“I know! We should team up! Come on! Hop on my back!”
Yoshi (Japanese: ヨッシー, Yosshī, sometimes specified as Green Yoshi) is one of the heroes of the Mario series, an ally of Mario and Luigi, and the protagonist of his own series. He is a member of the Yoshi species and has aided his brethren in saving their homeland on multiple occasions. In his youth, Yoshi managed to rescue and protect Baby Mario and Baby Luigi from the wrath of Kamek and the Koopa Troop. According to Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars, Yoshi is one of the few members of his species who can speak the language of the other characters, though it seems that this is not his first language, since, as in other games, his statements are translated through parentheses. In the Mario series, he is a major character and often acts as a steed for Mario and other protagonists, while in most of the Mario sports and party games, he is a playable character.
Creation and development
Shigeru Miyamoto has stated in interviews that he wanted Mario to ride an animal companion after the completion of Super Mario Bros. Technical limitations on the NES kept this from being possible, but with the development of the Super Famicom, an animal partner for Mario could be supported. The character of Yoshi was specifically created by Shigefumi Hino, a graphics designer.
Yoshi likely originated from another Nintendo character, Tamagon, the main character from Devil World. Like Yoshi, Tamagon is a green lizard that hatches from an egg and can eat enemies with his large mouth, and also makes the same noise when he hatches as Yoshi does in Super Mario World. Additionally, according to Takashi Tezuka in the Super Mario History 1985-2010 booklet, Yoshi was originally going to be a type of Koopa, and the saddle on his back was supposed to be his shell.
Yoshi's design has been altered and refined between games over the course of the SNES and Nintendo 64 eras. In his earliest appearances, Yoshi is shown as having a long neck and back and small arms. In later games like Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island and Mario Party, Yoshi is shorter and stouter, with longer arms and more human-like hands. In Mario Kart 64, he is given a more upright appearance. The Mario Kart 64 design has been used for his general design ever since, with a few minor, yet notable alterations from Mario Party 4.
Super Mario series
Super Mario World
In Super Mario World Yoshis appear in four colors, Yoshi (who is green), Red Yoshi, Blue Yoshi, and Yellow Yoshi. Bowser magically encases them in Yoshi Eggs. These eggs are then given to the Koopalings to be watched over. When Yoshi sets off to rescue them, he is also trapped in an egg, which is hidden in a block in a field on Yoshi's Island.
Mario and Luigi eventually stumble across Yoshi's egg and free him. Once released, Yoshi informs the Mario Bros. that Dinosaur Land is in danger. Together they rescue the other imprisoned Yoshis and save Princess Toadstool from Bowser.
Yoshi can use his long tongue to eat almost any type of enemy, including foes Mario and Luigi could not otherwise defeat. If an enemy hits Yoshi, he runs away, meaning Mario or Luigi must chase him down and jump on him in order to calm him down and keep riding. Yoshi cannot enter Ghost Houses (except the Sunken Ghost Ship), Fortresses, the Koopalings' castles, or Bowser's castle. Mario or Luigi enter these levels solo and Yoshi waits outside for them to return. While riding Yoshi, percussion is added to the game's music, a detail applicable to most games where Yoshi is ridable.
When Yoshi eats different types of Koopa shells, he gains different abilities depending on which color shell he ate. When Yoshi eats a green shell, he can spit it out as a projectile. When he eats a red shell, he can spit out three fireballs. When Yoshi eats a yellow shell, he can stomp on the ground, causing miniature earthquakes. Finally, when Yoshi eats a blue shell he can fly for a limited amount of time.
Yoshi can also acquire wings from an item block. These wings turn Yoshi blue, allowing him to fly. In the Star World, Mario can feed Baby Yoshis different colored shells, eventually turning the baby Yoshi into a full grown Yoshi. If Mario feeds baby Yoshi red or yellow shells, Yoshi is then able to use the respective color ability of that shell.
The Mario Bros. manage to defeat the Koopalings and Bowser, thus rescuing the seven Yoshi Eggs and Princess Toadstool. Mario, Luigi, Peach, and Yoshi return to Yoshi's House to celebrate their victory over the Koopa Troop. During the celebrations that follow, the seven rescued Yoshi eggs hatch into Baby Yoshis.
Super Mario 64
In Super Mario 64, Yoshi plays a very minor role. If Mario manages to acquire all 120 Power Stars, a cannon near the castle becomes accessible, which Mario can use to shoot himself to the roof of Princess Peach's Castle. There, Mario finds Yoshi, who congratulates the player for completing the game by delivering a message from the developers and then rewards Mario by filling his life meter to 100 lives and giving Mario an improved Triple Jump. After that, Yoshi jumps off of the castle roof and is not seen again until the game is restarted. However, if Mario does not visit Yoshi after collecting 120 Power Stars, Yoshi remains and can be seen on the roof during the end credits.
Super Mario World is referenced in this game when Yoshi tells Mario that "it has been so long since [their] adventure." Another notable thing is how Yoshi starts his speech with a mistake, as he says, "Mario!!! It that really you???", when it should have been, "Mario!!! Is that really you???"
Super Mario Bros. Deluxe
“Yoshi Eggs are very hard to find!”
In the 1999 remake of Super Mario Bros., the player can search for Yoshi Eggs in the challenge mode. If they find one and get it to the end of stage, the egg hatches and Yoshi emerges in his adult form. Additionally, Yoshi makes other minor appearances.
Super Mario Sunshine
Yoshi plays a role in Super Mario Sunshine as transportation for Mario as well as the key to several Shine Sprites. Yoshi normally appears in three different colors depending on what he eats: orange, pink, and purple. He also becomes green for a short amount of time before disintegrating when he runs out of juice. To get Yoshi, Mario must first find a Yoshi Egg and give it the specific fruit it wants. Afterwards, Yoshi hatches and Mario can ride him. Yoshi is also given the ability to spit different colored juice (this ability replaces the function of F.L.U.D.D.) that affect enemies in different ways, also depending on what color he is. The orange juice can turn enemies into an orange hovering block that would disappear after a short amount of time. The purple and pink juices make a similar block of the corresponding color but move vertically or horizontally depending on the color. He can dissolve Forcefields, which F.L.U.D.D. cannot do. Yoshi cannot swim, thus when the player jumps into deep water, Yoshi disintegrates and disappears, but he reappears in the same egg where he was found. Yoshi does not disappear in shallow water where his feet can touch the floor.
Super Mario 64 DS
Yoshi, alongside Mario, is one of the main protagonists in Super Mario 64 DS. At the beginning, Princess Peach invites Mario to her castle; when Mario, as well as Luigi and Wario, arrive at the castle, Yoshi is sleeping on the roof. During this time, Bowser kidnaps Princess Peach, steals the castle's Power Stars, placing them in the worlds inside the castle's paintings, and seals everyone inside. Yoshi, on the ground, is awakened by one of the Lakitu Bros., who informs him that Mario and company have not returned from the castle. After gaining access to the castle, Yoshi takes on the quest to save the castle and Mario, Luigi, and Wario. After saving Mario, Luigi, and Wario (the latter two being optional), the team reclaims the castle's Power Stars, and Mario ultimately defeats Bowser.
Yoshi is the only character that doesn't have any "power," according to the instruction booklet for the game; he isn't capable of lifting objects or punching/kicking enemies (though he can still jump on them, and he can punch if he eats a Super Mushroom). In place of this, Yoshi has the ability to eat certain enemies and either spit them out and defeat them or swallow them and create an egg, which can be used to defeat other enemies. In addition to swallowing enemies, Yoshi can also swallow coins, items, and even Stars to collect them.
Yoshi features average speed, as well as has the highest jump out of the four playable characters, tied with Luigi; while jumping, the player can hold the to perform a Flutter Jump, giving him a boost while in the air (this does not work while triple jumping). Additionally, Yoshi's Power Flower ability is Fire Power, which allows him to breathe fire that can melt ice and destroy enemies on contact; he can also breathe a single breath of fire by eating a source of fire and spitting it out. Yoshi's fire breath can also destroy signs. Since Yoshi cannot punch or grab objects, like mentioned above, he cannot defeat bosses that require these moves without wearing a cap; in some cases, however, they toss objects that Yoshi can eat and use to attack. Additionally, when entering a course, if any of the other characters have been unlocked, Yoshi can enter a level wearing their cap by default by tapping the icon on the touch screen while on the mission select screen.
New Super Mario Bros.
Even though Yoshi does not appear in New Super Mario Bros., he appears in some of the minigames, along with Red Yoshi, Blue Yoshi and Yellow Yoshi in the multiplayer games. He is also player 4's playable character.
Super Mario Galaxy
Yoshi himself does not appear in Super Mario Galaxy; however, there are three notable Yoshi references:
New Super Mario Bros. Wii
Although he never appears in New Super Mario Bros. outside of mini-games, Yoshi is in the game's follow-up, New Super Mario Bros. Wii. Yoshi only appears in World 1-3, World 2-5, World 3-2, World 4-5, World 6-4, and World 7-6, making him quite rare. Yoshi makes the same sounds as he does in Super Mario World. Yellow, Light Blue, and Pink Yoshis also appear.
When one player rides a Yoshi, Yoshi drums are added to the music. Yoshi can flutter jump, such as in previous titles, and has his usual tongue ability. He can easily eat a normal enemy such as a Goomba or Piranha Plant. If Yoshi eats a shelled enemy, he can't swallow it, and must spit it out eventually instead. If Yoshi jumps on a Koopa Troopa, the Koopa does not retreat into its shell, but is instead instantly defeated. Yoshi can also jump on certain enemies that players cannot normally jump on, such as Piranha Plants and Spinies, though it won't affect the enemies in any way. In this game, eating a Fire Piranha Plant allows Yoshi to spit out a fireball. He can also do the same by eating a fireball (from a Fire Piranha Plant or the player), and he can swallow and spit out an ice ball thrown by an Ice Bro, hammers thrown by a Hammer Bro, other players, and specific blocks, such as Light Blocks. Yoshi can also eat items, though they do not affect the player and instead stay in Yoshi's mouth. The item in Yoshi's mouth disappears if Yoshi enters a sub-level. Like with Super Mario World, if Yoshi is struck by an enemy without swallowing or jumping on it, he drops the player and run about until the player regains control of him. If not stopped, Yoshi may run off of a cliff or sink in quicksand.
Berries can be found in the levels that Yoshi appears in, and if Yoshi eats five berries, he lays an egg that contains an item. This happens also if Yoshi eats a Pokey while it is covered in leaves. At the end of a level, Yoshi waves goodbye.
Super Mario Galaxy 2
Yoshi appears in the game, Super Mario Galaxy 2 where he assists Mario and Luigi on a quest to save the universe from being ruled by Bowser and to retrieve the Power Stars.
After finding out that Bowser has stolen all the Power Stars, Yoshi decides to go and look for most of them himself. As he explores the universe, he ends up in a galaxy known as Yoshi Star Galaxy. He then gets lost and starts running around in circles in his confusion. Bowser then orders a Magikoopa to go and get rid of Yoshi.
Later on in the game, Mario arrives in Yoshi Star Galaxy and after some exploration, finds a little Luma, who informs Mario on what has happened to Yoshi. The Luma tells that a Magikoopa appeared out of nowhere, trapped Yoshi inside an egg and encased it in a magical forcefield. Mario easily defeats the Magikoopa, negating its forcefield and allowing him to crack open Yoshi's egg. Yoshi thanks Mario for saving him and offers his assistance to help Mario throughout the rest of his quest. From there on, Yoshi is playable on Starship Mario, and occasionally teams up with Mario (and Luigi) to get back the Power Stars and save the universe. Yoshi can talk properly in this game too, since a dialogue box appears above him when he is first encountered in Yoshi Star Galaxy.
Yoshi can eat various fruit in order to change his color and gain power-ups like in Super Mario Sunshine. These abilities include the red Dash Yoshi, who can run at high speeds over water and up walls when he eats a Dash Pepper; the light blue Blimp Yoshi, who inflates like a balloon and floats towards virtually unreachable areas when a Blimp Fruit is ingested; and the yellow Bulb Yoshi, who can illuminate hidden objects by eating a Bulb Berry. Drums play when Mario is on Yoshi, as in Super Mario World.
Yoshi has the ability to perform Flutter Jumps, but he cannot do triple jumps. Additionally, he is faster than both Mario and Luigi. He can eat objects when players target them with the Wii Remote and press the button, replacing the player's ability to shoot Star Bits. If players want to stop riding Yoshi, they must hold down and press . Yoshi can swim in this game, but he cannot dive, and unlike in earlier games, Yoshi cannot do Ground Pounds, since the command to do so is instead used as part of the command to make Mario jump off.
Also, like in the past games, if Mario takes damage while on Yoshi, Yoshi runs off (however the second player can use the Co-Star Luma to prevent him from doing so). If he is not mounted for a while, Yoshi retreats into his egg in the nest where he was initially encountered in the area. Electrical attacks, electric barriers, lava or certain fire attacks also send Yoshi back to his egg.
As in Super Mario Galaxy, the player has the option to choose Yoshi as one of the planets that represents their save file. Additionally, when completing a level with Yoshi, he does his own victory pose (with Mario) and makes a victory sound.
New Super Mario Bros. U
Yoshi appears in New Super Mario Bros. U as a ridable character once again. He can perform the Flutter Jump  and is able to eat berries. In multi-player up to 3 other Green Yoshis appear. He behaves like he did in New Super Mario Bros. Wii. Baby Yoshis also return in magenta, blue, and yellow colors and have different abilities.
New Super Luigi U
Yoshi also appears in New Super Luigi U, having the same role and purpose as New Super Mario Bros. U.
Super Mario Maker
Yoshi returns in Super Mario Maker, appearing in both the Super Mario World and New Super Mario Bros. U styles, where he retains his functions in each style. He is replaced by the Goomba's Shoe in the Super Mario Bros. and Super Mario Bros. 3 styles. In addition, Yoshi (and his yarn forms) appears as an unlockable Mystery Mushroom costume, which can be unlocked either at random upon completion of the 100-Mario Challenge, or by scanning a compatible Yoshi amiibo. The standard Yoshi costume replaces the usual Super Mario Bros. sound effects with sounds from Super Mario World while Yarn Yoshis use sound effects from Yoshi's Woolly World.
Yoshi appears in the first volume of Super Mario-Kun and has since been a frequently occurring character accompanying Mario. Yoshi is often yelled by Mario because Yoshi makes unexpected actions and mistakes. In the beginning of volume 23, Mario, Luigi, and Wario have been taking advantage of Yoshi, so Yoshi leaves to find better friends. Yoshi enters a haunted house and decides to settle with the Boos. The Big Boo, however, places a stamp with Bowser's face, making Yoshi turn suddenly aggressive. When Mario, Luigi, and Wario venture in the house, looking for Yoshi, Yoshi attacks them. During the attack, however, Yoshi runs through a wall and gets stuck. When Yoshi is about to be crushed by a Thwomp, however, Mario leaps in and struggles to hold up the Thwomp, shocking Luigi and Wario. The Bowser stamp falls off, but the two end up getting crushed.
Super Mario World television series
Yoshi appears as one of the four main characters in the Super Mario World animated series produced by Nintendo and DIC Entertainment, replacing Toad from the previous cartoons. In the cartoon, Yoshi is depicted as being very young and childish (despite being older than Mario and Luigi in the games). Yoshi appears having a large appetite, which has the tendency to get him into trouble. Like other inhabitants of Dinosaur Land in the cartoon, he speaks in a more simple and primitive manner. As explained in "Mama Luigi," Luigi first finds Yoshi while trapped in the Lava Pits; he is searching for an item when, after hitting a coin block several times, a Yoshi Egg pops out of it. The egg soon after hatches into a young Yoshi, who believes Luigi to be its mother.
Yoshi appears in every episode with the following roles:
Super Mario Bros. film
Super Mario World: Mario to Yoshi no Bōken Land
Yoshi is a main character in the interactive OVA Super Mario World: Mario to Yoshi no Bōken Land. Princess Peach was on vacation visiting him in Dinosaur Land, but when Mario and Luigi arrived, they found that King Koopa had invaded the area, and neither Princess Peach nor Yoshi were anywhere to be found. However, when Luigi hits a Block, an egg comes out, and Yoshi hatches from it. The three decide to save Princess Peach, the rest of the Yoshis and Dinosaur Land from the Koopas. Yoshi lets the brothers ride on his back, much like in the game.
Super Mario Adventures
Yoshi appeared in Nintendo Power's Super Mario Adventures comics. According to the comics, Yoshi was the Chairman of the Dinosaur Chamber of Commerce, and as such, was one of the official leaders of Yoshi's Village. In these comics, Yoshi joined Mario and Luigi in their search for Bowser, as the King of the Koopas had captured several Yoshis from the village.
A Wiggler attacks Mario and Luigi until Yoshi eats it. Then, later, Yoshi eats a blue Koopa Paratroopa, and sprouts wings. The Marios ride him. Yoshi flies to the pipe that supposedly leads back to the Mushroom Kingdom, but it was fake, so Mario asks Yoshi where to go instead, causing him to spit out the shell, and Yoshi sputters down to the ground. The Bros. spot a Ghost House. Luigi enters, and Mario attempts to follow atop Yoshi, but the low entrance knocks him off and the dinosaur gets locked out.
When they get to Wendy's castle, Bowser is in a wedding with Princess Toadstool. Kamek hypnotizes Toadstool into loving Bowser and Yoshi's friends into being slaves. Yoshi and Luigi find some Yoshi Eggs and start freeing the Yoshis, who stampede on Kamek, breaking his wand and setting Toadstool free. Bowser hides in the wedding cake, but at Mario's command, the Yoshis start eating the cake. Bowser rushes to the top, but the cake crumbles. Afterwords, the Bros. tease Bowser about his defeat, and in the end, the narrator tells the reader that the Yoshis were freed, and the Bros. and Toadstool went home to have some rest.
In Yoshi's Cookie, Yoshi appears as a character in V.S. mode. Yoshi has to make horizontal and vertical rows of the same kind of cookie to proceed to the next level. In the Nintendo Puzzle Collection version, there is now story mode in game, where Mario and Yoshi are making cookies but get exhausted from the many cookie deliveries. Mario and Yoshi then go to sleep. Unfortunately, Bowser steals all the cookies while they are asleep. Mario and Yoshi, soon after waking up, found out that Bowser stole their cookies. They then set out to find Bowser and reclaim their cookies. In Japan, National Human Electronics released a version of the game called Yoshi no Cookie: Kuruppon Oven de Cookie to promote their Kuruppon oven.
During the events of Yoshi's Safari, Bowser conquers a nation called Jewelry Land, kidnapping its rulers, King Fret and Prince Pine, and stealing the twelve magical jewels that gave the kingdom both its name and stability, causing it to break into two distinct realms: the Dark Realm and the Light Realm.
Princess Peach sends for Mario and Yoshi to set things right. To aid the two, Peach gives Mario a new weapon, the energy gun known as the Super Scope. With this new weapon in hand, Mario and Yoshi entered a Warp Pipe, sending them to Jewelry Land.
During their adventures in Jewelry Land, Mario rides on Yoshi's saddle armed with the Super Scope. As Yoshi navigated the terrain of Jewelry Land, it was Mario's responsibility to shoot down any enemies in Yoshi's way and defeat Bowser, the Koopalings and the other minions in possession of the gems, many of whom were equipped with giant robots. If Mario accidentally shoots Yoshi in the back of the head, it injures the green dinosaur. In the end, Bowser and his troops leave Jewelry land, and the liberated Prince Pine uses the twelve gems recovered by Mario and Yoshi to reunite the two realms of Jewelry Land. After receiving much thanks from Prince Pine and King Fret, Yoshi and Mario return home to Princess Peach.
Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island / Yoshi's Island: Super Mario Advance 3
One morning years before the events of most Mario games, during the events of Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, the Magikoopa sorcerer Kamek foresaw that two newborn brothers would bring ruin to the Koopas and attempted to capture them as the Stork carried them to their mother and father in the Mushroom Kingdom. While Kamek snagged Baby Luigi, his twin brother, Baby Mario, fell unnoticed to Yoshi's Island. Fortunately, Yoshi was happening to be taking a walk through the forest that day, and Baby Mario landed on his saddle unscathed, along with a map leading to Bowser's Castle, where Kamek had taken Baby Luigi.
Yoshi decides to take Baby Mario back to his clan. As the Yoshis argue about what to do with the infant, Baby Mario points to the horizon. Yoshi decides that his clan should rescue Baby Mario's brother and help both of them find their parents, and the other Yoshis agree. Taking the initiative, Yoshi proposes that they use a relay system between eight Yoshis to transport Baby Mario: each Yoshi travels some distance, then hands Baby Mario to the next dinosaur. taking the lead, Yoshi sets out in the direction Baby Mario was pointing, helping him through the preliminary level and then through World 1-1.
Unfortunately, Kamek's forces had invaded the island and were searching for Baby Mario, complicating the Yoshis' task. To battle the enemies, Yoshi uses his egg-making abilities to transform enemies and other objects into Yoshi Eggs, which he then throws at enemies. The green dinosaur also uses a variety of Morph Bubbles to transform himself into various vehicles to aid in his quest. With these abilities, Yoshi manages to help Baby Mario through the dangers of the first level of each of the six worlds, as well as through all the secret worlds discovered along the way, and eventually Bowser's Castle. He eventually reaches Baby Bowser's bedroom in his search for Baby Luigi, and after being attacked by the young Koopa, handily defeats him. Kamek then uses his magic to transform Baby Bowser into a larger version of himself that destroys the castle before being defeated by Yoshi, through the use of giant eggs.
Ultimately, in the rubble of the castle, Yoshi discovered Baby Luigi and the Stork originally charged with delivering the babies. After untying the Stork, Yoshi says his goodbyes to the babies and allows the bird to continue on his journey and Baby Mario and Baby Luigi arrive home, safe and sound.
In Tetris Attack, Yoshi must break a spell put on his friends by Kamek. First, he has to defeat his friends themselves in head-to-head battles, by constantly lining up three or more matching panels either horizontally or vertically in head-to-head. Yoshi's allies consist of several creatures from Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island including a Baby Yoshi, a Lakitu, a Shy Guy, a Bumpty (SNES version only), Poochy, a Flutter (named Flying Wiggler in this game), a Gargantua Blargg, a Lunge Fish, Raphael the Raven, and Prince Froggy. After he breaks the spell, he must face many bosses, including Naval Piranha, Hookbill the Koopa, Kamek, and finally Bowser.
During the events of Yoshi Topsy-Turvy (also known as Yoshi's Universal Gravitation), Bowser and his forces attack Yoshi's Island, causing chaos and disorder. In a twist of fate, a spirit named Hongo encases the entire island in a storybook to contain Bowser and his armies (similar to Baby Bowser's own actions in the earlier game, Yoshi's Story). Fortunately, Yoshi manages to convince the powerful spirit to restore Yoshi's Island if the green dinosaur could personally trap Bowser, for if there was no threat posed by Bowser, there would be no need to keep the island isolated. As such, Yoshi sets off through the chapters of the storybook version on Yoshi's Island.
During this adventure, Yoshi acquires a unique and powerful ability: not only could Yoshi use his long tongue to defeat enemies, the green dinosaur could also manipulate gravity. As Yoshi changes the force of gravity, he could cause enemies to fall backwards or even transform walls into hills. This unique ability helped Yoshi complete the various daunting stages before him.
However, Yoshi could not merely walk through a course to complete it. Each course was controlled by a different spirit, and each demanded that the green dinosaur fulfill a specific task before they would allow Yoshi to move to next level. These tasks included destroying a certain number of enemies or acquiring a certain number of coins. Ultimately, after satisfying the task of every spirit, Yoshi confronts and defeats King Bowser, and Hongo restores Yoshi's Island to its natural state.
Balloon Trip was a Tech Demo for the Nintendo DS shown in 2004. While it was never released as a full game, it evolved into Yoshi Touch & Go. While the stork was carrying Baby Mario and Baby Luigi to their parents, Kamek zipped by and stole Baby Luigi and knocked Baby Mario out into the sky. While Baby Mario descended he found three balloons and slowly started to float down to Earth. While floating he avoided enemies and eventually landed on Yoshi's back.
Yoshi Touch & Go
Yoshi makes his first appearance on the Nintendo DS in Yoshi Touch & Go. In the start of each mode, players have to safely help Baby Mario glide down to the forest. They can use clouds with the stylus to block enemies or move him around, make circles around spike-less enemies to make a coin bubble, and add coins to Baby Mario. The player can only be hit three times. The more coins the player collects, the different color Yoshi Baby Mario travel with when he lands.
In the second part, as Yoshi, players can shoot eggs if they have any. The amount of eggs a Yoshi carries varies with the color of Yoshi. For example, Green Yoshi has up to 20 eggs, while Brown Yoshi has up to forty eggs. Players can also eat spike-less enemies which give them coins. If players run out or low on eggs, then they must eat fruit to gain more eggs. When they collect 100 coins, an Invincible Star appears, and when Yoshi and Baby Mario touch it, Baby Mario turns into Super Baby Mario, with Yoshi becoming a giant egg. Now invincible, they can run very fast, shoot many eggs, and even destroy enemies in one touch. After a few seconds, the power-up ends and they return back to normal.
If players get hit by an enemy or its attack, the game ends. In most modes, players race to get the most coins, time, or to save Baby Luigi from the Toadies. In marathon, players race to see how far they can go. After every 1000 yards, the Yoshi is swapped for a differently colored Yoshi. If Baby Mario is defeated, the player starts over. If the player loses a life as Yoshi, they can choose to start over or start at the beginning of Baby Mario and Yoshi's partnership.
Yoshi's Island DS
In Yoshi's Island DS, Kamek and Bowser travel back in time to try and capture the fabled star children, who had special energy in their bodies that, once in his possession, would allow Bowser to take over the world. Not knowing the identity of the star children, Kamek and Bowser simply set out to steal all the children of the Mushroom Kingdom, only to have their quarry escape their grasps one way or another and join Yoshi in a quest to free the other children.
The Stork saw the Toadies carrying the babies away, and he managed to crash into some of them, freeing Baby Mario and Baby Peach, and later on the others. Baby Luigi does not escape the castle, but he does evade detection throughout the game.
Upon reaching Bowser's Castle, Baby Bowser found no reason to further accompany Yoshi, so he immediately abandoned the group. Yoshi refused to continue without him, however, and so Baby Bowser began battling him. Yoshi quickly defeated him, only for an enraged Bowser to emerge and engage in battle with Yoshi right after the young Bowser's defeat. After Yoshi manages to defeat the future Bowser, Kamek finally cuts in and enlarges Bowser to an enormous size. Four Yoshis team up to defeat the gigantic carnation of Bowser, after which Kamek, and the Toadies quickly flee from the destroyed castle. The Yoshis rescue Baby Luigi and the other kidnapped children.
However, between Babies Mario, Luigi, Peach, Donkey Kong, Wario and Bowser, only six of the seven star children were accounted for. During the credits, a baby green Yoshi is shown to hatch, and he has the missing star above his head.
Yoshi's New Island
It turns out that the Stork had given the babies to their wrong parents. While the Stork searches for the babies' real parents, Kamek launches another attack on the Stork, grabbing Baby Luigi once again and Baby Mario is sent flying to Egg Island. The Yoshis on the Island agree to help Baby Mario find his brother as Baby Bowser is turning Egg Island into his vacation home. Yoshi and Baby Mario manage to beat Baby Bowser and his older self, saving Egg Island and Baby Luigi is rescued. The Stork later gives the brothers to their real parents.
Yoshi made several appearances in the German comic N-Gang:
In the German Club Nintendo comics, Yoshi appeared in quite a few comics, some of which involved him in a starring role. He also appeared in the special issues Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, Die Nacht der leuchtenden Yoshis!, and Das Lied der Yoshi's! (along with various other Yoshis). The Yoshi's Story story arc was compiled in comic book form in Yoshi's Story Comic.
Mario Discovery series
Mario is Missing!
During the events of Mario is Missing!, Yoshi accompanied the Mario Bros. to Antarctica to stop Bowser from melting Antarctica and flooding Earth. After Mario gets captured, Luigi decides to stop Bowser himself. Using the Globulator, Luigi can determine where he is. After doing this, Luigi can summon Yoshi for a ride. Here, Yoshi's abilities proved once again to be of great use, as the exit pipe is occupied by a large Pokey that only Yoshi can defeat. With Yoshi's help, Luigi rescues Mario and defeats Bowser.
Mario's Time Machine
Yoshi is captured by Bowser in the NES version of Mario's Time Machine when he tries to help Mario stop the Koopas from stealing artifacts from Earth's history. After returning the artifacts by himself, Mario has to defeat Bowser to get the key and free Yoshi from his cage in the Koopa's castle.
Mario Kart series
Yoshi appears as a playable character in every game in the Mario Kart series. As such, he made his first appearance in Super Mario Kart. Yoshi typically is a lightweight driver (with the exception of Super Mario Kart, Mario Kart: Double Dash!!, Mario Kart Wii, and Mario Kart 8), meaning he has high acceleration, but low top speed. In Mario Kart: Double Dash!!, Yoshi was partners with Birdo, and his special item was the Yoshi Egg as well as his personal kart, Turbo Yoshi. While the relationship between Birdo and Yoshi was merely implied in English versions, the Japanese website of Mario Kart: Double Dash confirms it. On Birdo's profile, it says "Appears to be Yoshi's girlfriend... or is that boyfriend?!"
In Mario Kart Wii, Yoshi was a medium-sized racer, and featured a fairly good off-road bonus. He also had a small weight and drift boost.
Yoshi later returns in Mario Kart 7 as a light racer.
Yoshi returns in Mario Kart 8. While the official website classifies him as a middleweight, Yoshi is actually a lighter middleweight, focusing a little more on acceleration, handling, and grip than with speed and weight. By purchasing both DLC packs, the buyer is awarded Light Blue, White, Red, Yellow, Black, Blue, Pink and Orange alternate colors. They all handle exactly like the original Yoshi but have different colors for karts that change their color.
Yoshi's racing courses are Yoshi Valley, Yoshi Desert, Yoshi Circuit, and Yoshi Falls. In Mario Kart Wii, his emblem is seen in Dry Dry Ruins along with a Yoshi statue resembling a Sphinx similar to Yoshi Desert. In Mario Kart 8, multi-colored Yoshis can be found on Sweet Sweet Canyon, Donut Plains 3, and Super Bell Subway.
Mario Tennis series
Yoshi is typically an agile sports player, allowing him to make quick maneuvers (this was especially prevalent in the Mario Tennis competitions). Yoshi appeared in the game Mario's Tennis as well as its successor Mario Tennis (Nintendo 64). In Mario Tennis (Nintendo 64), Yoshi appeared as a speed character and had three different courses: the Baby Mario and Yoshi Court which has the fastest ball speed but a Weak bounce, the Birdo and Yoshi Court which has a slow ball speed with a strong bounce, and the Yoshi Court which has a fast ball speed with a strong bounce. In the game's intro, Yoshi participates in the tournament, where he wins against Princess Daisy to advance to the semi-finals. Yoshi loses to Mario in the semi-finals match, however. This is also the first game to partner Yoshi with Birdo.
In Mario Tennis (Game Boy Color), Yoshi was unlockable through a transfer pack with the N64 version. Yoshi also has a minigame called Yoshi Fruit Factory. In Mario Power Tennis Yoshi's skill type was speedy, his Offensive power shot was Rainbow Flutter, and his Defensive power shot was Rolling Egg Return. Yoshi's Mario Power Tennis trophy animation begins with him entering the stage, where Luigi is about to present him his trophy. He then begins to feel hungry and his stomach growls. Mistaking the trophy for a pineapple, he leashes out with his tongue to eat the trophy, accidentally swallowing Luigi in the process. Yoshi can then be seen wondering about Luigi's sudden disappearance.
Yoshi also appears in Mario Tennis Open, where he is once again a playable Speed type character. Also, different colored Yoshis as well as a Yoshi costume for the player's Mii can be unlocked in this game by scanning specific QR Codes.
Donkey Kong series
Yoshi appears at the end of Donkey Kong Country 2: Diddy's Kong Quest and Donkey Kong Land 2, appearing with Mario and Link in the Cranky's Video Game Heroes awards ceremony. Yoshi is in the second place position, with 29 DK Coins. In the GBA port of Donkey Kong Country 2, Yoshi is in the third place spot, with 39 DK Coins collected.
Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars
Yoshi would meet up with Mario again during events of Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars. In this adventure, Yoshi has traveled to Yo'ster Isle, a Yoshi-populated island that can be accessed from the mainland via the Pipe Vault, to participate in the various races held there. This racing competition was known as the Mushroom Derby. Unfortunately, the last winner of the Mushroom Derby was an arrogant Yoshi named Boshi. After winning the race, Boshi declared himself the boss of Yo'ster Isle. He suspended the races, allowing only one-on-one races between himself and a lesser competitor (and only when Yoshi Cookies were on the line).
Upon the plumber's arrival, Yoshi and Mario team up once again, this time to defeat Boshi and end his reign over the small isle. As such, Yoshi put his cookies on the line, and challenges the arrogant Yoshi champion to a race.
After a difficult and grueling race, Mario and Yoshi cross the finish line before Boshi. With Boshi defeated, the Yoshis declare Yoshi their new boss, but Yoshi declines the offer, instead suggesting that the races should be owned by everyone.
As thanks for the plumber's help, Yoshi gives Mario a few Yoshi Cookies. Whenever Mario needs aid in battle, he could use one of these cookies to summon Yoshi to the battlefield. Yoshi would then attempt to eat an enemy and convert it into an item for Mario to use. If Yoshi failed, he would give the plumber a Yoshi Candy, an item that can heal a whopping one hundred HP.
Yoshi is depicted in this game as bilingual, for he is able to both speak the Yoshi language and Mario's language. During the events of Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars, Yoshi acted as Mario's interpreter as the Yoshis on Yo'ster Isle only spoke the Yoshi language.
Mario Party series
Yoshi has appeared playable in every Mario Party game that has been released. In Mario Party, he had his own board called Yoshi's Tropical Island. In Mario Party 2 and 3, Yoshi's favorite item was a warp block. If Yoshi was set on as a computer, he would be more than likely to buy a warp block over any other item. Also in Mario Party 3, Yoshi's star stamp was Kindness and his partner was Boo. In Mario Party 4, Yoshi's favorite thing was the Warp Space, which does something similar to the Warp Block. In Mario Party 5, Yoshi was partners with Toad. Yoshi didn't have a default partner in Mario Party 6, but instead he was partners with Birdo in Mario Party 7, Mario Party 8, and Mario Party 9. Yoshi's Special Orb in Mario Party 7 was the Egg Orb. Yoshi is featured in Mario Party 9. His constellation is the "Hero's Best Buddy". Yoshi returned in Mario Party: Island Tour, and he returned in Mario Party 10 as a playable character.
Super Smash Bros. series
Super Smash Bros.
Yoshi is a playable character in Super Smash Bros., representing his own series of games rather than Mario. Yoshi is one of the heaviest fighters in the game (behind Samus and Donkey Kong), but his attacks are not as powerful as other heavyweights. In addition, despite his weight, Yoshi has an average ground speed, the highest air speed, and a high second jump. Yoshi has a tether grab in the form of his tongue, and is also unique in that his shield is a Yoshi Egg rather than the normal shield.
Most of Yoshi's special moves revolve around the use of eggs, mostly based on his abilities in the Yoshi platforming games. Yoshi's neutral special move is Egg Lay, in which Yoshi grabs an opponent with his tongue, swallows them, and turns them into an egg to trap them. His up special move is Egg Throw, in which Yoshi tosses an egg to deal damage. His down special move is Yoshi Bomb, in which Yoshi leaps up and does a ground pound.
Super Smash Bros. Melee
Yoshi returns as a playable character in Super Smash Bros. Melee. He is given a side special move, Egg Roll, in which he encases himself inside an egg and rolls across the ground. While his general stats have been retained, he does not have the fastest air speed in this game (this is instead Jigglypuff. Yoshi also cannot jump out of shield in this game, the only character to hold this distinction.
Super Smash Bros. Brawl
In Super Smash Bros. Brawl, Yoshi once again returns as a playable character. Yoshi's appearance in this game has been modified to be more consistent with his modern appearance. He once again has the fastest air speed of any character. Yoshi gains a Final Smash: Super Dragon, which gives Yoshi a massive pair of wings allowing him to fly freely, and can breath large fireballs.
The Subspace Emissary
Yoshi is first seen sleeping on a tree stump in a forest. Link walks by him, without seeing him. Soon, the Halberd attacks the peaceful area, deploying Primids against Link and Yoshi. Yoshi wakes up and walks up to Link, and the two advance through the forest together. After making it through the dangers of the wood, they watch from a cliff as the Halberd flies away, high in the sky, but continue their pursuit of it, undaunted.
If Peach is rescued from Petey Piranha: After reaching a grassland, Link and Yoshi see False Peach about to shoot a Dark Cannon at Mario and Pit, but before she could Link cuts the cannon in half and start to fight. After they win, Mario stops to see Yoshi and Link standing over a dissolving trophy. Mario gets mad at Link, thinking that he is a member of the Subspace Army and that he defeated Peach. He runs to Link and Yoshi very fast and tries to hit Link. Mario and Pit then attack Link and Yoshi.
If Zelda is rescued from Petey Piranha: Link stops to see Mario and Pit standing over a dissolving trophy of False Zelda. Link gets mad at Mario, thinking that he is a member of the Subspace and that he defeated Zelda. He quickly runs towards Mario and tries to hit him. Yoshi then joins Link in fighting Mario and Pit.
Soon, after the battle, the four understand each other and the four become a team. They see King Dedede, who had taken Luigi, Ness, and the other princess. He attempts to take Mario and Pit/Link and Yoshi as well, until Kirby comes and rescues them. Either Link or Pit blows out the engine of the Cargo depending on which fake princess was initially fought (if Peach, it is Pit; if Zelda, it is Link). Along with Kirby, they follow Dedede to his castle, only to find that Bowser had taken the princess and got away.
Eventually, they reach a desert where the Ancient Minister is carrying a Subspace Bomb. Pit fires an arrow at the Ancient Minister, trying to stop him from placing the bomb. However, the Ancient Minister places the bomb and his R.O.B.s install it. Although Mario and Pit try to stop them, the bomb is about to blow up. Ancient Minister leaves the area and the bomb explodes. Mario hops on Yoshi, while everyone else hops on Kirby's Warp Star and they all leave the area before the explosion of the Subspace Bomb reaches them.
After a battle at The Canyon, Yoshi and his teammates meet up with the other heroes and enter Subspace, only to have Tabuu turn everyone into trophies. Yoshi was rescued by Kirby, who had been revived by one of Dedede's badges that he had eaten. Everyone, including Yoshi, then joins forces and eventually defeat Tabuu.
Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U
Yoshi once again returns for Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U. His appearance has once again been changed in this game, his model being reproportioned and his stance made more upright, making him even more consistent with his current appearance in the Mario and Yoshi series. While his special moves are no different, some of his other moves have been changed to fit with his new appearance. Yoshi is also able to jump out of shield in this game once again, for the first time since the original Super Smash Bros. For equipment, Yoshi is the only character that can use the Egg and Saddle equipment for offense and defense respectively, and is able to use Boots for speed.
Mario Golf series
In the Mario Golf series, Yoshi has a straight golf shot that achieves average heights. In Mario Golf for the Nintendo 64, Yoshi's drive is 230 yards and his shot is straight, and is also the only male character with a straight shot, as the rest of the golfers with straight shots are females, and all the other males have either fade or draw shots. Yoshi also appears in Mario Golf: Toadstool Tour and Mario Golf: Advance Tour.
Yoshi returns in Mario Golf: World Tour with the same straight, average-height drive. A new golf course, Yoshi Lake, appears and contains giant Yoshi Eggs, bouncy blocks, and many water hazards. The course also appears with the aesthetics of Yoshi's Woolly World.
Mario Baseball series
In Mario Superstar Baseball, Yoshi could not only run at high speeds but could also use his long tongue to field baseballs. While he does have some power, Yoshi is a Speed captain, his item is a Yoshi Egg, his special ball is Egg Ball, and his home field is Yoshi Park. In Mario Super Sluggers, Yoshi's home field is once again Yoshi Park and its minigame is Piranha Panic. On the map Yoshi can use Manholes and Ground Pound the ground by trees to make characters come out.
In both games, Yoshi has around average fielding skills, very good running skills, and fairly weak pitching skills. However, in Mario Super Sluggers, his batting skills are weaker than in Mario Superstar Baseball.
Mario Strikers series
Yoshi appeared as a balanced and courageous captain in Super Mario Strikers, and again in the sequel, Mario Strikers Charged. In Super Mario Strikers, Yoshi's Team number is 8, his captain type is balanced, and his Super Strike is Foot of Fury.
In Mario Strikers Charged, his Team number is once again eight, his captain type is balanced, his Mega Strike is Winged Yoshi, his super ability is Egg Roll, and his theme is Energetic Broadway.
His clothing in the first game is a blue and orange jersey complete with blue and orange cleats with a Y on it. His second soccer outfit is a green and blue armored jersey with his team logo on it with green and white cleats.
Mario Hoops 3-on-3
In Mario Hoops 3-on-3, Yoshi appeared as an all-around player. His special move is the Flutter Dunk, which can be used after the player taps a letter 'M' on the Nintendo DS. Alternate colours of himself can be unlocked.
Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time
In Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time, a strange pink and green egg mysteriously appears on the island. This egg was much larger than any Yoshi egg, and soon the mysterious object becomes a tourist destination. Unfortunately, the strange egg eventually hatches into a gigantic Yoshi-like monster known as Yoob.
Fortunately, Yoshi, apparently the same Green Yoshi that saved Baby Mario, organizes his fellow Yoshis and helps them escape the wrath of Yoob. While in hiding, Yoshi encounters some old friends, for Baby Mario and Baby Luigi, along with their time-traveling adult counterparts, had returned to Yoshi's Island to help eliminate the Shroob threat. Unfortunately, this reunion is cut short when Yoob discovers the secret hideout. The Yoshis attempted to flee, but Yoob swallows them, one by one. Yoshi attemps to battle Yoob by himself, but the monster simply grabs him with its long tongue.
Yoshi ends up in Yoob's Belly, the location of the factory which makes Yoob eggs. Knowing he has to find a way out, he looks around and discovers a Chomp Rock sitting in the monster's stomach. Yoshi concludes that if he could push the massive rock through Yoob's intestines, he could widen the internal organs and thus allow the captured Yoshis to escape. Unfortunately, Yoshi was not strong enough to push the Chomp Rock by himself. Fortunately, the four Mario Bros. of past and present arrive to lend a hand. The brothers rescue the other Yoshis and with their combined power, the Yoshis managed to force the Chomp Rock through Yoob's intestines, opening the way to the exit. Yoshi leads his fellow Yoshis through the dark intestines, rescuing a few more imprisoned Yoshis along the way. Eventually, after the four Mario brothers defeated the guardian of the factory, Sunnycide, Yoshi and his companions exit through Yoob's digestive tract and return to Yoshi's Island. With the factory ruined and the Yoshis freed, Yoob deactivates and Yoshi's Island is safe once more.
Mario & Sonic series
Yoshi appears as a speed character in Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games. He later appeared in Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games, classified as a speed character as well. His swim style is the Doggy Paddle and for his special move in Dream Fencing, he attacks the other player with his tongue which can result in knocking them off the stage. He return again in Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games. He also appears again in Mario & Sonic at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games and later appears in Mario & Sonic at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games.
Mario Sports Mix
In the Wii game Mario Sports Mix, Yoshi is an all-rounder. He featured average power, above average speed, and below average technique. Additionally, he has three alternate colors that can be picked upon unlocking; pink, light blue, and yellow.
Yoshi appears as a Rank B playable character in the Wii game, Fortune Street.
The Legend of Zelda series
In The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening, a Yoshi Doll can be found as one of the prizes for winning the Trendy Game in Mabe Village; the doll is required for the game's trading sequence. Additionally, a portrait of Yoshi can be found hanging on a wall in Hyrule Castle (and can be seen from the castle's courtyard) in The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time.
Metal Gear series
A figurine of Yoshi can be spotted on Otacon's desk in Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes. Shooting it causes a sound clip of Yoshi saying "Yoshi!" to play.
Yoshi is referenced and makes several cameo appearances in the 3DS version of Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater. During a trailer presented at E3 2011, shows Naked Snake scanning the jungle with his binoculars, only for him to become surprised and bewildered when he sees Yoshi in the distance. It is later revealed that all the Kerotans in the game had been replaced with Yoshi dolls. If one is to find and shoot all the Yoshis, they are rewarded with the "Yoshi" rank at the end. An optional radio call with Para-Medic about Yoshis can be heard as well.
Sonic the Hedgehog series
A free DLC stage for the Wii U version Sonic Lost World titled Yoshi's Island Zone is heavily based off the Yoshi's Island series of games, mainly Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island in terms of gameplay and Yoshi's Story in terms of art style. In this stage, Rings are replaced by Yoshi Coins and Red Rings are replaced by flowers. There are also four Egg Blocks located throughout the stage which release three Yoshi Eggs each when Sonic hits them from below; getting hit by an enemy causes Sonic to lose all of the eggs he has collected and the player cannot get them back. Once Sonic passes through the goal roulette at the end of the stage a single Yoshi pops out of each of the eggs Sonic has collected, and each rescued Yoshi grants Sonic an extra life. Due to this the stage cannot be played again until the player has gained another 100,000 points in other stages.
Yoshi appears in Nintendo Monopoly, along with a large cast of Mario characters. Here, he takes the role of Illinois Avenue, and costs $240.
Physical description and traits
Yoshi, as all other Yoshis, is a dinosaur with a large, round nose, a row of orange spines along his head, orange shoes, and a shell-shaped saddle on his back, which is used by Mario and company when being ridden on. Yoshi's initial design is more dinosaur-like, with a narrower, longer, more hunched appearance, and shorter arms. He is also noticeably taller than Mario. Since Mario Kart 64, however, Yoshi's build has been adjusted to be more anthropomorphic, with an upright posture, longer arms, bigger head, and a stouter build, although he is still taller than Mario (comparable to Luigi's height). This newer depiction has slowly replaced the older depiction, although by Mario Party 4, the older depiction is generally replaced. The last game to depict Yoshi with his initial design is Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door.
Yoshi's saddle may actually be a part of him. A few sources, such as Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games has stated that it is actually a shell. Furthermore, according to the Super Mario History 1985-2010 booklet, Yoshi was intended to be a variant of Koopa, and the saddle was intended to be a shell. Meanwhile, specific depictions of Baby Yoshi from Super Mario World and New Super Mario Bros. U, are shown without a saddle, although other depictions of Baby Yoshi, such as from Yoshi's Story, do include this saddle.
Yoshi is known for having a long tongue, often used for picking up objects or swallowing them, although it is capable in assisting acrobatic maneuvers, such as its interaction with Flower Grapples in Super Mario Galaxy 2. Yoshi can also use this tongue as a physical weapon, shown in Mario Strikers Charged and as a custom move in Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U.
Yoshi is always seen wearing his orange shoes save for extremely rare exceptions, in which it was revealed that he has padded feet. The orange shade in this shoe has varied across appearances, from brownish to reddish. Some games call these shoes "boots" such as the equipment Yoshi can wear in Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS / Wii U. These shoes protect Yoshi from obstacles normally harmful to Mario such as Munchers and spikes (although in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island and its successors, spikes can defeat Yoshi in one hit), so Yoshi can allow Mario to safely cross them. Additionally, Yoshi, when stomping on enemies, typically defeat them in one hit with a special sound effect, similar to Mario's Spin Jump.
Powers and abilities
Like other Yoshis, Yoshi has a long, sticky tongue that he uses to eat almost anything, even things much larger than himself. Yoshi can transform the enemies and other objects he eats into eggs, which he can then use as projectile weapons. During the events of Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island and Yoshi's Island DS, Yoshi could keep up to six eggs at a time or up to four Huffin' Puffins which would return to him as if they were boomerangs, and thus renewable.
Yoshi can also transform things that he eats into other objects. For example, in Super Mario World, after Yoshi ate an enemy, one Coin would be added to Mario's coin total. The green dinosaur could also transform berries into eggs. However, instead of using them as projectiles, these eggs would break apart and reveal items, including Super Mushrooms and strange, smiling clouds that would drop coins. In Super Mario RPG, Yoshi could eat enemies to produce eggs that would break apart to reveal a variety of helpful (and often rare) items. In Super Mario Galaxy 2, Yoshi can eat enemies to produce Star Bits.
Despite his egg-laying abilities, Yoshi is considered male in most regions. However, Shigeru Miyamoto has gone on record and stated he is not sure if Yoshi is male or female. It could be that Yoshi does not officially have an assigned gender, as the original Japanese does not use gender pronouns.
Yoshi has a hard time swallowing Koopa shells. In fact, in Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, the green dinosaur simply had to spit out the Koopa shell before he could eat another enemy. In Super Mario World, Yoshi could eventually swallow a Koopa shell, but could also use them to boost his own abilities. While Yoshi could only spit out a green shell, the green dinosaur would instead shoot three large fireballs after ingesting a red shell. A yellow shell would allow Yoshi to create sand clouds whenever he jumped and hit the ground, destroying nearby enemies. A blue shell provided one of the two ways to turn Yoshi into his Winged Yoshi form, allowing him to fly for a limited amount of time. However, if a shell were left in Yoshi's mouth for too long, he would inevitably swallow the shell and as such lose any abilities he may have possessed.
Yoshi is very proficient with Jump and Ground Pound, abilities, rivaling the capabilities of world-renown jumper Mario. However, in Super Mario World, Yoshi's jump attacks were much more powerful than Mario's normal jump attacks. Yoshi could destroy most enemies in one hit (i.e. a Koopa would be completely destroyed, not sent flying out of its shell). As such, Yoshi's jump had the same power as Mario's special Spin Jump technique. The green dinosaur is also a master of the Flutter Jump technique, allowing him to jump with incredible horizontal distance.
Yoshi is a speed character in several sports games, such as the Mario Tennis series, which shows that he is a fast runner. However, he isn't particularly fast in every game, such as Super Mario 64 DS where his speed is the same as Mario's (according to the instruction booklet).
Throughout his adventures, Yoshi has acquired a variety of alternate forms to help him combat the forces of evil. Most of these transformations are a result of special Morph Bubbles that could transform Yoshi into a helpful vehicle. Several cancelled alternate forms have been found in the coding of Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island. Their purpose is unknown, but one can assume the plane has a similar function to the helicopter.
Yoshi has a very similar personality to Mario, being brave and kind, albeit underdeveloped. Yoshi is a friendly individual who always lends a helping hand to those in need. He could be considered a hero and has helped his friends, defeated the evil King Bowser Koopa, and saved his island more than once. He is also very courageous, allowing the green dinosaur to stand and fight enemies much larger than himself, including Yoob, an enlarged Bowser, Nep-Enuts, Tap-Tap the Golden, and the gigantic Baby Bowser. As a result of this courage, Yoshi often takes on a leadership position to the Yoshi clan, although Yoshi has no official political status (unlike the Village Leader from Lavalava Island). In fact, when Yoshi was offered a leadership position during the events of Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars, the humble dinosaur declined the position. Like Mario, Yoshi has a large appetite, to the point of outright gluttony. While Yoshi mostly eats fruits (mainly melons), he eats almost anything including enemies (except peppers and certain inedible enemies). In Volume 3 of Super Mario-Kun, Yoshi gets hurt, and begins to cry while red liquid is seen. It turns out to be juice from Yoshi's fruit, which he glumly states, "What a waste."
Yoshi is one of Mario's closest friends, with their relationship stretching back to Mario's birth, when Yoshi helped reunite the newborn Baby Mario with his kidnapped brother, Baby Luigi. Mario, as an adult, has returned the favor in Yoshi's New Island by handing Yoshi powerful items if Yoshi is struggling in the level. Later, Mario has helped free Yoshi's homeland from Bowser in Super Mario World. Mario and Yoshi share loyalty to one another, with Yoshi often aiding Mario on his journeys by acting as his steed. This relationship is more pronounced in the Super Mario-Kun. While the Mario and Yoshi are great friends, Yoshi often makes mistakes, much to Mario's annoyance, such as in Volume 1 where Yoshi eats a map, so the two frequently bicker. Despite this, when Yoshi is in danger, even when he is manipulated, Mario risks himself to save Yoshi, shown in volume 23. Yoshi and Luigi are also good friends and allies, although their chemistry in the Mario baseball games is neutral. In the Super Mario World TV show, Luigi is the one who found Yoshi, and the dinosaur initially believed him to be his "mama", with Luigi even continuing to act as a parental figure of sorts, and is known to tell him bedtime stories. This aspect of their relationship is unique to the TV show, however. Other characters Yoshi is friends with include Princess Peach and Toad, and he is also on good terms with Donkey Kong more often than not.
Yoshi and Birdo are partnered up in various spin-off and sports games, and it has been implied that they are romantically involved. They were seen nuzzling each other on the title screen of Mario Tennis, and on the official Japanese site for Mario Kart: Double Dash!! the description for Catherine states "Catherine appears to be Yoshi's girlfriend... or does that mean boyfriend!?" (「ヨッシーの彼女に見えて実は彼氏!?」)
Kamek is one of Yoshi's most persistent enemies. Kamek, devoted to the Koopa Troop, views Yoshi and his friends as a major threat and attempts multiple times to hinder their progress to save Baby Luigi. He often transforms normal enemies into bosses, but he additionally kidnaps the Stork several times. Kamek, prior to a boss fight, frequently insults Yoshi and his friends, such as calling Yellow Yoshi an "overgrown lizard". With a condescending tone, he threatens or tries to trick Yoshi to give Baby Mario to him. Bowser, who has close ties to Kamek, is also one of Yoshi's major enemies. When Bowser is a baby, he often causes trouble for the Yoshis ranging from stealing cookies to the kidnapping the Super Happy Tree. While Baby Bowser once teamed up with the Yoshis and the other babies in Yoshi's Island DS, he eventually betrayed them in the end in favor. Yoshi, without Mario's direct aid, has also faced against and defeated adult Bowser several times such in Yoshi Topsy-Turvy, Yoshi's Island DS, and Yoshi's New Island.
Profiles and statistics
Super Smash Bros. Melee
"A dinosaur that boasts surprising jumping prowess."
In the Super Mario Bros. movie, Yoshi's was voiced by Frank Welker.
Names in other languages