs from unlicensed Nintendo sources are illegal. This is true piracy, but this method is used to make back-ups easier and is the common justification for owning the digital versions of the physical media, if the user has the physical copy.

With that in mind, Super Mario Wiki is not responsible for any actions editors take to emulate their games and will not provide any sources where to find ROMs and ISOs. This section is nothing more than just explaining legalities of emulation.

Recommended Equipment

Most likely, you are going to be using a computer to play these games. A few emulators have been made available on other hardware, such as mGBA, which can be a bit easier to play. The most common input setup is using a keyboard. It doesn't have to be this way; hunching over the keys, using your fingertips to push buttons, using buttons to simulate Control Stick (which can't allow for slight pushes and has limited direction), and even having +Control Pad be on the right and the action buttons on the left. This guide recommends the use of an XInput device, such as an Xbox 360 or Xbox One controller, and then reconfiguring the emulated controller inputs, if necessary. This guide also recommends using USB wired connections to the computer wherever possible. It is possible to use a wireless setup, but the Xbox 360 controller requires a separate adapter and the Xbox One controller likely uses Bluetooth. The Xbox One controller, if using the USB mode, doesn't need AA batteries as it uses the USB's power of 5V and 500mA. There is some mixed success using the Wii Classic Controller, Wii U Pro Controller, and the Nintendo Switch Pro Controller. Dolphin has support for all the real hardware Wii accessories that Mario games use (requires Bluetooth receiver) and has support for the Wii U GameCube adapter from Super Smash Bros. for Wii U.

RetroN 5

A RetroN 5 may be used to take screenshots as an alternative from digital versions of the cartridges, but the firmware must be v2.0 or later[4], as that version introduced PNG screenshots. Older hardware revisions of RetroN are untested. Follow documentation how to upgrade the hardware's firmware.[5][6] Keep in mind this is limited to the Nintendo Entertainment System/Family Computer, Super Nintendo Entertainment System/Super Famicom, Game Boy, Game Boy Color, and Game Boy Advance. No hardware add-ons that use special extension slots are supported, such as Family BASIC or the Satellaview. The first version Family Computer's second controller has a microphone instead of Start Button and Select Button, and it is unknown if the RetroN 5 supports this mode.[citation needed] The Game Boy support doesn't support link cables, although it might be possible with the Super Game Boy 2. Out of luck for the Game Boy Advance. Also keep in mind that compatibility is not like official hardware, so run time bugs could be encountered that would otherwise not happen.

Consoles

Crop to zoom in edit.
Image use policy edit.

Each console and handheld section has at least one resolution specification. This is the expected output before edits to the screenshots are performed, such as cropping to zoom in on the subject or to follow image use policy.

NES/Famicom/Famicom Disk System/SNES/Satellaview

256 × 224 (NTSC) or 256 × 240 (PAL)

512 × 448 (NTSC) or 512 × 480 (PAL) (SNES only. Not applicable to Mario games, but not entirely sure. This might apply to Donkey Kong Country and Donkey Kong Country 2: Diddy's Kong Quest, but not Donkey Kong Country 3: Dixie Kong's Double Trouble!, and specifically to their "Nintendo Presents" right when the game boots, but no where else. This applies for sure to games such as Jurassic Park.)

  • FCEUX for NES/Famicom/Famicom Disk System
  • Snes9x for SNES/Satellaview
    • BSNES 073/0.73 if Snes9x fails to emulate a game properly. Great for emulating Super Game Boy. See GB/GBC for appropriate use cases when to use SGB. It is recommended to not use Higan because it uses unconventional emulation practices and risks being too confusing to setup. You can use BSNES-classic, an unofficial build which branches off starting from BSNES 0.73 to incorporate the latest accuracy fixes in the latest Higan builds. The developer of Higan also revived the bsnes project (maintaining both emulators), but you must load the SBG ROM first and then a GB ROM.

FCEUX has inaccurate code emulating the color of NTSC NES, Famicom, and Famicom Disk System games correctly. It is recommended you use the correct palette. Go here for the download and instructions how to use it.

Despite being the most popular SNES emulator, it should be worth noting that you shouldn't use ZSNES in most cases because screenshots end up having a solid black line 256 × 1 at the very bottom, reducing the visible resolution to 256 × 223. The emulator is plagued with accuracy problems, which might make screenshots look wrong (like File:Slime Climb.png with the water). The emulator is 12 years out-of-date (v1.51 was released January 24, 2007) compared to Snes9x, which is leaps and bounds more accurate and had its last update on February 28th, 2019 (1.59.2). Snes9x is second to BSNES.

Due to the schedule-based nature of the Satellaview, some games will be unplayable. There are ROM hacks that disable the problematic code, in the form of patches:

These patches don't contain the games. The patches are instructions how to modify a file.

NTSC vs. PAL

SMW96US.png
256 × 224 (NTSC)
SMW96EU.png
256 × 240 (PAL)

Various Samples

Japanese Consoles

NES/SNES Further Reading

N64/64DD

320 × 237 (more common)

640 × 474 (less common)

  • Project64 - Press F3 to take a screenshot.
    • Graphics (ranked from best to worst)
      • angrylion's RDP graphics plug-in[7] (recommended plug-in to use, most accurate, automatic resolution adjustment, fewest glitches, and screenshots are in the BMP file format, which is best as PNG instead)
        • Screen resolution formula set to DP frame buffer, Bypass DAC filters set to checked, and Force NN set to unchecked.
        • You might notice slight dithering artifacts with screenshots, especially during 3D rendering. This is normal. Real hardware did this too. Sometimes this doesn't happen at all.
      • GLideN64 graphics plug-in[8] (only recommended if angrylion fails, can be glitchy, can set to automatic resolution adjustment, more accurate with some games, screenshots tend to be 320 × 240 or 640 × 480 in the BMP file format, newer)
        • Bilinear filtering set to N64-style 3 point, Enable per-pixel lighting set to checked, and Internal resolution set to Original N64 resolution.
        • This plug-in is great for dumping textures and sprites.
      • Glide64 graphics plug-in[9] (only recommended if angrylion or GLideN64 fails, slightly more glitchy than the previous, manual resolution adjustment, less accurate with some games, screenshots tend to be 320 × 240 with the option for PNG, older)
        • Windowed or 3dfx card resolution and Full screen resolution to 320 × 240, Filtering mode to Automatic, and Aspect ratio to Original.
    • RSP
      • HatCat's RSP Interpreter [10]
        • Primary
      • RSP Plugin 1.7.0.13 [11]
        • Try switching RSP plug-ins before switching graphics plug-ins if glitches occur.
  • Mupen64Plus (untested but noteworthy)
These games behave quite oddly under the angrylion plug-in:
  • Mario Tennis: The output is often 306 × 222 in the menus or 386 × 222 in-game (check file histories), leaving most or all of the black surrounding border cropped out automatically. Is this a glitch of the angrylion plug-in or does real hardware do this as well?
  • Donkey Kong 64 - N64 logo before DK Rap displays as 640 × 237. Then it displays normally after that.
  • Mario Artist: Communication Kit - Title screen displays as 640 × 237. Then it displays normally after that.

Glide64 settings to more closely match real N64 hardware internal resolution

It is common to take poor N64 screenshots in an emulator. Be sure to follow each plug-in recommended settings closely.

Paper Mario under Glide64
Glide64 2.png
Before change.
Glide64 3.png
After change.
Super Mario 64: HUD comparison
JollyRogerBayPirateGrotto.png
See how the HUD elements look ugly with black outlining if improperly filtered? Mario's shadow is missing as well. Click to enlarge to see the full picture.
BobOmbBattlefield.png
Here's what the HUD is supposed to look like. Mario's shadow appears here where it should. No need to click to enlarge because it is being shown at native resolution.

Samples

3D
Puff.png
Mario Party (angrylion)
Mk64wariostadium3.png
Mario Kart 64 (Glide64)

N64 Further Reading

GCN/Wii

It has been requested that this section be rewritten and expanded to include more information (tagged on Needs all games for GCN and Wii. Report resolutions for games unlisted here on the talk page).

Fullscreen is 4:3 and widescreen is 16:9.

GCN
  • Varies by game, but fits into dimensions of 640 × 480 fullscreen.
    • Super Mario Strikers can support widescreen natively. Screenshots can then be fit into dimensions of 854 × 448 widescreen.
  • The game controls the aspect ratio during rendering.
Wii
  • Varies by game, but fits into dimensions of 854 × 480 widescreen (recommended) or 640 × 480 fullscreen (not recommended but acceptable).
  • The console controls the aspect ratio and the game takes this setting into consideration during rendering.

Finding the resolutions is easy but setting the emulator window size correctly is trial-and-error. This is due to amateur programming that has yet to be fixed been improved since 5.0-1374 by having the option to turn on full resolution frame dumps (or internal resolution frame dumps in more recent versions) in the advanced tab in the graphical settings. Dolphin should be running on default settings, except for these settings:

Setting Value Tab
Graphics (requires at least version 5.0-1374)
Internal Resolution 1x native Enhancements
Full Resolution Frame Dumps
Internal Resolution Frame Dumps
checked Advanced
Aspect Ratio stretch to window General

When taking a screenshot (F9), Dolphin will either report the correct width or height, but never both in the same screenshot. All GCN and Wii screenshots will be in 4:3, regardless of games allowing for widescreen rendering, because it is faked. Keep that in mind. For whatever reason, absurdly stretching the emulator window either height-wise makes the width correct xor width-wise makes the height correct. For example, making the emulator window be 640x360 will make the output image report the correct height xor 360x640 will make the output image report the correct width. Armed with these correct dimensions, uncheck Internal Resolution Frame Dumps and then fiddle around with the emulator window size. These are the reported resolutions for games covered by Super Mario Wiki:

Game Resolution Example
GCN
Nintendo GameCube
(the software before the game boots)
592 × 448 Nocoverart.png
Game Boy Player 608 × 448 Nocoverart.png
Luigi's Mansion 640 × 480 LM Title Screen.png
Mario Party 4 640 × 480 MP4 title screen.png
Mario Party 5 640 × 480 Mario Party 5 Title Screen.png
Mario Party 6 640 × 480 Mario Party 6 Title screen.png
Mario Party 7 640 × 480 Mario Party 7 Title Screen.png
Super Smash Bros. Melee 640 × 480 CharacterSelect-SSBMelee.png
Nintendo Puzzle Collection 640 × 480 YoshisCookieGCNTitle.png
Dance Dance Revolution: Mario Mix 640 × 480 DDRMM Title Screen.png
Super Mario Sunshine 640 × 448 Secret Of The Dirty Lake.png
Donkey Konga 640 × 448 DKa Title Screen.png
Donkey Konga 2 640 × 448 DKa2 Title Screen.png
Donkey Konga 3 640 × 448 DKa3 Title Screen.png
Mario Golf: Toadstool Tour 640 × 448 Mario Golf Toadstool Tour Title Screen.png
Mario Power Tennis 640 × 448 Mario Power Tennis title screen.png
Mario Superstar Baseball 640 × 448 MSB Title Screen.png
Super Mario Strikers 640 × 448 SMSt Title Screen.png
WarioWare, Inc.: Mega Party Game$! 640 × 448 WWIMPG$ Title Screen.png
NBA Street V3 640 × 448 NBA Street V3 - Loading Screen.png
SSX on Tour 640 × 448 SSXoT Character Select.png
Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door 608 × 480 PMTTYD Title.png
Donkey Kong Jungle Beat 608 × 448 DKJB title screen.png
Mario Kart: Double Dash!! 608 × 448 TitleScreenExtra-MarioKartDoubleDash.png
Wario World 512 × 448 Wario World Title Screen.png
Wii
Wii
(the software before the game boots)
??? × ??? Nocoverart.png
Super Mario Galaxy 640 × 456 Nocoverart.png
Super Mario Galaxy 2 640 × 456 Nocoverart.png
New Super Mario Bros. Wii 640 × 456 Nocoverart.png
Super Smash Bros. Brawl 640 × 480 Nocoverart.png
Mario Kart Wii 608 × 456 Nocoverart.png
Super Paper Mario 608 × 480 Nocoverart.png
Super Mario All-Stars Limited Edition 512 × 479 Nocoverart.png

Keep in mind some games have graphical defects or runtime errors and needs emulator adjustments. Most likely these bugs are known, but sometimes bugs may not be reported. They may either have setting(s) overridden by GameINIs, or had a tweak to the emulator code performed starting with certain revisions. Be sure to read up on general and game-specific emulator documentation. You can right-click on each game in the emulator window to see what available options you have.

Advanced Users

You could use software rendering instead of OpenGL/Direct3D/Vulkan, but it is recommended that you save state first before switching to it because it is EXTREMELY SLOW! Testing it reveals that it may be producing pixel accurate screenshots. Any games with a widescreen capability will not be rendered roughly to 16:9 but rather stay roughly at 4:3 because widescreen is faked on real hardware. You could use these dimensions to fiddle around with the emulator window for some trial and error on the other backends, because no direct way to set the resolution exists, but make sure that you follow the instructions about getting screenshots higher than 1x native, minus going full screen, but also enabling aspect ratio settings to stretch to window.

Alternative Screen Capture

If you want an easier method of screen capture, you can take screenshots above 1× native. If you are displaying a 1× native image in full screen mode, such as a monitor that can display up to 1920 × 1080p, make sure that you adjust graphical settings. Otherwise blurriness due to stretching occurs. Dolphin should be running on default settings, except for these settings:

Setting Value Tab
Graphics
Internal Resolution Auto (Window Size) Enhancements
Full Resolution Frame Dumps
Internal Resolution Frame Dumps
unchecked Advanced
Aspect Ratio auto General

Then enter full screen mode (alt + enter). This internal resolution mode is ideal for 3D object renders, such as this image for applying transparency. There is no need to use external tools, original lighting is preserved, and any graphical tricks are preserved (like phong shading). This doesn't make the render appear abnormal, such as this image.

It should be worth noting that these high resolution images do not need to be tagged with {{image-quality}}. However, it is perfectly acceptable to upload smaller versions of these screenshots, as long as the smaller screenshots don't go below the 1× native resolution of each game.

Title Screens and Cutscenes

DON'T use above 1× native for certain title screens and cutscenes because it displays a static image or pre-render video instead of live 3D models. It just pixelates the image or makes encoder artifacts more apparent. For cutscenes, it is better to try to extract these videos from the game itself than to use an emulator. If that is not possible, use 1× native and scale the emulator window appropriately in these cases. Here's examples of these cases below:

Title Screens
MP4 title screen.png
Live 3D models (Mario Party 4)
Cutscenes
SMG2Rosalina.png
Live 3D models (Super Mario Galaxy 2)

Sample Images

Dolphin may not produce exactly 4:3 or 16:9 images, such as outputs of 1,208 × 900 or 1,600 × 876 if you are using 2.5× native going fullscreen on a 1600 × 900 monitor. This is perfectly normal. Not all GameCube and Wii games utilize the entire 640 × 480 or 854 × 480 frame on real hardware. DON'T force stretching to fit the entire display. Keep the fullscreen resolution and aspect ratio settings to auto.

When running the game, you may need to adjust the aspect ratio graphics setting in the emulator so that way images are stretched properly, or else distortion occurs. DON'T use the widescreen hack. DON'T edit the screenshot to accommodate the aspect ratio. Below are examples of properly stretched screenshots when set in a certain aspect ratio mode.

GCN/Wii Further Reading

Wii U

It has been requested that additional images be uploaded for this section. Remove this only when the image(s) have been uploaded for this section. Specifics: Needs PNG examples from games that capture from raw HDMI and raw GamePad output. Search first before uploading new. If you have any recommendations, use the talk page

An emulator exists, but it is highly alpha and isn't nearly accurate enough to be considered good for screenshot taking. It is better to use an HDMI capture device for the Wii U console and hardmod a Wii U GamePad.

TV
GamePad
  • 854 × 480

This solution is not very favorable for most people and no homebrew exists like it does for the 3DS so it will probably be easier to use the following methods instead.

Wii U Direct Upload

If you use the built-in web browser for the Wii U, you can upload screenshots directly to MarioWiki! Images are limited to 1280 × 720 for TV and 854 × 480 for the GamePad, but in the JPEG format. This feature is only allowed if the Wii U or software permits it.

Miiverse

Screenshots uploaded to Miiverse and then uploaded to MarioWiki are acceptable but are limited to JPEG and a considerable amount of detail is lost because the image is 800 × 450.

Wii U Image Share

Some games may not have dedicated Miiverse pages. The Wii U Image Share may be the only way to get images uploaded to MarioWiki:

Super Smash Bros. for Wii U

Super Smash Bros. for Wii U has an Album mode that can store 1920 × 1080 JPEGs, but only if you have a compatible SD card inserted into the Wii U. Don't use the edit tools provided by the game.

Press Images

Nintendo Press uploads BMPs of the games they are promoting. Convert the BMPs to PNG.

Wii U Further Reading

Nintendo Switch

This section is under construction. Therefore, please excuse its informal appearance while it's being worked on. We hope to have it completed as soon as possible.

It has been requested that this section be rewritten and expanded to include more information (tagged on Report screenshot capabilities on talk page).

No details at this time but expect specs to be similar or better to the Wii U.

Nintendo Switch Further Reading

Virtual Boy

384 × 224

Make sure the coloring is set to redscale, splitting mode is set to side by side, and side by side separation is set to 0 pixels. Screenshot taking default key is F12.

Virtual Boy Further Reading

GB/GBC

160 × 144

BGB uses right-clicking to bring up menus. Under the Graphics tab, SGB colors and GBC LCD colors should be disabled or else wrong colors are displayed. In the GB Colors tab, the scheme should be greys high contrast. In the System tab, you can do interesting things:

Emulated system setting Game Boy game behavior Game Boy Color game behavior
Game Boy Normal 4-color mode. If game is Game Boy Color exclusive, brings up warning dialogs, like this.
Game Boy Color Applies GBC color to an otherwise monochrome image (requires bootrom, this) Normal

However, it is recommended to take normal screenshots in most cases. These are normal cases:

  • Grey cartridge games that don't have Super Game Boy enhanced color palates, play these games in GBC mode and set the BIOS of the GBC to boot the game's colors in original gray (B Button + +Control Pad left) mode.
  • SGB-enhanced games should run in SGB mode (like the Donkey Kong Land series). See SNES emulators to use. Optional but recommended to crop out the special borders.
  • Black cartridges contain both a GB and GBC mode. Sometimes they have a SGB mode as well, like Game & Watch Gallery 3 or Wario Land II. Run these games in GBC mode.
  • GBC exclusive cartridges have no choice but to run in GBC mode for normal gameplay.

GB/GBC Further Reading

GBA

240 × 160

  • mGBA Great for getting screenshots for games in Game Link Cable multi pak mode. e-Reader support is planned, but not implemented.
    • Game Boy Printer support.
    • Game Boy Camera support with a webcam.
      • NO$GBA Great for getting screenshots for games in Game Link Cable single pak mode. OK choice for e-Reader, but is sub-par compared to VBA-M.
      • VBA-M If mGBA fails to emulate a game properly. Best choice for e-Reader.
      • VisualBoyAdvance 1.8.0-beta3 If mGBA fails to emulate a game properly. OK choice for e-Reader, but no card scans, but some cards save executable data to the device, and they are floating around on the web.

NO$GBA needs to have GBA Mode/Colors set to NDS-Lite in GBA mode (poppy) for correct GBA colors or else the screenshot will be dull-looking.

GBA Further Reading

DS/DSi

256 × 192 Each screen

In order for DeSmuME to emulate the graphics correctly, the 3D Settings need to be set to SoftRasterizer. Else some effects could be missing or wrong.

NO$GBA has many issues and is not recommended for DS. The only advantage that NO$GBA has is DSi emulation. Here's some issues:

Stacking
MPDS TitleScreen.png
It's OK to stack the screens. This image is 2×192 (384px) tall.
Giant Bowser Battle.png
There's also some instances where the DS is rotated 90°.

DS/DSi Further Reading

3DS

  • 400 × 240 Top screen
  • 320 × 240 Bottom screen

Emulators exist, but they are highly alpha and aren't nearly accurate enough to be considered good for screenshot taking. It is better to use The Homebrew Launcher on a 3DS and some of its screenshot tools. Notice how the homebrew overrides the system's ability to suspend system software running (HOME Button) as the button now takes a raw screenshot instead. Be sure to have the 3D slider turned off.

Tools used (included in the starter pack):
  • HANS - Loads games from Homebrew Launcher. Holding L Button + R Button + B Button + +Control Pad down goes back to Homebrew Launcher while running a game.
  • Screenshot tool - Converts raw screenshots to PNG.
  • Super ftpd II Turbo - This saves yourself time needing to turn off the 3DS to eject the SD card safely. This turns your 3DS into a temporary FTP server for as long as the app is running. Pay attention to the IP and port number (should be in light blue text on the top screen, separated by a colon). Use your favorite FTP client to download/upload files to your 3DS, such as FileZilla.

Some games crash when attempted to be loaded through HANS. This is caused by using certain exploits. If you can, try to have as many working exploits as possible. List of games that could be problematic:

Some games boot fine in HANS but don't load DLC or patches:

Latest version (as of June 18, 2018)

11.7.0-40[13]

Keep in mind that Nintendo releases patches for the 3DS firmware/games and methods to run homebrew will sometimes be circumvented. At this time, it is recommended to stay on 11.3.0-36 or below to retain or obtain full control of your 3DS. If and when exploits have been made compatible with newer firmwares, you may need to update them with a payload compatible with the firmware you are using before updating to newer firmwares. See documentation of each exploit you use. Homebrew developers are always trying to find new ways for people running the latest 3DS firmware to start using homebrew. There are two kinds of exploits:

  • Primary - These will work on systems that have not been exploited before. No prerequisites necessary. Just setup the homebrew launcher on your SD card and execute the exploit. The exploit soundhax falls under this category.
  • Secondary - These will work like primary entry points but the difference is that you need a primary entry point to set these kind of exploits up. The exploits stickerhax and steelhax fall under this category. It is possible to boot these on an unexploited system if the exploit was setup on a different 3DS.
Stacking
Mario Kart 7 Character Select Screen.png
It's OK to stack the screens. This image is 2×240px (480px) tall.
3DS Mario&L4 scrn14 E3.png
There's also some instances where the 3DS is rotated 90°.

Miiverse

Screenshots uploaded to Miiverse and then uploaded to MarioWiki are acceptable but are limited to JPEG. Unlike the Wii U's Miiverse pages, no shrinking occurs.

Home Menu

For screenshots related to the Home Menu (HOME Button), hold Y Button and press +Control Pad up for the top screen or press +Control Pad down for the bottom screen. The screenshot is then stored on your SD card. These screenshots are limited to JPEG.

3DS Image Share

Some games may not have dedicated Miiverse pages, such as Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games (Nintendo 3DS) (a search for "Mario & Sonic" doesn't turn up the London entry to the series). The 3DS Image Share may be the only way to get images uploaded to MarioWiki:

Press Images

Nintendo Press uploads BMPs of the games they are promoting. Convert the BMPs to PNG.

3DS Further Reading

CD-i

384 × 280

The screenshot feature of MESS stretches the native resolution of the CD-i slightly vertically and adds the LCD information of the console above the captured image to produce a 384 × 310 image. It is better to take a picture of the window and crop it instead for the time being. First thing to do is make sure MESS isn't in fullscreen mode. Then set the video mode to 48:35. Then shrink the window until the emulator window doesn't want to shrink any more. Then use your preferred method to take a screenshot of the window or screen, such as Windows Snipping Tool. Then crop the picture to the native resolution (FastStone Image Viewer works well). The end result should be like the sample images in this section.

CD-i Further Reading

MS-DOS

Mario head smaller.png This section is a stub. You can help the Super Mario Wiki by expanding it.

320 × 200

320 × 240

640 × 480

Use DOSBox for maximum accuracy because Windows has accuracy issues running DOS programs. Press CTRL+F5 to take a screenshot. Check with DOSBox documentation where the screenshot was saved.

MS-DOS Further Reading

Saves, Cheating, and Passwords

Emulation is all fine and good but there is a catch to this method. You would need to play the game again to obtain these high quality images. That's time-consuming, especially for RPGs such as the Paper Mario (series). This explains why it is more appealing to upload a YouTube video screenshot than an emulator screenshot. Fortunately enough, there are resources to aid in getting a better quality screenshot by supplying saves that unlock everything:

  • Zophar's Domain - This site hosts "native saves" for NES, SNES, N64, GB, GBC, and GBA. These are the same thing as saving on the cartridge itself and its method for saving, such as battery back-up or flash memory chip. Check your emulator's documentation how to properly set up this kind of feature, where to store the file download, and how to name the downloaded file. This may take some experimentation for the game to read save files.
    • Furthermore, Project64 has even more N64 saves that sometimes Zophar's Domain lacks.
  • GBAtemp has saves for use with JK Save Manager. It is a 3DS homebrew app for backing up and restoring saves of 3DS game packs (unsure if there is support for download versions of those game packs). Soon, a dedicated website will host them.[14]
  • GameFAQs - This site hosts "backup saves" for GCN, Wii, GBA, and DS games. These saves are not "native saves" as these need the import dialog of the emulator to convert them into native saves.
    • GameFAQs hosts Wii Power Saves by Datel. It needs sq-dps to convert them to be used on regular Wiis or Dolphin emulator.
    • Dolphin emulator specifically:
      • GameCube real memory card saves require GCMM for import/export so they can be imported into the emulator. It bypasses any copy or move protection.
      • The Wii specifically can copy saves stored on its internal NAND to an SD card and then be imported into the emulator.
        • Some Wii saves cannot be copied to the SD card, such as Mario Kart Wii and Super Smash Bros. Brawl. These need SaveGame Manager GX to copy them. These extracted saves are not the same as the saves that the Wii puts on SD cards. This requires right-clicking the game in the Dolphin list and selecting Open Wii save folder.
    • Both VisualBoyAdvance and VBA-M have issues with GBA gamepak saves only, especially with importing saves, although VBA-M has better detection. It tries to detect the correct type but is often incorrect. It is recommended you download a file called vba-over.ini and put it in the same directory as the emulator executable. This acts as a manual override to the auto-detection. It doesn't include all games though. It is possible to define your own overrides. Read the documentation for the emulators how to do it. Requires some trial and error guesswork. Mario vs. Donkey Kong, for example, needs to be added to the file and then it will work properly. A game like Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga, the import won't take effect. The right configuration for that game has not been found yet.
    • DeSmuME has a weird issue where you need to use the import dialog twice for the import to take effect.
    • GameFAQs also hosts passwords (such as for the game Tetris Attack).
  • TAS Videos - This site is great for downloading special movie files that an emulator can understand that contain input sequences if you don't feel like playing the game yourself. Could be useful in a few cases.
  • Game Genie - For cheating devices under the Game Genie brand. Generally great for "Start in World X" codes (such as Super Mario Bros.).
  • BSFree - For cheating devices under the GameShark brand. Generally great for games with pre-release and unused content.
  • Action Replay - For cheating devices under the Action Replay brand.

Cases

TetrisEnding.png
TAS Videos - Tetris (NES)
Raphealtetrisattack.png
GameFAQs (password) - Tetris Attack
DKR Horseshoe Gulch 4.png
The Cutting Room Floor - Diddy Kong Racing
Pokemon Stadium 2 N64 Super Mario 64.png
GameShark - Pokémon Stadium 2

External Links

References