Backward Somersault

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This article is about the jumping move first used in Super Mario 64. For a very similar move from the Game Boy Donkey Kong and Mario vs. Donkey Kong, see Backflip. For the forward somersault, see Roll.
“If you jump while crouching with Nunchuk Z Button, you'll do a backward somersault! You can go super high!”
Board, Super Mario Galaxy 2
Artwork for Super Mario 64
Mario doing a Backwards Somersault in Super Mario 64

The Backward Somersault (referred to as Backflip by Prima Game Guides and Crouch Jump on the official Super Mario 3D Land website, the Super Mario 3D World manual,[1] and Super Mario Maker 2) is an advanced type of jump introduced in Super Mario 64; it has been present in every 3D Mario game since. To do this, the character must jump while crouching. The character jumps high and flips over in midair, moving backwards. The character may chain it to a Ground Pound. The character can also control the backwards horizontal distance by holding back on the Control Stick.

This move is also present in Donkey Kong 64, working as it did in Super Mario 64, though it can also go straight up and forwards.

In Super Mario Sunshine, Mario cannot crouch, but he can do it only if he sprays water, then lets go of the pump while jumping. Doing so creates a blast of water.

In Super Mario 64 DS, Luigi spins to slow his descent after performing this move.

In Super Mario 3D Land, Super Mario 3D World, and the respective game style in Super Mario Maker 2, this move must be charged up first by crouching, like the Power Squat Jump from Super Mario Bros. 2, and it can also go straight up and forwards, as in Donkey Kong 64.

In Super Mario Odyssey, Mario can do Backward Somersaults continuously if any of the shoulder buttons (ZL Button, ZR Button, L Button, or R Button) are held.

Official profiles[edit]

Super Mario 3D Land[edit]

  • North American Website Bio: "Mario charges up kinetic energy when he crouches. Harness it to jump even higher."
  • European Website Bio: "Press the B Button (or the A Button) while crouching to perform a Crouch Jump. Mario jumps higher than with an ordinary jump."

Names in other languages[edit]

Language Name Meaning
Japanese バック宙
Bakku chū[2]
Literally "Back air".
Spanish (NOA) Salto Agachado
Salto Hacia Atras[3]
Crouch Jump
Spanish (NOE) Salto Agachado
Voltereta Mortal (SMG/SMG2)
Crouch Jump
French (NOA) Salto arrière[4][5] Backwards Somersault
Italian Capriola all'indietro Backwards Somersault
Russian Прыжок присев (Super Mario 3D Land)
Pryzhok prisev
Сальто назад (Super Mario Odyssey)
Sal'to nazad
Crouch Jump

Backwards Somersault
Korean 백 텀블링
Baek Teombeulling
Back Tumbling


  1. ^ Super Mario 3D World manual, pg 17.
  2. ^ Super Mario Odyssey (1.2.0) Action Guide, Japanese Language
  3. ^ Super Mario Galaxy instruction booklet, Spanish segment
  4. ^ Super Mario Galaxy instruction booklet, French segment
  5. ^ Super Mario Galaxy 2 move pamphlet, French side