Luma (species)

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SMG YellowLuma.jpg
First Appearance Super Mario Galaxy (2007)
Latest Appearance Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam (Battle Card cameo) (2015)
Derived Species
Hungry Luma
Notable Members
Co-Star Luma
Lumalee (Luma Shop)

“That's the spirit, mushroom man!”
Luma, Super Mario Galaxy

Lumas are star-like creatures that first appear in Super Mario Galaxy. Unlike most Stars, they have a rain drop-like shape and come in many colors. They are much like Power Stars, but are more circular and have the ability to talk. The Lumas are all very friendly and assist Mario during his quest. Lumas have the ability to transform, from minor planetoids to entire galaxies, and according to Rosalina, some Lumas can even transform into Power Stars. They call Rosalina their "Mama". Most of them make their home with her in the Comet Observatory, and others live on Starship Mario following their leader Lubba. Their name comes form the Latin word for light, lumen, which is a reference to their future as stars. In Super Mario Galaxy 2, if the Co-Star Luma spins one, it will emit three Star Bits.

Paper Mario featured a similar species, called Star Kids. Like the Lumas, the Star Kids were young stars, who were raised on a special place to become real stars someday. They also possessed magical abilities, like the Lumas, and a very similar, childish behavior. In addition, Blue Lumas look similar to an item in Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door called Mini Mr. Mini.


Super Mario series[edit]

Super Mario Galaxy[edit]

In Super Mario Galaxy, various Lumas appear on the Comet Observatory and in different galaxies, and Mario is accompanied by a uniquely cream-colored Luma, who was given to him by Rosalina at the beginning of the game. Luma grants Mario the power to do spins. While he is the only cream-coloured Luma encountered by Mario, the Luma that transformed into the comet that Rosalina and the Lumas travel is shown to be the same colour in Rosalina's storybook's illustration.

Yellow Lumas transform into Sling Stars and Launch Stars and are the most common variety. Red Lumas guard Red Stars. Green Lumas are the guardians of the Trial Galaxies and transform into green Launch Stars and Green Power Stars. Blue Lumas transform into Pull Stars. Pink Lumas transform into pink Launch Stars to get to hungry Luma galaxies. Lumalee, who is a large, light-blue Luma, hosts the Luma Shop. There is also another type of Luma that is pink, known as the Hungry Luma. The last type of Luma is the Lumacomète, which has the ability to move Prankster Comets.

In the end, all the Lumas (including Mario's Luma) throw themselves into the massive black hole created by Bowser's dying sun to neutralize it. However, Luma is reborn and living on a small planet while it is hinted that the other Lumas will be reborn later.

Super Mario Galaxy 2[edit]

A Giant Luma in Super Mario Galaxy 2.
Official artwork of a Giant Luma.

Lumas also appear in Super Mario Galaxy 2. Some time before the beginning of the game, Bowser attacked Lubba's ship, and many of the Lumas on board fell down to the Mushroom World. A large number of Lumas are shown to reside in Starship Mario, and their leader is Lubba. Hungry Lumas also appear; this time, they ask to be fed both Star Bits and Coins. Like in the last game, Lumas enjoy being fed Star Bits, and may thank the player if he or she decides to shoot star bits at them. There are exceptionally large species of Luma in the Supermassive Galaxy, called Giant Lumas. Additionally, Mario's companion Luma returns in this game; however, Mario doesn't seem to remember him, and he found the baby Luma when he crashed onto the Mushroom World.

Super Mario 3D World[edit]

Lumas appear in Super Mario 3D World where they can be seen floating around in the world maps as well as various levels in bonus worlds. Their behavior has not changed from past main series games like Super Mario Galaxy and its sequel.

Mario Kart series[edit]

Mario Kart Wii[edit]

In Mario Kart Wii, a Yellow Luma revolves around Rosalina at all times. It makes tiny noises whenever Rosalina does a trick in the air or whenever Rosalina gets hit by an explosion.

Mario Kart 8[edit]

Although Lumas don't appear physically in Mario Kart 8, a Luma is seen in the logo of "Galaxy Air" and a Luma's artwork can be seen on the back of the Star Cup trophy. Lumas also appear in the scenery of GBA Ribbon Road included in the second DLC pack.

Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games[edit]

Yellow Lumas appear in Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games in the Dream Spacewalk event. Here, they aid the athletes in defeating Dino Piranha. They first transform into Launch Stars that send the characters into space. Following this, they periodically appear to create rings that the athletes must all pass through in order to damage Dino Piranha.

Fortune Street[edit]

In Fortune Street, Lumas appear in the unlockable Good Egg Galaxy board. A Luma can also be a customizable mascot for the player and is unlocked by placing first in all Mario series boards in the Standard Tour.

Mario Tennis Open[edit]

A Luma makes its debut as a playable character in Mario Tennis Open. It is a Technique-type player and it can be unlocked by completing level 3 of the Galaxy Rally special game. Its racquet is turquoise with a picture of a Luma on it. Red, Green, and Turquoise Lumas appear in the background of the Galaxy Arena court. Also if the player is playing as Luma while playing the Galaxy Rally game, the opponent Luma will be blue.

Mario Party: Island Tour[edit]

Lumas make their Mario Party debut in Mario Party: Island Tour for the Nintendo 3DS. Yellow Lumas populate the space-themed board Rocket Road where players travel from one space to another in small spaceships. One of them is also holding the checkered flag at the end of the board, while another hosts Battle Minigames. Also, when one of the characters reach the finish line and is congratulated by Rosalina, a yellow Luma, a pink Luma, and a blue Luma appear as well.

Mario Golf: World Tour[edit]

Lumas made their debut appearance in the Mario Golf series in Mario Golf: World Tour. After players purchase the Star Pack and receive Rosalina as a playable character, Lumas appear alongside her in her post-hole animations. [1]

Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U[edit]

Mario Emblem.png
Super Smash Bros. Character
Rosalina & Luma
SSB4 Rosalina Artwork.png
Game Appearances
Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U
Special Moves
Standard:  Luma Shot
Side:  Star Bits
Up:  Launch Star
Down:  Gravitational Pull
Final Smash:  Power Star

“Rosalina & Luma Launch into Battle!”
Introduction, "Comet Observatory" Trailer

Different colored Lumas appear alongside Rosalina as new playable characters in Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U. As a team, a variety of Rosalina's attacks use these Lumas, especially to aid in combo attacks. Lumas have their own HP, and if they take enough damage, they get defeated. Lumas can get defeated by also knocking them off the stage to the point where they cannot recover. After a few seconds, another Luma respawns near Rosalina. If Rosalina gets KO'd, the Luma vanishes and a new one appears when Rosalina respawns. Lumas can attack even if Rosalina is stunned by other attacks such as grabbing, and their attacks depend on what input the player does as Rosalina. Lumas can also be commanded to use attacks at a long range, and if Rosalina uses her neutral special after she uses her neutral special attack, she commands the Luma back to her. Even though Lumas tend to float in midair, in Rosalina's trailer, a Luma can be seen walking up to Kirby after he accidentally crashes onto Rainbow Road.

Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam[edit]

While no Lumas appear physically in Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam, a Battle Card depicts a Yellow Luma alongside Mario and Yoshi.

Color variations[edit]

Lumas come in a variety of different colors, some of which have abilities to help Mario or Luigi on his adventure.

Color Description
SMG YellowLuma.jpg
Yellow Luma
Transforms into a Launch Star or Sling Star. Two giant ordinary yellow Lumas appear in Super Mario Galaxy 2.
SMG BlueLuma.jpg
Blue Luma
Transforms into a Pull Star.
Pink Luma
Hungry Lumas that transform into new planets or galaxies before leaving behind pink Launch Stars. When Mario returns to the Comet Observatory after the Luma has transformed, it will be a regular-sized ordinary pink Luma.
SMG Luma.jpg
Apricot Luma
The Luma companion who grants Mario the ability to spin is the only known apricot-colored Luma.
SMG GreenLuma.jpg
Green Luma
Four of them are found on the Planet of Trials after the Green Power Stars are collected.
Turquoise Luma
Lumalees that sell Life Mushrooms and 1-Up Mushrooms to Mario/Luigi. Ordinary Lumas of this color can also be seen in the Galaxy Arena court in Mario Tennis Open.
SMG RedLuma.jpg
Red Luma
The Luma that allows Mario to use the power of the Red Star on the Comet Observatory and the one in the ending sequence in Super Mario Galaxy 2 are the only known red-colored Lumas.
SMG2 Lubba.png
Purple Luma
Lubba, the leader of the Lumas, and the Lumacomète, that gives Mario information about Prankster Comets and moves them between galaxies, are notable purple-colored Lumas. Generic purple Lumas appear in Mario Party: Island Tour on the Rocket Road board.
SMG Polari.jpg
Black Luma
Polari, Rosalina's companion who gives Mario/Luigi access to the galaxy map in Super Mario Galaxy, is the only known black-colored Luma.
Orange Luma
The Co-Star Luma, who serves as the Player 2 character and the one found on Starship Mario in Super Mario Galaxy 2 is the only known orange-colored Luma.

Game appearances[edit]

Title Description Release Date System/Format
Super Mario Galaxy Non-Playable Character 2007 Wii
Mario Kart Wii Non-Playable Character 2008 Wii
Super Mario Galaxy 2 Non-Playable Character 2010 Wii
Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games Non-Playable Character 2011 Wii
Fortune Street Non-Playable Character 2011 Wii
Mario Tennis Open Unlockable Playable Character 2012 Nintendo 3DS
Super Mario 3D World Non-Playable Character 2013 Wii U
Mario Party: Island Tour Non-Playable Character 2013 Nintendo 3DS
Mario Golf: World Tour Non-Playable Character 2014 Nintendo 3DS
Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS Playable Character 2014 Nintendo 3DS
Super Smash Bros. for Wii U Playable Character 2014 Wii U

Official profiles and statistics[edit]

Mario Tennis Open[edit]

Character Type: Technique
Site Bio: Luma joins Mario Tennis for the first time! Luma floats through the air, aiming shots toward the far corners of the court.
Bio 2: Luma has come down from the night sky to make his Mario Tennis debut! Though he may look gentle and fluffy, his clinical shots head straight for the corners of the court!


For this subject's image gallery, see Gallery:Luma (species).

Names in other languages[edit]

Language Name Meaning
Japanese チコ
Probably from Tycho Brahe, a famous astronomer.
Sometimes rendered as 星の子チコ in Super Mario Galaxy, where "星の子" means "star child".[2][3]
Spanish Destello Twinkle
French (NOA) Luma
Chiko (Super Mario Galaxy only)
From the Japanese name
French (NOE) Luma -
Dutch Luma -
German Luma -
Italian Sfavillotto Sparky
Portuguese Luma -
Russian Люма
Korean 치코
From the Japanese name
Chinese 琪琪
奇可 (Traditional)
Transliteration of the Japanese name


  1. ^
  2. ^ シン (February 2, 2016). 【実況】ぽんこつ配管工 スーパーマリオギャラクシーでたわむれる part1. Nicovideo. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  3. ^ RAN (November 10, 2007). 【スーパーマリオギャラクシー】絵本 第一章~終章. Nicovideo. Retrieved May 12, 2016.