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Nintendo fanatic and enthusiast. (You probably are too if you're looking at this page.) I'm otherwise an artist and an ecologist. Within my field, I specialize in wildlife and (currently, but not exclusively) insects. I've had an account here since 2012.

I wrote the character sections for Super Mario Odyssey. I contributed a lot to the articles for Super Mario 64, Super Mario Sunshine, Super Mario Galaxy (which is now featured - yay!), and Super Mario Galaxy 2, alongside many other people on this wiki who have contributed their time, energy, and passion to writing about video games.

I have been a fan of Nintendo since a very young age. My first Mario games (and three of the first video games I ever owned) were Super Mario World: Super Mario Advance 2, Super Mario 64 DS, and Mario Kart DS. These games were good company for a young kid who moved around a lot and had difficulty keeping long-lasting friends.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, I sequentially played some of my favorite games in the Super Mario series to 100% completion. This includes, in order, Super Mario Bros., Super Mario Bros. 2, Super Mario Bros. 3, Super Mario World, Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, Super Mario 64, Super Mario Sunshine, Super Mario Galaxy, Super Mario Galaxy 2, Captain Toad: Treasure Tracker, and Super Mario Odyssey. It's been really fun! These are great games, and I always wanted to marathon a series like this before but never had the time. It has been interesting to see where the series began and where it has ended up. The design philosophies, the characters, the art directions, world building, level design, narrative, etc. All good stuff. It might be fun to write something about it some day.

My favorite video game character is Yoshi.

For assets I have uploaded to the wiki, I suggest viewing them here.

To-do list

Short term

  • Create the following articles:
  1. bars (Boo Mario) from SMG, SMG2
  2. bone (object) from SMUSA, SML2, SMG, maybe SMBW, potentially other games
  3. fish (environmental object) from SM64, SMS, SMG, SMG2, SM3DL, SM3DW, SMO
  4. flipping block from SM64, NSMB
  5. Float from SMW, SM64, SMS, SMG, SMO
  6. green panel from SMS
  7. ice (terrain) from many games
  8. Penguin Racer from SMG
  9. small animal from SMO and potentially previous games
  10. tank (fruit) from SMS
  11. Waterfall from SMB3, SMG, SMG2
  12. window from SMS

Middle term

  • Taxonomize objects and items as listed on the Shogakukan encyclopedia to better understand what is what, and what is not.
  • Ensure objects and items discretely validated as true objects in the encyclopedia have articles or at least share articles with similar objects on the wiki.
  • Establish general backbone structure for mainline game articles, similar to what has been done for Yoshi's Island, Wario Land, and Donkey Kong Country articles

Long term

  • Help bring the following to feature status (high priority):
  1. Super Mario 64
  2. Super Mario Sunshine
  3. Super Mario Galaxy 2
  4. Super Mario Odyssey
  1. Super Mario Bros.
  2. Super Mario Bros. 3
  3. Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins
  4. (also SML and SM3DW, if delisting proposal is successful)

Sandbox for current project

In-house (conceptual)

  • Miyamoto considers it the true sequel to Mario 64 (as opposed to Sunshine)
  • Last Mario game to see "serious" involvement from Miyamoto until Super Mario Run (ref)
  • Last game directed by Yoshiaki Koizumi, who would be given greater roles as producer for other Mario projects, while Galaxy level designer Koichi Hayashida would be given directorial duties for subsequent entries
  • Fostered a direct sequel - SMG2; one of the only Mario games to receive a named sequel (they're all kinda related to each other though, so how important is this actually?)
  • Muted narrative elements in SMG2, per the explicit requests of Shigeru Miyamoto, and incorporated desired elements for the first game that were omitted (Starship Mario, Yoshi)
  • Experience and mechanics streamlined and simplified
  • SMG2 would be the last time Nintendo attempted to create a platformer with spherical worlds (have they ever said why?)
  • heavily influenced design and structure of subsequent 3D Super Mario games, especially SMG2, SM3DL, and SM3DW as a course clear-style Mario game
  • 3D games would become progressively more linear and more comparable to 2D Mario games; increasingly deviating from hakoniwa design philosophy of Mario 64
  • When sandbox-style game did return with Odyssey, Galaxy's influence is still apparent (particularly in the lunar kingdoms, where gravity is less intense, giving Mario a floaty feel comparable to the feeling of moving in Mario Galaxy)
  • Apparently Odyssey's Photo Mode derived from the developer's attempt to mitigate the complexity of camera controls (ref)
  • Miyamoto expressed that Nintendo is open to developing a third game (his comments suggest Nintendo continued to pursue design choices that would make 3D games less daunting to 2D-players, hence why SM3DL and SM3DW appeared they way they do, but of note, the author of this work aligns SMG with SM64 and SMS as a sprawling adventure-type game) (ref)
  • Folks clearly missed the idea of having a 3D Mario game that felt like an adventure (ref)

In-house (referential)

  • Direct Galaxy-based iconography is present in every subsequent 3D game (Galaxy 2, obviously; Rosalina, Lumas, Octoombas, Comet Observatory in SM3DW; 8-Bit Rosalina and Star Bit-shaped regional coins in Odyssey)
  • Rosalina would be incorporated into subsequent ensemble/spinoff games, Nintendo's marketing, have a direct presence or homage in subsequent main series games, and would become a largely beloved character
  • Immediately appears in Mario Kart Wii, which was being developed simultaneously with Galaxy, and has been a fixture of every subsequent Mario Kart title
  • Clampy would be incorporated as "the" clam enemy in the 2D games, one of the few enemies to have been introduced in a 3D game to become a recurring stable of the 2D ones
  • Captain Toad rises in prominence within Nintendo's games and be playable in his own title; distinguished from the Toad in coming years
  • Lumas and Toad Brigade would also become less frequent but consistent elements
  • Space-themed portions in subsequent ensemble/spinoff games would often incorporate allusions to SMG

Industry at large

  • Very few studios would attempt making platformers with spherical worlds (I recall some developer somewhere mentioning the technical difficulty with trying to do this)
  • When a game does try this or attempts something comparable, it is often referred to as "Galaxy-styled" even though SMG was not the first platform game to attempt this design (Sonic Adventure 2, Ratchet & Clank, Yoshi's Island)
  • Low-effort theme park-tie in clearly based on (maybe even directly stole from) Galaxy
  • Both Sonic Colors (in a positive sense) and Sonic Lost World (in a negative sense) likened to Galaxy
  • Cited influence behind:
    • Super Smash Bros. 4
    • Armillo
    • Solar Ash
    • Mario + Rabbids: Sparks of Hope

Rosalina was proposed as a new playable character in the earliest phases of Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U during 2012, explicitly with the desire to replicate the feel of Super Mario Galaxy in her aerial movements.[1]

The game has been cited as a source of inspiration for Armillo (2014),[2] Gears 5 (2019),[3] Solar Ash (2021),[4] and Mario + Rabbids: Sparks of Hope (2022).[5]


  • Eurogamer considers SMG the game of the generation (ref)

Things to read

Notes and references



  1. ^ Sakurai, Masahiro. "Image Transcriptions of Project Proposal for Smash for Wii U/3DS." Source Gaming, translated by Source Gaming, 4 Jul. 2015. Accessed 28 Apr. 2023.
  2. ^ McFerran, Damien. "Developer Interview: Fuzzy Wuzzy Games Talks Armillo And Developing For The Wii U eShop." Nintendo Life, 18 Jan. 2013. Accessed 6 Jul. 2023.
  3. ^ Sinclair, Brendan. "Making Gears of War click for more than the hardcore.", 19 Nov. 2019. Accessed 28 Apr. 2023.
  4. ^ Wood, Austin. "Solar Ash lives up to its "dumb elevator pitch" of Super Mario Galaxy meets Shadow of the Colossus." GamesRadar+, 15 Sept. 2021. Accessed 28 Apr. 2023.
  5. ^ Deschamps, Marc. "Mario + Rabbids Sparks of Hope Director David Soliani Reveals Inspirations, Nintendo's Limits, and More.", 27 Oct. 2022. Accessed 28 Apr. 2023.

Image references

Main article: World
Green Pipe Stamp from Super Mario 3D World. Normal worlds
World 1 Courses
A map of World 1 (Super Mario 3D World). World 1-1 Super Bell Hill World 1-2 Koopa Troopa Cave
World 1-A Chargin' Chuck Blockade World 1-3 Mount Beanpole
World 1-4 Plessie's Plunging Falls World 1-5 Switch Scramble Circus
World 1-Castle Bowser's Highway Showdown (Number of required Green Stars needed to unlock.×10) World 1-Captain Toad Captain Toad Goes Forth
The southernmost island in the Sprixie Kingdom, one that is covered in lush grass. The courses above ground are dotted by bell-shaped trees and feature the Super Bell. Plessie and rabbits appear in this world, and Bowser has imprisoned the green Sprixie Princess in a castle.
World 2 Courses
A map of World 2 (Super Mario 3D World). World 2-1 Conkdor Canyon World 2-2 Puffprod Peaks (Number of required Green Stars needed to unlock.×15)
World 2-3 Shadow-Play Alley World 2-4 Really Rolling Hills
World 2-A Big Galoomba Blockade World 2-5 Double Cherry Pass
World 2-Tank Bowser's Bullet Bill Brigade World 2-Mystery House Mystery House Melee
World 2-Sprixie House Sprixie House
This island looks like an arid desert, but Conkdor Canyon is the only location to take place in one.
World 3 Courses
World 3 World 3-1 Snowball Park World 3-2 Chain-Link Charge (Number of required Green Stars needed to unlock.×30)
World 3-3 Shifty Boo Mansion World 3-4 Mount Beanpole
World 3-A Magikoopa Blockade World 3-5 Pipeline Lagoon
World 3-6 Mount Must Dash World 3-7 Switchboard Falls
World 3-Train The Bullet Bill Express World 3-B A Banquet with Hisstocrat
World 3-Captain Toad Captain Toad Makes a Splash World 3-Sprixie House Sprixie House
The serpent Hisstocrat resides here.
World 4 Courses
Hidden Luigi found on the World 4 map in Super Mario 3D World. World 4-1 Ant Trooper Hill World 4-2 Piranha Creeper Creek
World 4-A Brolder Blockade World 4-3 Beep Block Skyway
World 4-4 Big Bounce Byway World 4-5 Spike's Lost City
World 4-B Fire Bros. Hideout #1 World 4-Castle Lava Rock Lair (Number of required Green Stars needed to unlock.×50)
World 4-Mystery House Mystery House Mad Dash World 4-Sprixie House Sprixie House
Boss Brolder holds the orange Sprixie Princess in a castle.
World 5 Courses
World 5 World 5-1 Sunshine Seaside World 5-2 Tricky Trapeze Theater
World 5-3 Backstreet Bustle (Number of required Green Stars needed to unlock.×80) World 5-A Chargin' Chuck Blockade Is Back
World 5-4 Sprawling Savanna World 5-5 Bob-ombs Below
World 5-6 Cakewalk Flip World 5-7 Searchlight Sneak
World 5-B Fire Bros. Hideout #2 World 5-Train Coin Express
World 5-Castle King Ka-thunk's Castle World 5-Captain Toad Captain Toad Plays Peek-a-Boo
World 5-Sprixie House Sprixie House
World 6 Courses
The other view of Luigi on the 3D World W6 map World 6-1 Clear Pipe Cruise World 6-2 Spooky Seasick Wreck
World 6-3 Hands-On Hall (Number of required Green Stars needed to unlock.×100) World 6-4 Deep Jungle Drift
World 6-A Prince Bully Blockade World 6-5 Ty-Foo Flurries
World 6-6 Bullet Bill Base World 6-B Fire Bros. Hideout #3
World 6-7 Fuzzy Time Mine World 6-Tank Bowser's Bob-omb Brigade
World 6-C Motley Bossblob's Big Battle World 6-Mystery House Mystery House Throwdown
World 5-Sprixie House Sprixie House
World Castle Courses
The overworld map of World Castle in Super Mario 3D World. World Castle-1 Fort Fire Bros. World Castle-2 Switchblack Ruins
World Castle-3 Red-Hot Run World Castle-4 Boiling Blue Bully Belt
World Castle-A Brolder Blockade Is Back World Castle-B Prince Bully Blockade Is Back
World Castle-C Fire Bros. Hideout #4 World Castle-5 Trick Trap Tower
World Castle-6 Rammerhead Reef World Castle-7 Simmering Lava Lake
World Castle-Castle Bowser's Lava Lake Keep (Number of required Green Stars needed to unlock.×130) World Castle-Captain Toad Captain Toad Gets Thwomped
World Castle-Sprixie House Sprixie House
High in the sky, towards the center of the Sprixie Kingdom.
World Bowser Courses
World Bowser World Bowser-1 Spiky Spike Bridge World Bowser-2 Plessie's Dune Downhill
World Bowser-3 Cookie Cogworks World Bowser-Train The Bowser Express
World Bowser-4 Footlight Lane World Bowser-5 Deepwater Dungeon
World Bowser-6 A Beam in the Dark World Bowser-7 Grumblump Inferno
World Bowser-A Motley Bossblob's Encore World Bowser-B Hisstocrat Returns
World Bowser-Castle The Great Tower of Bowser Land (Number of required Green Stars needed to unlock.×170) World Bowser-Mystery House Mystery House Claw Climb
World Bowser-Sprixie House Sprixie House
A stamp, depicting Rosalina and two Lumas. Special worlds
World Star Courses
World Star from Super Mario 3D World World Star-1 Rainbow Run World Star-2 Super Galaxy
World Star-3 Rolling Ride Run World Star-4 The Great Goal Pole
World Star-5 Super Block Land World Star-6 Honeycomb Starway
World Star-7 Gargantuan Grotto World Star-8 Peepa's Fog Bog
World Star-9 Cosmic Cannon Cluster (Number of required Green Stars needed to unlock.×210) World Star-Captain Toad Captain Toad Takes a Spin
World Star-Sprixie House Sprixie House
World Mushroom Courses
World Mushroom of Super Mario 3D World World Mushroom-1 Night Falls on Really Rolling Hills World Mushroom-2 Spiky Mount Beanpole
World Mushroom-3 Deep-Black Jungle Drift World Mushroom-4 Trouble in Shadow-Play Alley
World Mushroom-5 Back to Hands-On Hall World Mushroom-6 Gigantic Seasick Wreck
World Mushroom-7 Broken Blue Bully Belt (Number of required Green Stars needed to unlock.×240) World Mushroom-Mystery House Mystery House Brawl
World Flower Courses
World Flower in Super Mario 3D World World Flower-1 Switch Shock Circus World Flower-2 Floating Fuzzy Time Mine
World Flower-3 Piranha Creeper Creek after Dark World Flower-4 Faster Fort Fire Bros.
World Flower-5 Sprawling Savanna Rabbit Run World Flower-6 Shiftier Boo Mansion
World Flower-7 Pipeline Boom Lagoon World Flower-8 Blast Block Skyway
World Flower-9 Towering Sunshine Seaside World Flower-10 Honeycomb Skyway
World Flower-11 Spiky Spike Bridge Sneak World Flower-12 Boss Blitz
World Crown Courses
World Crown in Super Mario 3D World World Crown-Crown Champion's Road World Crown-Captain Toad Captain Toad's Fiery Finale
World Crown-Mystery House Mystery House Marathon World Crown-Sprixie House Sprixie House